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On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics Principles, Practices, and Prospects

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925021332 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_462759 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:37
License: ANU Press

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Ethics, humanity, techonology

Keywords

ethics --- technology --- humanity

Mensch sein

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783903122796 9783903122796 Year: Pages: 730 DOI: 10.15203/3122-79-6 Language: English|German
Publisher: innsbruck university press
Subject: Anthropology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-14 11:01:02

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The question of what it means and implies to be human is fundamental to both philosophy and society. At the same time, she runs the risk of being answered with phrases. Even today, various questions about humanity are posed: Can humanity be delimited biologically or in its ways of life from other species or artificial creatures? How do people differ from people? Are language ability or free will essential features of being human? These and other questions were discussed intensively during the 10th Congress of the Austrian Society for Philosophy. This anthology presents a selection of contributions.

Keywords

Philosophy --- Humanity --- Philosophie --- Humanität

Altered Ecologies: Fire, climate and human influence on terrestrial landscapes: Terra Australis 32

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Terra australis ISBN: 9781921666810 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458799 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Like a star chart this volume orientates the reader to the key issues and debates in Pacific and Australasian biogeography, palaeoecology and human ecology. A feature of this collection is the diversity of approaches ranging from interpretation of the biogeographic significance of plant and animal distributional patterns, pollen analysis from peats and lake sediments to discern Quaternary climate change, explanation of the patterns of faunal extinction events, the interplay of fire on landscape evolution, and models of the environmental consequences of human settlement patterns. The diversity of approaches, geographic scope and academic rigor are a fitting tribute to the enormous contributions of Geoff Hope. As made apparent in this volume, Hope pioneered multidisciplinary understanding of the history and impacts of human cultures in the Australia- Pacific region, arguably the globe’s premier model systems for understanding the consequences of human colonization on ecological systems. The distinguished scholars who have contributed to this volume also demonstrate Hope’s enduring contribution as an inspirational research leader, collaborator and mentor. Terra Australis leave no doubt that history matters, not only for land management, but more importantly, in alerting settler and indigenous societies alike to their past ecological impacts and future environmental trajectories.

Power and Principle

Author:
ISBN: 9781501705526 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627441 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100415
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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Human rights advocates have long pressed for international institutions to prosecute crimes against humanity. With its global reach and mandate to investigate and prosecute some of the world's most severe crimes (genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) the creation of the International Criminal Court in 2002 was hailed as a landmark event in the evolution of truly global society. Supporters argue that the ICC and other transnational tribunals will deter the commission of atrocities and contribute to global peace and stability, and they laud its independence and its potential to check the arbitrary use of power against the powerless. To better understand how international criminal courts function and determine their broader implications for global society, this book examines the factors that led to the creation and evolution of international criminal courts, the nature of the support for and opposition to such institutions, and how they function.

Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789401789592 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8959-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 311819
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:22:42
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In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

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