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Forests, carbon cycle and climate change

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ISBN: 9782759203857 Year: Pages: 348 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0385-7 Language: English
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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The results presented in this book summarize the main findings of the CARBOFOR project, which brought together 52 scientists from 14 research units to investigate the effects of future climate on the carbon cycle, the productivity and vulnerability of French forests. This book explains the current forest carbon cycle in temperate and Mediterranean climates, including the dynamics of soil carbon and the total carbon stock of French forests, based on forest inventories. It reviews and illustrates the main ground-based methods for estimating carbon stocks in tree biomass. Spatial variations in projected climate change over metropolitan France throughout the 21st century are described. The book then goes on to consider the impacts of climate change on tree phenology and forest carbon balance, evapotranspiration and production as well as their first order interaction with forest management alternatives. The impact of climate change on forest vulnerability is analysed. A similar simulation study was carried out for a range of pathogenic fungi, emphasizing the importance of both warming and precipitation changes. The consequences of climate change on the occurrence of forest fires and the forest carbon cycle in the Mediterranean zone are also considered.A valuable reference for researchers and academics, forest engineers and managers, and graduate level students in forest ecology, ecological modelling and forestry.

Keywords

ecosystem --- forest

Governing Forest Restoration: Social, Environmental and Institutional Dimensions

ISBN: 9783038420422 9783038420439 Year: Pages: 216 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 07:39:28
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Beiträge zum Göttinger Umwelthistorischen Kolloquium 2004 - 2006

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ISBN: 9783938616901 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2007-481 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Ever since its establishment 25 years ago the 'Göttingen Environmental Colloquium' has developed into an institution that bundles the various activities on the subject here and from all other areas in the German-speaking countries by exchanging the results of research and the various streams of scientific endeavours in ths field. Also some start-up enterprises have originated here. The volume assembles papers of the 2004 to 2006 colloquia. During those years the GEC extended its scope through cooperation with the Göttingen Graduate College "Interdisciplinary Environmental History". The papers ideally present the idea of interrelated departmental research into environmental history, both in their thematic approach and according to the specialized competence of the authors.

Ecological Management of Pine Forests

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ISBN: 9783038974253 9783038974260 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-426-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-25 11:16:47
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Natural pine forests characterize many landscapes preserved over time, either as a result of a specific forest management practice or a disturbance. In the event of a lack of management over a long period of time, these formations could evolve with increasingly chaotic structures towards other formations. This process can lead to landscape change, the spread of insects and pathogens, and the risk of fires and watercourse obstruction. Pine forest plantations should be considered as transient tree populations, destined to evolve into more complex and stable formations. However, sometimes they should be preserved for their cultural value. Careful management of these forests also takes into account the close relationship between forest and human settlements. As a first step, ecological management assumes the definition of these two macro types. These approaches include the application of integrated methods for determining the reference conditions of the main functional and structural ecosystem components of forests. The reference conditions are the historical (or natural) variability range of ecological structures and processes, reflecting the recent evolution and dynamic interaction of biotic and abiotic conditions and patterns of disturbance. These conditions form the basis for comparison with contemporary ecosystem processes and structures and are a frame of reference for designing ecological restoration treatments and conservation plans. The productive aspects must not be overlooked; rather, they have to be considered, planned, and managed with a perspective of sustainability and ecosystem functionality. This should be considered for a common approach to forest management, for a forest rehabilitation, and for forest restoration activities.

Richard Falck, Mykologe - Lebensweg und Werk eines jüdischen Gelehrten (1873-1955)

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ISBN: 101787520191154 9783863954062 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-25 11:21:16
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Erzählt wird die Geschichte eines Mannes jüdischer Herkunft, der in Breslau seine Begeisterung für die Mykologie entdeckte und schon nach sehr kurzer Zeit zu den Besten seines Faches gehörte. Als zentraler Quellenbestand diente der wissenschaftliche Nachlass von Richard Falck. Die Lebensspanne Falcks erstreckt sich vom Deutschen Kaiserreich über die Weimarer Republik, deren Anhänger er war, und das „Dritte Reich“ bis zur Gründung des Staates Israel. Sie endet in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika, wo Falck seine letzten Lebensjahre verbrachte. Hoffnungsvoll baute Falck seit 1910 an der Kgl. Preußischen Forstakademie in Hann. Münden ein modernes Forschungsinstitut für Technische Mykologie auf. Das Blatt wendete sich, als nach dem Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs radikalisierte Studenten eine antisemitische Hetze gegen Falck und sein Institut entfachten. Der Band schildert Falcks privaten und wissenschaftlichen Lebensweg vor und nach seiner Flucht aus Deutschland 1933. Zentrale Aspekte sind die Umstände seiner Verfolgung und Vertreibung, Stationen der Flucht und des Exils in Palästina (Israel) und den USA sowie Falcks Entwicklung als Forscher. Eine wichtige Frage ist, welche Rolle die Familie, besonders seine Ehefrau Olga, Freunde und Förderer spielten. Diese Studie setzt die Forschungen zur neueren Geschichte der Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie der Universität Göttingen fort. Mit RichardFalck wird ein Wissenschaftler gewürdigt, der Außergewöhnliches geleistet hat; der engagiert für die akademische Freiheit gekämpft und seinen Glauben an die Möglichkeit friedlicher Koexistenz nicht verloren hat.

