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Heterologe Insemination - Aktuelle Lage und Reformbedarf aus interdisziplinärer Perspektive

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783941875302 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The heterologous or donogenous insemination is the artificial fertilization of an ovum for reproductive purposes with the sperm of an outside donor to save the affected couples a infertility. This method is long been offered and used by the modern reproductive medicine but, however raises a number of legal, human genetic and psychological issues that are not at sufficiently resolved in the circle of experts. The present volume addresses these questions and possible answers in an interdisciplinary discussion and explores solutions. The articles go back to a workshop, which was jointly organized in cooperation of the Centre for Medical Law and the Göttingen Institute of Human Genetics. The editors hope that the recommendations resulting from this will be able to provide important impetus and support to the leaders in this field, but also to legislation and case law.

Keywords

health care law

Das Gendiagnostikgesetz im Spannungsfeld von Humangenetik und Recht

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783863950255 Year: Pages: 191 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Das neue Gendiagnostikgesetz vom 31. Juli 2009 wirft im Spannungsfeld divergierender Perspektiven, insbesondere im Zwiegespräch von Humangenetik und Rechtswissenschaften bedeutsame Fragen u.a. über die Ausgestaltung der genetischen Beratung, die Aufgaben der neu geschaffenen Gendiagnostikkommission oder hinsichtlich der vorgeburtlichen genetischen Diagnostik auf. Zugleich stehen auch die klassischen arztrechtlichen Aspekte der ärztlichen Aufklärung und Einwilligung sowie solche aus dem Bereich des Datenschutzes im Mittelpunkt des Interesses. Dieses facettenreiche Spektrum an Fragestellungen war im November 2010 Gegenstand eines Göttinger Workshops zum Medizinrecht, gemeinsam veranstaltet vom Institut für Humangenetik (Medizinische Fakultät) und vom Zentrum für Medizinrecht (Juristische Fakultät). Die Beiträge und Ergebnisse dieser Fachtagung werden im vorliegenden Band der interessierten Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemacht.

Keywords

health care law

Covenant, compassion and marketisation in healthcare (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138735736 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-17 11:02:33
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‘No one can serve two masters . . . You cannot serve God and Mammon.’ Jesus’ famous words, cited to different purposes by Miran Epstein and Adrian Walsh in&#xD;this volume, provide a starting point for this chapter’s constructive argument and&#xD;critical conversation with the chapters in this middle part. Epstein deploys Jesus’&#xD;words to deny the possibility of any constructive reconciliation between capitalism&#xD;and healthcare, contrasting Jesus’ saying with the infamous words of Christian conquistadores&#xD;and with what he claims is the inherently corrupting, master-slave ethic&#xD;of the Deuteronomic covenant. By contrast, Walsh cites Jesus to explain Judeo-&#xD;Christian cultural suspicions about money’s place in healthcare before delineating&#xD;the potentially, though not necessarily, corrosive effects of marketisation

Keywords

health care --- social care

Stellvertretung in Gesundheitsangelegenheiten - Modell eines dreigliedrigen Vertretungssystems

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ISBN: 9783940344786 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A medical measure influences the physical and mental integrity of the affected people. The right of determination is also part of a person’s personality. The individual can exercise his right of self determination only when its decision conditions and justifies medical practice. Is an adolescent due to an illness or disability not able to excersise decisions, these have to be made by a representative of legal transactions - an agent - or taken by a legal representative - a supervisor. In this study, the different representation schemes on health matters are presented.

Keywords

medicine --- ethics --- medicine law --- health care

Tatort Gesundheitsmarkt - Rechtswirklichkeit - Strafwürdigkeit - Prävention

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950286 Year: Pages: 136 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Reports on medical billing frauds, “premiums” of hospitals (for the referral of a patient) as well as the “medical marketing” arouse increasing attention in times of dwindling financial resources within the socially insured healthcare system and the worry for spreading “rationing”. Out of consideration for the partly remarkably high financial damages the call for a harsh punishment suggests itself, but the criminal law is always late and, above all, isn't capable of compensating the intangible loss of trust. Therefore, the search for instruments of an effective prevention of corruption deserves far more notice, but consequently the question of the real criminal events and of the possible “adjusting screws” for preventive interventions as well. The articles in this volume, which come from the recent (organized on 8 July 2011) annual conference of the Institute of Criminal Law and Justice in Göttingen, present the latest findings available so far. They may provide the interested public with an insight, that is respectably and not clouded by the drive of mass-media scandalisation, into the extent and appearances of corrupt behaviour in the healthcare system and may give the experts suggestions for productive further discussions and innovative problem solvings.

