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The Routledge Companion to Free Will

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ISBN: 9781315758206 9781138795815 Year: Pages: 730 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:18

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Questions concerning free will are intertwined with issues in almost every area of philosophy, from metaphysics to philosophy of mind to moral philosophy, and are also informed by work in different areas of science (principally physics, neuroscience and social psychology). Free will is also a perennial concern of serious thinkers in theology and in non-western traditions. Because free will can be approached from so many different perspectives and has implications for so many debates, a comprehensive survey needs to encompass an enormous range of approaches. This book is the first to draw together leading experts on every aspect of free will, from those who are central to the current philosophical debates, to non-western perspectives, to scientific contributions and to those who know the rich history of the subject. Its 61 chapters, commissioned especially for this volume from the world’s leading researchers, are framed by a General Introduction and briefer introductions for each of the six sections. A list of References, an annotated Suggested Reading list, and a short list of Related Topics are included at the end of each chapter.

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free will

37 Neuroscientific Threaths to Free Will (Book chapter)

Book title: The Routledge Companion to Free Will

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781138795815 9781315758206 Year: Pages: 12 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-26 11:01:52
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In this chapter, I review recent work on neuroscientifi c threats to free will. What is it for something to threaten free will? Consider, fi rst, an apparent threat. You are walking&#xD;in the dark, and a shadow looms in the distance. It certainly appears threatening, but&#xD;you are not sure. What do you do? You consider the source of the threat (the thing&#xD;casting the shadow, and you attempt to discover whether the threat is actual (an&#xD;attacker) or merely apparent (a tree). And if the threat is actual, you attempt to discern&#xD;what epistemic and behavioral changes are required of you.

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free will --- threats --- neuroscience

Boundary Struggles

ISBN: 9788202535032 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.16 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-30 11:01:46
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Freedom of speech is a fundamental human right and a core value in liberal democracies. It is also, however, one of our time’s most contested issues, constantly claimed to be either too wide-ranging, at the peril of vulnerable minority groups, or too limited, restricting dissent and democratic deliberation. Employing a sociological lens on the dynamics of the public sphere, this book investigates how the boundaries of free speech are contested and negotiated through social processes which silence certain groups and opinions while amplifying others. The book focuses on key topics in current free speech debates – immigration, religion and culture. Drawing on population-representative survey data, media analysis and in-depth interviews, the authors paint a broad picture of how boundaries of free speech are defined and maintained, experienced and challenged, in the rapidly changing Norwegian public sphere.

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free speech --- media --- norway --- public sphere

Grenzen der Völkerrechtsfreundlichkeit

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ISBN: 101787520191160 9783863953997 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-25 11:21:16
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In the view of the increasingly strong and far-reaching international interdependence of the national legal system, the question as to where the German Basic Law relates concerning the increasing international complexity is becoming ever more important. In response to this, the German Basic Law is said to be a constitution open to international law, which is extracted from the basic principle of ‘Völkerrechtsfreundlichkeit’ (friendliness toward international law). However, it remains vague in which relation such a principle would stand to the rule of law, the principle of democracy or the system of basic rights, if it is inserted into their limitations or constitutes a supreme premise. The focus of this study lays upon the attempt to make the principle of Völkerrechtsfreundlichkeit tangible and to explore its legal content of.

A Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Method for the Simulation of Centralized Sloshing Experiments

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ISBN: 9783866449534 Year: Pages: XIV, 122 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000031357 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is proposed for studying hydrodynamic processes related to nuclear engineering problems. A problem of possible recriticality due to the sloshing motions of the molten reactor core is studied with SPH method. The accuracy of the numerical solution obtained in this study with the SPH method is significantly higher than that obtained with the SIMMER-III/IV reactor safety analysis code.

La gratuité dans les musées et monuments en France : Quelques indicateurs de mobilisation des visiteurs

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ISBN: 9782111398894 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Au cours du premier semestre 2008, une expérimentation des effets de la gratuité totale sur la fréquentation et les publics a été menée auprès de quatorze institutions nationales, dix musées et quatre monuments dépendant du ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, des ministères de la Défense et de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche. Au-delà de l’augmentation de la fréquentation, l’enquête visait à évaluer l’effet de la gratuité sur la diversification des publics. Les résultats montrent que la gratuité a permis d’augmenter très significativement le nombre d’entrées, et que les étudiants, et plus généralement les jeunes âgés de moins de trente ans ont été les plus mobilisés, même si l’on observe un plébiscite de la gratuité auprès de tous les groupes sociaux. Qu’il s’agisse du public déjà familier des musées et plus encore des primo-visiteurs, l’effet accélérateur de la gratuité sur la démocratisation de l’accès aux institutions muséales est manifeste.

