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Precision Agriculture Technology for Crop Farming

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ISBN: 9781482251074 Year: Pages: 383 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Botany --- Biology --- Agriculture (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-24 23:59:04
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Explores the Sustainable Development of Agriculture in Technology Precision agriculture technology, when properly integrated into the crop production process, can greatly improve overall production and sustainability. Precision Agriculture Technology for Crop Farming focuses on the technology of site-specific crop management; detailing applications for sensing, data handling, modeling, and control. Written by experts who have contributed significantly to the development of precision agriculture technology, this book reviews its history—establishing background on the various processes and applications—describes the current status, and offers insight into the future technology of precision agriculture. Introducing processes and applications based on a global scale, the book reveals how precision agriculture can be used in large-scale agriculture, community agriculture, and diversified farming. It includes site-specific information from a variety of information sources for planning, planting, growing, and harvesting agricultural crops. It also presents a new concept based on the control system theory that can be used to formulate systematic methods for more effective precision crop production. In addition, this author: Describes yield monitors and guidance systems, GPS-based soil sampling, real-time crop and soil sensors, and remote sensing Evaluates a Japanese model of community-based precision agriculture aimed at high profitability and reliability under regional and environmental constraints Highlights autonomous vehicles, field robots, and other intelligent machinery, emerging developments, and future technology in the field of production agriculture Precision Agriculture Technology for Crop Farming provides an overview of precision agriculture technology development, discusses current and future considerations, and aims to facilitate the successful integration of precision agriculture technology.

Keywords

Agriculture --- Crop --- Farming --- Precision --- Technology

International Perspectives on Health and Safety Among Dairy Workers Challenges, Solutions and the Future

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453900 Year: Pages: 117 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-390-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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This e-book provides the insight into occupational health and safety problems, challenges and solutions of the dairy sector. Thirty-two authors have been sharing their results and knowledge reflecting the challenges from small scale farming up to industrial style.The worldwide trend of growing farm sizes and a reduction in numbers is one of the major drivers for the changes in the working environment. Musculoskeletal disorders are among the most prevalent health problems of people working on farms. Nevertheless mechanisation has not reduced the number of complaints, and new problems arise due to the changing working environment.

Keywords

Dairy farming --- OHS --- immigrant workers --- MSS --- MSD

Prozesstechnische Optimierung des Molecular Farming glykosylierter Proteine in Photo-Bioreaktoren mit dem Moos Physcomitrella patens

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ISBN: 9783866442160 Year: Pages: 148 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007536 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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Moose sind in den letzten Jahren als interessante Expressionsplattform für rekombinante Proteine entdeckt worden. In dieser Arbeit wird ein Ansatz zur Produktion komplexer Glycoproteine mit dem Moos Physcomitrella patens in Photo-Bioreaktoren entwickelt und überprüft. Langfristige kontinuierliche Kultivierungen mit Perfusion sowie mit Steuerung der Moosmorphologie zeichnen sich als ein einfach skalierbares, vielversprechendes neues Verfahren für Molecular Farming ab.

Paysans de l’Inde du Sud : Le choix et la contrainte

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ISBN: 9791036549793 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.4897 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les paysans du Tiers monde, et de l’Inde en particulier, sont parfois présentés de manière caricaturale comme des rustres irrationnels, parfois au contraire comme capables de maximiser le profit aussi bien qu’un homme d’affaires occidental. Mais à chaque fois, on sous-estime la diversité des logiques paysannes. C’est ce que cherche à éviter cet ouvrage qui traite des trois échelles géographiques de la vie des agriculteurs de l’Inde du Sud : la région (le « système rural »), le village, l’exploitation agricole. Cependant, à chacun de ces niveaux apparaît une opposition entre les deux régions du Karnataka : l’une irriguée par un important barrage, l’autre vouée à une simple agriculture pluviale ; la première enrichie par la culture intensive de riz et surtout de canne à sucre, l’autre ne survivant que par l’émigration. De nombreux éléments révèlent les contraintes ou les atouts dont doivent tenir compte les paysans : la structure des castes encore si hiérarchisée, les différences de classes, mais aussi les problèmes du crédit, des marchés et du bétail, le rôle de l’administration indienne, tout autant que le « poids » de l’hindouisme, souvent exagéré. Loin de se cantonner au particulier, l’ouvrage propose une grille d’analyse générale des logiques paysannes du Tiers monde. Pris entre les contraintes du milieu naturel et les politiques de développement rural de l’État, l’agriculteur y apparaît pleinement rationnel dans ses stratégies, en fonction de logiques qui n’ont pas toutes pour but le profit financier.

