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Les Fondements méthodologiques du savoir scientifique

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ISBN: 9791024011394 DOI: 10.4000/books.purh.6017 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rouen et du Havre
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:49
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Vouloir comprendre la cause d'un phénomène ou du comportement d'autrui, c'est chercher à l'expliquer. Il est alors possible de se fier à son intuition. Mais en découvrant que l'on est capable d'appliquer les principes de base de toute science, on peut aussi décider d'utiliser la démarche des scientifiques et ainsi aboutir à plus d'exactitude Cet ouvrage, qui s'appuie sur de nombreuses situations concrètes, a pour objectif de montrer que la science, c'est simple, et que tout le monde peut rapidement utiliser sa méthode. Cet ouvrage donne aussi des clés pour répondre aux difficultés les plus fréquentes évoquées par les étudiants et pour les aider dans la préparation de leurs examens et la réussite de leurs études.

Sexpert

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789038220796 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472415 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Arts in general --- Psychology --- History of arts --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-11 23:26:28
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Sexual health in Flanders describes the results of the first representative population-based study on this topic in Flanders (the Northern, Dutch-speaking part of Belgium). A research team of psychologists, sexologists, sociologists and medical doctors, affiliated with Ghent University, KU Leuven and Ghent University Hospital collaborated on this research project that aimed to explore various aspects of sexual behavior and sexual health in men and women living in Flanders. Apart from providing in reliable, valid, descriptive scientific data, this study offers important information on which a more targeted policy to promote sexual health can be developed. This reference work is based on a survey in which 1832 Flemish men and women – aged 14 to 80 years old – participated and that covered various aspects of sexual health. The focus is not only on sexual experiences and practices; attention is also paid to the relational and social context in which these experiences occur. In addition, a number of chapters elaborate on the sexual start (the first sexual experiences), reproductive health, sexual dysfunctions, cross-border sexual behavior, and profiles of sexual health. The detailed description of the methodology that was used, allows the reader to evaluate the accuracy of the many tables, figures and numbers that are presented. In short, Sexual health in Flanders is an essential reference work for anyone with an interest in a reliable, detailed and scientific image of a broad range of aspects of sexual health in Flanders.

Escargotesque, or, What Is Experience

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ISBN: 9780692373880 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0089.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:40
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“Experience” is a concept paradoxically deployed to accentuate the aconceptual. Although thinking, knowing, reflecting, and analyzing are kinds of experiences, invocations of “experience” typically direct our attention to what is immediate, embodied, unrepresented, unthought, even unthinkable. And yet, whether by learning experience, traumatic experience, life experience, mystical experience, or all of these, we hope most fervently that our experience will teach us, transform us, become part of us. Why do we strive to find, profit from, and possess experience while insisting upon experience’s intellectual elusiveness? What do we intend when we petition (and re-petition) experience for truth, for growth, for strength? To whom or to what do we sing when we sing experience’s song? Escargotesque, or, What is Experience? asks why both our lived experiences and our mythologies of experience so often fold inward, repeat, return. Departing from his unusual experience of working as a garbage-collector in the West African country of Benin, M.H. Bowker converses with several champions of experience (from Michel de Montaigne to John Dewey, from Søren Kierkegaard to Ralph Waldo Emerson, from Simone Weil to R.D. Laing) to pose radical questions about the intentions and dynamics that guide our quest for experience, intentions and dynamics that are more destructive and more melancholy than celebrants of experience would care to admit. Across Escargotesque’s six loosely linear parts, fragments of prose memoir intersect with poetry, sketch art, philosophical reflection, cultural criticism, and psychological examination in ways that both evoke and unsettle the thinking person’s experience. Escargotesque both testifies to an experience and reveals surprising fantasies driving the modern and postmodern turn to experience as a source of truth and hope. Such fantasies include the sacredness of even the most violent ‘pure experience,’ the necessity of supplicating experience’s objects, and the ultimate demise of the one who experiences.

