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Umwelt- und Bioressourcenmanagement für eine nachhaltige Zukunftsgestaltung

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ISBN: 9783662604359 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-60435-9 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Environmental Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05

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In diesem Open Access-Buch werden fünf zentrale Themenbereiche des Umwelt- und Bioressourcenmanagement (UBRM) vorgestellt. Umwelt- und Bioressourcenmanagerinnen und -manager kennen die Herausforderungen des 21. Jahr­hunderts, wie sie zum Beispiel in der Agenda 2030 der Vereinten Nationen – den sogenannten nach­haltigen Entwicklungs­zielen (Sustainable Development Goals - SDGs) – formuliert wurden. Sie denken vernetzt und verfügen über fachliche, methodische und soziale Kompe­ten­zen, die für eine inter- und transdisziplinäre Zusammenarbeit erforderlich sind. Sie sind in der Lage, mit sich verändernden Anforderungen um­zugehen und können sich in eine breite Palette von Fachbereichen vertiefen. Ihre Qualifikation wird in vielen Wirtschaftsbereichen, in nationalen und internationalen Organisationen sowie in privaten und öffentlichen Einrichtungen nachgefragt. Die Leserinnen und Leser bekommen in jedem der hier vorgestellten Themenbereich Einblicke in verschiedene UBRM-Fachbereiche sowie darüber, welche Kompetenzen und Fertigkeiten erworben werden können. Dies wird anhand konkreter Fallbeispiele verdeutlicht. Abschließend veranschaulichen Porträts von Absolventinnen und Absolventen die Studien- und Berufspraxis und zeigen, wie nachhaltige Zu­kunfts­gestaltung im Sinne der Agenda 2030 aussehen kann. Die Herausgeber Erwin Schmid ist Professor für Nachhaltige Landnutzung und Globalen Wandel, Tobias Pröll ist Professor für Energietechnik und Energiemanagement, beide an der Universität für Bodenkultur Wien (BOKU). Ebenso sind alle Beitragsautorinnen und -autoren an der BOKU Wien tätig. Dieses Buch ist eine Open-Access-Publikation unter einer CC BY-NC 4.0-Lizenz.

"... mein Acker ist die Zeit": Aufsätze zur Umweltgeschichte

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ISBN: 9783941875999 Year: Pages: 502 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-492 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A collection of papers, articles, and essays written in the past decade by the well-known German environmental historian.

Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks

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ISBN: 9784431558200 9784431558224 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55822-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:23:34
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This book covers seismic probabilistic risk assessment (S-PRA) and related studies which have become more important to increase the safety of nuclear facilities against earthquakes and tsunamis in the face of the many uncertainties after the Fukushima accident. The topics are (1) Active faults and active tectonics important for seismic hazard assessment of nuclear facilities,(2) Seismic source modeling and simulation and modeling techniques indispensable for strong ground motion prediction, and (3) PRA with external hazard and risk communication. The Fukushima accident has showed us the limitations of the deterministic evaluation approach to external events (an earthquake and tsunami) in which there are many uncertainties. Furthermore, public anxiety regarding nuclear safety because of an unexpected threat caused by an earthquake or tsunami is growing. The current policy on the estimation of the design basis of ground motion as well as tsunami height still has not been improved following the Fukushima accident. In particular, the risk concept in a nuclear system regarding seismic motion and a tsunami beyond the design basis is indispensable. Therefore, research and development for PRA enhancing nuclear safety are being actively pursued not only in Japan but also worldwide. This book provides an opportunity for readers to consider the future direction of nuclear safety vis-à-vis natural disasters.

International Perspectives on Global Environmental Change

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533078151 Year: Pages: 490 DOI: 10.5772/1518 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:08

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Environmental change is increasingly considered a critical topic for researchers across multiple disciplines, as well as policy makers throughout the world. Mounting evidence shows that environments in every part of the globe are undergoing tremendous human-induced change. Population growth, urbanization and the expansion of the global economy are putting increasing pressure on ecosystems around the planet. To understand the causes and consequences of environmental change, the contributors to this book employ spatial and non-spatial data, diverse theoretical perspectives and cutting edge research tools such as GIS, remote sensing and other relevant technologies. International Perspectives on Global Environmental Change brings together research from around the world to explore the complexities of contemporary, and historical environmental change. As an InTech open source publication current and cutting edge research methodologies and research results are quickly published for the academic policy-making communities. Dimensions of environmental change explored in this volume include: Climate change Historical environmental change Biological responses to environmental change Land use and land cover change Policy and management for environmental change

