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The Fall and Rise of Blasphemy Law

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ISBN: 9789087282684 Year: Pages: 269 DOI: 10.24415/9789087282684 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:53:11
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"This volume centers around two trends that currently influence freedom of expression. The first trend confirms the fact that many Western countries have become, over a long period of time, less strict about sacrilegious expression. In the process, many repealed their blasphemy laws or became less harsh in their punishment of blasphemy, hence “the fall of blasphemy law”. The second trend manifests an opposite movement, hence “the rise of blasphemy law”. Over the last decades, namely, Western societies have witnessed multiple attempts to suppress speech that defames religion. To be sure, one particularly vicious way of re-energizing these interdicts against blasphemy has come from radical believers intent upon removing blasphemy from the public domain by violent means. "

The Erosion of the Rule of Law in Eritrea: Silencing Freedom of ExpressionPromoting Citizenship and Preventing Statelessness in South Africa: A Practitioner's Guide

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ISBN: 9781920538378 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:17:14
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About the publicationThis report contains an in depth analysis of the muted right to freedom of expression in Eritrea. The number and forms of human rights violations related to the curtailing of free speech have been and continue to be well documented across the globe. This discourse identifies the right to free reception of information and expression as the bedrock to realising and maintaining the rule of law. Investigated herein is the historical background to the political evolution of the small African state and the social impact of the prevailing human rights violations.This report contains a compilation of human rights violations as determined by international treaty bodies, interviews with Eritrean witnesses and diaspora in exile and civil society reports on the human rights situation. It is argued in the report that the absence of the rule of law in Eritrea is directly attributed to the collapse of free expression as political forces see this right as a threat to their power base – a form of suppression that has nullified all human rights and freedoms and might well damage its people beyond repair.Table of ContentsPrefaceList of abbreviationsList of Eritrean print and electronic mediaAcknowledgmentsExecutive summary EnglishExecutive summary FrenchExecutive summary TigrinyaExecutive summary ArabicIntroductionContextualising the rule of law in EritreaEritrea’s human rights obligations and rule of lawNon-Implementation of the Eritrean ConstitutionSuppression of free expression as an attack on the rule of law in EritreaPrelude to dictatorship: Human rights before September 2001The Crackdown of September 2001Free expression in Eritrea today: Effects of widespread reprisalsClosure of non-state media housesCollapse of the journalistic profession in EritreaInternet censorshipFrom arbitrary arrests to subtle control of the messagePervasive editorial spinThe ‘03’ rumour systemSuppression of foreign and diaspora mediaReporting the work of the courtsEritrea’s international relationsAwareness of the dangers of refugee flightRebirth of independent journalismRecommendationsAnnex I: Compilation of recorded human rights violations related to free speechArbitrary arrest and detentionTorture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishmentDeath in custodyAnnex II: Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: EritreaI. Recommendations acceptedII. Recommendations that do not enjoy the support of Eritrea

Institutional Change in the Public Sphere. Views on the Nordic Model

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ISBN: 9783110546330 9783110546590 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.1515/9783110546330 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Media and communication --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 13:59:52
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The main focus of the book is institutional change in the Scandinavian model, with special emphasis on Norway. There are many reasons to pay closer attention to the Norwegian case when it comes to analyses of changes in the public sphere. In the country’s political history, the arts and the media played a particular role in the processes towards sovereignty at the beginning of the 20th century. On a par with the other Scandinavian countries, Norway is in the forefront in the world in the distribution and uses of Internet technology. As an extreme case, the most corporatist society within the family of the “Nordic Model”, it offers an opportunity both for intriguing case studies and for challenging and refining existing theory on processes of institutional change in media policy and cultural policy. It supplements two recent, important books on political economy in Scandinavia: Varieties of Liberalization and the New Politics of Social Solidarity (Kathleen Thelen, 2014), and The Political Construction of Business Interests (Cathie Jo Martin and Duane Swank, 2013).There are further reasons to pay particular attention to the Scandinavian, and more specifically the Norwegian cases: (i) They are to varying degrees neo-corporatist societies, characterized by ongoing bargaining over social and political reform processes. From a theoretical perspective this invites reflections which, to some extent, are at odds with the dominant conceptions of institutional change. Neither models of path dependency nor models of aggregate, incremental change focus on the continuous social bargaining over institutional change. (ii) Despite recent processes of liberalization, common to the Western world as a whole, corporatism implies a close connection between state, public sphere, cultural life, and religion. This also means that institutions are closely bundled, in an even stronger way than assumed for example in the Varieties of Capitalism literature. Furthermore, we only have scarce insight in the way the different spheres of corporatism are connected and interact.In the proposed edited volume we have collected historical-institutional case studies from a broad set of social fields (a detailed outline of contents and contributors is attached):• Critical assessments of Jürgen Habermas’ theory of the public sphere• Can the public sphere be considered an institution?• The central position of the public sphere in social and political change in Norway• Digital transformations and effects of the growing PR industry on the public sphere• Institutionalization of social media in local politics and voluntary organizations• Legitimation work in the public sphere• freedom of expression and warning in the workplace• “Return of religion” to the public sphere, and its effects

