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Applied Olfactory Cognition

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193431 Year: Pages: 239 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-343-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
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Foreword by Richard J. Stevenson, Macquarie University (Australia):It was long thought that the human nose might be able to discriminate somewhere in the order of 10,000 different odourants. The recent finding that the human nose can discriminate something like a trillion different smells serves as yet another reminder that we have again underestimated the capacity of our sense of smell (Bushdid, Magnasco, Vosshall & Keller, 2014). This volume serves as a further corrective for anyone who should hold the view that olfaction is unimportant in human affairs. The papers presented in this ebook, carefully collated and overseen by Aldo Zucco, Benoist Schaal, Mats Olsson and Ilona Croy, showcase a large number of quite different reasons for studying the applied side of olfaction, and indeed human olfaction in general. The 23 contributions presented here cover a broad range of topics, which illustrate contemporary interests in our field. Although with a strong applied focus, a noteworthy feature of this ebook is the richness of the theoretical perspectives that are developed. These range from considerations of olfactory perception, memory, expertise, and priming right the way through to receptor genetics. These contributions, from many leading experts in the field, will surely shape much of the applied work linking olfaction to disease, which is a further focus of this ebook. In respect to health and disease, the chapters on aging, pregnancy, depression, alcohol dependency and environmental odours, present overviews and rich new data on many contemporary problems, to which the study of olfaction is now contributing. A particularly notable aspect of olfactory experience is the affective impact that odours can have on people and their lives. The ebook covers some particularly intriguing aspects of work in this area, with empirical studies investigating dissociations between wanting and liking, stress reduction in the elderly, mother-infant bonding, and the emotions that different odourants can evoke. This affective line of work is nicely complemented by empirical studies on expertise, the effect of odours on visual attention, and the relationship between particular personality traits and interest in olfaction. The gradual appropriation of methods from cognitive neuroscience into olfaction is also nicely represented in this ebook, with at least three of the chapters reporting data using neuroimaging, including a particular intriguing study looking at recognition of odours in mixtures. Finally, the close links between olfactory perception and sensory evaluation are also reflected in a chapter on wine. I hope that readers of this e-book will be struck, as I have been in reading its various chapters, how much olfaction affects our lives, and how the study of this sense can enrich it.

Zurück in den Alltag – Mütter nach Behandlung ihrer Alkoholabhängigkeit

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ISBN: 9783863882921 9783863887285 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3224/863887285 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:07
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What challenges do mothers face after treating alcohol dependence? The study conducted by the Zurich University of Applied Sciences in cooperation with the Forel Clinic focuses on mothers who have undergone in-patient or day-care treatment. The results of the qualitative study provide an insight into the lives of these mothers returning to their everyday lives.

Schlachtfelder

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ISBN: 9783205200659 Year: Pages: 946 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_594631 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 278
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-31 11:01:15
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Taking the province of Niederdonau as an example, this pioneer study highlights everyday fields-of-force between National Socialism and agrarian society in which rural actors competed for resources among themselves and with official functionaries. The megaproject of ‘volkish productivism’ – the creation of an efficient peasantry in ‘racial’ and economic terms – got stuck with regard to technical development. However, with regard to institutional development, there emerged a pathway towards an alternative modernity beyond Liberalism and Communism.

Fouilles

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ISBN: 9782491788056 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.3443 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les objets du quotidien, devenus mobilier archéologique du fait de leur enfouissement dans les couches sédimentaires ou de leur insertion dans des maçonneries, font partie intégrante des données que les archéologues utilisent pour la compréhension d’un site archéologique. Ajoutés les uns aux autres et au fil du temps, ces objets de la vie quotidienne forment des masses parfois imposantes à récolter pendant le chantier, à gérer et à traiter pour les conserver dignement et à étudier. Mais ils témoignent d’une façon particulièrement concrète de la façon dont les Marseillais ont vécu tout au long du Moyen Âge et de l’époque moderne. On trouvera dans cet ouvrage une étude la plus large possible de catégories variées de ces objets du quotidien. En premier lieu la céramique, retrouvée en contexte « de consommation », renseignant sur les approvisionnements d’une ville portuaire et sur les usages quotidiens de ceux qui y vivaient. Au côté des monnaies, peu nombreuses, des pipes ou du mobilier en verre, qui témoigne d’une évolution des goûts de la table, les objets métalliques et en matière dure animale sont autant de traces d’une matérialité de la vie quotidienne qui vient égayer des vestiges archéologiques parfois un peu arides tant ils ont été détruits au fil des siècles. Cet ouvrage vient ainsi compléter le premier volume paru sur Marseille médiévale et moderne (BiAMA 7), qui avait présenté le cadre général de la cité et le détail des fouilles récentes portant sur ces périodes. Le spécialiste, comme le grand public, y trouvera largement la matière d’une connaissance renouvelée sur ce sujet.

Praxeologie in der Historischen Bildungsforschung

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Book Series: Pädagogik ISBN: 9783839453742 Year: Pages: 330 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:18:08
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Dinge als Herausforderung

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Book Series: Edition Kulturwissenschaft ISBN: 9783839445136 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445136 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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Things are not as nonpolitical as they seem: This book illuminates the hidden meanings and ambiguities of objects – an important contribution to the research on material everyday culture!

Ver-rückte Expertisen

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Book Series: VerKörperungen/MatteRealities - Perspektiven empirischer Wissenschaftsforschung ISBN: 9783839453858 Year: Pages: 220 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - [grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:21:53
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Borderland Studies meets Child Studies

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ISBN: 9783653070804 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.3726/b11559 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 401
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:35:15

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This edited volume provides a comparative analysis of the history of borderland children during the 20th Century. More than their parents, children were envisioned to play a crucial role in bringing about a peaceful Europe. The contributions show the complexity of nationalisation within various spheres of borderland children´s lives and display the dichotomy between nationalist policies and manifest non-national practices of borderland children. Despite the different imaginations of East and West that had influenced peace negotiators after both World Wars, moreover, borderland children in Western and Central Europe invented practices that contributed to the creation of a socially cohesive Europe.

Elämää sinnittelevässä pikkukaupungissa

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ISBN: 9789523590250 Year: Pages: 322 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Science (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-08 00:04:10
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The ten articles in this edited volume examine the city of Varkaus as a small city struggling with structural change using historical documents as well as survey and interview data. The city of Varkaus, which has a long industrial history, has lost a large part of its industrial jobs in the first decades of this millennium and its population has fallen sharply in recent years. However, a survey of the adult population shows that the inhabitants of Varkaus are typically satisfied with their work, with their social relationships and their lives in general. Varkaus is seen as a safe and good living environment. A central element of well-being is couple relationship, as well as other social relationships. The lack of well-being often stems from unemployment, low income and feelings of not belonging to the place of residence. Young adults value their place of residence as well as their family relationships, but there are tensions in their life regarding work and income. The tranquility and proximity to nature of Varkaus are appreciated, but there are also many who long for more urban heartbeat in their hometown.

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