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Integrating Food into Urban Planning

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781787353763 Year: Pages: 376 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353763 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Political Science --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Sociology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
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The integration of food into urban planning is a crucial and emerging topic. Urban planners, alongside the local and regional authorities that have traditionally been less engaged in food-related issues, are now asked to take a central and active part in understanding how food is produced, processed, packaged, transported, marketed, consumed, disposed of and recycled in our cities.&#xD;While there is a growing body of literature on the topic, the issue of planning cities in such a way they will increase food security and nutrition, not only for the affluent sections of society but primarily for the poor, is much less discussed, and much less informed by practices. This volume, a collaboration between the Bartlett Development Planning Unit at UCL and the Food Agricultural Organisation, aims to fill this gap by putting more than 20 city-based experiences in perspective, including studies from Toronto, New York City, Portland and Providence in North America; Milan in Europe and Cape Town in Africa; Belo Horizonte and Lima in South America; and, in Asia, Bangkok and Tokyo.&#xD;By studying and comparing cities of different sizes, from both the Global North and South, in developed and developing regions, the contributors collectively argue for the importance and circulation of global knowledge rooted in local food planning practices, programmes and policies.&#xD;

Keywords

food --- planning --- urban --- food security

Sustainable Food Systems

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ISBN: 9781911307099 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781911307099 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:03
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This book, by a leading expert in urban agriculture, offers a genuine solution to today’s global food crisis. By contributing more to feeding themselves, cities can allow breathing space for the rural sector to convert to more organic sustainable approaches. Biel’s approach connects with current debates about agroecology and food sovereignty, asks key questions, and proposes lines of future research. He suggests that today’s food insecurity – manifested in a regime of wildly fluctuating prices – reflects not just temporary stresses in the existing mode of production, but more profoundly the troubled process of generating a new one. He argues that the solution cannot be implemented at a merely technical or political level: the force of change can only be driven by the kind of social movements which are now daring to challenge the existing unsustainable order. Drawing on both his academic research and teaching, and 15 years’ experience as a practising urban farmer, Biel brings a unique interdisciplinary approach to this key global issue, creating a dialogue between the physical and social sciences

Climate Smart Agriculture: Building Resilience to Climate Change

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Natural Resource Management and Policy ISSN: 0929-127X / 2511-8560 ISBN: 9783319611938 9783319611945 Year: Pages: 630 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61194-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 11:21:00
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The book uses an economic lens to identify the main features of climate-smart agriculture (CSA), its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. Drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional, and resource economics, this book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of CSA. Focusing on the adaptation/resilience dimension of CSA, the text embraces a mixture of conceptual analyses, including theory, empirical and policy analysis, and case studies, to look at adaptation and resilience through three possible avenues: ex-ante reduction of vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity, and ex-post risk coping.The book is divided into three sections. The first section provides conceptual framing, giving an overview of the CSA concept and grounding it in core economic principles. The second section is devoted to a set of case studies illustrating the economic basis of CSA in terms of reducing vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity and ex-post risk coping. The final section addresses policy issues related to climate change. Providing information on this new and important field in an approachable way, this book helps make sense of CSA and fills intellectual and policy gaps by defining the concept and placing it within an economic decision-making framework. This book will be of interest to agricultural, environmental, and natural resource economists, development economists, and scholars of development studies, climate change, and agriculture. It will also appeal to policy-makers, development practitioners, and members of governmental and non-governmental organizations interested in agriculture, food security and climate change.

Urban Food Systems Governance and Poverty in African Cities

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Food, Society and the Environment ISBN: 9781138726758 9781138726758 9781315191195 Year: Pages: 290 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Political Science --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:32
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This book presents the findings of an international collaborative research project&#xD;that aimed to improve our understanding of the connections between&#xD;urban poverty, food systems, household food security and governance, by focusing&#xD;on three secondary cities in Anglophone sub-Saharan Africa.

Multifunctional Land Uses in Africa

Authors: ---
Book Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series ISBN: 9780367246440 9780429283666 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-10 11:21:13
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This book presents contemporary case studies of land use, management practices,&#xD;and innovation in Africa with a view to exploring how multifunctional land uses&#xD;can alleviate food insecurity and poverty.&#xD;Food security and livelihoods in Africa face multiple challenges in the form of&#xD;feeding a growing population on declining land areas under the impacts of climate&#xD;change. The overall question is what kind of farming systems can provide resilient&#xD;livelihoods? This volume presents a selection of existing farming systems that&#xD;demonstrate how more efficient use of land and natural resources, labour and other&#xD;inputs can have positive effects on household food security and livelihoods. It&#xD;examines how aquaculture, integrated water management, peri-urban&#xD;farming&#xD;systems, climate-smart&#xD;agriculture practices and parkland agroforestry contribute&#xD;multiple benefits. Drawing on case studies from Kenya, Ethiopia, Nigeria and&#xD;Burkina Faso, contributed by young African scientists, this book provides a unique&#xD;perspective on multifunctional land use in Africa and illustrates how non-conventional&#xD;uses can be profitable while promoting social and environmental&#xD;sustainability. Tapping into the global discussion on land scarcity and linking food&#xD;security to existing land use change processes, this volume will stimulate readers&#xD;looking for diversified land uses that are compatible with both household and&#xD;national food security ambitions.&#xD;This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of African development,&#xD;agriculture, food security, land use and environmental management, as well&#xD;as sustainable development more generally, in addition to policymakers and practitioners&#xD;working in these areas.

