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The House as a Product

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Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995470 9781614995487 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-548-7-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 15:28:37
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Industrialized housing has been a common phenomenon in the building industry since the industrial revolution; the casting of iron components enabled Victorian iron casters to prefabricate entire buildings and to export them to all British colonies. It got a second boost from Modernist architects like Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius and Konrad Wachsmann; and a third boost in the US when the soldiers came back from the Second World War in 1945 and wanted to buy a ready-made house. In the later decades of the 20th century composite prototypes were built. Timber frame houses are extremely popular in low density areas worldwide. For densely populated areas housing is now firmly attached to reinforced concrete. The contracting industries have developed efficient building methods for the concrete structures on which separate systems of claddings are fixed to form a house.However, in the coming decades, designers, builders and scientists also have to keep the environment in mind, working with a minimal amount of materials, and for minimizing embodied energy and energy use. In the coming age minimal embodied energy and low ecological footprints are renewed values that will be added to energy-positive housing and that will have an influence on the building technology of the future. This will lead to a reformation of the building vocabulary. Other materials will have to be chosen and developed to function in building elements and components.

Chapter 9 The housing careers of younger adults and intergenerational support in Germany’s ‘society of renters’ (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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Through narrative interviews with younger adults and their parents ,&#xD;this paper explores how the housing transitions of younger adults,&#xD;both within the rental sector and into homeownership, are shaped&#xD;through intergenerational intra-family support in Germany’s&#xD;society of renters. Our fi ndings highlight the profound qualitative&#xD;diff erences between regular transfers for establishing and retaining&#xD;residential independence in the rental sector and inter vivos gifts for&#xD;house purchase. Where the former support type is given and taken&#xD;unconditionally, transfers for house purchase follow a diff erent&#xD;logic and carry diff erent meanings. Being a necessary condition for&#xD;property acquisition at young age, they have the power to completely&#xD;rebalance family relations and undermine younger adults’ autonomy&#xD;accordingly. In an aggregate perspective, our study further suggests&#xD;increasing socio-spatial inequalities within the younger generation&#xD;which run along both class and spatial origin, sharply dividing the&#xD;housing market opportunities of ‘original Berliners’ and those who&#xD;have moved to the city from more affl uent regions in Germany.

Self-Build Homes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911576877 Year: Pages: 332 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-17 11:01:53
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Self-Build Homes connects the burgeoning interdisciplinary research on self-build with commentary from leading international figures in the self-build and wider housing sector. Through their focus on community, dwelling, home and identity, the chapters explore the various meanings of self-build housing, encouraging new directions for discussions about self-building and calling for the recognition of the social dimensions of this process, from consideration of the structures, policies and practices that shape it, through to the lived experience of individuals and households. Divided into four parts – Discourse, Rationale, Meaning; Values, Lifestyles, Imaginaries; Community and Identity; and Perspectives from Practice – the volume comes at a time of renewed focus from policy managers and practitioners, as well as prospective builders themselves, on self-build as a means for producing homes that are more stylised, affordable and appropriate for the specific needs of households. It responds to recent advances in housing and planning policy, while also bringing this into conversation with interdisciplinary perspectives from across the social sciences on housing, home and homemaking. In this way, the book seeks to update understandings of self-build and to account for housing as a distinctly social process.

Chapter 8 Intergenerational support for autonomous living in a post-socialist housing market (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 19 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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This paper explores housing trajectories of young adults and practices&#xD;of intergenerational support in Romania drawing on narratives&#xD;of a group of people aged 25–39 living (quasi-) autonomously in&#xD;Bucharest, and those of kin that support them. It describes three&#xD;housing arrangements in which family (parental) resources and&#xD;property play an important role, and argues that in this context of high&#xD;interdependence, unequal relationships develop between parents&#xD;and adult children marked by professed entitlement on the part of&#xD;children and controlling generosity on the part of parents. It shows&#xD;how interdependent practices of homemaking and material support&#xD;combine to shape housing trajectories and defi ne the boundaries of&#xD;ownership over homes that are shared, gifted or given in use within&#xD;kin networks, sheltering young adults from the vagaries of the market.

Chapter 1 Housing careers, intergenerational support and family relations (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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The home and family have always been mutually embedded, with&#xD;the former central to the realization and reproduction of the latter.&#xD;More recently, this mutuality has taken on a more critical salience as&#xD;realignments in housing markets, employment and welfare states in&#xD;many countries have worked together to undermine housing access&#xD;for new households. In this context, families have become increasingly&#xD;involved in smoothening the routes of young adults members up&#xD;the ‘housing ladder’ into home ownership. Intergenerational support&#xD;appears to have become much more widespread and not just confi ned&#xD;to familialistic welfare regimes. The role of intergenerational support&#xD;for housing remains, however, highly diff erentiated across countries,&#xD;cities and regions, as well as uneven between social and income&#xD;classes. This introduction to the Special Issue explores how the role&#xD;of housing wealth transfers has impacted the renegotiation of the&#xD;generational contract. In doing so, it sets the scene for the articles&#xD;that follow, each of which contribute signifi cantly to advancing&#xD;understanding of housing as a key driver of contemporary social&#xD;relations and inequalities.