Proceedings of the fourth Resilience Engineering Symposium

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ISBN: 9782911256479 9782356710918 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Presses des Mines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 10:55:56
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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These proceedings document the various presentations at the Fourth Resilience Engineering Symposium held on June 8-10, 2011, in Sophia-Antipolis, France. The Symposium gathered participants from five continents and provided them with a forum to exchange experiences and problems, and to learn about Resilience Engineering from the latest scientific achievements to recent practical applications. The First Resilience Engineering Symposium was held in Söderköping, Sweden, on October 25-29 2004. Th...

Qualitätsmonitor 2019

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783954664030 9783954664344 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103642
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
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Die Qualität der Versorgung, ihre Sicherung, Verbesserung und Incentivierung sind das erklärte Ziel der Krankenhausgesetzgebung der letzten Jahre. Für die Diskussion über Bewertung, Vergütung und Kommunikation von Qualität im medizinischen Versorgungsgeschehen liefert der Qualitätsmonitor 2019 weitere Impulse. Das Werk greift jährlich relevante Themen aus stationärer und sektorenübergreifender Versorgung auf. Die Fachbeiträge gehen dabei der Frage nach, wie sich das Versorgungssystem unter Qualitätsaspekten gestalten lässt und wie Versorgungsqualität transparenter gemacht werden kann. Weiterhin werden Strukturanforderungen einer qualitätsorientierten medizinischen Versorgung diskutiert und die wissenschaftliche Evidenz zur Gestaltung relevanter Versorgungsbereiche zusammengefasst. Eine weitere Sektion zeigt Eckdaten zur Versorgungsstruktur und Qualitätsdaten der deutschen Krankenhäuser. Der Qualitätsmonitor 2019 unterstützt fundiert die Qualitätssicherungsdebatte in Deutschland.

Keywords

Medicine --- quality --- health care --- health system --- germany

Patient Centered Medicine

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ISBN: 9789535129912 9789535129929 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.5772/63030 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Patient-centered medicine is not an illness-centered, a physician-centered, or a hospital-centered medicine approach. In this book, it is aimed at presenting an approach to patient-centered medicine from the beginning of life to the end of life. As indicated by W. Osler, ""It is much more important to know what sort of a patient has a disease than what sort of a disease a patient has."" In our day, if the physicians and healthcare professionals could consider more than the diseased organ and provide healthcare by comforting the patients by respecting their values, beliefs, needs, and preferences; informing them and their relatives at every stage; and comforting the patients physically by controlling the pain and relieving their worries and fears, patients obeying the rules of physicians would become patients with high adaptation and participation to the treatment.

Teaching and Learning in Nursing

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535131533 9789535131540 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.5772/65314 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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A significant body of knowledge is the basis for a holistic, caring and scientific evidence-based nursing education in practice for professional development. Quality teaching leads to good learning and both aspects are two of the main issues of quality assurance in nursing education today. To begin with, not all nursing students have the same levels of motivation or learning abilities. It is with cognisance of providing quality care for patients that the role of the nurse educator has to be to enhance nursing students' learning using scientific evidence based teaching. Research around teaching and learning processes is an important part of the delivery of quality education, which in turn impacts on students' learning results and experiences, thereby, ensuring holistic biopsychosocial care to patients. The main aim of teaching and learning in nursing, at all levels, is to enhance the nurses' contribution to assist the individuals, families and communities in promoting and preserving health, well-being and to efficiently respond to illnesses. We hope that this book can be used as a resource to increase the body of knowledge in teaching and learning in nursing, thereby enhancing the role and contribution of health care professionals to clinical practice.

Fractal Analysis - Applications in Health Sciences and Social Sciences

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ISBN: 9789535132134 9789535132141 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68898 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Fractal analysis has entered a new era. The applications to different areas of knowledge have been surprising. Benoit Mandelbrot, creator of fractal geometry, would have been surprised by the use of fractal analysis presented in this book. Here we present the use of fractal geometry, in particular, fractal analysis in two sciences: health sciences and social sciences and humanities. Part 1 is Health Science. In it, we present the latest advances in cardiovascular signs, kidney images to determine cancer growth, EEG signals, magnetoencephalography signals, and photosensitive epilepsy. We show how it is possible to produce ultrasonic lenses or even sound focusing. In Part 2, we present the use of fractal analysis in social sciences and humanities. It includes anthropology, hierarchical scaling, human settlements, language, fractal dimension of different cultures, cultural traits, and Mesoamerican complexity. And in Part 3, we present a few useful tools for fractal analysis, such as graphs and correlation, self-affine and self-similar graphs, and correlation function. It is impossible to picture today's research without fractal geometry.

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