Deltas in the Anthropocene

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030235178 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-23517-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:07
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The Anthropocene is the human-dominated modern era that has accelerated social, environmental and climate change across the world in the last few decades. This open access book examines the challenges the Anthropocene presents to the sustainable management of deltas, both the many threats as well as the opportunities. In the world’s deltas the Anthropocene is manifest in major land use change, the damming of rivers, the engineering of coasts and the growth of some of the world’s largest megacities; deltas are home to one in twelve of all people in the world. The book explores bio-physical and social dynamics and makes clear adaptation choices and trade-offs that underpin policy and governance processes, including visionary delta management plans. It details new analysis to illustrate these challenges, based on three significant and contrasting deltas: the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, Mahanadi and Volta. This multi-disciplinary, policy-orientated volume is strongly aligned to the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals as delta populations often experience extremes of poverty, gender and structural inequality, variable levels of health and well-being, while being vulnerable to extreme and systematic climate change.

Building a Sustainable and Desirable Economy-in-Society-in-Nature

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: - ISBN: 9781921862045 9781921862052 Year: Volume: - Pages: - DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_462196 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:43
License: ANU Press

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The world has changed dramatically. We no longer live in a world relatively empty of humans and their artifacts. We now live in the “Anthropocene,” era in a full world where humans are dramatically altering our ecological life-support system. Our traditional economic concepts and models were developed in an empty world. If we are to create sustainable prosperity, if we seek “improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities,” we are going to need a new vision of the economy and its relationship to the rest of the world that is better adapted to the new conditions we face. We are going to need an economics that respects planetary boundaries, that recognizes the dependence of human well-being on social relations and fairness, and that recognizes that the ultimate goal is real, sustainable human well-being, not merely growth of material consumption. This new economics recognizes that the economy is embedded in a society and culture that are themselves embedded in an ecological life-support system, and that the economy cannot grow forever on this finite planet. In this report, we discuss the need to focus more directly on the goal of sustainable human well-being rather than merely GDP growth. This includes protecting and restoring nature, achieving social and intergenerational fairness (including poverty alleviation), stabilizing population, and recognizing the significant nonmarket contributions to human well-being from natural and social capital. To do this, we need to develop better measures of progress that go well beyond GDP and begin to measure human well-being and its sustainability more directly.

Von Amtsgärten und Vogelkojen - Beiträge zum Göttinger Umwelthistorischen Kolloquium 2011-2012

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ISBN: 9783863951511 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-480 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-06 11:01:12
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Seit seiner Gründung vor annähernd 25 Jahren hat sich das Göttinger Umwelthistorische Kolloquium zu einer Einrichtung entwickelt, welche die vielfältigen, thematisch einschlägigen Aktivitäten des Standortes wie auch des deutschsprachigen Raumes durch Austausch von Forschungsergebnissen und Sichtweisen bündelt. Von hier haben auch einige Unternehmungen ihren Ausgang genommen, welche zum heutigen Profil der Umweltgeschichte spürbar beitrugen. Der Band vereinigt Beiträge zum Kolloquium des Sommersemesters 2011 und des Wintersemesters 2011/12.

Rangeland Systems: Processes, Management and Challenges

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Book Series: Springer Series on Environmental Management ISSN: 0172-6161 ISBN: 9783319467078 9783319467092 Year: Pages: 661 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46709-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-26 18:01:06
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This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.

Economic Effects of Biofuel Production

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ISBN: 9789533071787 Year: Pages: 464 DOI: 10.5772/697 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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This book aspires to be a comprehensive summary of current biofuels issues and thereby contribute to the understanding of this important topic. Readers will find themes including biofuels development efforts, their implications for the food industry, current and future biofuels crops, the successful Brazilian ethanol program, insights of the first, second, third and fourth biofuel generations, advanced biofuel production techniques, related waste treatment, emissions and environmental impacts, water consumption, produced allergens and toxins. Additionally, the biofuel policy discussion is expected to be continuing in the foreseeable future and the reading of the biofuels features dealt with in this book, are recommended for anyone interested in understanding this diverse and developing theme.

Bioethanol

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535100089 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.5772/850 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Recent studies have shown strong evidence of human activity impact on the climate of the planet. Higher temperatures and intensification of extreme weather events such as hurricanes are among the consequences. This scenario opens up several possibilities for what is now called ""green"" or low carbon economy. We are talking about creating new businesses and industries geared to develop products and services with low consumption of natural resources and reduced greenhouse gases emission. Within this category of business, biofuels is a highlight and the central theme of this book. The first section presents some research results for first generation ethanol production from starch and sugar raw materials. Chapters in the second section present results on some efforts around the world to develop an efficient technology for producing second-generation ethanol from different types of lignocellulosic materials. While these production technologies are being developed, different uses for ethanol could also be studied. The chapter in the third section points to the use of hydrogen in fuel cells, where this hydrogen could be produced from ethanol.

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