Barton Myers

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781950192151 9781950192168 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0249.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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"Drawing on the vast archival resources of its Architecture and Design Collection, the UCSB Art, Design & Architecture Museum (University of California, Santa Barbara) presents an assessment of 50 years of design by Barton Myers (b. 1934), beginning with his work in the Toronto firm A.J. Diamond and Barton Myers (1967–1975) to his own offices in Toronto and Los Angeles, Barton Myers Associates (1975–present).&#xD;&#xD;Myers’s strongest architectural ideas come out of the planning strategies of his early neighborhood activism in 1970s Toronto, his grounding in history, and his training in the classical traditions of site and space planning. Barton Myers is an avowed urbanist—a self-described radical in his early advocacy of old-fashioned qualities like density, mixed-use of new and re-purposed materials, and contextual planning in the late 1960s when that fundamentally conservative position was considered counter-culture. Myers’ urban manifesto was codified in “Vacant Lottery,” the title of the Design Quarterly issue co-edited by Myers and Canadian architect and educator George Baird in 1978 and which led to a renewal of interest in urban planning and offered a strategy for increasing population densities within cities while preserving the existing residential fabric. The term lived on long past the journal’s circulation cycle as both an urban infill strategy and an acknowledgment of the ceding of city planning responsibility to the “lottery” of private developers. Myers’s design practice has thus always been a social justice practice as well. Myers is also a brilliant designer of residential houses that take advantage of local landscape contexts and adaptive reuse of building materials, including steel and glass. &#xD;&#xD;Five essays – on urban planning, civic structures, reuse of historic buildings, single- and multi-family housing, and theaters – reinforce Myers’s commitment to urbanism and reveal his flexibility with modes of modernism. Natalie Shivers introduces the early planning work in Toronto and traces the “vacant lottery” idea of neighborhood infill to the influential Grand Avenue project in Los Angeles. Howard Shubert examines the architectural and planning strategies, and political complexities, of several civic structures in Canada and the United States. Luis Hoyos explores Myers’s additions and adaptations to historic buildings in diverse urban contexts. Lauren Bricker focuses on the use of steel and other industrial materials in Myers’s houses and analyses the neighborhood-based designs of his multi-family housing. Charles Oakley describes the technical innovations, site planning, and historical underpinnings of Myers’s theaters and performance complexes."&#xD;

Housing Market Dynamics in Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781349951208 9781137597922 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-59792-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: African Development Bank
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-01 15:23:10
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This open access book utilizes new data to thoroughly analyze the main factors currently shaping the African housing market. Some of these factors include the supply and demand for housing finance, land tenure security issues, construction cost conundrum, infrastructure provision, and low-cost housing alternatives. Through detailed analysis, the authors investigate the political economy surrounding the continent’s housing market and the constraints that behind-the-scenes policy makers need to address in their attempts to provide affordable housing for the majority in need. With Africa’s urban population growing rapidly, this study highlights how broad demographic shifts and rapid urbanization are placing enormous pressure on the limited infrastructure in many cities and stretching the economic and social fabric of municipalities to their breaking point. But beyond providing a snapshot of the present conditions of the African housing market, the book offers recommendations and actionable measures for policy makers and other stakeholders on how best to provide affordable housing and alleviate Africa’s housing deficit. This work will be of particular interest to practitioners, non-governmental organizations, private sector actors, students and researchers of economic policy, international development, and urban development.

The Measurement and Analysis of Housing Preference and Choice

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789048188932 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-8894-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Geography --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:10:10
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What are the current trends in housing? Is my planned project commercially viable? What should be my marketing and advertisement strategies? These are just some of the questions real estate agents, landlords and developers ask researchers to answer. But to find the answers, researchers are faced with a wide variety of methods that measure housing preferences and choices. To select and value a valid research method, one needs a well-structured overview of the methods that are used in housing preference and housing choice research. This comprehensive introduction to this field offers just such an overview. It discusses and compares numerous methods, detailing the potential limitation of each one, and it reaches beyond methodology, illustrating how thoughtful consideration of methods and techniques in research can help researchers and other professionals to deliver products and services that are more in line with residents’ needs.

Rudolf Perco 1884-1942

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ISBN: 9783205993049 Year: Pages: 470 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_471653 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3175
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-05 16:25:47
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Rudolf Perco, one of the most promising pupils in Otto Wagner’s late period as teacher received numerous honourable mentionings and awards while still a student (1906 – 10) and so may well have expected a brilliant career. However, after World War I, he could realize only very few projects and his name became forgotten. It was only in the scope of the large scale public housing plan of Red Vienna in the 1920es, that he was given opportunities to materialize his Wagner based ideas, and to build several communal housings, of which the Engels Platz – Hof is the largest and most important. Besides, he submitted entries to a vast number of competitions, for which he designed projects, whose very personal features bring him close to Josef Plečnik.

Development and Realisation of the Concept House ‘Delft’ Prototype - An Example of a Collaborative Concept Development for Energy Positive Apartments

Authors: ---
Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995517 9781614995524 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-552-4-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-04 10:18:47
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The Delft Prototype is a single apartment from a not yet realized Concept House Urban Villa, which consists of 16 apartments on 4 floors. Both the urban villa and the prototype demonstrate the characteristics of high level industrial production with an extremely low ecological footprint, as well as being energy-positive in use, and both are suitable for multi-storey housing. The research, development, production and built prototype resulted in a unique innovation on the Dutch building market: a sustainable energy-positive apartment system for medium-rise energy-positive housing. This scientific report deals with the history, development and realization process of the prototype up to the completion of the building phase, after which the prototype was furnished and the garden landscaped, culminating with the opening of the prototype in October 2012. The development was initiated by Mick Eekhout’s Chair of Product Development at the TU Delft at the specific request of the building industry and was carried out in close collaboration with a consortium of partners from the SME building supply industry. Innovation continues to progress in these partner industries. The entire project was externally financed for the 8 years of its duration. Apart from initiative and natural project leadership, the innovative contribution of the Chair included the design, coordination and integration of the many components into the single coherent entity of the Concept House ‘Delft’ Prototype.

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