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Molecular Chaperones and Neurodegeneration

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453429 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-342-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Abstract

Molecular chaperones or heat-shock proteins (HSPs) play essential roles in safeguarding structural stability and preventing misfolding and aggregation of proteins, and maintaining the proteome functionality in the cell. For over two decades until the present time, new functions have been discovered and several molecular mechanisms have been elucidated for many chaperones, while the field is being continuously challenged by new open questions. Probably as a consequence of the increasing research on the molecular bases of neurodegenerative diseases, and the realisation that many such disorders are linked to protein misfolding processes, unleashing the roles and mechanisms of chaperones in the context of neurodegeneration has become a prime scientific goal. This e-book contains a diversity of reviews, perspective and original research articles highlighting the importance and potential of this emerging subject.

Molecular Mechanism of Alzheimer's Disease

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ISBN: 9783039214075 / 9783039214082 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-408-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an age-related neurological disease that affects tens of millions of people, in addition to their carers. Hallmark features of AD include plaques composed of amyloid beta, as well as neurofibrillary tangles of tau protein. However, despite more than a century of study, the cause of Alzheimer’s disease remains unresolved. The roles of amyloid beta and tau are being questioned and other causes of AD are now under consideration. The contributions of researchers, model organisms, and various hypotheses will be examined in this Special Issue.

Keywords

?-secretase --- amyloid beta --- calcium signaling --- drug target discovery --- endoplasmic reticulum --- inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor --- ion channel --- oxidative stress --- ryanodine receptor --- therapy --- amyloid-? oligomer --- protein aggregation --- A?O receptors --- Alzheimer’s disease --- neurodegeneration --- amyloid ? --- Alzheimer’s disease --- cognitive function --- dairy products --- dementia --- inflammation --- microglia --- Alzheimer’s disease --- yeast --- Tau --- amyloid ? --- ubiquitin --- aggregation --- oligomerization --- prion --- CDK5R1 --- lncRNAs --- Alzheimer’s disease --- miR-15/107 --- NEAT1 --- HOTAIR --- MALAT1 --- heat shock response --- heat shock protein --- Alzheimer’s disease --- beta amyloid --- yeast --- Alzheimer’s disease --- complement receptor 1 --- CR1 length polymorphism --- CR1 density --- complement C3b/C4b receptor --- complement --- dementia --- molecular biology --- neurosciences --- genetic risk --- Alzheimer’s disease --- brain glucose metabolism --- neuronal differentiation --- neuronal degeneration --- Prolyl isomerases --- Pin1 --- type 2 diabetes --- type 3 diabetes --- miR-34c --- dendritic spine --- Alzheimer’s disease --- Alzheimer’s disease --- positron emission tomography (PET) --- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) --- Alzheimer’s disease --- cystathionine-?-lyase CTH gene --- DNA methylation --- epigenetics --- epigenome-wide association study --- methylome --- methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase MTHFR gene --- nutrition --- S-adenosylmethionine --- vitamin B complex --- Alzheimer’s disease --- sleep disturbance --- sleep fragmentation --- slow-wave sleep --- amyloid beta --- tau --- proteostasis --- default-mode network --- cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia --- APOE gene --- apolipoprotein E --- DNA methylation --- mild cognitive impairment --- Hispanics

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