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Tussen hoop en vrees (Book chapter)

Book title: Sociale (on)zekerheid. De voorziene toekomst

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ISBN: 9789462984608 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.5117/9789462984608/ch11 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:30
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Abstract

Bij zekerheid wordt meestal gedacht aan gevaren die van buitenaf komen. Om zich tegen dergelijke risico’s te verdedigen ontwikkelt elke samenleving betrouwbare voorzieningen. Denk aan het vormen van een dijkenstelsel, een leger of een verzorgingsstaat. Maar hoe onszelf te beschermen tegen gevaren die van binnen uit komen? Daarvoor heeft de mensheid in de loopt van haar geschiedenis uiteenlopende oplossingen bedacht. Omdat veel jagers en verzamelaars vormen van animisme omarmen, zoeken ze bescherming in het ritueel. Omdat religie in boerensamenlevingen doorgaans belangrijk is, kan het geloof in God voor innerlijke zekerheid zorgen. Kenmerkend voor moderne burgers daarentegen is dat ze veel vertrouwen in zichzelf stellen en geloven dat de eerdere arrangementen niet meer nodig zijn. Dat komt op een gevaarlijke illusie neer, gegeven de innerlijke onzekerheid waar we vandaag de dag mee worstelen.

Keywords

identiteit --- cultuur --- geloof --- evolutie --- ritueel

Post-Colonial Immigrants and Identity Formations in the Netherlands

Author:
Book Series: IMISCOE Research ISBN: 9789089644541 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_428771 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Social Sciences --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2012-10-13 08:48:44
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This book explores the Dutch post-colonial migrant experience within the context of a wider European debate. Over 60 years and three generations of migration history is presented, while also surveying an impressive body of post-colonial literature, much of which has never reached an international audience. While other research focuses on one or, at most, two groups, post-colonial migrants are treated here as a distinct analytical category with a unique relationship to the receiving society. After all, over 90 per cent were Dutch citizens before even reaching the Netherlands, as they did in huge waves between 1945 and 1980. Together they constitute 6 per cent of today’s Dutch population. So, how did they form their identities? What were relationships with locals like? How have second and third generations responded? Post-Colonial Immigrants and Identity Formations in the Netherlands offers the germane scholarship on one particular country with a particularly rich history to readers worldwide.

Actuele bestaansonzekerheid (Book chapter)

Book title: Sociale (on)zekerheid. De voorziene toekomst

Author:
ISBN: 9789462984608 Year: Pages: 14 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:38
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Sociale zekerheid dient de bestaanszekerheid te garanderen. Maar bestaanszekerheid is een steeds groter begrip geworden, dat ook te maken heeft met vraagstukken van identiteit en veiligheid. Door grote migratiebewegingen veranderde in relatief korte tijd, vooral in de grote steden, de samenstelling van de bevolking. Daarnaast werd veiligheid een steeds groter thema, enerzijds door de reële toename van de problemen, anderzijds door een groeiend maatschappelijk onbehagen. De zekerheid van het bestaan is niet alleen een materiële kwestie, maar heeft steeds meer te maken met het wegvallen van (veronderstelde) vanzelfsprekendheden. Daarbij is de afstand tussen publieke sector en burgers gegroeid. Het komt erop aan de zekerheid weer meer rond burgers te organiseren. De vervreemdende werking van de instituties zal moeten worden omgezet in nieuwe arrangementen van kleine zekerheden.

A literary mirror; Balinese reflections on modernity and identity in the twentieth century

