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Fitness Costs and Benefits of Female Song

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452583 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-258-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Bird song, traditionally regarded as primarily a male trait, is in fact widespread among female songbirds and was probably present in the ancestor of modern songbirds (Odom et al 2014 Nature Communications). These recent findings challenge the view that sexual dimorphism in the expression and complexity of song is largely the outcome of sexual selection on males. It is now clear that understanding the evolution of bird song requires explaining variation within and among species in the expression and complexity of female song. To do this, we need a better understanding of the nature of variation in female song in different contexts and systems, as well as the fitness costs and benefits of variation in the expression and complexity of female song. This Research Topic draws together current research on female song with the goal of understanding the fitness costs and benefits of the diversity of female singing behaviour apparent among songbirds. It includes articles ranging from single-species studies investigating how female song varies with context and contrasts with male song, to comparative analyses exploring relationships between female song and ecological, social, and other factors, as well as opinion pieces.

Straffällige Frauen - eine Untersuchung der Strafzumessung und Rückfälligkeit

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950491 Year: Pages: 393 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-138 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-06 11:01:26
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Gegenstand der Arbeit ist der Umgang der Kriminaljustiz mit Straftaten von Frauen – ein weithin vernachlässigtes Thema im Bereich der empirischen Kriminologie. Ausgewertet werden sämtliche Eintragungen im Bundeszentral- und Erziehungsregister zu Personen, die im Jahr 2004 mit einer relevante Bezugsentscheidung im Register erfasst waren. Dadurch konnten über eine Millionen Straffällige, darunter rund 200.000 Frauen, mit allen zu ihnen im Register gespeicherten strafrechtlichen Entscheidungen in die Untersuchung einbezogen werden. Diese konzentriert sich dabei im Wesentlichen auf zwei Themenkomplexe: Einmal wird die Strafzumessung bei weiblichen im Vergleich zu männlichen Straffälligen differenziert untersucht. Dabei zeigt sich, dass Frauen entgegen landläufiger Meinung keinen Strafzumessungsbonus genießen. Zum anderen wird aufgezeigt, dass das Maß der Rückfälligkeit straffälliger Frauen sich je nach justizieller Reaktion unterscheidet und von Kriterien wie Art und Anzahl der Voreintragungen abhängt.

Towards Gender Equity in Development

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198829591 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829591.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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As a result of widespread mistreatment and overt discrimination in all dimensions of their lives, women lack significant autonomy. The central preoccupation of this book is to explore key sources of female empowerment and discuss the current challenges and opportunities for the future. Schematically, three main domains are distinguished. The first is marriage and women’s relative bargaining position within the household. Since in developing countries marriage is essentially universal and generally arranged by the parents, women have little say in the choice of their partner and largely depend on their husband for their livelihoods and well-being. How marriage, divorce, and remarriage practices have evolved and with what effects for women, is therefore of crucial concern. The second domain is the set of options available to women outside of marriage and in the context of their community. Given the importance of household dynamics in determining female well-being, a crucial step towards women’s empowerment consists of improving such options, economic and collective action opportunities in particular. The third domain belongs to the realm of over-arching discriminatory laws and cultural norms. Can the government acting as lawmaker contribute to modifying norms and practices that disadvantage women? Or, to be effective, do legal moves need to be complemented by other initiatives such as the expansion of economic opportunities for women? Do discriminatory social norms necessarily dissolve with improved legal status for women? These questions, and other related issues, are tackled from different perspectives, by top scholars with well-established experience in gender-focused economic and social research.&#xD;

Voces de mujeres en la Edad Media. Entre realidad y ficción

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ISBN: 9783110596755 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: 10.1515/9783110596755 Language: Spanish, Portuguese
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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The contributions gathered in this volume take a fresh look at the medieval history of women. From powerful nobility as a cultural actor, to prominent and lesser-known female writers, including female protagonists of lyric poetry and narrative literature, the book offers interdisciplinary perspectives on historical, authorial, and textual femininity.

