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Broadcasting, Voice, and Accountability: A Public Interest Approach to Policy, Law, and Regulation

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Book Series: The New Media World ISBN: 9780472032723 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 14:29:55
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Participatory development and government accountability depend in part on the existence of media that provide broad access to information from varied sources and that equip and encourage people to raise and debate issues and develop public opinion. Conducive policies, laws, and regulations are essential for media to develop that are independent and widely accessible and that enable the expression of diverse perspectives and sources of information. Broadcasting, Voice, and Accountability presents a framework to inform analysis of existing policies and support the development of a vigorous media sector, with a particular emphasis on broadcasting. It focuses on broadcasting because that is the medium with the greatest potential to reach and involve society at large, including the most disadvantaged and illiterate segments of society in developing countries. Information on good practices in broadcasting policy is in demand in countries of every region—particularly in countries that are opening their economies, democratizing, and decentralizing public service delivery. This book provides development practitioners with a wide overview of the key policy and regulatory issues involved in supporting freedom of information and expression and enabling development of a pluralistic, independent, and robust broadcasting sector. Policy, regulation, capacity, and institutional development are important development levers that shape the ownership, content, and social impacts of broadcasting systems. The guide shows the importance of enabling a mix of ownership and uses, commonly classified in terms of commercial, public service, and community broadcasting, that serves the public interest. With the guidance of this book, broadcasting policy and regulation can be tackled as a mainstream development topic, with important consequences for government transparency, government accountability, and enabling disadvantaged constituencies to voice their concerns and press for action. This book is the World Bank's first publication presenting good practices from around the world in media and broadcasting policy and regulation and complements existing work in governance, public sector reform, and access to information. It is a useful tool for policymakers, reform managers, development practitioners, and students alike.

Bürgerliche Mitgliedschaft in Religionsgemeinschaften - Studie über die Rechtsbeziehungen der Mitglieder zu den römisch-katholischen, evangelischen, jüdischen und islamischen Religionsgemeinschaften in Deutschland

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Öffentlichen Recht ISBN: 9783863951214 Year: Pages: 444 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-26 16:26:41
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This doctoral thesis treats the membership law of churches and religious communities. It discusses the questions of which framework is given by national law, in which cases the rights of religious communities diverges from that law and if membership must strictly be voluntary. Following a historical as well as legal classification, this thesis considers the legal relationship of members with Christian, Jewish and Islamic communities in Germany.

Tolerance

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Book Series: Open Book Classics ISBN: 9781783742059 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0088 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:43
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This anthology, inspired by Voltaire’s advice that a text needed to be concise to have real influence, contains firey extracts from forty different authors, from the philosophers everyone’s heard of to those whose brilliant writings are less well-known. They are immensely diverse in style and topic, but all have in common their passionate commitment to equality, freedom, and tolerance, and every single one resonates powerfully with the issues our world faces today. The book was first published by the Société française d’étude du dix-huitième siècle (the French Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies) in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo assassinations in January 2015 as a mark of solidarity, and as a response to the wide-spread interest in Enlightenment values. With the support of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, it has now been translated by 102 French students and tutors from Oxford University.

Farewell to Freedom

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ISBN: 9781911534617 9781911534600 9781911534624 9781911534631 Year: Pages: 218 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy --- History --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:31
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Understandings of freedom are often discussed in moral, theological, legal and political terms, but they are not often set in a historical perspective, and they are even more rarely considered within their specific language context. From Homeric poems to contemporary works, the author traces the words that express the various notions of freedom in Classical Greek, Latin, and medieval and modern European idioms. Examining writers as varied as Plato, Aristotle, Luther, La Boétie, Hobbes, Rousseau, Kant, Stirner, Nietzsche, and Foucault among others, this theoretical mapping shows old and new boundaries of the horizon of freedom. The book suggests the possibility of transcending these boundaries on the basis of a different theorization of human interactions, which constructs individual and collective subjects as processes rather than entities. This construction shifts and disseminates the very locus of freedom, whose vocabulary would be better recast as a relational middle path between autonomous and heteronomous alternatives.&#xD;

Keywords

individual --- theology --- mastery --- liberty --- autonomy --- freedom

Präventive Tendenzen in Staat und Gesellschaft zwischen Sicherheit und Freiheit - Ein deutsch-japanisches Symposium Ehrenpromotion von Keiichi Yamanaka

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Göttinger Juristische Schriften ISBN: 9783863951689 Year: Pages: 292 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-05 11:01:11
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How can the tension between security and personal freedom be solved in the risk society of today? This publication discusses exemplary problems and develops solutions at the level of constitutional law, public international law, economic law, criminal law, and medical law.

Kultur und Wissenschaft. Berichte und Diskussionen auf der Tagung der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer in Frankfurt am Main vom 5. bis 8. Oktober 2005

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Veröffentlichungen der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer ISBN: 9783110927832 Year: Volume: 65 Pages: 611 DOI: 10.1515/9783110927832 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 12:55:25
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The volume presents the reports and discussions held at the conference of the “Association of German Constitutional Law Teachers” in Frankfurt from October,5th to October 8th,2005.

