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Herbivores

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ISBN: 9789535129875 9789535129882 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.5772/62658 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book provides an overview of the current knowledge of herbivory. This book contains chapters from a wide variety of topics that fall into the following broad sections: (I) ""Plant Defense Mechanisms and Herbivore Adaptations,"" (II) ""Herbivory and Food Processing of Grazing Animals,"" and (III) ""Herbivory Effects on Plant Communities."" More specifically, the contributions of this book, written by experts in their respective fields, focus on topics including the chemical plant defense against herbivores as well as herbivore adaptions to plant cyanide defenses, the utilization of biomarkers to study grazing behavior of ruminants, modeling for describing ruminant herbivory, as well as improving grain processing to improve dairy cow performance. Contributions on positive indirect interactions in marine herbivores and algae are included, as is one focusing on herbivory by lizards. These chapters represent recent contributions showing the diversity of ongoing research in this field of study. This book targets a wide audience of general biologists as well as botanists, ecologists, and zoologists including both teachers and students in gaining a better appreciation of this rapidly growing field.

Animal Welfare

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ISBN: 9781789237979 9781789237986 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70919 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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It is vital to understand the recent perceptions in animal welfare and its implications in changing global scenarios. The introductory chapter to Animal Welfare provides concise details of the application of emerging these scenarios. The book is self-contained with everything needed to understand the importance of animal welfare and its perspectives. This is the first edition of the book so it covers the introductory level of topics, which are written specifically for veterinary students, classroom use, and practitioners who require more knowledge of animal welfare. The book contains sections on global perspectives, animal health and welfare, and husbandry and welfare. Each section comprises chapters from renowned experts in each area and gives readers a unique opportunity to explore the topic.

Coding Properties in Invertebrate Sensory Systems

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451067 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-106-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Physiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Animals rely on sensory input from their environment for survival and reproduction. Depending on the importance of a signal for a given species, accuracy of sensory coding might vary from pure detection up to precise coding of intensity, quality and temporal features of the signal. Highly sophisticated sense organs and related central nervous sensory pathways can be of utmost importance for animals in a complex environment and when using advanced communication systems. In sensory systems different anatomical and physiological features have evolved to optimally encode behaviourally relevant signals at the level of sense organs and central processing. The wide range of organizational complexity, in combination with their relatively simple and accessible nervous systems, makes invertebrates excellent models to study general sensory coding principles. The contributions to this e-book illustrate on one hand particular features of specific sensory systems, and on the other hand indicate not only common features of sensory coding across invertebrate phyla, but also similar processing principles of complex stimuli between different sensory modalities. The chapters show that the extraction of behaviourally relevant signals from all environmental stimuli, as well as the detection of low intensity signals and the analysis of temporal features can be similar across sensory modalities, including olfaction, vision, mechanoreception, and heat perception.

Welfare of Cultured and Experimental Fishes

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ISBN: 9783039217106 / 9783039217113 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-711-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Welfare is a multidimensional concept that can be described as the state of an animal as it copes with the environment. Captive environments can impact farmed animals at different levels, especially fishes, considering their highly complex sensory world. Understanding the ethology of a species is therefore essential to address fish welfare, and the interpretation of behavioral responses in specific rearing contexts (aquaculture or experimental contexts) demands knowledge of their underlying physiological, developmental, functional, and evolutionary mechanisms. In natural environments, the stress response has evolved to help animals survive challenging conditions. However, animals are adapted to deal with natural stressors, while anthropogenic stimuli may represent stressors that fishes are unable to cope with. Under such circumstances, stress responses may be maladaptive and cause severe damage to the animal. As welfare in captivity is affected in multiple dimensions, multiple possible indicators can be used to assess the welfare state of individuals. In the past, research on welfare has been largely focusing on health indicators and predominantly based on physiological stress. Ethological indicators, however, also integrate the mental perspective of the individual and have been gradually assuming an important role in welfare research: behavioral responses to stressors are an early response to adverse conditions, easily observable, and demonstrative of emotional states. Many behavioral indicators can be used as non-invasive measurements of welfare in practical contexts such as aquaculture and experimentation. Presently, research in fish welfare is growing in importance and interest because of the growing economic importance of fish farming, the comparative biology opportunities that experimental fishes provide, and the increasing public sensitivity to welfare issues.

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