Search results: Found 48

Listing 1 - 10 of 48 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by
Parochial Altruism: Pitfalls and Prospects

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199457 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-945-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A number of recent influential publications have promoted the idea that the high levels of altruism and violent intergroup conflicts observed in humans might be the result of a joint evolution of behavioral traits causing cooperativeness among group members ('in-group love') and spite and aggression between members of different groups ('out-group hate'). This hypothesis, dating back to Darwin himself, has been dubbed 'parochial altruism'. While much empirical evidence has been collected which shows that humans readily condition their social behaviors on their conspecifics' group membership, a number of important questions still remain unanswered. These include: Which selective mechanisms are at work in the suggested co-evolution of in-group love and out-group hate: individual selection, kin selection, sexual selection? When and why does altruism become parochial? When and why can parochialism be altruistic? How does parochial altruism fare in comparison to other explanatory approaches to the question of why humans are altruistic and why they are collectively aggressive? Did human prehistory really offer the conditions required for parochial altruism to evolve? Is parochial altruism universal across situational contexts and cultures? Which factors can explain individual differences in parochial altruism? This Research Topic brings together current interdisciplinary works on the topic. Lab and field experiments using different methods critically investigate the antecedents, forms, and consequences of parochial altruism. As such, the Research Topic contributes to close some important research gaps but also provides an overview of the diverse methods for studying parochial altruism across scientific disciplines.

Der Briefwechsel Hasse - Scholz - Taussky

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783863952532 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Arnold Scholz (1906-1941) war einer der vielversprechendsten jungen Zahlentheoretiker in den 1930er Jahren, einer der besten Kenner der Klassenkörpertheorie. Als Doktorand von Issai Schur war er auch mit gruppentheoretischen Methoden vertraut. Da er während des Dritten Reichs als politisch nicht zuverlässig galt (er war ein enger Freund des ebenfalls „suspekten“ Ernst Zermelo), konnte er keine sichere Stelle finden. Trotzdem gelang es ihm, eine Reihe wichtiger Resultate zu erhalten, u.a. bei der Realisierung von Galoisgruppen und in der Theorie der Normenreste. Der zu einem klaren Verständnis dieser Ergebnisse notwendige kohomologische Apparat war damals noch nicht entwickelt, und daher konnten zunächst nur Wenige mit den Scholzschen Ideen etwas anfangen. Eine Reihe seiner Resultate wurden später wiederentdeckt. Schafarewitsch konnte mit Hilfe der Scholzschen Methoden zeigen, dass jede endliche auflösbare Gruppe als Galoisgruppe einer Erweiterung der rationalen Zahlen vorkommt. Das vorliegende Buch, das als erster Schritt zu einem besseren Verständnis des Werks von Arnold Scholz anzusehen ist, enthält die Korrespondenz zwischen Arnold Scholz und Helmut Hasse einerseits und Olga Taussky andererseits, soweit sie in den Archiven der Universität Göttingen und des California Institute of Technology in Pasadena erhalten sind. Auch die Korrespondenz zwischen Hasse und Taussky bis zum frühen Tod von Arnold Scholz wurde aufgenommen.

Kohtaamisia, katkoksia ja sidoksia

Author:
ISBN: 9789520304614 Year: Pages: 103 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_630150 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-02 11:01:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Encounters, breaks and bonds: a study of the mother work in the Supermammat peer group This study explores a peer group for mothers, which is presented by the pseudonym Supermammat. The group is a third sector agent, which has served mothers and their children almost three decades. In the Supermammat group mothers get opportunity for carrying out functional programme, taking their children to organized childcare, sharing peer support and receiving professional aid. In addition to weekly meetings, outings, camps and other recreational activities are organized in the group. The aim of the operation is to support motherhood.&#xD;The objective of the study is to describe practices of supporting mothers in the operation of the Supermammat group. The objective is approached by treating group’s history, current operation and principles directing it together with workers and their job towards supporting mothers participating in the operation of the Supermammat group. However, the study par excellence gives voice to people for whom the group has established. It’s most central aim is to tell what kind of meaning the operation of the group has for mothers. This is ethnographically executed case study, which starting point is to explore restricted research subject by utilizing different perspectives and datas. The core data consists of interviews of mothers participated in the operation of the Supermammat group (N=23) and fieldnotes gathered during participant observation. In addition, interviews of persons worked on the group (N=11) are included in the data. The data gathered is supplemented by the documents from the operation of the group.&#xD;Research findings indicate that the operation of the group has turned more professional and functionally more various in the course of time. The operation consists of many elements, reaches dozens of mothers annually and requires contribution of several agents. Participating in the operation gets it’s meaning as encounters, breaks and bonds. The group gives an opportunity for encounters forming both peer support and professional aid. At the same time, it constructs a chance of withdrawing from everyday life by producing breaks to mother’s routines. In addition, participating in the operation of the Supermammat group gives space for constructing an affinity, various relationships and connections fastened on the group. "

Terrorists on Trial

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789087282400 9789087283285 9789400602366 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102112
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Terrorism trials are an exceptional opportunity for better understanding and, hence, countering terrorism, since they are often the only place where most if not all of the actors of a terrorist incident meet again, and where the media report and broadcast their respective accounts. Seeing terrorism trials as a stage where legal instruments are used (and abused) to argue the validity of contested political constructs, this study presents a performative perspective to draw attention to the mechanisms and effects of terrorism trials in and outside the courtroom. With a special focus on how the power of these performances may in turn shape new narratives of justice and/or injustice, it offers vital insights into terrorism trials directed involving different types of terrorism suspects, from left-wing to ethno-nationalist and jihadist terrorists, in Spain, Russia, Germany, the Netherlands, and the US.

