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La traction animale

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759208876 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0887-6 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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Draught animals can reduce the laboriousness of human work and lessen poverty in developing countries by facilitating soil cultivation and transport. This updated and illustrated practical summary of knowledge on animal traction is enriched with results from recent experiments into animal well-being, producer and craftsman associations and environmental impact.

Keywords

environment --- health --- animal husbandry --- farm

L'agriculture en famille

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9782759811922 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-1192-2 Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-19 16:49:39
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family farm – south countries – inheritance - Transformation

Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198799283 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198799283.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Economics --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 11:01:50
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This book contributes to the understanding of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa through addressing the dynamics of intensification and diversification within and outside agriculture, in contexts where women have much poorer access to agrarian resources than men. It uses a longitudinal cross-country comparative approach, relying on the Afrint dataset—unique household-level longitudinal data for six African countries collected over the period 2002–2013/15. The book first descriptively summarizes findings from the third wave of the dataset. The book nuances the current dominance of structural transformation narratives of agricultural change by adding insights from gender and village-level studies of agrarian change. It argues that placing agrarian change within broader livelihood dynamics outside agriculture, highlighting country- and region-specific contexts is an important analytical adaptation to the empirical realities of rural Africa. From the policy perspective, this book provides suggestions for more inclusive rural development policies, outlining the weaknesses of present policies illustrated by the currently gendered inequalities in access to agrarian resources. The book also provides country-specific insights from Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia.

Le palmier à huile

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ISBN: 9782759216796 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-1679-6 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:04
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Palm oil, extracted from the pulp of oil palm fruit, is the main source of vegetable fats and oils on the world market. Its ability to adapt to different climates and its productivity make it a major food safety component in Asian countries and the tropical belt. The book seeks to give the practitioner the necessary elements for setting up and operating a palm stand by combining the basic scientific and technical knowledge required to understand technical choices with the sustainable development priorities of the crop. Special mention is therefore made of actions to limit the potentially negative aspects and highlight the positive aspects of proposed techniques and strategies without forgetting efficient protection of people working in the plantations. Lastly, the essential factual components are given in terms of the use of oil palm products and their impact on human health.

Keywords

economics --- palm tree --- tree --- plant production --- agronomy --- industry --- farm

Finishing Global Farm Trade Reform: implications for developing countries

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ISBN: 9781925261356 Year: DOI: 10.20851/agtrade Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:39
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This study reviews policy developments in recent years and, in the light of that, explores ways in which further consensus might be reached among WTO members to reduce farm trade distortions — and thereby also progress the multilateral trade reform agenda. Particular attention is given to ways that would boost well-being in developing countries, especially for those food-insecure households still suffering from poverty and hunger.

Féminin-masculin

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ISBN: 9782759221639 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2163-9 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:03
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Where are we today in the place of women in family agricultures compared with men, in both Northern and Southern countries. Based on very diverse field studies, this book exposes the need to analyse family agricultures from the perspective of masculine-feminine relations and social constructions that organise these power ratios. It addresses in succession the social management of male-female relationships in agriculture, gender inequalities in the definition and impact of agricultural and environmental policies and lastly the different approaches of gender in the food systems.

Advances in Farm Animal Genomic Resources

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197354 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-735-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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The history of livestock started with the domestication of their wild ancestors: a restricted number of species allowed to be tamed and entered a symbiotic relationship with humans. In exchange for food, shelter and protection, they provided us with meat, eggs, hides, wool and draught power, thus contributing considerably to our economic and cultural development. Depending on the species, domestication took place in different areas and periods. After domestication, livestock spread over all inhabited regions of the earth, accompanying human migrations and becoming also trade objects. This required an adaptation to different climates and varying styles of husbandry and resulted in an enormous phenotypic diversity. Approximately 200 years ago, the situation started to change with the rise of the concept of breed. Animals were selected for the same visible characteristics, and crossing with different phenotypes was reduced. This resulted in the formation of different breeds, mostly genetically isolated from other populations. A few decades ago, selection pressure was increased again with intensive production focusing on a limited range of types and a subsequent loss of genetic diversity. For short-term economic reasons, farmers have abandoned traditional breeds. As a consequence, during the 20th century, at least 28% of farm animal breeds became extinct, rare or endangered. The situation is alarming in developing countries, where native breeds adapted to local environments and diseases are being replaced by industrial breeds. In the most marginal areas, farm animals are considered to be essential for viable land use and, in the developing world, a major pathway out of poverty. Historic documentation from the period before the breed formation is scarce. Thus, reconstruction of the history of livestock populations depends on archaeological, archeo-zoological and DNA analysis of extant populations. Scientific research into genetic diversity takes advantage of the rapid advances in molecular genetics. Studies of mitochondrial DNA, microsatellite DNA profiling and Y-chromosomes have revealed details on the process of domestication, on the diversity retained by breeds and on relationships between breeds. However, we only see a small part of the genetic information and the advent of new technologies is most timely in order to answer many essential questions. High-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping is about to be available for all major farm animal species. The recent development of sequencing techniques calls for new methods of data management and analysis and for new ideas for the extraction of information. To make sense of this information in practical conditions, integration of geo-environmental and socio-economic data are key elements. The study and management of farm animal genomic resources (FAnGR) is indeed a major multidisciplinary issue. The goal of the present Research Topic was to collect contributions of high scientific quality relevant to biodiversity management, and applying new methods to either new genomic and bioinformatics approaches for characterization of FAnGR, to the development of FAnGR conservation methods applied ex-situ and in-situ, to socio-economic aspects of FAnGR conservation, to transfer of lessons between wildlife and livestock biodiversity conservation, and to the contribution of FAnGR to a transition in agriculture (FAnGR and agro-ecology).

