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Penicilina em Portugal (anos 40-50 do século XX): receção, importação e primeiros tratamentos

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Book Series: Ciências e Culturas ISBN: 9789892612232 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1224-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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In September 1944, Portugal began to import a regular supply of penicillin from the US. The Portuguese Red Cross scrupulously controlled the supply distribution of the antibiotic. In 1945, as world production increased, penicillin began to be distributed through regular channels. The analysis of archive material concerning the reception and distribution of penicillin enabled the author to ascertain how they took place and present case study regarding the first treatments with the antibiotic in Portugal, in Coimbra University Hospitals.

Spital als Lebensform, Band 2

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ISBN: 9783205796398 Year: Pages: 720 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574672 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 257
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:20
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The voluminous publication edits 203 such items covering all of the Austrian territories from the Late Middle Ages to the 19th century. Hospital rules, instructions for hospital staff, job descriptions, special rules as, for example, prayer orders and dietaries, but also inventories were meant to channel the way of life of inmates and staff. Each of the edited sources is accompanied by a survey on the history of the hospital and a comment contextualising the contents, which necessitated pioneering archival research in many cases where no serious scholarly treatment of the hospitals’ history was available.First volume: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:799

Spital als Lebensform, Band 1

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ISBN: 9783205796398 Year: Pages: 430 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574659 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 257
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:02
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The voluminous publication edits 203 such items covering all of the Austrian territories from the Late Middle Ages to the 19th century. Hospital rules, instructions for hospital staff, job descriptions, special rules as, for example, prayer orders and dietaries, but also inventories were meant to channel the way of life of inmates and staff. Each of the edited sources is accompanied by a survey on the history of the hospital and a comment contextualising the contents, which necessitated pioneering archival research in many cases where no serious scholarly treatment of the hospitals’ history was available.Second volume: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:800

Joseph Guillaume Desmaisons Dupallans

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ISBN: 8884534739 8884534747 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_356351 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Psychiatry --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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In 1840, a French alienist, or psychiatrist, Joseph Guillaume Desmaisons Dupallans, visited a number of Italian asylums with the objective of discovering the best solution for the institute he was planning to set up in the vicinity of Bordeaux. This book comprises an Italian translation of the notes he made on this trip, conserved in a manuscript in the library of the former psychiatric hospital of San Salvi (Florence). Offering an extremely precise and detailed review of the structures visited, the work is a fascinating and important source for the reconstruction of the history of the institutes for the insane in Italy and also for the history of psychiatry itself.

Health Care Financing and Affordability in the Emerging Global Markets

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198375 Year: Pages: 95 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-837-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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During the recent few decades, global economic growth has been driven largely by developing world economies. The ones with the most intensive pace of development were marked as “emerging“ markets led by so called BRICS and N-11 countries. Such changes inevitably reflected the global health arena. A number of issues previously limited to established high-income economies became popularly discussed topics on the agendas of public health policy makers across these regions. Major challenges remain population aging, rising incidence of prosperity diseases, lack of universal insurance coverage and particularly provision of just and equitable access to medical care among the poor both in urban and rural communities. A significant part of the difficulties faced by these societies are attributed to inefficient resource allocation strategies in health care and unsatisfactory funding strategies. This Research Topic was created in order to address the core challenges of medical care financing and its affordability across the emerging global markets. Contributions of both undergoing or finished original research as well as review style papers are welcomed. All submitted manuscripts should deal with issues relevant to health care economics and policy in recognized global emerging markets. Outside the aforementioned key markets (BRICS- Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa; Next 11- Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, South Korea, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Turkey and Vietnam) submissions referring to any of the dynamically developing Asian, Latin America, Eastern Europe or MENA countries are encouraged. In addition to a variety of health-economic evaluations and health policy analysis, methodological and resource use studies are within the Topic scope. Health policy considerations should be primarily focused on financing mechanisms and affordability of health care although other surrounding issues such as health insurance, reimbursement and cost-containment strategies will be considered.

Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48

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ISBN: 9781526114358 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-17 11:01:15
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"There were only three decades in British history when it was the norm for patients to pay the hospital; those between the end of the First World War and the establishment of the National Health Service in 1948. At a time when payment is claiming a greater place than ever before within the NHS, this book uses a case study of the wealthy southern city of Bristol as the starting point for the first in-depth investigation of the workings, scale and meaning of payment in British hospitals before the NHS. Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918-48 questions what it meant to be asked to contribute financially to the hospital by the medical social worker, known then as the Lady Almoner, or to subscribe to a pseudo-insurance hospital contributory scheme. It challenges the false assumption that middle-class paying patients crowded out the sick poor. Hopes and fears, at the time and since, that this would have an empowering or democratising effect or that commercial medicine would bring about the end of medical charity, were all wide of the mark. In fact, payment and philanthropy found a surprisingly traditional accommodation, which ensured the rise of universal healthcare was mitigated and mediated by long-standing class distinctions while financial contribution became a new marker of good citizenship.

Anyone interested in these changing notions of citizenship, charity and money, as well as the hospital as a social institution within the community in early twentieth-century Britain, will find this book a valuable companion."

Entgrenzungen des Wahnsinns. Psychopathie und Psychopathologisierungen um 1900

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Book Series: Schriften des Historischen Kollegs ISSN: 2190-1392 ISBN: 9783110443493 Year: Volume: 93 Pages: 315,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110443493 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38

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The rise of psychiatry in the second half of the 19th century was accompanied by a number of dislocations. Modern artistic tendencies, deviant sexual behavior, and other maladaptive social behavior patterns were psycho-pathologized, and the notion of insanity took on new connotations. The book discusses these diverse phenomena in an original and insightful way with reference to institutional, conceptual, and case examples.

Biofilm-Based Nosocomial Infections

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ISBN: 9783038421351 9783038421368 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-136-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-12 12:14:31
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Microbial biofilms have been implicated in a large number of acute and chronic infections, as well as in the failure of antibiotic treatment, particularly in hospitalized patients. In fact, the well-known persistence in the nosocomial environment of multidrug resistant microorganisms is believed to be highly promoted by the ability of the great majority of the involved bacterial and fungal species to adhere on living or abiotic surfaces, and to grow in sessile mode, to form single- or multi-species biofilms. In these communities, microbes grow encased in a hydrated matrix of extracellular polymeric substances produced by themselves and are well protected from the host immune response and the attack of antimicrobial molecules. Thus, the establishment of microbial biofilm communities on the mucosal and soft tissues of hospitalized patients, as well as on the surfaces of indwelling devices and medical instruments, is expected to have a great influence on the success of the antibiotic therapies against most of the bugs involved in nosocomial infections, being biofilm-growing bacteria and fungi much less susceptible to antibiotics.

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