Keywords

philosophy --- phenomenology --- experience --- memoir --- Africa

Esperienza e coscienza : Approcci alle arti performative

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ISBN: 9788899982867 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.3774 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Esperienza e coscienza sono concetti in grado di collegare approcci all’emozione estetica distanti per impostazione e cultura come quelli del pensiero indiano medioevale, della teoria psicologica vygotskijana e delle moderne neuroscienze cognitive. Le arti performative costituiscono un campo di studio ideale per cercare di individuare gli elementi che identificano l’esperienza estetica come fenomeno peculiare del comportamento umano, ove i dati della percezione sono elaborati nel contesto di uno stato della coscienza distinto da quello quotidiano. Ogni indagine di questo fenomeno, che oltrepassa il mero interesse artistico, deve necessariamente articolarsi secondo un approccio interdisciplinare, armonizzando dati empirici e fenomenologici all’interno di definite coordinate storico-culturali.

Religion and Aesthetic Experience

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Heidelberg Studies on Transculturality ISBN: 9783947732036 9783947732029 9783947732012 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.416 Language: English
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:03
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Religious aesthetics have gained increasing importance over the past few years in the fields of Religious studies and Islamic studies. This volume highlights the transcultural dimensions of the theoretical foundations of religious aesthetics. It explores aesthetic experience in the religious field through a series of case studies. These include Islamic sermons from the Middle East and South Asia, Islamic religious chanting, a chapter of the Qurʾān, a German performance artist, Indian rasa theory, and Arabic and Bengali literature. Together, the authors demonstrate that the analysis of the aesthetic forms of religious mediation across regions and genres is a fruitful approach to transcultural studies.

Le cinéma près de la vie : Prises de vue sociologiques sur le spectateur du xxie siècle

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ISBN: 9782354571122 DOI: 10.4000/books.demopolis.560 Language: French
Publisher: Demopolis
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:28
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En un peu plus d'un siècle, le cinéma est devenu sans conteste bien plus qu'une usine à fabriquer des rêves. Le cinéma façonne nos attitudes, nos comportements, nos manières d'être, voire d'être ensemble. Les larmes qu'il fait couler de nos yeux nous préparent aux séparations ou aux disparitions que nous craignons ou nous font nous remémorer celles que nous avons vécues. Tous nos baisers, eux, sont aujourd'hui des baisers de cinéma. Nos héros sur pellicule inspirent souvent nos gestes et nos répliques courageuses ou du moins, ceux qu'il nous plairait d'avoir. Même nos premiers Disney nous aident à prendre conscience très tôt de ce sentiment - l'empathie - si essentiel pour nous permettre de vivre au milieu d'autres qui nous ressemblent souvent parce qu'ils ont vu le même film que nous. C'est pourquoi le cinéma près de la vie est un livre de sociologie par nature et c'est aussi pourquoi il est nécessaire de rappeler que les événements relatés ici se sont vraiment déroulés et que les personnes décrites ont toutes existé, même si quelquefois ces dernières semblent avoir quelque(s) ressemblance(s) avec des personnages imaginaires qui, comme le cinéma, nous aident - ainsi que l'écrit Stanley Cavell - à préserver notre foi dans nos désirs d'un monde éclairé, face aux compromis que nous passons avec la manière dont le monde existe…

Faire vie de la littérature

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ISBN: 9782357681149 DOI: 10.4000/books.eua.2565 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions Universitaires d’Avignon
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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« J’avais envie de vivre avec les mots, avec les auteurs et d’y être avec tous les autres. » Après le succès rencontré par l’adaptation de la trilogie de Don DeLillo au Festival d’Avignon 2018, cette nouvelle Leçon de l’université de Julien Gosselin permet d’approfondir la pensée du jeune metteur en scène et de découvrir son esthétique. Au fil de ces pages, il expose sa quête incessante de l’incarnation littéraire et de l’intensité émotionnelle. À travers l’exercice d’une vraie radicalité théâtrale, son intention est d’élargir l’expérience dramatique pour que chacun puisse profiter de l’extraordinaire énergie produite par cet art.

