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This book presents a selection of papers representing current research on using field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for realising image processing algorithms. These papers are reprints of papers selected for a Special Issue of the Journal of Imaging on image processing using FPGAs. A diverse range of topics is covered, including parallel soft processors, memory management, image filters, segmentation, clustering, image analysis, and image compression. Applications include traffic sign recognition for autonomous driving, cell detection for histopathology, and video compression. Collectively, they represent the current stateoftheart on image processing using FPGAs.
background estimation  image segmentation  SystemonChip  embedded systems  realtime systems  hardware accelerators  stream processing  image borders  window filters  pipeline  field programmable gate array (FPGA)  memory  power  image processing  design  FPGA  hardware acceleration  processor architectures  image processing  heterogeneous computing  FPGA implementation  hardware architecture  image processing  histopathology  generalized Laplacian of Gaussian filter  nuclei detection  mean Shift clustering  streaming architecture  lowlatency  highthroughput  FPGA  DSWIM  line buffer  image segmentation  KMeans  image processing pipeline  FPGA  highlevel synthesis  connected components analysis  stream processing  feature extraction  zigzag scan  hardware architecture  FPGA  pipeline  justnoticeable difference (JND)  luminance masking  contrast masking  texture detection  perceptual coding  JPEGLS  downsampling  FPGA  field programmable gate arrays (FPGA)  image processing  hardware/software codesign  memory management  segmentation  image analysis  compression
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Image analysis is a fundamental task for extracting information from images acquired across a range of different devices. Since reliable quantitative results are requested, image analysis requires highly sophisticated numerical and analytical methods—particularly for applications in medicine, security, and remote sensing, where the results of the processing may consist of vitally important data. The contributions to this book provide a good overview of the most important demands and solutions concerning this research area. In particular, the reader will find image analysis applied for feature extraction, encryption and decryption of data, color segmentation, and in the support new technologies. In all the contributions, entropy plays a pivotal role.
image retrieval  multifeature fusion  entropy  relevance feedback  chaotic system  image encryption  permutationdiffusion  SHA256 hash value  dynamic index  entropy  keyframes  Shannon’s entropy  sign languages  video summarization  video skimming  image encryption  multipleimage encryption  twodimensional chaotic economic map  security analysis  image encryption  chaotic cryptography  cryptanalysis  chosenplaintext attack  image information entropy  blind image quality assessment (BIQA)  information entropy, natural scene statistics (NSS)  Weibull statistics  discrete cosine transform (DCT)  ultrasound  hepatic steatosis  Shannon entropy  fatty liver  metabolic syndrome  multiexposure image fusion  texture information entropy  adaptive selection  patch structure decomposition  image encryption  timedelay  random insertion  information entropy  chaotic map  uncertainty assessment  deep neural network  random forest  Shannon entropy  positron emission tomography  reconstruction  field of experts  additive manufacturing  3D prints  3D scanning  image entropy  depth maps  surface quality assessment  machine vision  image analysis  Arimoto entropy  freeform deformations  normalized divergence measure  gradient distributions  nonextensive entropy  nonrigid registration  pavement  macrotexture  3D digital imaging  entropy  decay trend  discrete entropy  infrared images  low contrast  multiscale tophat transform  image encryption  DNA encoding  chaotic cryptography  cryptanalysis  image privacy  computer aided diagnostics  colonoscopy  Rényi entropies  structural entropy  spatial filling factor  binary image  Cantor set  Hénon map  Minkowski island  primeindexed primes  Ramanujan primes  Kapur’s entropy  color image segmentation  whale optimization algorithm  differential evolution  hybrid algorithm  Otsu method  image encryption  dynamic filtering  DNA computing  3D Latin cube  permutation  diffusion  fuzzy entropy  electromagnetic field optimization  chaotic strategy  color image segmentation  multilevel thresholding  contrast enhancement  sigmoid  Tsallis statistics  qexponential  qsigmoid  qGaussian  ultrasound images  person reidentification  image analysis  hash layer  quantization loss  Hamming distance  crossentropy loss  image entropy  Shannon entropy  generalized entropies  image processing  image segmentation  medical imaging  remote sensing  security
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Geomorphometry is the science of quantitative terrain characterization and analysis, and has traditionally focused on the investigation of terrestrial and planetary landscapes. However, applications of marine geomorphometry have now moved beyond the simple adoption of techniques developed for terrestrial studies, driven by the rise in the acquisition of highresolution seafloor data and by the availability of userfriendly spatial analytical tools. Considering that the seafloor represents 71% of the surface of our planet, this is an important step towards understanding the Earth in its entirety.This volume is the first one dedicated to marine applications of geomorphometry. It showcases studies addressing the five steps of geomorphometry: sampling a surface (e.g., the seafloor), generating a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) from samples, preprocessing the DTM for subsequent analyses (e.g., correcting for errors and artifacts), deriving terrain attributes and/or extracting terrain features from the DTM, and using and explaining those terrain attributes and features in a given context. Throughout these studies, authors address a range of challenges and issues associated with applying geomorphometric techniques to the complex marine environment, including issues related to spatial scale, data quality, and linking seafloor topography with physical, geological, biological, and ecological processes. As marine geomorphometry becomes increasingly recognized as a subdiscipline of geomorphometry, this volume brings together a collection of research articles that reflect the types of studies that are helping to chart the course for the future of marine geomorphometry.
