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Der Regenwald ist unser Haus - die Orang Rimba auf Sumatra zwischen Autonomie und Fremdbestimmung

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Book Series: Göttinger Beiträge zur Ethnologie ISBN: 9783863950811 Year: Pages: 234 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:13
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Für die Orang Rimba auf Sumatra ist der Regenwald eine Welt, die nicht nur von Tieren, sondern auch von Göttern und Geistern bevölkert ist und ihre eigenen Gesetze besitzt. Er bildet die Lebenswelt der Orang Rimba, die durch Abholzung und Plantagenwirtschaft bedroht ist. Das Buch basiert auf einer 15 monatigen ethnologischen Feldforschung (zwischen 2003 und 2005) der Autorin bei diesen Waldbewohnern. Sie untersucht, wie durch Interaktionen mit verschiedenen Akteuren, vor allem dem indonesischen Staat und Nicht-Regierungsorganisationen – sie alle haben Interesse am Wald als wirtschaftliche Ressource oder Schutzgebiet –, verschiedene Identitäten der Orang Rimba hervorgebracht werden. Die Arbeit setzt sich detailliert mit der Selbstdarstellung der Orang Rimba auseinander und vergleicht sie mit verschiedenen Fremdperspektiven externer Akteure auf diese nicht sesshafte Gruppe. Diskurse über Wald als gefährliche Wildnis oder Schutzgebiet bestimmen auch die Zukunft und die Handlungsfähigkeit der Orang Rimba, sei es als marginalisierte Minderheit oder selbstbestimmte Regenwaldbewohner.

Sign Languages in Village Communities. Anthropological and Linguistic Insights

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Book Series: Sign Language Typology [SLT] ISSN: 2192-5186 ISBN: 9781614511496 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 420 DOI: 10.1515/9781614511496 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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The book is a unique collection of research on sign languages that have emerged in rural communities with a high incidence of, often hereditary, deafness. These sign languages represent the latest addition to the comparative investigation of languages in the gestural modality, and the book is the first compilation of a substantial number of different village sign languages.Written by leading experts in the field, the volume uniquely combines anthropological and linguistic insights, looking at both the social dynamics and the linguistic structures in these village communities. The book includes primary data from eleven different signing communities across the world, including results from Jamaica, India, Turkey, Thailand, and Bali. All known village sign languages are endangered, usually because of pressure from larger urban sign languages, and some have died out already. Ironically, it is often the success of the larger sign language communities in urban centres, their recognition and subsequent spread, which leads to the endangerment of these small minority sign languages. The book addresses this specific type of language endangerment, documentation strategies, and other ethical issues pertaining to these sign languages on the basis of first-hand experiences by Deaf fieldworkers.

Body, Personhood and Privacy: Perspectives on the Cultural Other and Human Experience

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Book Series: Approaches to Culture Theory ISBN: 9789949774593 9789949774609 Year: Pages: 344 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Archaeology --- Science (General) --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-07 11:01:49
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This book studies how the concepts of body, personhood and privacy can be expanded across disciplinary borders. Notwithstanding the diversity of empirical material and theoretical frameworks, the chapters suggest innovative tools for common key issues: dialogue with the cultural Other, the appropriation of space, and personality. Human embodiment and ethical aspects of representing and regulating cultural practices are a major focus through much of the volume. The book is illustrated with some of the finest examples of Tartu street art.

Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations for Archaeological and Heritage Research

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ISBN: 9783039211937 / 9783039211944 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-194-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book collects 15 papers written by renowned scholars from across the globe that showcase the forefront research in Earth observation (EO), remote sensing (RS), and geoscientific ground investigations to study archaeological records and cultural heritage.Archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, remote sensing, and archaeometry experts share their methodologies relying on a wealth of techniques and data including, but not limited to: very high resolution satellite images from optical and radar space-borne sensors, air-borne surveys, geographic information systems (GIS), archaeological fieldwork, and historical maps.A couple of the contributions highlight the value of noninvasive and nondestructive laboratory analyses (e.g., neutron diffraction) to reconstruct ancient manufacturing technologies, and of geological ground investigations to corroborate hypotheses of historical events that shaped cultural landscapes.Case studies encompass famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites (e.g., the Nasca Lines in Peru), remote and yet-to-discover archaeological areas in tropical forests in central America, European countries, south Asian changing landscapes, and environments which are arid nowadays but were probably full of woody vegetation in the past.Finally, the reader can learn about the state-of-the-art of education initiatives to train site managers in the use of space technologies in support of their activities, and can understand the legal aspects involved in the application of EO and RS to address current challenges of African heritage preservation.

Keywords

analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- archaeology --- predictive model --- tumuli --- remote sensing --- multi-criteria --- Saharan Morocco --- airborne laser scanning --- orthophotographs --- archaeological survey --- field reconnaissance --- Arran --- national archaeological mapping programme --- synthetic aperture radar --- subsurface imaging --- microwave penetration --- archaeology --- arid environments --- remote sensing --- Oman --- e-learning --- Earth observation --- education --- capacity development --- cultural and natural heritage --- UNESCO --- photogrammetry --- RPAS --- UAV --- Peru --- geoglyph Pista --- mapping --- drones --- remote sensing --- free satellite imagery --- GoogleEarth --- Bing Maps --- archaeological fieldwork --- arid environments --- basalt desert --- landscape accessibility --- Harra --- Jordan --- archaeological landscapes --- settlements --- historical maps --- Survey of India --- Archaeological Survey of India --- heritage --- colonial studies --- remote sensing --- historical landscapes --- landscape archaeology --- settlements --- colonial studies --- river morphology --- Indus --- floods --- remote sensing --- satellite --- Sentinel-2 --- surface survey --- Roman archaeology --- Sumerian pottery --- neutron techniques --- neutron diffraction --- chemometric analysis --- Mega El Niño --- pampa of Nazca --- Cuenca Pisco --- Rio Grande de Nazca --- grain-size --- volcaniclastic layer --- stratigraphy --- petrography --- Lidar --- GIS --- Mesoamerica --- Archaeology --- Caves --- Landscape --- Ritual --- Visualization --- Maya --- Belize --- Sacred --- automated detection --- OBIA --- LiDAR --- Difference Map --- field monument --- Burial Mound --- Motte-and-Bailey castle --- Ridge and Furrow --- space law --- disaster and conservation management --- Geographic Information System (GIS) --- international boundaries --- Africa --- Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission --- satellite imagery --- Boundary Demarcation --- international law --- relict boundaries --- Earth Observation --- remote sensing --- optical --- SAR --- drone --- airborne LiDAR --- GIS --- OBIA --- neutron diffraction --- archaeological prospection --- pattern recognition --- archaeometry --- geological mapping

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