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La giostra dei sentimenti

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ISBN: 9788874629640 Language: Italian
Publisher: Quodlibet
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La tela di fondo su cui si rappresenta la gamma dei sentimenti sembra mostrare che i territori dell’arte e quelli della letteratura implichino uno spazio di energie in continua tensione, sottoposto ad una trasformazione imprevedibile e ad un continuo scontro tra sentimenti e negazione dei sentimenti. I sentimenti, nella loro audace presenza, paiono diventati degli affidabili segnatempo, riconoscibili nella scrittura, anche attraverso le continue oscillazioni che si riscontrano nel posizionamento della materia artistica e letteraria, questa materia particolare, incompressibile, che sembra estendere la propria influenza nel campo dell’arte, restituendo all’arte la sua dimensione umana e agli uomini una più ampia e profonda sensibilità. I sentimenti, nella loro forma trascritta in arte, appaiono oramai per quel che sono: un’energia sotterranea che produce autenticità creativa e rende credibile la finzione e la giustifica, ne fa uno strumento di immedesimazione e, quindi, di una possibile liberazione. Testi di Wolfgang Asholt, Jeanne Benameur, Nicole Caligaris, Marc Dambre, Giusi Alessandra Falco, Sylvie Gouttebaron, Valeria Gramigna, Hélène Jaccomard, Marie Thérèse Jacquet, Isabelle Jarry, Alexis Jenni, Fred Le Chevalier, Bertrand Leclair, Matteo Majorano, Jochen Mecke, Marika Piva, Ida Porfido, Gerald Prince, Michael Sheringham, Maîté Snauwaert, Marinella Termite, Dominique Viart, Ornela Vorpsi. Matteo Majorano è professore di Letteratura francese presso l’Università di Bari. Di formazione classica, si interessa, a partire dal 1990, di letteratura del presente ed è tra i primi ad introdurre, in Italia, la disciplina dell’extrême contemporain. Per promuovere questi studi ha creato, nel 2001, la collana “Margini critici” e, dal 2012, con Gianfranco Rubino, dirige la collana “Ultracontemporanea”, osservatorio delle scritture attuali.

Filmische Poetiken der Schuld. Die audiovisuelle Anklage der Sinne als Modalität des Gemeinschaftsempfindens

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Book Series: Cinepoetics. Poetologien audiovisueller Bilder ISSN: 2509-436X ISBN: 9783110531732 9783110531282 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: x, 364 DOI: 10.1515/9783110531732 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 15:56:53
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How do cinematic images generate and transform a community’s affectively grounded sense of values? Using the feeling of guilt as an example, this study shows how modulation of moral sentiments can be described as the calculus of audiovisual staging techniques. This calculus is analyzed as a cultural practice that helps establish the conditions for political community and shapes its historicity.

Adaptive Hot Cognition: How Emotion Drives Information Processing and Cognition Steers Affective Processing

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451654 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-165-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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Influential theories have argued that affective processing is fundamentally different from cognitive processing. Others have suggested that theoretical boundaries between affective and cognitive processing are artificial and inherently problematic. Over recent years, different positions on these issues have fueled many empirical studies investigating the mechanisms underlying cognitive and affective processing. Where and on what basis should we draw the line between cognition and emotion? Are there fundamental distinctions to be made between the way emotion influences cognition and cognition influences emotion? How does the reciprocal interaction between emotion and cognition lead to adaptive behavior? This Research Topic explores the nature of the reciprocal interaction between emotion and cognition from a functional perspective.

