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Sustainable Energy Systems: From Primary to End-Use

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ISBN: 9783039210961 9783039210978 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-097-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

This book focuses on sustainable energy systems. While several innovative and alternative concepts are presented, the topics of energy policy, life cycle assessment, thermal energy, and renewable energy also play a major role. Models on various temporal and geographical scales are developed to understand the conditions of technical as well as organizational change. New methods of modeling, which can fulfil technical and physical boundary conditions and nevertheless consider economic environmental and social aspects, are also developed.

Keywords

Active Disturbance Rejection Control --- Probabilistic Robustness --- Monte Carlo --- secondary air regulation --- areal grey relational analysis --- fuzzy rough set --- game theory --- AHP --- uncertainty analysis --- coal-fired power unit --- renewable energy --- biomass --- torrefaction --- grindability --- rotary reactor --- generation system scheduling --- integrated model --- basic plan for long-term electricity supply and demand --- forecasting model for electricity demand --- biomass --- Pinus pinaster --- fuel --- heating value --- fuelwood value index --- energy density --- ash recovery --- peach --- Energy Life-Cycle Assessment --- post-harvest --- fuzzy logic control --- artificial neural networks control --- tidal stream generator --- swell effect disturbance --- doubly fed induction generator --- maximum power point tracking --- capacity investment --- market power --- wind resources --- dynamic planning --- stochastic approach --- levelized cost of energy --- photovoltaic with energy storage system --- HOMER simulation --- LCOE comparison --- sensitivity analysis --- transient impact --- renewable energy source penetration --- power system stability --- robust optimization --- renewable energy --- flexibility --- deficit --- uncertainty --- flexible resource --- energy storage systems --- active power harmonics filter --- electrostatic devices --- hysteresis switching --- op-amp --- power electronics --- power supply reliability --- electricity --- manufacturing industry --- choice experiment --- willingness to pay --- nexus concept --- energy modelling --- resource efficiency --- renewable energy --- low-carbon economy --- forecasting --- multilayer perception --- photovoltaic --- sustainable energy --- pseudo-Huber loss --- energy from biomass --- textile industrial sector --- alternative energy --- SWOT analysis --- energy costs --- Internet of Things --- thermodynamic cycle concepts --- sustainability --- modified cycle concepts --- efficiency --- energy systems --- renewable energies --- wind power plants --- hollow rollers --- large bearings

Biomass Chars: Elaboration, Characterization and Applications ?

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ISBN: 9783039216628 9783039216635 Year: Pages: 342 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-663-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Biomass can be converted to energy, biofuels, and bioproducts via thermochemical conversion processes, such as combustion, pyrolysis, and gasification. Combustion technology is most widely applied on an industrial scale. However, biomass gasification and pyrolysis processes are still in the research and development stage. The major products from these processes are syngas, bio-oil, and char (called also biochar for agronomic application). Among these products, biomass chars have received increasing attention for different applications, such as gasification, co-combustion, catalysts or adsorbents precursors, soil amendment, carbon fuel cells, and supercapacitors. This Special Issue provides an overview of biomass char production methods (pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, etc.), characterization techniques (e.g., scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, nitrogen adsorption, Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and temperature programmed desorption and mass spectrometry), their properties, and their suitable recovery processes.

Keywords

biomass production --- multicriteria model --- ELECTRE III --- combustion --- oxygen enrichment --- low-rank coal char --- char oxidation --- reaction kinetics --- salty food waste --- FT-IR --- pyrolysis --- biochar --- NaCl --- hydrothermal carbonization --- anaerobic digestion --- poultry slaughterhouse --- sludge cake --- energy recovery efficiency --- gasification --- kinetic model --- active site --- chemisorption --- hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) --- Chinese reed --- biocrude --- biochar --- high heating value (HHV) --- biochar --- steam --- gasification --- chemical speciation --- AAEMs --- underground coal gasification --- ash layer --- effective diffusion coefficient --- internal diffusion resistance --- pyrolysis --- hydrothermal carbonization --- biochar engineering --- porosity --- nutrients --- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) --- nitrogen --- biomass --- amino acid --- pyrrole --- NOx --- pyrolysis --- grape marc --- kinetic models --- characterization --- pyrolysis --- Texaco pilot plant --- reactor modelling --- ash fusion temperature (AFT) --- melting phenomenon --- food waste compost --- sawdust --- pyrolysis --- biochar --- thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) --- calorific value --- biogas purification --- coconut shells --- biomass valorization --- textural characterization --- adsorption isotherms --- breakthrough curves --- olive mill solid wastes (OMSWs) --- fixed bed combustor --- pellets --- combustion parameters --- gaseous emissions --- waste wood --- interactions --- interferences --- partial combustion reaction in gasification --- Boudouard reaction in gasification --- MTDATA --- biomass --- steam gasification --- kinetics --- pyrolysis conditions --- thermogravimetric analysis --- characteristic time analysis --- biomass --- combustion --- thermogravimetric analysis --- kinetic parameters --- thermal characteristics --- food waste --- food-waste biochar --- pyrolysis --- NaCl template --- desalination --- biochar --- ash from biomass --- giant miscanthus --- fertilisation --- CO2 adsorption --- CH4 adsorption --- biomass --- activated carbon --- n/a

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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english (2)


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2019 (2)