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Languages of Science in the Eighteenth Century

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ISBN: 9783110255058 9783110255065 Year: Pages: 365 DOI: 10.1515/9783110255065 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100192
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:56
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The eighteenth century is an important period both in the history of science and in the history of languages. In this volume, seventeen authors explore, from a variety of angles, the construction of a scientific language and discourse. The chapters explore the forming of scientific communities, the emergence of new languages of science, the spread of scientific ideas, and the development of scientific writing.

Orthographies in Early Modern Europe

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ISBN: 9783110288124 9783110288179 Year: Pages: 383 DOI: 10.1515/9783110288179 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100194
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:02
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This volume provides, for the first time, a pan-European view of the development of written languages at a key time in their history: that of the 16th century. The major cultural and intellectual upheavals that affected Europe at the time - Humanism, the Reformation and the emergence of modern nation-states - were not isolated phenomena, and the evolution of the orthographical systems of European languages shows a large number of convergences, due to the mobility of scholars, ideas and technological innovations throughout the period.

Language Dispersal Beyond Farming

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ISBN: 9789027264640 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.1075/z.215 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 09:51:49
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Why do some languages wither and die, while others prosper and spread? Around the turn of the millennium a number of archaeologists such as Colin Renfrew and Peter Bellwood made the controversial claim that many of the world’s major language families owe their dispersal to the adoption of agriculture by their early speakers. In this volume, their proposal is reassessed by linguists, investigating to what extent the economic dependence on plant cultivation really impacted language spread in various parts of the world. Special attention is paid to "tricky" language families such as Eskimo-Aleut, Quechua, Aymara, Bantu, Indo-European, Transeurasian, Turkic, Japano-Koreanic, Hmong-Mien and Trans-New Guinea, that cannot unequivocally be regarded as instances of Farming/Language Dispersal, even if subsistence played a role in their expansion.

A Comparative Grammar of the Early Germanic Languages

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Book Series: Studies in Germanic Linguistics ISSN: 2452-2120 ISBN: 9789027263124 9789027263131 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 435 DOI: 10.1075/sigl.3 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-13 10:20:28
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Fulk’s Comparative Grammar offers an overview of and bibliographical guide to the study of the phonology and the inflectional morphology of the earliest Germanic languages, with particular attention to Gothic, Old Norse / Icelandic, Old English, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, and Old High German, along with some attention to the more sparsely attested languages. The sounds and inflections of the oldest Germanic languages are compared, with a view to reconstructing the forms they took in Proto-Germanic and comparing those reconstructed forms with what is known of the Indo-European protolanguage. Students will find the book an informative introduction and a bibliographically instructive point of departure for intensive research in the numerous issues that remain profoundly contested in early Germanic language history.

Letters as Loot. A sociolinguistic approach to seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Dutch

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 22141057 ISBN: 9789027269577 Year: Pages: xiii, 426 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.2 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 11:14:12
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The study of letter writing is at the heart of the historical-sociolinguistic enterprise. Private letters, in particular, offer an unprecedented view on language history. This book presents an in-depth study of the language of letters focussing on a unique collection of Dutch private letters from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, which comprises letters from the lower, middle and upper ranks, written by men as well as women.The book discusses the key issues of formulaic language and the degree of orality of private letters, it questions the importance of letter-writing manuals, and reveals remarkable patterns of social, regional and gender variation in a wide range of linguistic features. Arguing for writing experience as an important factor in historical linguistics generally, the book offers numerous new perspectives on the history of Dutch.The monograph is of interest to a wide readership, ranging from scholars of historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, Germanic linguistics, sociology and social history to (advanced) graduate and postgraduate students in courses on language variation and change.

The Dawn of Dutch. Language contact in the Western Low Countries before 1200

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Book Series: NOWELE Supplement Series ISSN: 0900-8675 ISBN: 9789027264503 Year: Pages: 631 DOI: 10.1075/nss.30 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 09:42:48
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The Low Countries are famous for their radically changing landscape over the last 1,000 years. Like the landscape, the linguistic situation has also undergone major changes. In Holland, an early form of Frisian was spoken until, very roughly, 1100, and in parts of North Holland it disappeared even later. The hunt for traces of Frisian or Ingvaeonic in the dialects of the western Low Countries has been going on for around 150 years, but a synthesis of the available evidence has never appeared. The main aim of this book is to fill that gap. It follows the lead of many recent studies on the nature and effects of language contact situations in the past. The topic is approached from two different angles: Dutch dialectology, in all its geographic and diachronic variation, and comparative Germanic linguistics. In the end, the minute details and the bigger picture merge into one possible account of the early and high medieval processes that determined the make-up of western Dutch.