Author:
Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183703 9789004253636 Year: Volume: 271 Pages: xiv + 378 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_371572 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A literary mirror; Balinese reflections on modernity and identity in the twentieth century I Nyoman Darma Putra A literary mirror is the first English-language work to comprehensively analyse Indonesian-language literature from Bali from a literary and cultural viewpoint. It covers the period from 1920 to 2000. This is an extremely rich field for research into the ways Balinese view their culture and how they respond to external cultural forces. This work complements the large number of existing studies of Bali and its history, anthropology, traditional literature, and the performing arts. A literary mirror is an invaluable resource for those researching twentieth-century Balinese authors who wrote in Indonesian. Until now, such writers have received very little attention in the existing literature. An appendix gives short biographical details of many significant writers and lists their work. I Nyoman Darma Putra teaches Indonesian literature in the Faculty of Arts at Udayana University in Bali. He is the author of several books in Indonesian on a variety of literary and cultural topics, including Tonggak Baru Sastra Bali Modern (2000; 2010), Wanita Bali Tempo Doeloe Perspektif Masa Kini (2003; 2007) and Bali dalam Kuasa Politik (2008). From 2007 to 2010 he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the School of Languages and Comparative Cultural Studies, University of Queensland, during which time a number of his articles were published in journals including Indonesia and the Malay World, Asian Studies Review and Rima.

Cyborgs in Latin America

Author:
ISBN: 9780230103900 9780230109773 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_392747 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Cyborgs in Latin America explores the ways cultural expression in Latin America has grappled with the changing relationships between technology and human identity. The book takes a literary and cultural studies approach in examining narrative, film and advertising campaigns from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay by such artists as Ricardo Piglia, Edmundo Paz Soldán, Carmen Boullosa and Alberto Fuguet among others. Using and criticizing theoretical models developed by Katherine Hayles, Donna Haraway, Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault, the book will appeal to specialists and students of Latin American Studies; Posthuman Theory; and Literature, Science and Technology Studies.

Renegotiating boundaries

Authors: ---
Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067182836 9789004260436 Year: Volume: 238 Pages: 540 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_376972 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 21:10:18
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For decades almost the only social scientists who visited Indonesia’s provinces were anthropologists. Anybody interested in politics or economics spent most of their time in Jakarta, where the action was. Our view of the world’s fourth largest country threatened to become simplistic, lacking that essential graininess. Then, in 1998, Indonesia was plunged into a crisis that could not be understood with simplistic tools. After 32 years of enforced stability, the New Order was at an end. Things began to happen in - the provinces that no one was prepared for. Democratization was one, decentralization another. Ethnic and religious identities emerged that had lain buried under the blanket of the New Order’s modernizing ideology. Unfamiliar, sometimes violent forms of political competition and of rentseeking came to light. Decentralization was often connected with the neo-liberal desire to reduce state powers and make room for free trade and democracy. To what extent were the goals of good governance and a stronger civil society achieved? How much of the process was ‘captured’ by regional elites to increase their own powers? Amidst the new identity politics, what has happened to citizenship? These are among the central questions addressed in this book. This volume is the result of a two-year research project at KITLV. It brings together an international group of 24 scholars – mainly from Indonesia and the Netherlands but also from the United States, Australia, Germany, Canada and Portugal.

Paths and Rivers; Sa’dan Toraja Society in Transformation

Author:
Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183079 9789004253858 Year: Volume: 253 Pages: xxxii + 510 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_377535 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Fieldwork extending over a thirty-year period provided materials for this book. Paths and Rivers offers an unusually deep and broad picture of the Sa’dan Toraja as a society in dynamic transition over the course of the past century. The Toraja inhabit the mountainous highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and are well known for their dramatic architecture, their unusual cliff burials, and their flamboyant ceremonial life, which places extraordinary economic demands on individuals and families. The analysis is informed, firstly, by a comparative perspective which sets Toraja social structure in the context of the Austronesian world. Secondly, the author delves deeply into Toraja social memory to show how people think about the past. She examines the usefulness of history and myth in the present as a source of identity, a template for action, or a resource by means of which to claim precedence. The book gives a clear picture of the structure and ethos of the indigenous Toraja religion, the Aluk To Dolo or ‘Way of the Ancestors’, with its complex cycle of rituals. The book concludes with an analysis of the ceremonial economy, which draws upon both domestic subsistence production and the global market economy. Paths and Rivers draws together a fascinating picture of one society’s journey into modernity. Roxana Waterson is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore. She is also the author of The living house: an anthropology of architecture in Southeast Asia (3rd ed., Thames and Hudson, 1997) and Southeast Asian lives: Personal narratives and historical experience (Singapore University Press/Ohio University Press, 2007).

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