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Foreign Bodies: Oceania and the Science of Race 1750-1940

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921536007 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459239 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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From the 18th century, Oceania became the principal laboratory of raciology for scholars, voyagers, and colonisers alike. By juxtaposing encounters and theory, this magisterial book explores the semantics of human difference in all its emotional, intellectual, religious, and practical dimensions. The argument developed is subtle, engrossing, and gives the paradigm of ‘race’ its full use value. Foreign Bodies is a model of analysis and erudition from which historians of science and everyone interested in intercultural relations will greatly profit. Claude Blanckaert, CNRS (Centre Alexandre Koyré), Paris, and Honorary President, French Society for the History of the Science of Man

Keywords

ethnic relations --- oceania --- race

Constructing Muslims in France - Discourse, Public Identity, and the Politics of Citizenship

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ISBN: 9781439910283 9781439910290 9781439910306 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469365 Language: English
Publisher: Temple University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:34
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The standing of French Muslims is undercut by a predominant and persistent elite public discourse that frames Muslims as failed and incomplete French citizens. This situation fosters the very separations, exclusions, and hierarchies it claims to deplore as Muslims face discrimination in education, housing, and employment. In Constructing Muslims in France, Jennifer Fredette provides a deft empirical analysis to show the political diversity and complicated identity politics of this relatively new population. She examines the public identity of French Muslims and evaluates images in popular media to show how stereotyped notions of racial and religious differences pervade French public discourse.&#xD;&#xD;While rights may be a sine qua non for fighting legal and political inequality, Fredette shows that additional tools such as media access are needed to combat social inequality, particularly when it comes in the form of unfavorable discursive frames and public disrespect.&#xD;&#xD;Presenting the conflicting views of French national identity, Fredette shows how Muslims strive to gain recognition of their diverse views and backgrounds and find full equality as French citizens. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Remaining Karen

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ISBN: 9781921536113 Year: Pages: 323 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459492 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This publication of Remaining Karen is intended as a tribute to Ananda Raja and his consummate skills as an ethnographer. It is also a tribute to his long-term engagement in the study of the Karen. Remaining Karen was Ananda Raja’s first focused study of the Sgaw Karen of Palokhi in northern Thailand, which he submitted in 1986 for this PhD in the Department of Anthropology in the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies at The Australian National University. It is a work of superlative ethnography set in an historical and regional context and as such retains its value to the present.

Fuentes para una Constitución con Poder Indígena

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789568416454 Year: Pages: 143 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_619614 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones Grant: Universidad Alberto Hurtado
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-31 11:01:06
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Abstract

Sources and documents from different parts of the world where indigenous rights are recognized and ethnic populations

Chapter 7. Where is My State? Citizenship as a Factor in Yugoslavia’s Disintegration (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 119-132 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-008 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:02:17
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Chapter 7 shows that citizenship has to be counted as one of the crucial factors of Yugoslavia’s disintegration. The fundamental questions of citizenship related to the very definition of membership in a political community as well as the citizenship contract by which citizen exchanges his loyalty and duties for the rights and protection by his political community and its institutions (state) influenced critically the democratization process and Yugoslavia’s disintegration. At the crucial junction, in the context of imminent redefinition and possible collapse of federal Yugoslavia, between early 1990 and early 1992, citizens were asking themselves these basic questions: To what political community do I belong? or, to whom do I owe my loyalty? And, finally, who (what state?) guarantees, or promises to guarantee my rights – starting with human, civic and political rights, employment and property … – and, last but not least, security? The ethnonational conception of citizenship, the chapter argues, finally prevailed and fuelled conflicts over the redefinition of borders within which the ethnonational states were to be formed on the basis of absolute majorities of the core ethnonational groups.

Pillars and Shadows: Statebuilding as peacebuilding in Solomon Islands

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781921666797 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459442 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This volume of the Peacebuilding Compared Project examines the sources of the armed conflict and coup in the Solomon Islands before and after the turn of the millennium. The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has been an intensive peacekeeping operation, concentrating on building ‘core pillars’ of the modern state. It did not take adequate notice of a variety of shadow sources of power in the Solomon Islands, for example logging and business interests, that continue to undermine the state’s democratic foundations. At first RAMSI’s statebuilding was neither very responsive to local voices nor to root causes of the conflict, but it slowly changed tack to a more responsive form of peacebuilding. The craft of peace as learned in the Solomon Islands is about enabling spaces for dialogue that define where the mission should pull back to allow local actors to expand the horizons of their peacebuilding ambition.

The Long Journey of Gracia Mendes

Author:
ISBN: 9789639241787 9786155053795 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The historical biography of a true Jewish heroine in her day, Gracia Mendes. Born in 1510 in Portugal, the book details this woman's extraordinary personality until her death in 1569 in Constantinople (today's Istanbul). Her life exemplified a perseverance by the Jewish culture to survive and triumph even in the worst of conditions. As a young girl, Gracia secretly married successful Jewish spice trader, Francisco Mendes. But at age 27 she became a widow, yet she went on to raise her children...

Cost Efficiency of Municipalities in Service Delivery: Does Ethnic Fragmentation Matter?

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Book Series: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations ISBN: 9789616842167 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.4335/978.961.6842.16.7(2013) Language: English
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-06 17:46:28
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Driven by the Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA), decentralisation in Macedonia is a policy choice for spurring national cohesion rather than an economic instrument for the more efficient delivery of services. The OFA resulted in a new Macedonian Constitution with policies related to the decentralisation process and equitable representation of communities. This book aims first to estimate the spending efficiency of Macedonian municipalities in service delivery from their own resources and, second, to ascertain the determinants of that efficiency. The ethnic fragmentation of municipalities is taken into account as a possible determinant of efficiency, which represents a novelty in such types of studies. We employ the DEA-VRS, Kernel and SFA estimation techniques to control for the robustness of our estimates. Our findings show that on average Macedonian municipalities exhibit low efficiency in service delivery, although there are significant variations among municipalities. The ethnic fragmentation of municipalities together with the population density, own tax revenues and political affiliation of the mayor with the leading political coalition at the state level explain differences in their efficiencies. More fragmented municipalities tend to be less efficient when providing services to citizens.

Los claroscuros del debate. Pueblos Indígenas, Colonialismo y Subalternidad en América del Sur. Siglos XX y XXI

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789568416461 Year: Pages: 395 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_619613 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones Grant: Internacional del Conocimiento
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-10 11:01:18
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History and culture of Latin American ethnic communities and political challenges today

Rival Kurdish Movements in Turkey. Transforming Ethnic Conflict

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ISBN: 9789089648785 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089648785 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 11:01:13
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This book explores the conditions that encourage non-violent civic engagement in emerging civil societies. Gürbüz examines the radical transformations over the past decade in the politics of Turkey's Kurdish minority. On the eve of the new millennium, the Turkish state was still openly denying the existence of Kurds, calling them "mountain Turks," and Kurdish populated cities were ruled under martial law. Kurdish politics in Turkey was dominated by a revolutionary movement, the PKK, which engaged in violent clashes with the state. Less than a decade later, the PKK's rebellion had all but ended, and Kurdish political and civic movements of numerous stripes had emerged. The Turkish state even introduced an official Kurdish-language TV channel. How did this rapid change occur? Gürbüz proposes that contending social movements has transformed the politics of the region, ushering in an era of post-conflict political and cultural competition.

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