Veech Groups and Translation Coverings

Author:
ISBN: 9783731501800 Year: Pages: X, 136 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000038927 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A translation surface is obtained by taking plane polygons and gluing their edges by translations. We ask which subgroups of the Veech group of a primitive translation surface can be realised via a translation covering. For many primitive surfaces we prove that partition stabilising congruence subgroups are the Veech group of a covering surface. We also address the coverings via their monodromy groups and present examples of cyclic coverings in short orbits, i.e. with large Veech groups.

Topological Groups. Advances, Surveys, and Open Questions

Author:
ISBN: 9783038976448 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-645-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:42:05
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Following the tremendous reception of our first volume on topological groups called ""Topological Groups: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow"", we now present our second volume. Like the first volume, this collection contains articles by some of the best scholars in the world on topological groups. A feature of the first volume was surveys, and we continue that tradition in this volume with three new surveys. These surveys are of interest not only to the expert but also to those who are less experienced. Particularly exciting to active researchers, especially young researchers, is the inclusion of over three dozen open questions. This volume consists of 11 papers containing many new and interesting results and examples across the spectrum of topological group theory and related topics. Well-known researchers who contributed to this volume include Taras Banakh, Michael Megrelishvili, Sidney A. Morris, Saharon Shelah, George A. Willis, O'lga V. Sipacheva, and Stephen Wagner.

Understanding the Successful Coordination of Team Behavior

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453498 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-349-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In many areas of human life, people perform in teams. These teams’ performances depend, at least partly, on team members’ abilities to coordinate their contributions effectively. This includes the making of decisions and the regulation of behavior in reference to the framework provided by the social group- and task-context. Given the high relevance of a deepened and integrated understanding about the mechanisms underlying coordinated team behavior, the aim of this research topic is to provide a platform for different theoretical and methodological approaches to researching and understanding coordinated team behavior in different task contexts. The articles published in this edition offer a multifaceted insight into current work on the topic.

Chapter 8 Categorising What We Study and What We Analyse, and the Exercise of Interpretation (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9783319768618 9783319768618 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76861-8_8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 283601
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 11:01:01
License: Springer

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A lot of qualitative researchers have a healthy wariness about straightforward categorisation&#xD;and modelling endeavours undertaken by quantitative researchers. Too&#xD;often, variables and measurements are too rigid in quantitative analysis to take stock&#xD;of all the complexity and context-dependency of human behaviour, attitudes and&#xD;identities. In the worst-case scenario for migration studies, this leads to oversimplification,&#xD;essentialisation and culturalism. In line with King et al. (1994), I would,&#xD;however, in this chapter, like to plead for qualitative researchers to take into account&#xD;that, in terms of challenges of validity and reliability, we have a lot to learn from&#xD;each other. Acknowledging that qualitative research has its distinctive advantages&#xD;(Brady and Collier 2004), I will argue that choices in categorisation, case selection&#xD;and research design are of crucial importance, perhaps even more in qualitative&#xD;studies than in quantitative studies, even if in both methodological traditions we are&#xD;confronted with similar challenges. Being transparent and reflecting on the consequences&#xD;of our choices of categorisation, analysis and interpretation is of crucial&#xD;importance. It is too easy to think that qualitative research would, by definition, be&#xD;better equipped in doing justice to the phenomena we wish to study in the field of&#xD;migration, especially if our research focusses on migrants.&#xD;

Introduction (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN:  9781789380545 9781789380545 97817899380552 Year: Pages: 36 Language: English
Publisher: Intellect
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-12 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The introduction to the edited volume Communication and Discourse Theory aims to reflect on the interaction between discourse theory and the study of media and communication, as well as the Brussels Discourse Theory Group’s contribution to it. The chapter starts with a summary of the main tenets of Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory, and touches upon its methodological/analytical translation in discourse-theoretical analysis (DTA). The next main part of the chapter discusses how discourse theory has been put to use for the analysis of communication and media, distinguishing four thematic areas: (1) communication, rhetoric, and media strategies; (2) discourses in media organizations; (3) media identities, practices, and institutions; and (4) media and agonistic democracy. In the next part, two areas that are currently being developed in the group, and have thus far remained under-developed, are singled out theoretically as well as empirically, from a discourse-theoretical perspective. This includes the relation between the discursive and the material, and the relation between media, communication, and audiences. Finally, the chapter provides a short overview of the other chapters in this book.&#xD;

Learning in Social Context: The Nature and Profit of Living in Groups for Development

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451821 Year: Pages: 87 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-182-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

One of the distinctive features of humans is their unique sociality. Humans live in organized societies that are characterized by a high level of interdependence of group members in various aspects of life, ranging from the economic phenomenon of labour division to providing emotional support to others. Under these circumstances, the capacity to track social connections within and between groups has great adaptive value in managing everyday life. We may understand the importance and adaptive value of tracking the scope of culturally shared knowledge if we consider the importance of cultural norms in guiding behaviour. To become a competent member of their cultural group one must be able to conform to the group's specific behavioural norms and to accumulate culturally shared knowledge. Acquiring this knowledge is essential for successful social interactions. In contrast to current dominant explanatory theories emphasizing that social category formation is simply rooted in humans’ need to belong and affiliate with a group, the aim of this e-book is to provide evidence that, in addition to its affiliative role, children form social categories for epistemic purposes. We show that children use specific cues, like kinship, patterns of resource allocation and consensus to understand group cohesion (Section 1). Once children figured out who is in-group and who is out-group, they show a significant in-group bias in attention, acting and learning (Section 2). Yet, this in-group bias can be attenuated by induced synchronous behavior (Section 3).

Listing 1 - 10 of 48 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by