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Technologies for Development: From Innovation to Social Impact

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ISBN: 9783319910673 9783319910680 Year: Pages: 225 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91068-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (SNF)
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 16:20:27
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This open access book presents 18 case studies that explore current scientific and technological efforts to address global development issues, such as poverty, from a holistic and interdisciplinary point of view, putting actual impacts at the centre of its analysis. It illustrates the use of technologies for development in various fields of research, such as humanitarian action, medical and information and communication technology, disaster risk-reduction technologies, habitat and sustainable access to energy. The authors discuss how innovative technologies, such as unmanned aerial vehicles for disaster risk reduction, crowdsourcing humanitarian data, online education and ICT-based medical technologies can have significant social impact. The book brings together the best papers of the 2016 International Conference on Technologies for Development at EPFL, Switzerland. The book explores how the gap between innovation in the global South and actual social impact can be bridged. It fosters exchange between engineers, other scientists, practitioners and policy makers active at the interface of innovation and technology and human, social, and economic development.

Vulnerable Solidarities: Identity, Spatiality and the Contentious Politics of Migration

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ISBN: 9782940600175 DOI: 10.4000/books.iheid.7658 Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
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Although there has been a wide range of political responses to migration in Europe, scholarly analyses have shown that state and humanitarian responses have regardless done little to foster the integration of mobile people into host societies, resulting instead in a politics of exclusion. Resistance to such policies has taken the form of independent camps and solidary spaces. Although most analyses of informal camps agree on their emancipatory potential, the same studies have revealed that these realities can also reproduce existing relations of power. Are solidary spaces conducive to participatory politics? If so, how do activists and migrants construct their own identities in the struggle, and how do they translate them into practice? What power dynamics are re-inscribed in their action? My research will attempt to answer these questions through a case study of Ventimiglia, a town at the Franco-Italian border, and the waves of solidarity activism that have taken place there from 2015 to the present. We extend our heartfelt thanks to the Vahabzadeh Foundation for financially supporting the publication of best works by young researchers of the Graduate Institute, giving a priority to those who have been awarded academic prizes for their master’s dissertations.

The Darfur Refugees’ Plight

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ISBN: 9782940503605 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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The Darfur crisis has left behind a profound legacy of displacement, with some 300,000 refugees camped on the Chadian side of the border and about 2 million displaced internally within Darfur. Despite a reduction in armed hostilities and violent casualties since 2006, as well as a peace agreement signed at Doha in 2011, limited signs of voluntary repatriation are visible from eastern Chad; where refugees are seemingly willing, but not ready, to return. Further to the Doha peace settlement, th...

The Functional Beginning of Belligerent Occupation

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ISBN: 9782940415441 9782940415489 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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Since the mid-19th century military powers and various writers have tried to define the notion of belligerent occupation and, in particular, the beginning thereof. There are many situations in which a state of occupation is controversial or even denied. When is control so effective that an invasion turns into a state of belligerent occupation? What is the minimum area of a territory that can be occupied; a town, a hamlet, a house or what about a hill taken by the armed forces? This paper exam...

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