Forbidden Literature

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789188909084 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.22 Language: English
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Political Science --- Law --- Information theory --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-21 23:58:21
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"Freedom of the printed word is a defining feature of the modern world. Yet censorship and the suppression of literature never cease, and remain topical issues even in the most liberal of democracies. Today just as in the past, advances in media technology are followed by new regulatory mechanisms. Similarly, any attempt to control cultural expression inevitably spurs fresh discussions about freedom of speech. In Forbidden Literature scholars from a variety of disciplines address censorship’s past and present, whether in liberal democracies or totalitarian regimes. Through in-depth case studies they trace a historical continuum in which literature reveals its two-sided nature: it demands both regulation and protection. The contributors investigate the logic of literary repression, particularly in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and analyse why it is thought essential to control literature. Moreover, the authors determine how literary practices are shaped and transformed by regulation and censorship."

Literary Trials - Exceptio Artis and Theories of Literature in Court

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ISBN: 9781501303197 9781501303180 9781501303173 Year: Pages: 208 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-05 11:01:13
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From the 19th century onwards, famous literary trials have caught the attention of readers, academics and the public at large. Indeed it is striking that more often than not, it was the texts of renowned writers that were dealt with by the courts, as for example Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary and Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du Mal in France, James Joyce's Ulysses and Henry Miller's Tropic of Cancer in the US, D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover in Great-Britain, up to the more recent trials on Klaus Mann's Mephisto and Maxim Biller's novel Esra in Germany. By bringing together international leading experts, Literary Trials represents the first step towards a systematic discussion of literary trials on a global scale. Beginning by first reassessing some of the most famous of these trials, it also analyses less well-known but significant literary trials. Special attention is paid to recent developments in the relationship between literature and judicature, pointing towards an increasing role for libel and defamation in the societal demarcation of what literature is, and is not, allowed to do. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Chapter 10 (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781783209712 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Intellect Grant: The Euromedia Research Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:35:38
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For functioning well, the media need democracy as much as democracy needs the media. This is the starting point of this analysis of the delicate relation between the news media and democracy which is well defined in constitutional terms both in the European Convention on Human Rights and in national legislation. The relation is best described as social contract – to the benefit of freedom of speech and editorial independence, but also to sound governance of the state and other powerholders in society. Notably, different models of democracy correspond to different roles of the media. In any case, however, media policy is requested to respect media freedom. The Internet, as well as social and networked media require policy answers to challenges such as data protection, content blocking and surveillance. The authors conclude that media policy tools need to be developed along the all-digital media future.

Safe Spaces, Brave Spaces

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ISBN: 9780262037143 9780262535960 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Political Science --- Education --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:31
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How the essential democratic values of diversity and free expression can coexist on campus.Safe spaces, trigger warnings, microaggressions, the disinvitation of speakers, demands to rename campus landmarks—debate over these issues began in lecture halls and on college quads but ended up on op-ed pages in the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal, on cable news, and on social media. Some of these critiques had merit, but others took a series of cheap shots at “crybullies” who needed to be coddled and protected from the real world. Few questioned the assumption that colleges must choose between free expression and diversity. In Safe Spaces, Brave Spaces, John Palfrey argues that the essential democratic values of diversity and free expression can, and should, coexist on campus. Palfrey, currently Head of School at Phillips Academy, Andover, and formerly Professor and Vice Dean at Harvard Law School, writes that free expression and diversity are more compatible than opposed. Free expression can serve everyone—even if it has at times been dominated by white, male, Christian, heterosexual, able-bodied citizens. Diversity is about self-expression, learning from one another, and working together across differences; it can encompass academic freedom without condoning hate speech.Palfrey proposes an innovative way to support both diversity and free expression on campus: creating safe spaces and brave spaces. In safe spaces, students can explore ideas and express themselves with without feeling marginalized. In brave spaces—classrooms, lecture halls, public forums—the search for knowledge is paramount, even if some discussions may make certain students uncomfortable. The strength of our democracy, says Palfrey, depends on a commitment to upholding both diversity and free expression, especially when it is hardest to do so.

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