How Do Emotions and Feelings Regulate Physical Activity?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452712 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-271-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Up to date the scientific discussion about how frequency and regularity of physical activity can be increased is dominated by social-cognitive models. However, increasing evidence suggests that emotions and feelings have greater influence on physical activity than originally assumed (Rhodes, Fiala, & Conner, 2009). Generally speaking, humans possess an evaluative system with a basic action tendency to approach pleasurable events and to avoid aversive ones (Cacioppo & Berntson, 1999). Evaluative responses to a behavior and associated emotional states may influence a decision regarding whether or not to repeat being physically active. Generally, behavior associated with positive evaluations has a higher probability of being repeated than behaviors without such an association. On the contrary, an association with negative evaluations tends to decrease the probability of repeating to be physically active. Hence, evaluative responses to physical activity or the related situation can be an important aspect in the process of physical activity maintenance (McAuley et al., 2007). Several social-cognitive models of behavior change and maintenance were recently extended to take the influence of affective responses into account, in a way that variables already included in the models (e.g. outcome expectancies or attitudes) were more clearly articulated into their cognitive and affective components. For example, with regard to Social Cognitive Theory, Gellert, Ziegelmann and Schwarzer (2012) proposed to distinguish between affective and health-related outcome expectancies, and in the Theory of Planned Behavior, researchers suggested to differentiate between cognitive and affective attitudes (Lawton, Conner, & McEachan, 2009). The results of these and other studies suggest that affective components make a unique contribution to the explanation of the physical activity behavior (Brand, 2006). Other examples come from social cognition research, where it was shown that automatic evaluative responses are part of our everyday life and that they decisively influence health behavior (Hofmann, Friese, & Wiers, 2008). Accordingly, there is evidence that people who exercise regulary hold more positive automatic evaluations with exercise than non-exercisers (Bluemke, Brand, Schweizer, & Kahlert, 2010). Although significant progress has been made in showing that evaluative responses to physical activity and associated emotional states are important predictors of physical activity underlying psychological processes are far from being fully understood. Some important issues still remain to be resolved. Which role play affective states compared to concrete emotions when influencing physical activity? How do affective states and emotions interact with cognitive variables such as intentions? Are evaluative processes before, during or after physical activity important to predict future physical activity? Do negative and positive evaluations interact antagonistically or rather synergistically when physical activity as a new behavior shall be adopted? Future research will help us to resolve these and a lot of other so far unresolved issues.

Il ritorno dei sentimenti

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ISBN: 9788874629619 Language: Italian
Publisher: Quodlibet
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Un “fantasma” sembra aggirarsi nella letteratura francese a partire dagli anni Cinquanta del Novecento e pare destinato a rimanere tale per mezzo secolo, con una latente e, poi, dagli anni Ottanta, con una più riconoscibile capacità di produrre nuove forme o nuovi contesti letterari. Il “fantasma dei sentimenti” da tempo attraversa inquieto le pagine della narrativa, finzionale o autofinzionale, di Francia. Alcuni potrebbero, d’altronde, ipotizzare che questo “spettro” sia stato una presenza attiva, un fermento vitale, seppure dapprima minoritario, sotterraneo e sommesso (ma, forse, neppure troppo clandestino), anche nel periodo più ostile all’espressione in letteratura dei sentimenti. L’inversione di tendenza, nel romanzo francese di questo primo decennio del XXI secolo, appare sempre più netta e riconoscibile e finanche, talvolta, egemonica, se non eccessiva, come spesso succede, quando l’albero è stato troppo piegato, in precedenza, con corde cerebrali e funi ideologiche, nella direzione opposta a quella genetica e costitutiva della scrittura. Quando, come e perché è iniziata questa “riapparizione” dei sentimenti nel romanzo? In quali esperienze significative di scrittura si è espressa e quali sono le varianti narrative che si sono imposte? Quali sono i rischi che il romanzo francese contemporaneo corre quando la ricerca e l’espressione dei sentimenti si fa, come accade oggi, in maniera tumultuosa e incontrollata, con una forte esigenza di originalità che ne temperi i rischi insiti nel sentimentalismo? È possibile una letteratura dell’equilibrio, una letteratura che possa vivere senza l’eccesso, una letteratura senza esasperazione, o per dirla diversamente uno spazio letterario liberato da questa eredità e, dunque, propositivo? Perché il sentimento, anche quello più esacerbato, resta anche un punto di equilibrio tra la leggerezza dell’emozione e la gravità della passione, che porta pure lo stesso nome.