Quantitative Techniques in Participatory Forest Management

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781466569249 Year: Pages: 625 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-24 23:58:26
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Forest management has evolved from a mercantilist view to a multi-functional one that integrates economic, social, and ecological aspects. However, the issue of sustainability is not yet resolved. Quantitative Techniques in Participatory Forest Management brings together global research in three areas of application: inventory of the forest variables that determine the main environmental indices, description and design of new environmental indices, and the application of sustainability indices for regional implementations. The book outlines a public participatory process to assess sustainability in forest management. It explores a new approach that links human and natural systems, reconsiders our interdependence with the diversity of life, and recognizes our role in a unique and complex system. The book also identifies quantitative indices that provide a vast amount of information on soil, landscape, and ecological functioning. It highlights the importance of these indices for public information programs on participatory processes and provides an operating procedure to identify the degree of convergence in the utility of multiple evaluators. The last chapter describes a downloadable computer application that integrates the techniques explained in the book. Users accessing the application are offered a map representing their preferred forest management plan in the study zone. They are also given a map with the results of their corresponding community of evaluators, including the numerical and qualitative data for both. The system stores a record of the visit, including the visitor's profile and responses, to progress towards the joint forest management plan. The quantitative techniques highlighted in this book create the basis for the development of scientific methodologies of participatory sustainable forest management. It details the methodology for the design of a forest management plan that best suits a specific preference system.

Peasants, Pilgrims, and Sacred Promises

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517463669 9789517465786 9789522227669 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.21435/sff.11 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:26
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Lying on the border between eastern and western Christendom, Orthodox Karelia preserved its unique religious culture into the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was described and recorded by Finnish and Karelian folklore collectors. This colorful array of ritulas and beliefs involving nature spirits, saints, the dead, and pilgrimage to monasteries represented a unigue fusion of official Church ritual and doctrine and pre-Christian ethnic folk belief. This book undertakes a fascinating exploration into many aspects of Orthodox Karelian ritual life: beliefs in supernatural forces, folk models of illness, body concepts, divination, holy icons, the role of the ritual specialist and healer, the divide between nature and culture, images of forest, the cult of the dead, and the popular image of monasteries and holy hermits. It will appeal to anyone interested in popular religion, the cognitive study of religion, ritual studies, medical anthropology, and the folk traditions and symbolism of the Balto-Finnic peoples.

Keywords

pilgrimage --- karelia --- forest --- pre-christian --- illness --- death

Biodiversity in Locally Managed Lands

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038424543 9783038424550 Year: Pages: VIII, 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-455-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-16 12:19:31
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This volume assembles papers that provide empirical evidence for the success or otherwise of landscape and community or local government managed initiatives to conserve biodiversity. The papers report successful biodiversity conservation projects that have operated at those scales as well as documenting cases where these approaches were attempted but were less successful. The papers identify the conditions under which these local and landscape approaches have succeeded and those under which they have been less successful.

Fire Regimes: Spatial and Temporal Variability and Their Effects on Forests

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ISBN: 9783038423904 9783038423911 Year: Pages: VIII, 424 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-391-1
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-02 09:58:44
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Fire regimes (occurrence, cycle, severity, size, etc.) are key factors in many forest ecosystems, as they are often critical drivers of forest composition, dynamics, and ecosystem processes. Fire regimes vary in space and time according to climatic, physical and biological factors. A better understanding of the interacting factors controlling fire regimes may contribute to improving fire and forest management and their future projection in the context of global change. Knowledge of how fire regimes affect natural landscapes is also used in forestry as a template to manage the forest for wood production. This approach, keeping biodiversity and ecological processes associated with natural fire regimes, may also help in maintaining forest productivity and resilience in the face of climate change. This Special Issue aims to synthesize current understanding of factors affecting fire regime characteristics, to present recent research on fire regimes and their effects on forest ecosystems, and to illustrate how this knowledge could be translated into forest or fire management strategies in the context of global change.

Forest Pathology and Plant Health

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038426714 9783038426721 Year: Pages: VIII, 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-672-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-24 13:57:31
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Every year, a number of new forest pathosystems are discovered as the result of introduction of alien pathogens, host shifts and jumps, hybridization and recombination among pathogens, etc. Disease outbreaks may also be favored by climate change and forest management. The mechanisms driving the resurgence of native pathogens and the invasion of alien ones need to be better understood in order to draft sustainable control strategies. For this Special Issue, we welcome population biology studies providing insights on the epidemiology and invasiveness of emergent forest pathogens possibly by contrasting different scenarios varying in pathogen and host populations size, genetics, phenotype and phenology, landscape fragmentation, occurrence of disturbances, management practices, etc. Both experimental and monitoring approaches are welcome. In summary, this special issue focuses on how variability in hosts, pathogens, or ecology may affect the emergence of new threats to plant species.

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