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Precision Public Health

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455010 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-501-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Precision Public Health is a new and rapidly evolving field, that examines the application of new technologies to public health policy and practice. It draws on a broad range of disciplines including genomics, spatial data, data linkage, epidemiology, health informatics, big data, predictive analytics and communications. The hope is that these new technologies will strengthen preventive health, improve access to health care, and reach disadvantaged populations in all areas of the world. But what are the downsides and what are the risks, and how can we ensure the benefits flow to those population groups most in need, rather than simply to those individuals who can afford to pay? This is the first collection of theoretical frameworks, analyses of empirical data, and case studies to be assembled on this topic, published to stimulate debate and promote collaborative work.

Keywords

public health --- precision --- technology --- data --- GIS --- equity --- ethics --- prevention --- policy

Negotiating Gender Equity in the Global South

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge ISS Gender, Sexuality and Development Studies ISBN: 9780815372356 9781351245623 Year: Pages: 262 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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The fact that women have achieved higher levels of political inclusion within low- and middle-income countries has generated much speculation about whether this is reaping broader benefits in tackling gender-based inequalities. This book uncovers the multiple political dynamics that influence governments to adopt and implement gender equity policies, pushing the debate beyond simply the role of women’s inclusion in influencing policy. Bringing the politics of development into discussion with feminist literature on women's empowerment, the book proposes the new concept of ‘power domains’ as a way to capture how inter-elite bargaining, coalitional politics, and social movement activism combine to shape policies that promote gender equity.&#xD;&#xD;In particular, the book investigates the conditions under which countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have adopted legislation against domestic violence, which remains widespread in many developing countries. The book demonstrates that women’s presence in formal politics and policy spaces does not fully explain the pace in adopting and implementing domestic violence law. Underlying drivers of change within broader domains of power also include the role of clientelistic politics and informal processes of bargaining, coalition-building, and persuasion; the discursive framing of gender-equitable ideas; and how transnational norms influence women’s political inclusion and gender-inclusive policy outcomes. The comparative approach across Uganda, Rwanda, South Africa, Ghana, India, and Bangladesh demonstrates how advancing gender equality varies by political context and according to the interests surrounding a particular issue.

Women's Under-Representation in the Engineering and Computing Professions: Fresh Perspectives on a Complex Problem

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454938 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-493-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Understanding the many complexities that define gender inequality has been described by researchers as a grand challenge. Novel insights, innovation, a broader community to conduct research and to ascertain effective interventions are essential in the challenge to create organizations that are gender equal. As such, this Research Topic in Frontiers in Psychology addresses the under-representation of women in engineering and computing as a complex, but solvable problem. This Research Topic seeks to inform the global community about advances in understanding the under-representation of women in engineering and computing with a focus on what enables change. Further, this Topic will promote fresh perspectives, innovative methodologies, and mixed method approaches important to accelerating the pace of change.

The Lisbon stock exchange in the twentieth century

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892613024 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1303-1 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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This book addresses both domestic and foreign readers, and for that reason appears in English. Following the survey of history of the Lisbon Exchange published in 1996 by David Justino, the present text extends that medieval period to the Nineteenth century analysis to the present day. Many other Stock Exchanges in Europe and elsewhere have been studied and published by many authors, but no comparable book for Portugal has existed until the present work. The text is accessible tomedium-knowledge readers. In a world of internationalization of corporations and financial institutions it is paramount that they be able to mobilize the capacities of the Capital Market to finance the economy, and to possess a thorough understanding of the role of a Stock Exchange for the efficient working of that market. Portugal is a case of great interest to developing countries, as it was able to re-instate the market after 1974, and with such success that the country joined the European Union in 1986 and the innovative Euronext Group of Stock Exchanges in 2002. The book discloses for the first time a database used to calculate a share index that was developed over three years with the help of the FCT grant PTDC/HISHIS/100132/2008, and using a methodology that makes that index comparable to common international indices and compatible with the General Index computed daily by the Exchange.

Financing Quality Education for All

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789461663009 9789462701915 9789461663016 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.11116/9789461663009 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-11 11:21:02
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In OECD countries the average expenditure on primary and secondary education institutions is about 3.5% of GDP. The investment in education has large implications for economic development and the proper functioning of democratic institutions, as well as overall well-being. However, clear consensus and guidance on which system leads to the best educational outcomes is lacking. This volume describes the resource allocation for compulsory and special needs education for a selection of well-performing countries and regions on PISA tests. By studying the funding systems in well-performing countries and regions the authors identify the elements in the respective funding systems that are associated with best outcomes and have the ideal characteristics to pursue particular goals of education systems such as equity and efficiency. The funding methods of primary and secondary education as well as special needs education are covered.&#xD;

Education for Children with disabilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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ISBN: 9783319607672 Year: Pages: 213 Seiten Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 468
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-09 11:01:45
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The book discusses the influence of environmental factors, especially relationships and attitudes, on the education for children with disabilities in Addis Ababa/ Ethiopia. By including the voices of children, parents and teachers, a special focus has been put on family and issues of educational equity. Additionally, the significance of looking at cultural and societal backgrounds when analysing the efforts of implementing inclusive education is emphasised.

