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Comparative Approaches to Informal Housing Around the Globe

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Book Series: Fringe ISBN: 9781787355217 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787355217 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-13 11:21:04
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Comparative Approaches to Informal Housing Around the Globe brings together historians, anthropologists, political scientists, sociologists, urban planners and political activists to break new ground in the globalisation of knowledge about informal housing. Providing both methodological reflections and practical examples, they compare informal settlements, unauthorised occupation of flats, illegal housing construction and political squatting in different regions of the world. Subjects covered include squatter settlements in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan, squatting activism in Brazil and Spain, right-wing squatting in Germany, planning laws and informality across countries in the Global North, and squatting in post-Second World War UK and Australia.

Keywords

housing --- informality --- global --- squatting

Community-Led Regeneration

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781787356061 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787356061 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-06 07:12:59
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Through seven London case studies of communities opposing social housing demolition and/or proposing community-led plans, Community-Led Regeneration offers a toolkit of planning mechanisms and other strategies that residents and planners working with communities can use to resist demolition and propose community-led schemes. The case studies are Walterton and Elgins Community Homes, West Ken and Gibbs Green Community Homes, Cressingham Gardens Community, Greater Carpenters Neighbourhood Forum, Focus E15, People’s Empowerment Alliance for Custom House (PEACH), and Alexandra and Ainsworth Estates. Together, these case studies represent a broad overview of groups that formed as a reaction to proposed demolitions of residents' housing, and groups that formed as a way to manage residents' homes and public space better.

Keywords

housing --- community --- regeneration --- London

The House as a Product

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Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995470 9781614995487 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-548-7-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 15:28:37
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Industrialized housing has been a common phenomenon in the building industry since the industrial revolution; the casting of iron components enabled Victorian iron casters to prefabricate entire buildings and to export them to all British colonies. It got a second boost from Modernist architects like Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius and Konrad Wachsmann; and a third boost in the US when the soldiers came back from the Second World War in 1945 and wanted to buy a ready-made house. In the later decades of the 20th century composite prototypes were built. Timber frame houses are extremely popular in low density areas worldwide. For densely populated areas housing is now firmly attached to reinforced concrete. The contracting industries have developed efficient building methods for the concrete structures on which separate systems of claddings are fixed to form a house.However, in the coming decades, designers, builders and scientists also have to keep the environment in mind, working with a minimal amount of materials, and for minimizing embodied energy and energy use. In the coming age minimal embodied energy and low ecological footprints are renewed values that will be added to energy-positive housing and that will have an influence on the building technology of the future. This will lead to a reformation of the building vocabulary. Other materials will have to be chosen and developed to function in building elements and components.

Chapter 9 The housing careers of younger adults and intergenerational support in Germany’s ‘society of renters’ (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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Through narrative interviews with younger adults and their parents , this paper explores how the housing transitions of younger adults, both within the rental sector and into homeownership, are shaped through intergenerational intra-family support in Germany’s society of renters. Our fi ndings highlight the profound qualitative diff erences between regular transfers for establishing and retaining residential independence in the rental sector and inter vivos gifts for house purchase. Where the former support type is given and taken unconditionally, transfers for house purchase follow a diff erent logic and carry diff erent meanings. Being a necessary condition for property acquisition at young age, they have the power to completely rebalance family relations and undermine younger adults’ autonomy accordingly. In an aggregate perspective, our study further suggests increasing socio-spatial inequalities within the younger generation which run along both class and spatial origin, sharply dividing the housing market opportunities of ‘original Berliners’ and those who have moved to the city from more affl uent regions in Germany.

Using Evidence to End Homelessness

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781447354109 Year: Pages: 272 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:26
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Available open access under CC-BY-NC license. The Centre for Homelessness Impact brings together this urgent book gathering the insights of leaders in government, academia and the third sector to present new evidence-based strategies to end homelessness. Contributors advocate for a new movement that embraces data and evidence to end homelessness effectively, providing crucial methods to underpin future policy, practice and funding decisions.

Self-Build Homes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911576877 Year: Pages: 332 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-17 11:01:53
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Self-Build Homes connects the burgeoning interdisciplinary research on self-build with commentary from leading international figures in the self-build and wider housing sector. Through their focus on community, dwelling, home and identity, the chapters explore the various meanings of self-build housing, encouraging new directions for discussions about self-building and calling for the recognition of the social dimensions of this process, from consideration of the structures, policies and practices that shape it, through to the lived experience of individuals and households. Divided into four parts – Discourse, Rationale, Meaning; Values, Lifestyles, Imaginaries; Community and Identity; and Perspectives from Practice – the volume comes at a time of renewed focus from policy managers and practitioners, as well as prospective builders themselves, on self-build as a means for producing homes that are more stylised, affordable and appropriate for the specific needs of households. It responds to recent advances in housing and planning policy, while also bringing this into conversation with interdisciplinary perspectives from across the social sciences on housing, home and homemaking. In this way, the book seeks to update understandings of self-build and to account for housing as a distinctly social process.

