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Human Rights and Democracy - The Precarious Triumph of Ideals

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ISBN: 9781849663458 9781849663465 9781849663472 9781849664868 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:54
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Combines an overview of the key theoretical models of democracy and human rights with a state-of-the-art survey which reports on trade-offs between achievements, set-backs and challenges in some of the world's 'hotspots'. The 20th century has been described as the bloodiest in human history, but it was also the century in which people around the world embraced ideas of democracy and human rights as never before, constructing social, political and legal institutions seeking to contain human behaviour. Todd Landman offers an optimistic, yet cautionary tale of these developments, drawing on the literature, from politics, international relations and international law. He celebrates the global turn from tyranny and violence towards democracy and rights but also warns of the precariousness of these achievements in the face of democratic setbacks and the undermining of rights commitments by many countries during the so-called ‘War on Terror'. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- human rights

Die Schweiz im KSZE-Prozeß 1972-1983. Einfluß durch Neutralität

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486767315 Year: Volume: 99 Pages: 353 DOI: 10.1524/9783486767315 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Switzerland was not content to stay on the sidelines of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) negotiations. Particularly in the area of human rights policies and by applying its talent for successful mediation between East and West, Switzerland achieved great recognition, as Philip Rosin`s thoroughly researched and methodologically persuasive study clearly reveals.

Keywords

Switzerland --- CSCE --- human rights

Österreich im KSZE-Prozess 1969-1983. Neutraler Vermittler in humanitärer Mission

Author:
Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486719307 Year: Volume: 98 Pages: 476 DOI: 10.1524/9783486719307 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Austria was active in the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) negotiations, primarily in the contentious areas of humanitarian issues and human rights. Despite consistent claims of neutrality, Vienna supported the Western position on all important questions. Benjamin Gilde's broadly researched study offers major insight into the history of the humanitarian aspect of the CSCE.

Keywords

CSCE --- Austria --- human rights

Dog Days

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760462925 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.22459/MIC.04.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:02
License: ANU Press

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According to the Chinese zodiac, 2018 was the year of the ‘earthly dog’. In the middle of the long, hot, and feverish dog days of the summer of 2018, some workers at Shenzhen Jasic Technology took their chances and attempted to form an independent union. While this action was met by the harshest repression, it also led to extraordinary demonstrations of solidarity from small groups of radical students from all over the country, which in turn were immediately and severely suppressed. China’s year of the dog was also imbued with the spirit of another canine, Cerberus—the three-headed hound of Hades—with the ravenous advance of the surveillance state and the increasing securitisation of Chinese society, starting from the northwestern region of Xinjiang. This Yearbook traces these latest developments in Chinese society through a collection of 50 original essays on labour, civil society, and human rights in China and beyond, penned by leading scholars and practitioners from around the world.&#xD;

Keywords

Demonstration --- China --- Human Rights

Recht und Religion in Europa - zeitgenössische Konflikte und historische Perspektiven

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783940344625 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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What correlations exist between law and religion? To trace this relationship in selected periods and regions (the old East / Ancient, modern Europe, Islamic world) is the goal of this volume. As a specific thematic reference point, the editors have selected those tense relationship that exists between the law as a divine constitution and the law as a human right. The current occasion to address this matter was the perception of a resurgence of traditional religion, especially Islam.

Keywords

religion --- theology --- law --- human rights

Gender Violence & Human Rights: Seeking Justice in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460709 Year: DOI: 10.22459/GVHR.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:34
License: ANU Press

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The postcolonial states of Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu operate today in a global arena in which human rights are widely accepted. As ratifiers of UN treaties such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, these Pacific Island countries have committed to promoting women’s and girls’ rights, including the right to a life free of violence. Yet local, national and regional gender values are not always consistent with the principles of gender equality and women’s rights that undergird these globalising conventions. This volume critically interrogates the relation between gender violence and human rights as these three countries and their communities and citizens engage with, appropriate, modify and at times resist human rights principles and their implications for gender violence. Grounded in extensive anthropological, historical and legal research, the volume should prove a crucial resource for the many scholars, policymakers and activists who are concerned about the urgent and ubiquitous problem of gender violence in the western Pacific.