Le roman comme laboratoire : De la connaissance littéraire à l'imagination sociologique

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782757421338 DOI: 10.4000/books.septentrion.40706 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Septentrion
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La compréhension du monde contemporain ne peut pas se faire en tournant le dos à la production artistique de son époque. Mais alors qu'au xixe siècle, le roman réaliste et la sociologie naissante se sont naturellement inspirés, la conversation entre sciences sociales et littérature s'est progressivement brouillée et affaiblie. Ce processus est même devenu extrême en France, où une critique, inlassablement reprise depuis des années, a décrété la production romanesque actuelle comme désocialisée, insignifiante et enfermée dans les arcanes du moi. Ce livre est animé par une toute autre conviction, celle que certaines œuvres recèlent, à condition de bien savoir les lire, des sources majeures pour la compréhension de notre époque. En s'appuyant sur l'analyse de 200 romans, signés par 20 écrivains français contemporains, tous vivants et en pleine activité, il permet de comprendre comment le roman reste une source privilégiée de connaissance et d'imagination pour les sciences sociales. Une démonstration est faite : le roman est toujours un laboratoire pour étudier la modernité, les individus, les situations et le monde. Non seulement en montrant les limites de certaines formes de saisissement sociologique (personnage social, rôles, intrigues…), mais surtout en permettant de fabriquer de nouveaux outils d'analyse et d'interprétation. Cet ouvrage, sans équivalent, est la première étude sociologique d'envergure de la production romanesque française actuelle.

Religious Individualisation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783110580853 9783110580938 9783110580013 Year: Pages: 1416 DOI: 10.1515/9783110580938 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:02
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This volume brings together key findings of the research project ‘Religious Individualisation in Historical Perspective’ at the Max Weber Centre for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies. Combining a wide range of disciplinary approaches, methods and theories, the volume assembles over 50 contributions that explore and compare processes of religious individualisation in Asia, the Mediterranean, and Europe from antiquity to the recent past.

What we learn and when we learn it: sensitive periods in development

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193271 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-327-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
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The impact of training or experience is not the same at all points in development. Children who receive music lessons, or learn a second language before age 7-8 are more proficient as adults. Early exposure to drugs or trauma makes people more likely to become addicted or depressed later life. Rat pups exposed to specific frequencies from 9-13 days post-partum show expanded cortical representations of these frequencies. Young birds must hear and copy their native song within 1-2 months of birth or they may never learn it at all. These are examples of sensitive periods: developmental windows where maturation and specific experience interact to produce differential long-term effects on the brain and behavior. While still controversial, evidence for the existence of sensitive periods has grown, as has our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of brain plasticity. Behavioral evidence from studies of language, psychopathology or vision in humans has been complemented by evidence elucidating molecular, gene and hormonal mechanisms in animals. It has been proposed that sensitive periods can be both opened and closed by specific experience, and that there are multiple, overlapping sensitive periods that occur through-out development as functions come on line. It is also likely that experience-dependent behavioral or brain plasticity accrued during one sensitive period can serve as a scaffold on which later experience and plasticity can build. Based on current knowledge, there are a number of broad questions and challenges to be addressed in this domain, these include: generating new information about the neurobiological mediators of structural and functional changes; proposing models of brain development that will better predict when sensitive periods should occur and what functions are implicated; investigation of the interaction between experience during a sensitive period and pre-existing individual differences; and the relationship between experience during a sensitive period and on-going experience. The goal of this Research Topic is to bring together scientists in different fields whose work addresses these issues, including animal and human developmental neuroscience, language and cognitive development, education, developmental psychopathology and sensory neuroscience.

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