Commercial Republicanism in the Dutch Golden Age

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Book Series: Studies in the History of Political Thought ISBN: 9789004221390 9789004221406 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: xiv, 416 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_402003 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Science (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:21:38
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The Dutch seventeenth century, a ‘Golden Age’ ridden by intense ideological conflict, pioneered global trade, participatory politics and religious toleration. Its history is epitomized by the life and works of the brothers Johan (1622-1660) and Pieter de la Court (1618-1685), two successful textile entrepreneurs and radical republican theorists during the apex of Dutch primacy in world trade. This book explores the many facets of the brothers’ political thought, focusing on their ground-breaking argument that commerce forms the mainstay of republican politics. With a contextual analysis that highlights the interaction between thinking and acting, between intellectual and cultural history, the book reveals the international significance of this commercial republicanism and it proposes a novel, rhetorical approach to seventeenth-century Dutch political culture.

Lord of the Wings - The Making of Free Form Architecture

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Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995494 9781614995500 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-550-0-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 15:14:29
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Buildings are neither conceived nor realized by architects in a vacuum; the architect forms part of a larger team of builders, craftsmen, engineers and other experts who join forces to bring together their diverse fields of knowledge.This book describes the design and development of the building process for the wings at the Yitzhak Rabin Centre in Tel Aviv, and demonstrates how collaborative building, technical design and development can lead in an integrated and innovative, but risky process to an extreme innovation, an Octatube ‘Moonshot’. The challenge posed by the Rabin Centre wings was to develop an entirely novel technology for constructing free form shells. It is necessary for many disciplines to collaborate in such a process, and these must be coordinated throughout the entire process, including all of its unforeseen and experimental stages. The results of the process then have to be integrated into one technical artifact that satisfies all requirements and delivers effective answers or compromises in all of its life phases, be that conceptual design, material design, detail design, engineering, production, assembly, installation, loading behavior, functional use as a building, meaning of the building as an artifact (even as architecture) and, in both its local and global context, in its meaning as an integral part of the building.

Nitrification in Fixed Bed Reactors Treating Saline Wastewater

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Book Series: Karlsruher Berichte zur Ingenieurbiologie / Institut für Ingenieurbiologie und Biotechnologie des Abwassers, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 01728709 ISBN: 9783866446915 Year: Volume: 47 Pages: XXIV, 173 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000023321 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Two fixed bed reactors for nitrification with either polyethylene/clay sinter lamellas (FBR A) or porous ceramic rings (FBR B) were continously run for treating synthetic saline wastewater. Seawater from Hafen Büsum was used as an inoculums. The performance of the system was evaluated under different operating conditions. A better overall nitrification without nitrite accumulation was observed in FBR B during continuous incubation. However, in term of ammonia (AOR) and nitrite oxidation rates (NOR) that were determined in batch incubations, FBR A revealed a higher AOR and NOR of 6 and 7 mg N L-1 h-1, compared to the AOR and NOR of 5 and 5.9 mg N L-1 h-1 in FBR B, respectively. For studies of the effect of fluctuating salinity on the nitrification, polyethylene/clay sinter lamellas or porous ceramic rings from FBR A and B, respectively, were used as a source of immobilized nitrifiers. Salt concentrations were decreased from 3.5% to 0.03% via 2, 1 and 0.5% and increased from 3.5% to 5, 7 and 9%. A similar result for AOR and NOR during batch incubation was obtained for both substrata in FBR A and FBR B. The salinity changes influenced more the nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) than the ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB). Measurement of oxidation rates during changing conditions show that the NORs were always higher than the AORs in all reactors, especially in initial phase. However, NORs were more sensitive to the salinity fluctuation than AORs, especially at lower salinity. The AORs remained constant for 0.5-3.5% NaCl and dropped to 70% and 68.5% after the salt concentration was brought to 0.034 or 5%, respectively. The NORs decreased significantly to 62% and 87.5% of initial rates after the salt concentration was changed to 2 and 5%, respectively.Non-halotolerant nitrifiers reactors with fresh polyethylene/clay as supporting material were inoculated with water samples taken from a ""Brackwasser""-location at the North Sea and were continuously run. The salt content in medium was 0% at the start and was then increased up to 10.5%. Increases of the salt concentration in a non-salt-adapted FBR suppressed more to NOR than AOR. When salinity was increased from 0.03% to 0.5, 1 and 2%, AORs remained constant. The AORs were approx. 90% of initial rates after the salt concentrations were increased stepwise to 3.5%, whereas the NORs decreased to 85, 52 and 36% of initial rate after salinity was increased to 1, 2 and 3.5%, respectively.

China - Linking Markets for Growth

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921313387 Year: Pages: 450 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458870 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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China’s prosperity is at the core of the emerging Platinum Age of global economic growth. Rapid economic growth has been underpinned by expansion in its domestic markets, and the integration of domestic and international markets in goods, services, capital, labour and foreign exchange. Global commodity prices have reached historic highs, while China’s capital outflows have helped to hold down interest rates worldwide. Linking markets, both domestic and international, has been key to China’s success. In sustaining its strong economic growth, China has become one of the world’s most voracious consumers of energy. The challenge now facing the government and people of China is in achieving cooperation with the international community to avert the costs–both economic and environmental–of accelerating energy consumption.&#xD;&#xD;China–Linking Markets for Growth gathers together leading scholars on China’s economic success and its effect on the world economy into the next few decades.

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