Chapter 8 Intergenerational support for autonomous living in a post-socialist housing market (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 19 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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This paper explores housing trajectories of young adults and practices of intergenerational support in Romania drawing on narratives of a group of people aged 25–39 living (quasi-) autonomously in Bucharest, and those of kin that support them. It describes three housing arrangements in which family (parental) resources and property play an important role, and argues that in this context of high interdependence, unequal relationships develop between parents and adult children marked by professed entitlement on the part of children and controlling generosity on the part of parents. It shows how interdependent practices of homemaking and material support combine to shape housing trajectories and defi ne the boundaries of ownership over homes that are shared, gifted or given in use within kin networks, sheltering young adults from the vagaries of the market.

Chapter 1 Housing careers, intergenerational support and family relations (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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The home and family have always been mutually embedded, with the former central to the realization and reproduction of the latter. More recently, this mutuality has taken on a more critical salience as realignments in housing markets, employment and welfare states in many countries have worked together to undermine housing access for new households. In this context, families have become increasingly involved in smoothening the routes of young adults members up the ‘housing ladder’ into home ownership. Intergenerational support appears to have become much more widespread and not just confi ned to familialistic welfare regimes. The role of intergenerational support for housing remains, however, highly diff erentiated across countries, cities and regions, as well as uneven between social and income classes. This introduction to the Special Issue explores how the role of housing wealth transfers has impacted the renegotiation of the generational contract. In doing so, it sets the scene for the articles that follow, each of which contribute signifi cantly to advancing understanding of housing as a key driver of contemporary social relations and inequalities.

The Politics of Housing in (Post-)Colonial Africa. Accommodating workers and urban residents

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783110601183 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.1515/9783110601183 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-20 12:28:25
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Housing matters, no matter when or where. This volume of collected essays on housing in colonial and postcolonial Africa seeks to elaborate the how and the why. It concentrates on analyzing housing in its multifacetedness, be it a lens to offer insights into complex processes that shape societies be it a tool of empire to exercise control over private relations of inhabitants or be it a means to create good, obedient and productive citizens.

Barton Myers

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781950192151 9781950192168 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0249.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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"Drawing on the vast archival resources of its Architecture and Design Collection, the UCSB Art, Design & Architecture Museum (University of California, Santa Barbara) presents an assessment of 50 years of design by Barton Myers (b. 1934), beginning with his work in the Toronto firm A.J. Diamond and Barton Myers (1967–1975) to his own offices in Toronto and Los Angeles, Barton Myers Associates (1975–present). Myers’s strongest architectural ideas come out of the planning strategies of his early neighborhood activism in 1970s Toronto, his grounding in history, and his training in the classical traditions of site and space planning. Barton Myers is an avowed urbanist—a self-described radical in his early advocacy of old-fashioned qualities like density, mixed-use of new and re-purposed materials, and contextual planning in the late 1960s when that fundamentally conservative position was considered counter-culture. Myers’ urban manifesto was codified in “Vacant Lottery,” the title of the Design Quarterly issue co-edited by Myers and Canadian architect and educator George Baird in 1978 and which led to a renewal of interest in urban planning and offered a strategy for increasing population densities within cities while preserving the existing residential fabric. The term lived on long past the journal’s circulation cycle as both an urban infill strategy and an acknowledgment of the ceding of city planning responsibility to the “lottery” of private developers. Myers’s design practice has thus always been a social justice practice as well. Myers is also a brilliant designer of residential houses that take advantage of local landscape contexts and adaptive reuse of building materials, including steel and glass. Five essays – on urban planning, civic structures, reuse of historic buildings, single- and multi-family housing, and theaters – reinforce Myers’s commitment to urbanism and reveal his flexibility with modes of modernism. Natalie Shivers introduces the early planning work in Toronto and traces the “vacant lottery” idea of neighborhood infill to the influential Grand Avenue project in Los Angeles. Howard Shubert examines the architectural and planning strategies, and political complexities, of several civic structures in Canada and the United States. Luis Hoyos explores Myers’s additions and adaptations to historic buildings in diverse urban contexts. Lauren Bricker focuses on the use of steel and other industrial materials in Myers’s houses and analyses the neighborhood-based designs of his multi-family housing. Charles Oakley describes the technical innovations, site planning, and historical underpinnings of Myers’s theaters and performance complexes."

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