Wind Turbines

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038973607 9783038973614 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-361-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-11 09:36:07
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This issue is a continuation of the previous successful Special Issue “Wind Turbines 2013”. Similarly, this issue also focuses on recent advances in the wind energy sector on a wide range of topics, including: wind resource mapping, wind intermittency issues, aerodynamics, foundations, aeroelasticity, wind turbine technologies, control of wind turbines, diagnostics, generator concepts including gearless concepts, power electronic converters, grid interconnection, ride-through operation, protection, wind farm layouts - optimization and control, reliability, operations and maintenance, effects of wind farms on local and global climate, wind power stations, smart-grid and micro-grid related to wind turbine operation.

China in Transition

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631633281 Year: Pages: 236 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:59
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In China, inequality in social welfare is of rising political concern. This case study analyzes the determinants of well-being of rural households in Hebei using a secondary panel data set (1986 to 2006). One key question is how well-being was affected by institutional changes in times of societal transition. Based on population grouping, the author analyzes poverty and income development. The study reveals impacts of new possibilities to provide labor outside the own farm on the allocation of households’ labor time and the stability of full- and part-time farming over time. The assessments ground on agricultural household models, microeconomic concepts of labor allocation, and welfare theories. Different methodologies, e.g. inequality decomposition or hazard analysis, are applied.

Human and Animal Sensitivity: How Stock-People and Consumer Perception Can Affect Animal Welfare

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ISBN: 9783039212613 9783039212620 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-262-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book presents cross-discipline studies covering aspects ranging from animal science to social/consumer sciences and psychology, with the aim to collect and disseminate information promoting the continuous enhancement of animal welfare by improving stakeholders’ perception of animal welfare. Although animal welfare is about how the animals perceive the surrounding environment, the actual welfare of the animals is dependent on how the stakeholders perceive and weigh animal welfare. The stakeholders can, either directly (i.e., through stock-people interaction with the animals) or indirectly (e.g., when retailers and consumers are willing to pay more for high welfare animal-based products), affect the way animals are kept and handled.

Keywords

veterinary student --- animal ethics --- pain perception --- animal --- animal welfare --- Animal welfare --- husbandry practices --- lambs --- pain --- sheep farmers --- perception --- agreement --- aggression --- animal welfare --- desensitization --- perception --- pigs --- animal welfare --- young adult --- animal attitudes --- children --- farm animals --- animal welfare --- education --- technology --- animal welfare --- Asia --- knowledge --- slaughter --- transport --- training --- animal welfare --- benefit --- profit --- human health --- Asia --- livestock --- farmer perception --- citizen perception --- qualitative research --- free elicitation narrative interviews --- animal welfare --- consumer --- willingness to pay --- pig --- castration --- immunocastration --- information --- survey --- human-animal relationship --- fear --- laying hen --- stockpeople attitudes --- stockperson behaviour --- egg farm --- albumen corticosterone --- welfare --- animal welfare --- stakeholder perception --- text mining --- horse --- donkey --- goat --- sheep --- turkey --- farm animal welfare (FAW) --- willingness to pay --- food safety concerns --- ethical concerns --- perceived consumer effectiveness --- broiler --- dairy buffalo --- human-animal relationship --- animal behavior --- test-retest reliability --- avoidance distance --- milk production --- animal welfare --- animal welfare --- stunning --- religious slaughter --- veterinary students --- Halal meat --- racehorse welfare --- staff shortages --- horse–human relationship --- standards of care --- employee relations --- consumer demand --- economics --- farm animal welfare --- producer perspective

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