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Selenium Transfer between Kaolinite or Goethite Surfaces, Nutrient Solution and Oryza Sativa

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Book Series: Karlsruher mineralogische und geochemische Hefte : Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Geowissenschaften ISSN: 16182677 ISBN: 9783731504610 Year: Volume: 41 Pages: XXV, 244 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000051067 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe and quantify Se transfer at the interface between soil and plant. For this purpose, three Se reservoirs were defined: soil, soil solution and plant, represented by kaolinite or goethite, nutrient solution and rice. First, Se transfer from solution to plant and Se partitioning in the plant was studied; then adsorption-desorption processes of Se onto kaolinite and goethite were investigated. Finally, a mass balance of the combined experiment was modelled.

Role of Fe-oxides for predicting phosphorus sorption in calcareous soils

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Book Series: Karlsruher mineralogische und geochemische Hefte : Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Mineralogie und Geochemie ISSN: 16182677 ISBN: 9783866442412 Year: Volume: 34 Pages: XIII, 144 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000008093 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Agronomic efficiency and management of environmental P inputs can be improved by understanding soil-phosphorus interaction. Iron oxides and other clay minerals, P forms, and P sorption in young alluvial and weathered residual soils were determined. Phosphorus retention related to crystallinity and phase distribution of iron oxides. CBD and oxalate extractable iron and aluminum and smectite and kaolinite explained 90% variation while soil CaCO3 role was only insignificant in explaining P sorption.

Mineral Surface Reactions at the Nanoscale

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ISBN: 9783038978961 / 9783038978978 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-897-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Reactions at mineral surfaces are central to all geochemical processes. As minerals comprise the rocks of the Earth, the processes occurring at the mineral–aqueous fluid interface control the evolution of the rocks and hence the structure of the crust of the Earth during processes such as metamorphism, metasomatism, and weathering. In recent years focus has been concentrated on mineral surface reactions made possible through the development of advanced analytical methods such as atomic force microscopy (AFM), advanced electron microscopies (SEM and TEM), phase shift interferometry, confocal Raman spectroscopy, and advanced synchrotron-based applications, to enable mineral surfaces to be imaged and analyzed at the nanoscale. Experiments are increasingly complemented by molecular simulations to confirm or predict the results of these studies. This has enabled new and exciting possibilities to elucidate the mechanisms that govern mineral–fluid reactions. In this Special Issue, “Mineral Surface Reactions at the Nanoscale”, we present 12 contributions that highlight the role and importance of mineral surfaces in varying fields of research.

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