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Diskursive Verfestigungen. Schnittstellen zwischen Morphosyntax, Phraseologie und Pragmatik im Deutschen und im Sprachvergleich

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Book Series: Konvergenz und Divergenz ISBN: 9783110585292 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 441 DOI: 10.1515/9783110585292 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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Zentrales Thema des Sammelbandes ist der Begriff der Verfestigung bzw. der formalen Stabilität im Deutschen und im Sprachvergleich, der die Aktualität der neueren lexikographischen und phraseologischen Forschung besonders prägt. Die hier versammelten 23 Beiträge reihen sich thematisch in diese Aktualität ein und behandeln diskursive Aspekte der Verfestigungs- bzw. Stabilitätsproblematik im Diskurs. Arbeiten und Forschungsergebnisse ausgewiesener internationaler Experten werden hier zusammengefu?hrt, die sich der Schnittstelle zwischen Pragmatik und Morphologie/Syntax widmen und vor allem das Deutsche oder den Sprachvergleich betreffende Fragestellungen im Zusammenhang mit Grammatikalisierungs-, Lexikalisierungs- und/oder Phraseologisierungsphänomenen diskutieren. Hiermit verbunden wird u.a. der Frage nachgegangen, wie verfestigte Strukturen zu Argumentationszwecken im Diskurs eingesetzt werden. Der vier thematische Bereiche umfassende Band zeigt damit, wie facettenreich der Verfestigungsbegriff im Diskurs sein kann und bietet zugleich Impulse fu?r die ku?nftige Forschung in diesem Bereich.

Unity and diversity in grammaticalization scenarios

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234999 9783961100200 Year: Pages: 342 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.823224 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-16 11:01:54
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The volume contains a selection of papers originally presented at the symposium on “Areal patterns of grammaticalization and cross-linguistic variation in grammaticalization scenarios” held on 12-14 March 2015 at Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz. The papers, written by leading scholars combining expertise in historical linguistics and grammaticalization research, study variation in grammaticalization scenarios in a variety of language families (Slavic, Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, Bantu, Mande, "Khoisan", Siouan, and Mayan). The volume stands out in the vast literature on grammaticalization by focusing on variation in grammaticalization scenarios and areal patterns in grammaticalization. Apart from documenting new grammaticalization paths, the volume makes a methodological contribution as it addresses an important question of how to reconcile universal outcomes of grammaticalization processes with the fact that the input to these processes is language-specific and construction-specific.

Copular Clauses and Focus Marking in Sumerian

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ISBN: 9783110401691 9783110427349 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.2478/9783110401691 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:36:30
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This work is the first comprehensive description of Sumerian constructions involving a copula. Using around 400 fully glossed examples, it gives a thorough analysis of all uses of the copula, which is one of the least understood and most frequently misinterpreted and consequently mistranslated morphemes in Sumerian. It starts with a concise introduction into the grammatical structure of Sumerian, followed by a study that is accessible to both linguists and sumerologists, as it applies the terminology of modern descriptive linguistics. It provides the oldest known and documented example of the path of grammaticalization that leads from a copula to a focus marker. It gives the description of Sumerian copular paratactic relative clauses, which make use of an otherwise only scarcely attested relativization strategy. At the end of the book, the reader will have a clear picture about the morphological and syntactic devices used to mark identificational, polarity and sentence focus in Sumerian, one of the oldest documented languages in the world.

Grammaticalization in the North: Noun phrase morphosyntax in Scandinavian vernaculars

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783944675558 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_559871 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-05 11:01:13
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This book looks at some phenomena within the grammar of the noun phrase in a group of traditional North Germanic varieties mainly spoken in Sweden and Finland, usually seen as Swedish dialects, although the differences between them and Standard Swedish are often larger than between the latter and the other standard Mainland Scandinavian languages. In addition to being conservative in many respects – e.g. in preserving nominal cases and subject-verb agreement – these varieties also display many innovative features. These include extended uses of definite articles, incorporation of attributive adjectives, and a variety of possessive constructions. Although considerable attention has been given to these phenomena in earlier literature, this book is the first to put them in the perspective of typology and grammaticalization processes. It also looks for a plausible account of the historical origin of the changes involved, arguing that many of them spread from central Sweden, where they were later reverted due to the influence from prestige varieties coming from southern Scandinavia.

Thoughts on grammaticalization

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Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234074 9783946234067 9783946234050 Year: Pages: 214+xiii DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603353 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 14:26:39
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After a short review of the history of research, the work introduces and delimits the concepts related to grammaticalization. It then provides extensive exemplification of grammaticalization phenomena in diverse languages, ordered by grammatical domains such as the verbal, pronominal and nominal sphere and clause level relations. The final chapter presents a theory of grammaticalization which is based on the autonomy of the linguistic sign with respect to the paradigmatic and syntagmatic axes. This is the basis of the structural parameters that constitute grammaticalization. They are operationalized to the point of rendering degrees of grammaticalization measurable.

Indefinite Pronouns

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Book Series: Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory ISBN: 9780198235606 9780198299639 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198235606.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-23 11:02:11
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Most of the world's languages have indefinite pronouns, that is, expressions such as someone, anything, and nowhere. This book presents an encyclopaedic investigation of indefinite pronouns in the languages of the world, mapping out the range of variation in their functional and formative properties. It shows that cross-linguistic diversity is severely constrained by a set of implicational universals and by a number of unrestricted universals. Topics include formal and functional types of indefinite pronoun, theoretical approaches to the functions of indefinite pronouns, the grammaticalization of indefinite pronouns, and negative indefinite pronouns.

Studies in Historical Linguistics and Language Change. Grammaticalization, Refunctionalization and Beyond

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ISBN: 9783039215768 / 9783039215775 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-577-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The present volume examines the usefulness of a particular set of concepts and processes of change studying their applicability to a range of linguistic changes in Spanish and Latin that cannot be easily or can only be partially accounted for within the framework of grammaticalization. Rather than challenging the insights of grammaticalization theory, the different contributions to this monograph demonstrate that exaptation, capitalization, refunctionalization and adfunctionalization, as well as changes motivated by rhetorical guidelines, constitute interesting and valuable notions that allow for a better understanding of specific language changes in Spanish and, by extension, of language change in general.

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