Smart machines, Remote Sensing, Precision Farming, Processes, Mechatronic, Materials and Policies for Safety and Health Aspects

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038428657 9783038428664 Year: Pages: VIII, 256 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 13:24:56
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The introduction of "smart machines" for agricultural operations will allow several advantages, such as an increase in their efficiencies, a reduction in environmental impacts and a reduction of work injuries. There are partially- and fully-automatic devices for most aspects of agricultural functions, from seeding and planting to harvesting and postharvesting, from spraying to livestock management, and so onThe objectives of this book are: study of man–machine dialogue systems; analysis on towed or carried machines: forestry chippers, manure spreaders, round balers and others; safety and health management system design and engineering; safety and health monitoring sensors and sensing; data-driven methods for anomaly detection, diagnosis and prognosis; precision farming; mechatronic; automotive and agriculture machinery applications; engineering of hybrid and integrated systems and their efficiency maximization, especially for safety and health purposes, aimed to injuries and accidents reduction, use of remote sensor and mechatronic systems applied in several aspects.

The Practice of Sheep Veterinary Medicine

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ISBN: 9781925261783 Year: Pages: 614 DOI: 10.20851/sheep-medicine Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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This book is intended to be a reference text for veterinarians who provide clinical services to sheep producers. It is directed first and foremost at Australian sheep-raising systems, but the approaches described herein will have wide application in all countries where sheep are raised under extensive grazing conditions. Most of the important conditions of sheep in Australia are relatively straightforward to diagnose, but the establishment of effective and economically sound control strategies is often the most difficult part of health management, particularly for those who are less familiar with sheep production systems. With six initial chapters focusing on providing readers with a basic understanding of the business and science underpinning sheep production, this book focuses its remaining chapters on reproduction and disease conditions, ordered largely on a systems basis. The book provides details about the way disease processes develop and manifest in sheep flocks, with numerous references for those who wish to read further. Australian sheep production is a profitable and fulfilling agricultural pursuit for a large number of farm owners, and this book is intended to assist those who work in the industry to add to the profitability and efficiency of sheep production systems, the quality of sheep products and the welfare of the sheep in those systems.

Parasites et parasitoses des poissons

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782759222230 Year: DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2223-0 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:03
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This richly-illustrated work offers a representative panorama of parasitic agents encountered in fish. Based on the new phylogenetic classification concepts, it emphasises the biological properties, epidemiology and clinical effects of groups of organisms in question, in the light of cognitive advances made possible by the new biology tools. It is intended for a wide audience, from the world of aquaculture to animal health and teaching as well as to researchers.

Engineering the Plant Factory for the Production of Biologics and Small-Molecule Medicines