Education and Skills for Inclusive Growth, Green Jobs and the Greening of Economies in Asia: Case Study Summaries of India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects ISSN: 1871-3041 ISBN: 9789811065583 9789811065590 Year: Volume: 27 Pages: 198 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6559-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Subject: Education --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 12:53:33
License: CC BY IGO 3.0

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This book presents an overview of the main research findings and case studies concerning education and skills for inclusive growth, green jobs and the greening of economies. Focusing on India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam, it discusses government and business sector responses to these issues and how Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) systems and institutions are addressing both the renewal of curricula in the context of green growth dynamics, and patterns of training and skills development to meet demands. In addition, the book examines cross-country issues, concerns and prospects regarding education and skills for inclusive growth and green jobs for the four countries. These include critical themes and issues in the selected industry sectors triggering a demand for green jobs in the region; how industry is responding to those demands; areas impeding the transition from traditional to green practices; the importance of skills development; the role of TVET in addressing industry needs; and reasons for the slow response of TVET to green skills.While other studies conducted in Asia – and internationally - on the same topic have largely relied on secondary sources, this study conducted by the Asian Development Bank and the Education University of Hong Kong (ADB-EdUHK) is unique in that the findings, conclusions and recommendations reported on are based on primary data. As part of the study, TVET providers, business enterprises, policy makers and practitioners were surveyed using questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. In addition, workshops were held in each of the four countries to ascertain the views of key stakeholders in government, nongovernment organisations, members of the international development community, TVET providers and members of the business sector.The book also provides summaries of the case studies undertaken for India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam.

Die Wirkung von Private Equity auf das Wachstum und die Internationalisierung

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631637975 Year: Pages: 427 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:58
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Private Equity-Investoren gehören zu den wohl umstrittensten Akteuren des modernen Wirtschaftslebens. Während die populärwissenschaftliche «Heuschreckendebatte» immer noch zu keinem Ergebnis gekommen ist, hat Private Equity in der Wirtschaftspraxis einen beispiellosen Boom erlebt, der erst durch die Finanzkrise ein vorläufiges Ende gefunden hat. In der Studie wird der Wachstums- und Internationalisierungsbeitrag von Private Equity-Investoren unter Zuhilfenahme qualitativer und quantitativer Methoden kritisch untersucht. Nach einer umfassenden Literaturanalyse führt der Autor eine quantitative Impact-Analyse im österreichischen Markt durch. In einer qualitativen Befragung der Portfoliounternehmen zum Wertschöpfungsbeitrag von Private Equity-Investoren werden anschließend die konkreten Impact-Treiber identifiziert und analysiert.

Urban Land and Sustainable Development

ISBN: 9783038422617 9783038422600 Year: Pages: XVI, 368 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-28 09:15:21
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According to the 2014 revision of the World Urbanization Prospects by UN DESA, urbanization could add another 2.5 billion people to urban population by 2050, with close to 90 percent of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa. This unprecedented increase in urban population not only poses challenges to providing jobs, housing, and infrastructure, but also exerts an increased pressure on urban land and sustainability. As land is a vital yet limited resource, sustainable management of urban land to cater the needs of this growing urban population is seen as one of the key challenges for achieving an economically efficient, socially equitable, and environmentally safe society. A key tenet for sustainable economic development and smart growth is promoting equitable sustainable urban land development and mitigating land use conflicts.While a large body of literature has dealt with both land use and sustainable development, the study of the interactive effects of these two remains limited. We need more sophisticated empirical studies examining processes, mechanisms, institutions, equity, and sustainability of urban land use. This book is based on a Special Issue published in Sustainability, and examines patterns, structure, and dynamics of urban land development and sustainability from multiple perspectives, in various contexts and at multiple dimensions (economic, social, political, developmental, and environmental, etc.). The research articles examine urban land development and sustainability arising from globalization, urbanization and institutional change.We have drawn papers from both developed and developing countries, with a focus on China due to the rapid rate of urbanization and change there. This book includes 14 articles, with various research emphases, methodologies and study areas, reflecting the inter-disciplinarily that characterizes urban and land use studies. The book has examined patterns and processes of urban land expansion and sprawl, and also studies new dimensions of urban space, including social media. These papers can provide us insights into the underlying structure and mechanisms of urban land expansion, and open new frontiers on the effects of urban land development on both the natural and human environments. We hope that this book will contribute to the understanding of urban land use patterns and processes, and their implications for sustainable development.

Asia Pacific Education

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Book Series: Education ISBN: 9781921867408 9781921867415 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627771 Language: English
Publisher: Monash University Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100437
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-21 11:01:48
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Education in Asia Pacific countries is being transformed by globalisation and the market economy. Most economies within the region have flourished due to increased regional capital flow, trade and other forms of economic and political interaction. The Asia Pacific also has rich and unique traditions, which create cultural diversity as well as common challenges, including obstacles of language and geographical separation. Additionally, there is a growing reaction to the predominance of Western social theories that is fuelling recognition of and movement towards theories that reference the wide range of contextual and cultural perspectives available in the East.Contributors offer Eastern-oriented perspectives on teacher education, parent participation, government withdrawal, textbook content, uses of modern technology, the challenges of migrating families and tertiary students who travel from overseas for study. Their commentaries highlight issues of equity, identity and social justice.

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