Young People's Perceptions of Europe in a Time of Change: IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 European Report

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319739595 9783319739601 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73960-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 15:54:12
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The IEA’s International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) investigates the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries in the second decade of the 21st century. ICCS 2016 is the second cycle of a study initiated in 2009.This report from ICCS focuses on data collected in the 15 countries that participated in the study’s 2016 European regional questionnaire. It reveals lower secondary school students’ views on European identity, their perceptions of freedom of movement and immigration, and their opinions of Europe and its future. It also, for the 12 European countries that participated in both ICCS 2009 and ICCS 2016, looks at changes across this time period, in young people’s perceptions of immigration and European identity. Comparison with the complete international study will enable readers to review the extent to which region-specific perceptions are related to other factors, such as students’ level of civic knowledge and social or educational contexts. Over the past 50 years, the IEA has conducted comparative research studies in a range ofdomains focusing on educational policies, practices, and outcomes in many countries around the world. The association conducted its first survey of civic education in 1971. The reliable comparative data collected by ICCS 2016 will allow education systems to evaluate the strengths of educational policies, both internationally and within a regional context, and to measure their progress toward achieving critical components of the United Nations’ 2030 agenda for sustainable development.

Contemporary Nostalgia

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ISBN: 9783039215560 / 9783039215577 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-557-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Some of the most pressing contemporary issues (ecological crisis, migration and integration, fragmented worldviews, social media, fake news, extremist politics and terrorism) can be understood more profoundly through how they interact with both individual and collective forces of nostalgia. Nostalgia is politics, but these politics are also interwoven with media and culture. Notwithstanding how nostalgia is used or contextualized in terms of politics and social practices, commodification or personal development, its power is primarily situated within its efficacy as a governing, influential human emotion. The vast and luminous contributions to this special issue on contemporary nostalgia are all investigating the role different aesthetic media formats (film, music, literature, computer games) plays in nostalgic negotiations with style, history, migration, love, nationalism, diaspora, irony, modernity, colonial and postcolonial discourses, and adoption. Mutually, these essays stand out as important, original, critical contributions to the expanding field of nostalgia studies and offer a valued insight on our world.

Keywords

nostalgia --- railways --- modernity --- modernism --- American literature --- heritage cinema --- Hollywood --- reflective nostalgia --- restorative nostalgia --- metanostalgia --- nostalgia --- Lars Gustafsson --- poetry --- tropic reinvention --- landscape --- childhood --- imagery --- expatriation --- nostalgia --- Ian McEwan --- Atonement --- ethics --- responsibility --- nostalgia --- contemporary nostalgia --- nostalgic experience --- nostalgic narrative --- narrative modes --- narrative mediation --- reflective nostalgia --- idealisation --- first-person narrative --- Finland-Swedish literature --- Second World War --- North Africa Campaign --- Egypt --- cosmopolitanism --- imperial nostalgia --- colonial nostalgia --- collective memory --- nostalgia --- ostalgia --- Czech film --- Czech history --- normalisation --- post-communism --- Yugonostalgia --- post-Yugoslav music --- the concept of love --- commodification of feelings and memories --- émigré writers --- lost ideal --- nostalgia --- myths --- popular literature --- nostalgia --- video games --- independent style --- retro aesthetics --- historical recreation --- simulation --- nostalgic dystopias --- F. Scott Fitzgerald --- “The Rich Boy” --- Niklas Salmose --- nostalgia --- nostalgic strategies --- text-image relations --- Red Book Magazine --- F.R. Gruger --- illustrations --- advertisements --- media --- intermediality --- transnational adoption --- nostalgia --- motherhood --- autobiography --- Naumann --- Rickardsson --- nostalgia --- Richard Ford --- pastoral --- southern gothic --- grotesque --- memory --- partition --- nation-state --- Foucault --- heterotopia --- India --- Pakistan --- Partition fiction --- refugees --- Nubia --- nostalgic spaces --- displacement --- territory --- disembodied territoriality --- spatial production --- n/a

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