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Emotional Minds

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ISBN: 9783110260908 9783110260922 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626358 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100221
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:36
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The thoroughly contemporary question of the relationship between emotion and reason was debated with such complexity by the philosophers of the 17th century that their concepts remain a source of inspiration for today`s research about the emotionality of the mind. The analyses of the works of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, and many other thinkers collected in this volume offer new insights into the diversity and significance of philosophical reflections about emotions during the early modern era. A focus is placed on affective components in learning processes and the boundaries between emotions and reason.

Health, Rights and Dignity

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ISBN: 9783110319262 9783110319712 Year: DOI: 10.1515/9783110319712 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100238
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:44
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The idea that there is such a thing as a human right to health has become pervasive. It has not only been acknowledged by a variety of international law documents and thus entered the political realm but is also defended in academic circles. Yet, despite its prominence the human right to health remains something of a mystery - especially with respect to its philosophical underpinnings. Addressing this unfortunate and intellectually dangerous insufficiency, this book critically assesses the stipulation that health is a human right which - as international law holds - derives from the inherent dignity of the human person. Scrutinising the concepts underlying this stipulation (health, rights, dignity), it shall conclude that such right cannot be upheld from a philosophical perspective.

Kant's Philosophy of the Unconscious

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ISBN: 9783110204032 9783110265408 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626365 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100223
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:50
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In the 20th century, the role of the unconscious in Kant`s philosophy has been in great part neglected by Kant scholars. Nevertheless, the unconscious, the other of consciousness, is a key problem of the critical philosophy. The purpose of the volume is to fill a substantial gap in Kant research and to offer a complete survey of the topic in different areas of research, such as history of philosophy, philosophy of mind, aesthetics, moral philosophy, and anthropology.

Where is Medieval Philosophy going?

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ISBN: 9782722604308 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-04 11:23:49
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Where is medieval philosophy going? It is going to where philosophy is. And it is there where philosophy is going. It became medieval once the Middle Ages were over. It was only philosophy when the Middle Ages were still saeculum modernorum, the “century of the Moderns”, for those living in it. Today, it is going there where she or he who wants to recount, that is, to relate its history, must go. The archaeology of the subject draws us, in any case, through space and time, from the Council of...

Kant und die Imagination der Tiere

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ISBN: 9783835391154 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.18148/KOPS/352-2-1M3CZBPI9A5B70 Language: German
Publisher: Konstanz University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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Kant's reflections on animals open up a hitherto overlooked approach to his conception of human intuition and imagination. In her book, Rahel Villinger shows how Kant's aesthetics, epistemology, and theory of history must be reread against the background of the assumption of sensible cognition in non-rational animals. Kant as a frigid thinker of human reason, who sees in the forces of sensibility nothing but immorality and animal baseness: this prejudice is still widespread. However, sensibility for Kant is first and foremost an autonomous and independent faculty of cognition through intuition and imagination. In this way, Kant’s account of sensibility differs radically from that of the rationalist school philosophy of his day and also from the newly emerging philosophy of German idealism. Furthermore, Kant thought that we need the imagination of other animals to be able to critically think our own. Therefore, an imagination of animals with Kant includes both: the notion of a superhuman power of purely sensible intuition and imagination whose singularity and immediacy reflect the perfection and infinity of divine intuition; and the specific imagination of rational animals, whose descriptive activity combines image and writing, intuition and concept, and which becomes possible only through the imagination of their prehistorical origin - their animal prototype. Kant’s reflections on animals thus reveal a hidden ambiguity in his thinking of sensible nature, which lives on in the foundations of modern aesthetics, poetics, and image theory.

Fines Hominis? Zur Geschichte der philosophischen Anthropologiekritik

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783837629569 9783839429563 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.14361/9783839429563 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Institut für Designforschung der ZHdK
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-09 11:01:15
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For a good 50 years now, theses of »vanishing humanity«, its »dissolution«, or its »end« have been haunting philosophy. People constantly speak of the »death of the subject«. From Kant, Hegel, and Marx to Nietzsche, Heidegger, Adorno, and Foucault, a philosophical skepticism is manifesting which concerns »man«, pointing beyond him. This volume sheds light on the backgrounds and meanings of these »post-modern« postulations without succumbing to polemic prejudice. The different contributions reconstruct the historically relevant criticisms that speak out against an anthropological exaltation and absolutization of »mankind«. At the same time, the volume takes a philosophical stance against the current trend of naturalist images of humanity being revived in biological sciences and brain research.

Wilhelm Windelband und die Psychologie. Das Fach Philosophie und die Wissenschaft Psychologie im Deutschen Kaiserreich

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ISBN: 9783946054283 9783946054290 9783946054399 Year: Pages: 706 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.203.276 Language: German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Psychology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-06 12:58:23
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Wilhelm Windelband (1848-1915) was a professor of philosophy during the German Empire, leader of the south-west German school of neo-Kantianism and an influential, if somewhat opinionated, public speaker.Neo-Kantianism was linked with opposition to the discipline of psychology and Windelband is noted in the history of science as nurturing a pronounced dislike of psychology, and of polemically expressing this opinion. The reality, presented here for the first time, looks different. He championed at an early stage the independence of psychology, worked on a book about psychology and gave more than twenty lectures about psychology. The institutional background concerning the difficult relationship between philosophy and psychology is examined, and shows that Windelband was not an isolated case in the history of philosophy.

Ethik und Moral im Wiener Kreis

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ISBN: 9783205795339 Year: Pages: 450 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_480332 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 120
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:01:51
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This monograph undertakes a long-overdue revision of the prevailing view on the role and conception of ethics and morality in the Vienna Circle. This view is rejected as being too partial and undifferentiated.

Embodiment in Evolution and Culture

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ISBN: 9783161547362 9783161549014 Year: DOI: 10.1628/9783161549014 Language: English
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101760
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-26 11:01:50
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From its beginnings, the theory of evolution has unsettled fundamental anthropological assumptions about the place of human beings in nature. The integration of human origins into natural history by Darwinism was countered by the philosophical anthropologies of the 20th century. Their attempts were to hold on even more resolutely to the special status of humans as beings 'open towards the world'. Today, evolutionary and philosophical anthropology have moved closer together via the paradigm of embodiment. Building on embodied cognitive science, this volume aims to establish how far the human mind and human cultural cognition can be attributed to the structures of human existence, structures which have emerged in the course of evolution and have in turn been affected by culture. The traditional dualism of nature and culture is transformed into an explanation of an evolutionary process in which body and mind are understood to be intertwined and mutually constitutive.

Solidarität und Solidarismus

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837641813 9783839441817 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839441817 [2] Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103344
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Der Begriff der Solidarität, der in der Zeit nach der Französischen Revolution geprägt wurde, steht in einer spezifischen Spannung zu den liberalen Sozialtheorien des 18. Jahrhunderts. Während er in den Sozialwissenschaften, bei Comte und Durkheim, als zentrale Beschreibungskategorie arbeitsteiliger Gesellschaften fungiert, avanciert er im Solidarismus der Jahrhundertwende (u.a. bei Léon Bourgeois) zum republikanischen Legitimationskonzept des entstehenden Wohlfahrtsstaates. Im 20. Jahrhundert erlebt er dann jedoch theoretisch und programmatisch einen eigentümlichen Niedergang. Hermann-Josef Große Kracht wirft in seiner Ideengeschichte des Solidaritätsbegriffes die Frage nach einem 'Neustart solidaristischer Vernunft' auf.

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