Ovid on Cosmetics

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ISBN: 9781472514424 9781472506740 9781472507495 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102546
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:04
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The Medicamina Faciei Femineae is a didactic elegy which showcases an early example of Ovid's trademark combination of a moralistic, instructive form and trivial subject and meter. Exploring female beauty and cosmetics, with particular emphasis on the concept of ‘cultus', the poem also presents five practical recipes for cosmetic treatments used by Roman women. Covering both didactic parody and pharmacological reality, this deceptively complex poem possesses wit, vivacity and importance. The first full study devoted to this little-researched but multi-faceted poem, Ovid on Cosmetics includes an in-depth introduction which situates the poem within its literary heritage of didactic and elegiac poetry, its place in Ovid's oeuvre and its relevance to social values, personal aesthetics and attitudes to female beauty in Roman society.

Testimony from the Nazi Camps

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Twentieth-Century Literature ISBN: 9780203339787 9780415349338 9781138010284 9781134273393 9781134273386 9781134273348 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203339787 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:10
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This interdisciplinary study intergrates historiographical, literary and cultural methodologies in its focus on a little known corpus of testimonial accounts published by French women deported to Nazi camps. Comprising epistemological and literary analyses of the accounts and an examination of the construction of deportee identities, it will interest those working in the fields of modern French literature, genre, women's studies and the Holocaust.

Representations of Slave Women in Discourses on Slavery and Abolition, 1780–1838

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures ISBN: 9780203676011 9780415350266 9780415758925 9781134268702 9781134268658 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203676011 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:14
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This book analyzes textual representations of Jamaican slave women in three contexts--motherhood, intimate relationships, and work--in both pro- and antislavery writings. Altink examines how British abolitionists and pro-slavery activists represented the slave women to their audiences and explains not only the purposes that these representations served, but also their effects on slave women’s lives.

Men and the Classroom

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780203420300 9780415335683 9780415335690 9781134308538 9781134308521 9781134308484 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203420300 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:18
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The teaching of young children has long been dominated by women. This global phenomenon is firmly rooted in issues related to economic development, urbanization, the position of women in society, cultural definitions of masculinity and the values of children and childcare. Yet, amongst the media scare stories and moral panics about underachieving boys, there are surprisingly few empirically-supported answers to vital questions such as: Is the feminisation of teaching really a problem? How is the relationship of gender and teaching considered within a framework of feminist theory? What are the perceptions of students of teaching, in comparison to other professions? Why are so few men attracted to teaching? Can more men be attracted into the classroom? The authors of this groundbreaking book have undertaken the largest, most in-depth study ever carried out on this topic, in order to assess both teachers and students' views across primary education.

Keeping up Her Geography

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Book Series: Literary Criticism and Cultural Theory ISBN: 9780203944493 9780415979498 9781138813946 9781135863333 9781135863326 9781135863289 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203944493 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:20
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Recently, literary critics and some historians have argued that to use the language of separate spheres is to "mistake fiction for reality." However, the tendency in this criticism is to ignore the work of feminist political theorists who argue that a range of ideologies of the public and private consistently work to mask gender inequalities. In Keeping Up Her Geography, Tanya Ann Kenedy argues that these inequalities are shaped by multiple, but interconnected, spatial constructions of the public and private in US culture. Moreover, the early twentieth century when key spatial concepts – the nation, the urban, the regional, and the domestic – were being redefined is a pivotal era for understanding how the public-private binary remains tenaciously central to the defining of gender. Keeping Up Her Geography shows that this is the case in a range of literary and cultural contexts: in feminist speeches at the World’s Columbian Exposition, in middle-class women’s urban reform texts, in southern writer Ellen Glasgow’s novels, and in the autobiographical narratives of Zora Neale Hurston and Agnes Smedley.

Institutional and Technological Change in Japan's Economy

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Book Series: Routledge Contemporary Japan Series ISBN: 9780203028018 9780415368223 9780415648585 9781134206827 9781134206810 9781134206773 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203028018 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:21
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Institutional and technological change is a highly topical subject. At the theoretical level, there is much debate in the field of institutional economics about the role of technological change in endogenous growth theory. At a practical policy level, arguments rage about how Japan and the Japanese economy should plan for the future. In this book, leading economists and economic historians of Japan examine a range of key issues concerning institutional and technological change in Japan, rigorously using discipline-based tools of analysis, and drawing important conclusions as to how the process of change in these areas actually works. In applying these ideas to Japan, the writers in this volume are focusing on an issue which is currently being much debated in the country itself, and are helping our understanding of the world’s second-largest economy.

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