Human Rights in Business

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138284180 9781315269467 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: European Commission
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:22
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The capacity to abuse, or in general affect the enjoyment of human, labour and environmental rights has risen with the increased social and economic power&#xD;that multinational companies wield in the global economy. At the same time,&#xD;it appears that it is difficult to regulate the activities of multinational companies&#xD;in such a way that they conform to international human, labour and environmental&#xD;rights standards. This has partially to do with the organization of companies&#xD;into groups of separate legal persons, incorporated in different states, as&#xD;well as with the complexity of the corporate supply chain. Absent a business&#xD;and human rights treaty, a more coherent legal and policy approach is required.&#xD;Faced with the challenge of how to effectively access the right to remedy in&#xD;the European Union for human rights abuses committed by EU companies in&#xD;non-EU states, a diverse research consortium of academic and legal institutions&#xD;was formed. The consortium, coordinated by the Globernance Institute for&#xD;Democratic Governance, became the recipient of a 2013 Civil Justice Action&#xD;Grant from the European Commission Directorate General for Justice. A mandate&#xD;was thus issued for research, training and dissemination so as to bring&#xD;visibility to the challenge posed and moreover, to provide some solutions for&#xD;the removal of barriers to judicial and non-judicial remedy for victims of business related&#xD;human rights abuses in non-EU states. The project commenced in&#xD;September 2014 and over the course of two years the consortium conducted&#xD;research along four specific lines in parallel with various training sessions across&#xD;EU Member States.&#xD;The research conducted focused primarily on judicial remedies, both jurisdictional&#xD;barriers and applicable law barriers; non-judicial remedies, both to company based grievance. The results of this research endeavour make up the content of&#xD;this report whose aim is to provide a scholarly foundation for policy proposals&#xD;by identifying specific challenges relevant to access to justice in the European&#xD;Union and to provide recommendations on how to remove legal and practical&#xD;barriers so as to provide access to remedy for victims of business-related human&#xD;rights abuses in non-EU states.

Human Rights and the Environment

Author:
Book Series: Queen Mary Studies in International Law ISBN: 9789004188648 9789004189935 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100649
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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The book examines the genesis and development of environmental rights (or the Right to Environment) in international law and discusses their philosophical, theoretical and legal underpinnings in the context of sustainable development and the notion of solidarity rights.

KSZE-Prozess und Perestroika in der Sowjetunion. Demokratisierung, Werteumbruch und Auflösung 1985-1991

Author:
Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486757873 Year: Volume: 100 Pages: 404 DOI: 10.1524/9783486757873 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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The Soviet leadership was certain of its success after the signing of the Final Act of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe), and especially pleased with the agreements on trust-building measures. Yulia von Saal`s study convincingly shows how the Kremlin underestimated the explosive power of the Final Act in terms of civil and human rights, which launched it on a path of constantly mounting pressure for democratization.

Making Religion and Human Rights at the United Nations

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Book Series: Religion and Society ISSN: 1437-5370 ISBN: 9783110478068 Year: Volume: 67 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1515/9783110478068 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This volume examines the different and sometimes contradictory approaches of four UN human rights committees to the concept of religion. Drawing on critical perspectives from religious studies, the book combines a genealogical assessment of the role of religion in international law with a detailed textual study of the reporting practice of the committees monitoring racial discrimination, civil and political rights, women's rights, and children's rights. Årsheim argues that the role of religion within the rights traditions monitored by the committees varies to the extent that their recommendations risk contradicting one another, thereby undermining their credibility and potential to bring about real change on the ground: Where some committees view religion singularly as a core individual right, others see religion partly as an inherent threat to the realization of other rights, but also as a potent social force to be reckoned with. In order to remedy this situation, Årsheim proposes the publication of a joint general comment by all the committees, spelling out their approach to the role of religion in the implementation of human rights.

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