Patterns of Change in 18th-century English. A sociolinguistic approach

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 2214-1057 ISBN: 9789027201034 9789027263834 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.8 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 14:35:22
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Eighteenth-century English is often associated with normative grammar. But to what extent did prescriptivism impact ongoing processes of linguistic change? The authors of this volume examine a variety of linguistic changes in a corpus of personal correspondence, including the auxiliary do, verbal -sand the progressive aspect, and they conclude that direct normative influence on them must have been minimal. The studies are contextualized by discussions of the normative tradition and the correspondence corpus, and of eighteenth-century English society and culture. Basing their work on a variationist sociolinguistic approach, the authors introduce the models and methods they have used to trace the progress of linguistic changes in the “long” eighteenth century, 1680–1800. Aggregate findings are balanced by analysing individuals and their varying participation in these processes. The final chapter places these results in a wider context and considers them in relation to past sociolinguistic work.One of the major findings of the studies is that in most cases the overall pace of change was slow. Factors retarding change include speaker evaluation and repurposing outgoing features, in particular, for certain styles and registers.

Studies in Övdalian Morphology and Syntax: New research on a lesser-known Scandinavian language

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Book Series: Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today ISSN: 01660829 ISBN: 9789027269133 Year: Pages: v, 232 pp. DOI: 10.1075/la.221 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-13 15:56:39
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Övdalian is spoken in central Sweden by about 2000 speakers. Traditionally categorized as a dialect of Swedish, it has not received much international attention. However, Övdalian is typologically closer to Faroese or Icelandic than it is to Swedish, and since it has been spoken in relative isolation for about 1000 years, a number of interesting linguistic archaisms have been preserved and innovations have developed. This volume provides seven papers about Övdalian morphology and syntax. The papers, all based on extensive fieldwork, cover topics such as verb movement, subject doubling, wh-words and case in Övdalian. Constituting the first comprehensive linguistic description of Övdalian in English, this volume is of interest for linguists in the fields of Scandinavian and Germanic linguistics, and also historical linguists will be thrilled by some of the presented data. The data and the analyses presented here furthermore challenge our view of the morphosyntax of the Scandinavian languages in some cases – as could be expected when a new language enters the linguistic arena.

Language Planning as Nation Building: Ideology, policy and implementation in the Netherlands, 1750–1850

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 2214-1057 ISBN: 9789027202406 9789027262769 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.9 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-20 13:51:08
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The decades around 1800 constitute the seminal period of European nationalism. The linguistic corollary of this was the rise of standard language ideology, from Finland to Spain, and from Iceland to the Habsburg Empire. Amidst these international events, the case of Dutch in the Netherlands offers a unique example. After the rise of the ideology from the 1750s onwards, the new discourse of one language–one nation was swiftly transformed into concrete top-down policies aimed at the dissemination of the newly devised standard language across the entire population of the newly established Dutch nation-state. Thus, the Dutch case offers an exciting perspective on the concomitant rise of cultural nationalism, national language planning and standard language ideology. This study offers a comprehensive yet detailed analysis of these phenomena by focussing on the ideology underpinning the new language policy, the institutionalisation of this ideology in metalinguistic discourse, the implementation of the policy in education, and the effects of the policy on actual language use.

Creole Studies – Phylogenetic Approaches

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789027265739 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.1075/z.211 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-12 12:37:47
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This book launches a new approach to creole studies founded on phylogenetic network analysis. Phylogenetic approaches offer new visualisation techniques and insights into the relationships between creoles and non-creoles, creoles and other contact varieties, and between creoles and lexifier languages. With evidence from creole languages in Africa, Asia, the Americas, and the Pacific, the book provides new perspectives on creole typology, cross-creole comparisons, and creole semantics. The book offers an introduction for newcomers to the fields of creole studies and phylogenetic analysis. Using these methods to analyse a variety of linguistic features, both structural and semantic, the book then turns to explore old and new questions and problems in creole studies. Original case studies explore the differences and similarities between creoles, and propose solutions to the problems of how to classify creoles and how they formed and developed. The book provides a fascinating glimpse into the unity and heterogeneity of creoles and the areal influences on their development. It also provides metalinguistic discussions of the “creole” concept from different perspectives. Finally, the book reflects critically on the findings and methods, and sets new agendas for future studies. Creole Studies has been written for a broad readership of scholars and students in the fields of contact linguistics, biolinguistics, sociolinguistics, language typology, and semantics.

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