How Canadians Communicate VI: Food Promotion, Consumption, and Controversy

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ISBN: 9781771990257 9781771990264 9781771990271 9781771990288 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781771990257.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-10 22:34:48
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Food nourishes the body, but our relationship with food extends far beyond our need for survival. Food choices not only express our personal tastes but also communicate a range of beliefs, values, affiliations and aspirations—sometimes to the exclusion of others. In the media sphere, the enormous amount of food-related advice provided by government agencies, advocacy groups, diet books, and so on compete with efforts on the part of the food industry to sell their product and to respond to a consumer-driven desire for convenience. As a result, the topic of food has grown fraught, engendering sometimes acrimonious debates about what we should eat, and why.By examining topics such as the values embedded in food marketing, the locavore movement, food tourism, dinner parties, food bank donations, the moral panic surrounding obesity, food crises, and fears about food safety, the contributors to this volume paint a rich, and sometimes unsettling portrait of how food is represented, regulated, and consumed in Canada. With chapters from leading scholars such as Ken Albala, Harvey Levenstein, Stephen Kline and Valerie Tarasuk, the volume also includes contributions from “food insiders”—bestselling cookbook author and food editor Elizabeth Baird and veteran restaurant reviewer John Gilchrist. The result is a timely and thought-provoking look at food as a system of communication through which Canadians articulate cultural identity, personal values, and social distinction.

Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Large Asian River Basins

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038423454 783038423447 Year: Pages: Pages: X, 246 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-27 09:55:00
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The connections between water, food and energy are currently being discussed more than ever before, thanks to the recently emerged concept of the water–energy–food security nexus. Various organizations and authors have defined and addressed the concept from their own view points: nexus is, indeed in the air.This Special Issue looks at the water–energy–food security nexus in the context of large Asian river basins, with a focus on transboundary rivers shared by several countries. The articles included in the Special Issue analyse what benefits the nexus approach could bring to these kinds of, often quite demanding, settings. And where are the potential pitfalls that call for further development.The thematic areas covered in the Special Issue thus include water resources management; energy planning and policies with an emphasis on hydropower; and food production systems, including fisheries, irrigation and cropland management. Due to its focus on transboundary contexts, the articles also look at the geopolitical, international cooperation and security aspects related to the nexus.The articles of the Special Issue include case studies from relevant transboundary river basins, with a focus on the Mekong River Basin in Southeast Asia as well as the river basins in Central Asia. Articles also include a comparative analysis in several large Asian river basins as well as more theoretical discussions of the water–energy–food security nexus and its linkages to other framings and approaches, such as IWRM and sustainable development.

Reinventing Healthy Communities: Implications for Individual and Societal Well-Being

ISBN: 9783038422624 9783038422631 Year: Pages: X, 220 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-14 08:33:14
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Contemporary views of “livable communities” maintain that density and diversity are good for cities. Healthy communities are more pedestrian-friendly and less automobile-centric. Mixed use zoning keeps a flow of people through parks, streets, neighborhoods, and districts, which is good for business, safety, and tourism. Dwellings are human scale and locally-sourced food is more sustainable for the environment and healthier for individuals. But how should social institutions collaborate with those of the economic and political sectors to maximize community well-being? The United Way partnership model and the growing concern for triple-bottom-line outcomes involving financial, social, and environmental considerations offer a broad perspective on healthy communities.This special collection, therefore, employs a wide lens to examine multiple factors that characterize healthy communities including inclusiveness, equity, human rights, and mutual assistance. Researchers from various fields including psychiatry, public health, sociology, political science, community planning, economics, kinesiology, and social work present their findings on critical issues impacting the health of communities.

Signaling in the Phytomicrobiome

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452163 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-216-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Microbiology --- Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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A plant growing under field conditions is not a simple individual; it is a community. We now know that there is a community of microbes associated with all parts of the plant, and that the root associated community is particularly large. This microbial community, the phytomicrobiome, is complex, regulated and the result of almost half a billion years of evolution. Circumstances that benefit the plant generally benefit the phytomicrobiome, and vice versa. Members of the holobiont modulate each other's activities, in part, through molecular signals, acting as the hormones of the holobiont. The plant plus the phytomicrobiome constitute the holobiont, the resulting entity that is that community. The phytomicrobiome is complex, well developed and well-orchestrated, and there is considerable potential in managing this system. The use of “biologicals” will develop during the 21st century and play as large a role as agro-chemistry did in the 20th century. Biologicals can be deployed to enhance plant pathogen resistance, improve plant access to nutrients and improve stress tolerance. They can be used to enhance crop productivity, to meet the expanding demands for plant material as food, fibre and fuel. They can assist crop plants in dealing with the more frequent and more extreme episodes of stress that will occur as climate change conditions continue to develop. The path is clear and we have started down it; there is a considerable distance remaining.

Finishing Global Farm Trade Reform: implications for developing countries

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ISBN: 9781925261356 Year: DOI: 10.20851/agtrade Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:39
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This study reviews policy developments in recent years and, in the light of that, explores ways in which further consensus might be reached among WTO members to reduce farm trade distortions — and thereby also progress the multilateral trade reform agenda. Particular attention is given to ways that would boost well-being in developing countries, especially for those food-insecure households still suffering from poverty and hunger.

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