Naturvetarna, ingenjörerna och valfrihetens samhälle: Rekrytering till teknik och naturvetenskap under svensk efterkrigstid

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ISBN: 9789188168276 9789188168733 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.7 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Political Science --- Education --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:01:47
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"Scientists, engineers, and a free-choice society is a book about control, largely the governing of children and young people in Sweden and the efforts made to persuade them to choose careers—and identities—in science and technology in the period 1950–2000. It is very much part of an interdisciplinary research tradition in which perspectives taken from the history of science and education are combined with theories from the field of governmentality studies. The book begins by describing a new societal problem that confronted Sweden, like so many other Western countries, in the immediate post-war years, namely a lack of engineers and scientists. The period from the outbreak of the Second World War to the mid fifties saw a new appreciation for scientific research and its application in both the military and civilian sectors. With the reconstruction of Europe and the Marshall Plan at its height in the fifties, technology and science became gradually associated with rising industrial productivity and with economic growth in general.&#xD;By the sixties this had left national employment policy with some markedly pronounced objectives. By the end of the decade, it was obvious that the determination to increase student numbers in science and engineering ran contrary to other political ambitions, and did not sit well with the right of the individual to freedom of choice in education. The attempt to respect people’s autonomy while at the same time enabling more of them study these particular disciplines shaped a distinct set of strategies that made up the ‘positive exercise of power’—what might also be called liberal governing—in which the main idea was to encourage students to come to science and engineering of their own free will.&#xD;The book goes on to demonstrate how this strategy of governing through individual autonomy would result in a series of specific measures in the seventies and on, including changes to the curricula and teaching materials, which were matched by activities outside the traditional bounds of learning such as a travelling science shows, advertising campaigns, and the construction of science and technology centres. The book also spells out the sheer reach of this recruitment policy. Many leading figures in Sweden set out to encourage people to become scientists and engineers—these were voices heard not only from government quarters, but also from industry and special interest groups.&#xD;Scientists, engineers and a free-choice society does not set out to answer the question of how best to set about attracting young people into science and technology; rather, it is concerned with how that question has been answered by others, and what impact their responses have had on power relations between society and the individual, and indeed on the place of science and engineering&#xD;education in the present.

Universitäre Industriekooperation, Informationszugang und Freiheit der Wissenschaft

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ISBN: 9783161576041 9783161576058 Year: DOI: 10.1628/978-3-16-157605-8 Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104827
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-16 11:21:02
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Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz's case study sets out the legal framework for collaborations between universities and private sponsors, where the responsibility to protect academic freedom requires particular safeguarding in order to ensure that authoritative, independent, and credible research can be carried out by public universities.

Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle

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Book Series: Globaler lokaler Islam ISBN: 9783837629040 9783839429044 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839429044 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103318
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Diverse Islamic groups have triggered a "revival of Islam" in Central Asia in the last decades. As a result, there has been a general securitization of Islam by the governments: not only do they combat the terrorist Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan but also outlaw popular groups such as the Gülen movement. However, strong repression of religion might lead to radicalization. Kathrin Lenz-Raymann tests this hypothesis with an agent-based computer simulation and enriches her study with interviews with international experts, leaders of political Islam and representatives of folk Islam. She concludes that ensuring religious rights is essential for national security.

Freedom of Religion under Bills of Rights

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780987171818 Year: Pages: 464 DOI: 10.1017/9780987171818 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-14 10:02:54
License: University of Adelaide Press

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Chapter 1 Paul Babie and Neville Rochow, Protecting Religious Freedom under Bills of Rights: Australia as Microcosm Chapter 2 Ngaire Naffine, How Religion Constrains Law and the Idea of Choice Chapter 3 Bruce Kaye, Is the Emperor Wearing the Wrong Clothes? Human Rights and Social Good in the Context of Australian Secularity: Theological Perspectives Chapter 4 Alan Cadwallader, Anniversary overlap: or what happens when St Paul meets the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Chapter 5 Neil Foster, Defamation and Vilification: Rights to Reputation, Free Speech and Freedom of Religion at Common Law and under Human Rights Laws Chapter 6 Robert C Blitt, Should an Australian Bill of Rights Address Emerging International Human Rights Norms? The Challenge of ‘Defamation of Religion’ Chapter 7, Patrick Parkinson, Christian Concerns About an Australian Charter of Rights Chapter 8 Asmi Wood, Apostasy in Islam and the Freedom of Religion in International Law Chapter 9 David M Kirkham, Political Culture and Freedom of Conscience: A Case Study of Austria Chapter 10, Cornelia Koch, The Sky is Falling if Judges Decide Religious Controversies! – Or is it? The German Experience of Religious Freedom Under a Bill of Rights Chapter 11 Nicky Jones, Religious Freedom in a Secular Society: The Case of the Islamic Headscarf in France Chapter 12 Ian Leigh, Religious Freedom in the UK After the Human Rights Act 1998 Chapter 13 Frank S Ravitch, Judicial Interpretation, Neutrality and the US Bill of Rights Chapter 14 Brett G Scharffs, Protecting Religious Freedom: Two Counterintuitive Dialectics In US Free Exercise Jurisprudence Chapter 15 Barbara Billingsley, Walking the Tightrope: The Struggle of Canadian Courts to Define Freedom of Religion Under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Chapter 16 Charles J Russo, Quo Vadis The Free Exercise of Religion? The Diminishment of Student Religious Expression in US Public Schools Chapter 17 Kris Hanna, Freedom From Discrimination on the Basis of Religion Chapter 18 Rex Tauati Ahdar, Ruminations from the Shaky Isles on Religious Freedom in the Bill of Rights Era Chapter 19 Paul Rishworth, Indigenous Peoples and Bills of Rights

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