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450510 Year: Pages: 377 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-051-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Biotechnology --- General and Civil Engineering --- Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Plant gene transfer achieved in the early ‘80s paved the way for the exploitation of the potential of gene engineering to add novel agronomic traits and/or to design plants as factories for high added value molecules. For this latter area of research, the term "Molecular Farming" was coined in reference to agricultural applications in that major crops like maize and tobacco were originally used basically for pharma applications. The concept of the “green biofactory” implies different advantages over the typical cell factories based on animal cell or microbial cultures already when considering the investment and managing costs of fermenters. Although yield, stability, and quality of the molecules may vary among different heterologous systems and plants are competitive on a case-to-case basis, still the “plant factory” attracts scientists and technologists for the challenging features of low production cost, product safety and easy scale up. Once engineered, a plant is among the cheapest and easiest eukaryotic system to be bred with simple know-how, using nutrients, water and light. Molecules that are currently being produced in plants vary from industrial and pharmaceutical proteins, including medical diagnostics proteins and vaccine antigens, to nutritional supplements such as vitamins, carbohydrates and biopolymers. Convergence among disciplines as distant as plant physiology and pharmacology and, more recently, as omic sciences, bioinformatics and nanotechnology, increases the options of research on the plant cell factory. “Farming for Pharming” biologics and small-molecule medicines is a challenging area of plant biotechnology that may break the limits of current standard production technologies. The recent success on Ebola fighting with plant-made antibodies put a spotlight on the enormous potential of next generation herbal medicines made especially in the name of the guiding principle of reduction of costs, hence reduction of disparities of health rights and as a tool to guarantee adequate health protection in developing countries.Plant gene transfer achieved in the early ‘80s paved the way for the exploitation of the potential of gene engineering to add novel agronomic traits and/or to design plants as factories for high added value molecules. For this latter area of research, the term "Molecular Farming" was coined in reference to agricultural applications in that major crops like maize and tobacco were originally used basically for pharma applications. The concept of the “green biofactory” implies different advantages over the typical cell factories based on animal cell or microbial cultures already when considering the investment and managing costs of fermenters. Although yield, stability, and quality of the molecules may vary among different heterologous systems and plants are competitive on a case-to-case basis, still the “plant factory” attracts scientists and technologists for the challenging features of low production cost, product safety and easy scale up. Once engineered, a plant is among the cheapest and easiest eukaryotic system to be bred with simple know-how, using nutrients, water and light. Molecules that are currently being produced in plants vary from industrial and pharmaceutical proteins, including medical diagnostics proteins and vaccine antigens, to nutritional supplements such as vitamins, carbohydrates and biopolymers. Convergence among disciplines as distant as plant physiology and pharmacology and, more recently, as omic sciences, bioinformatics and nanotechnology, increases the options of research on the plant cell factory. “Farming for Pharming” biologics and small-molecule medicines is a challenging area of plant biotechnology that may break the limits of current standard production technologies. The recent success on Ebola fighting with plant-made antibodies put a spotlight on the enormous potential of next generation herbal medicines made especially in the name of the guiding principle of reduction of costs, hence reduction of disparities of health rights and as a tool to guarantee adequate health protection in developing countries.

The Agrarian Life of the North 2000 BC AD 1000

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The 14 articles presented in this publication represent some of the latest and most relevant research on rural settlement and farming from the Late Neolithic through the Early Medieval Period in Norway. It deals with the impact of climate change, plague and the AD 536â 7 volcanic event and some of the earliest farms north of the Arctic Circle. It provides new perspectives and archaeological evidence for the Viking age farm of Norway, differences in regional settlement structures of agrarian societies, the relation between houses and graves in the Iron Age, and varying food practices as indicators of societal change.

Paysans sereer : Dynamiques agraires et mobilités au Sénégal

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ISBN: 9782709925259 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.15828 Language: French
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-31 11:25:14
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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« Les tessons du canari ne sont plus immobiles », disent les Sereer. Dans les campagnes du Sine, au centre-ouest du Sénégal, les tessons de poteries qui jonchent les aires villageoises symbolisent la socialisation et la sacralisation anciennes des lieux ; ils témoignent de l’attachement des paysans sereer à leur terroir. Or, ce confinement dans les vieux pays a cessé, les jeunes gens partent travailler dans les Terres neuves situées à l’est et s’y fixent. Cette mobilité géographique s’accompagne de changements de tous ordres qui mettent à mal les représentations anciennes quelque peu figées du système agraire et de la société rurale des Sereer du Sine. Dans les Terres neuves, une dynamique socio-économique très forte se fonde sur l’extension des espaces productifs et offre des possibilités d’enrichissement aux paysans. Toutefois, les potentiels de production ne semblent guère ménagés pour l’avenir. Les terres de ces exploitants qui n’ont pas rompu avec ceux du Sine constituent un élargissement de l’espace agro-pastoral sereer.

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