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Dans les geôles du roi : L’emprisonnement pour dette à Paris à la fin du Moyen Âge

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ISBN: 9791035101817 DOI: 10.4000/books.psorbonne.32989 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:42
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Associée aux malheurs du jeune Charles Dickens, la prison pour dette est souvent considérée comme une sanction implacable de la pauvreté, typique de l’Angleterre victorienne, alors qu’elle fut en France un moyen normal, sinon fréquent, de contraindre les endettés à satisfaire leurs créanciers jusqu’en 1867 et qu’elle reste de nos jours un moyen dont l’État use à l’égard de certains de ses débiteurs. Dans les geôles du roi, dès le xive siècle, on enfermait les débiteurs jusqu’au paiement de leurs dettes ou jusqu’à l’accomplissement de leurs obligations contractuelles. Pour la première fois, ce livre retrace avec précision les débuts de cette institution, entrée dans le droit royal en 1303, et, en se fondant sur les archives médiévales des tribunaux et prisons du Châtelet et du Parlement de Paris, rappelle sa genèse aux xive et xve siècles. Comment pouvait-on faire arrêter son débiteur ? Qui étaient ces prisonniers pour dette ? Comment « tenaient-ils prison » ? Comment en sortaient-ils ? Dans quels termes cette fonction de coercition a-t-elle été conçue par les juristes et les magistrats ? Telles sont les questions qui sous-tendent cette enquête sur l’entrée de l’emprisonnement pour dette dans le droit royal et la pratique judiciaire français. Jour après jour, la prise du corps des endettés a imposé la sujétion des débiteurs et des créanciers à leur roi, aussi sûrement que des contraintes et des peines extrêmes comme la question, les mutilations et la peine de mort. Appliqué d’abord aux laboureurs, aux ouvriers et aux artisans de l’Île-de-France qu’il rappelait à la discipline du contrat, l’emprisonnement pour dette se situe à la croisée de l’histoire de la souveraineté de l’État et de celle de l’émergence de la « question sociale » à la fin du Moyen Âge.

Keywords

dette --- voie d’exécution

Adaptivität und semantische Interoperabilität von Manufacturing Execution Systemen (MES)

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783866449558 Year: Volume: 12 Pages: XIII, 388 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000031462 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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MES (Manufacturing Execution Systems) are situated between automation and management level and are affected from changes of the production. Therefore their adaptivity within the lifecycle of production plants is mission critical. Furthermore MES act as data and information hub. This means that they have to work together with other systems in an efficient and seamless way. MES must be interoperable and must have semantics under control. The present publication faces both aspects.

A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1057/9781137444011 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 16:35:46
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Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137444011 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: History --- Psychology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
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Abstract

Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

The Gibbet in the Landscape (Book chapter)

Book title: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137444011 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: History --- Psychology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
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Abstract

Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

Automated Experiments for Deriving Performance-relevant Properties of Software Execution Environments

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Book Series: The Karlsruhe Series on Software Design and Quality / Ed. by Prof. Dr. Ralf Reussner ISSN: 18670067 ISBN: 9783731501381 Year: Volume: 13 Pages: XVI, 315 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000037233 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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The software execution environment can play a crucial role when analyzing the performance of a software system. In this book, a novel approach for the automated detection of performance-relevant properties of the execution environment is presented. The properties are detected using predefined experiments and integrated into performance prediction tools. The approach is applied to experiments for detecting different CPU, OS, and virtualization properties, and validated in different case studies.

Quantifying and Predicting the Influence of Execution Platform on Software Component Performance

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Book Series: The Karlsruhe Series on Software Design and Quality / Ed. by Prof. Dr. Ralf Reussner ISSN: 18670067 ISBN: 9783866447417 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: XVII, 417 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000024301 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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The performance of software components depends on several factors, including the execution platform on which the software components run. To simplify cross-platform performance prediction in relocation and sizing scenarios, a novel approach is introduced in this thesis which separates the application performance profile from the platform performance profile. The approach is evaluated using transparent instrumentation of Java applications and with automated benchmarks for Java Virtual Machines.

Modelling and Analysis of Sustainability Related Issues in New Era

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ISBN: 9783039210244 9783039210251 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-025-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The purpose of this Special Issue is to investigate topics related to sustainability issues in the new era, especially in Industry 4.0 or other new manufacturing environments. Under Industry 4.0, there have been great changes with respect to production processes, production planning and control, quality assurance, internal control, cost determination, and other management issues. Moreover, it is expected that Industry 4.0 can create positive sustainability impacts along the whole value chain. There are three pillars of sustainability, including environmental sustainability, economic sustainability, and social sustainability. This Special Issue collects 15 sustainability-related papers from various industries that use various methods or models, such as mathematical programming, activity-based costing (ABC), material flow cost accounting, fuel consumption model, artificial intelligence (AI)-based fusion model, multi-attribute decision model (MADM), and so on. These papers are related to carbon emissions, carbon tax, Industry 4.0, economic sustainability, corporate social responsibility (CSR), etc. The research objects come from China, Taiwan, Thailand, Oman, Cyprus, Germany, Austria, and Portugal. Although the research presented in this Special Issue is not exhaustive, this Special Issue provides abundant, significant research related to environmental, economic, and social sustainability. Nevertheless, there still are many research topics that require our attention to solve problems of sustainability.

Keywords

carbon tax policy --- return policy --- carbon reduction --- e-commerce platform --- carbon emissions --- cap & trade --- green production --- footwear industry --- activity-based costing (ABC) --- activity-based costing (ABC) --- industry 4.0 --- integrated mathematical programming --- product-mix decision --- theory of constraints (TOC) --- carbon tax --- small and medium enterprises --- OEE --- OECD --- manufacturing sustainability --- time study --- Industry 4.0 --- material handling systems --- agent-based control architecture --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Industry 4.0 --- tire industry --- carbon emission --- carbon tax --- mathematical programming --- sustainability --- sustainability performance --- corporate social responsibility (CSR) --- internal control --- multi-attribute decision model (MADM) --- decision making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- DANP (DEMATEL based ANP) --- VIKOR --- fuel consumption --- sustainability --- active suspension --- PID controller --- white noise --- colored noise --- long- and short-term --- greenhouse gas --- LS-ARIMAXi-ECM model --- sustainability --- economic growth --- exogenous variables --- CO2 emissions --- family business --- succession plan --- corporate characteristics --- family capital --- niche inheritance --- multi-attribute decision model (MADM) --- social sustainability --- artificial intelligence --- corporate social responsibility --- decision making --- firm value --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Industry 4.0 --- aluminum-alloy wheel industry --- mathematical programming --- Activity-Based Standard Costing (ABSC) --- Manufacturing Execution System (MES) --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) --- Industry 4.0 --- industrial internet of things --- digital transformation --- digital platforms --- qualitative-empirical study --- small and medium-sized enterprises --- sustainable development --- energy efficiency --- electrical appliances --- life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) --- multi-attribute value theory (MAVT) --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGAII --- sustainability --- ISO14051 --- material flow cost accounting --- n/a

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