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Between Creed, Rhetoric Façade, and Disregard

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631619681 Year: Pages: 257 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:59
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Applying the theoretical lens of organizational institutionalism, this study analyzes the spread of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the Austrian corporate world. The objectives are threefold: First, to explore the institutional framework in place; second, to explain the dissemination of CSR in terms of adopters’ characteristics and field-level pressures; and third, to understand the structuring dimensions of meaning within the CSR discourse. The findings demonstrate that a specific sub-population is more inclined to espouse commitment to CSR policies. Against the background of an ambiguous nature and definition of CSR, this study also shows how actor categories and divergent thematic embeddings serve as a basis for the concept’s theorization, and elaborates on a distinct constellation of empirical sub-discourses.

Energy and Seismic Renovation Strategies for Sustainable Cities

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ISBN: 9783038979449 / 9783038979456 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-945-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 09:16:44
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The principle of sustainability should be strictly connected with safety, since both aim to conserve resources: in the case of sustainability, the resources are typically thought of as environmental, while in the case of safety, the resources are basically human. In spite of this common ground, discussions on sustainability usually give insufficient attention to safety. In the last years the EU has made large investments to increase the energy efficiency of the existing building stock, paving the way for a low-carbon future; however, less effort has been made to enhance its seismic resilience. Therefore, the safety and, consequently, the sustainability of towns situated in earthquake-prone countries remain inadequate. In such countries, energy renovation actions should be combined with seismic retrofitting. However, a number of barriers considerably limit the real possibility of extensively undertaking combined retrofit actions, especially for multi-owner housing and high-rise buildings. These barriers are of different kinds: technical (e.g., unfeasibility and/or ineffectiveness of conventional retrofit solutions), financial (e.g., high renovation costs, insufficient incentives/subsidies), organizational (e.g., occupants’ disruption and relocation, renovation consensus by condominium ownerships), and cultural/social (insufficient information and skills, lack of adequate policy measures for promoting renovation actions). This book aims to overcome these barriers and to bridge the gap between sustainability and safety, so to conserve both human and environmental resources.

Polymeric Foams

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ISBN: 9783039216321 / 9783039216338 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-633-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Advances in nanotechnology have boosted the development of more efficient materials, with emerging sectors (electronics, energy, aerospace, etc.) demanding novel materials to fulfill the complex technical requirements of their products. This is the case of polymeric foams, which may display good structural properties alongside functional characteristics through a complex composition and (micro)structure in which a gas phase is combined with rigid ones, mainly based on nanoparticles, dispersed throughout the polymer matrix. In recent years, there has been an important impulse in the development of nanocomposite foams, extending the concept of nanocomposites to the field of cellular materials. This, alongside developments in new advanced foaming technologies which have allowed the generation of foams with micro, sub-micro, and even nanocellular structures, has extended the applications of more traditional foams in terms of weight reduction, damping, and thermal and/or acoustic insulation to novel possibilities, such as electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. This Special Issue, which consists of a total of 22 articles, including one review article written by research groups of experts in the field, considers recent research on novel polymer-based foams in all their aspects: design, composition, processing and fabrication, microstructure, characterization and analysis, applications and service behavior, recycling and reuse, etc.

Keywords

grey relational analysis --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization --- acoustic performances --- Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer --- polyurethane foam composites --- DOPO --- itaconic acid --- ethyl cellulose --- phenolic foams --- composites --- adjacent façade --- PUR --- energy conservation --- heat transfer --- burning characteristic --- semi-rigid polyurethane foams --- aluminum microfibers --- quasi-static compression tests --- mechanical properties --- energy absorption capability --- foams --- polyamide --- crystalline --- thermal conductivity --- mechanical property --- functional --- biomaterials --- composites --- EMI --- cellulose foam --- polypropylene --- foaming quality --- impact property --- intrinsic toughness --- flame-retardant ABS microcellular foams --- phosphorus flame retardants --- MuCell® injection-molding foaming --- graphene oxide --- rigid polyurethane foam --- thermogravimetric analysis --- activation energies --- extrusion foaming --- super critical CO2 --- lignin --- sound absorption coefficient --- mechanical property --- Pluronic --- surfactants --- foams --- SANS --- multilayers --- epoxy composite foam adhesive --- core–shell rubber --- impact wedge–peel test --- automobile structural adhesives --- flame retardancy --- foams --- phosphorus --- ternary synergistic effect --- polypropylene --- fluoelastomer --- scCO2 foaming --- heterogeneous nucleation --- polypropylene --- cellulose nanofiber --- foam injection molding --- mechanical properties --- polystyrene foams --- 1,3,5-benzene-trisamides --- cell nucleation --- foam extrusion --- foam morphology --- supramolecular additives --- thermal insulation --- compression properties --- piezoelectric --- functional foam --- piezocomposite --- PZT --- expandable microspheres --- permittivity --- polyetherimide foams --- graphene --- multifunctional foams --- ultrasonication --- scCO2 --- electrical conductivity --- polymer waste --- polyurethane foam --- leaching test --- microstructure --- absorbent PMI foam --- metallic tube --- electromagnetic wave absorption --- mechanical properties --- failure mechanism --- polymers --- foams --- shock compression --- equation of state --- epoxy --- foams --- expandable microspheres --- graphene --- nanotubes --- conductivity --- syntactic foams --- n/a

Responsive Architecture

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ISBN: 9783039216987 / 9783039216994 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-699-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book is a collection of articles that have been published in the Special Issue “Responsive Architecture” of the MDPI journal Buildings. The eleven articles within cover various areas of sensitive architecture, including the design of packaging structures reacting to supporting components; structural efficiency of bent columns in indigenous houses; roof forms responsive to buildings depending on their resiliently transformed steel shell parts; creative design of building free shapes covered with transformed shells; artistic structural concepts of the architect and civil engineer; digitally designed airport terminal using wind analysis; rationalized shaping of sensitive curvilinear steel construction; interactive stories of responsive architecture; transformed shell roof constructions as the main determinant in the creative shaping of buildings without shapes that are sensitive to man-made and natural environments; thermally sensitive performances of a special shielding envelope on balconies; quantification of generality and adaptability of building layout using the SAGA method; and influence of initial conditions on the simulation of the transient temperature field inside a wall.

Keywords

bent piles --- structural systems --- vernacular houses --- Ammatoan houses --- building structure --- effectivity --- strength --- corrugated shell roof --- free-form building --- architectural form --- folded sheet --- thin-walled profile --- shape transformation --- steel construction --- building free-form structure --- corrugated shell roof --- architectural form --- thin-walled open profile --- shape transformation --- folded sheet --- steel construction --- performance-oriented design --- parametric architecture --- form-finding --- CFD --- wind analysis --- digital tools --- steel bar structures --- structural analysis --- parametric design --- algorithmic-aided shaping --- responsive architecture --- shadows --- Grasshopper --- Karamba 3D --- interactive architecture --- interaction narrative --- user experience --- situatedness --- agent-based theory --- building free form structure --- corrugated shell roof --- integrated architectural form --- thin-walled open profile --- shape transformation --- folded sheet --- adaptive envelope --- thermal performances --- spanish balcony --- simulation and computational design studies --- responsive architecture --- kinetic envelope --- adaptive design --- interactive architecture --- moveable facade components --- carrier component structures --- sensor interaction --- digital fabrication --- adaptability --- generality --- flexibility --- evaluation tool --- network analysis --- Space Syntax --- justified plan graphs --- spatial analysis --- architectural morphology --- space plan --- boundary conditions for simulation --- initial conditions --- thermal conditions --- heat flow --- numerical analysis --- experimental measurement --- outdoor test cells

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