bedforms  forage fish  Pacific sand lance  sediment habitats  bathymetry  currents  seabed mapping  marine geology  submarine topography  marine geomorphology  terrain analysis  multibeam echosounder  bathymetry  DEM  satellite imagery  multi beam echosounder  filter  geomorphology  coral reefs  Acoustic applications  object segmentation  seafloor  underwater acoustics  Cretaceous  Cenomanian–Turonian  paleobathymetry  paleoclimate  paleoceanography  reconstruction  simulation  shelfsloperise  geomorphometry  GIS  spatial scale  spatial analysis  terrain analysis  seafloor geomorphometry  domes  volcanoes  digital elevation models (DEMs)  Canary Basin  Atlantic Ocean  coldwater coral  carbonate mound  habitat mapping  spatial prediction  image segmentation  geographic objectbased image analysis  random forest  accuracy  confidence  global bathymetry  Seabed 2030  Nippon Foundation/GEBCO  seafloor mapping technologies  seafloor mapping standards and protocols  benthic habitats  shelf morphology  eastern Brazilian shelf  geomorphometry  terrain analysis  bathymetry  surface roughness  benthic habitat mapping  python  geomorphology  submerged glacial bedforms  deglaciation  sedimentation  multibeam  acousticseismic profiling  swath geometry  multibeam spatial resolution  integration artefacts  Multibeam bathymetry  benthic habitat mapping  multiscale  Random Forests  pockmarks  automatedmapping  ArcGIS  Glaciated Margin  North Sea  Malin Basin  Barents Sea  bathymetry  thalwegs  canyons  Alaska  Bering Sea  multibeam sonar  carbonate banks  semiautomated mapping  polychaete  Northwestern Australia  Oceanic Shoals Australian Marine Park  Bonaparte Basin  Timor Sea  bathymetry  digital terrain analysis  geomorphometry  geomorphology  habitat mapping  marine remote sensing
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Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (,
generalized aggregation operators  interval neutrosophic set (INS)  multiattribute decision making (MADM)  Choquet integral  fuzzy measure  clustering algorithm  neutrosophic association rule  data mining  neutrosophic sets  big data  analytic hierarchy process (AHP)  SWOT analysis  multicriteria decisionmaking (MCDM) techniques  neutrosophic set theory  neutrosophic clustering  image segmentation  neutrosophic cmeans clustering  region growing  dermoscopy  skin cancer  neutosophic extended triplet subgroups  neutrosophic triplet cosets  neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups  neutrosophic triplet quotient groups  shopping mall  photovoltaic plan  decisionmaking trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL)  intervalvalued neutrosophic set  extended ELECTRE III  symmetry  single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS)  neutrosophic multiset (NM)  single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM)  cosine measure  multiple attribute decisionmaking  LNGPBM operator  LNGWPBM operator  Linguistic neutrosophic sets  generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator  multiple attribute group decisionmaking (MAGDM)  pseudoBCI algebra  hesitant fuzzy set  neutrosophic set  filter  action learning  school administrator  SVM  neutrosophic classification  neutrosophic set  soft set  totally dependentneutrosophic set  totally dependentneutrosophic soft set  generalized De Morgan algebra  complex neutrosophic set  complex neutrosophic graph  fuzzy graph  matrix representation  neutrosophic triplet groups  semigroup  semineutrosophic triplets  classical group of neutrosophic triplets  Ssemigroup of neutrosophic triplets  pseudo primitive elements  neutrosophic sets (NSs)  interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs)  exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers  interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator  multiple attribute decision making (MADM)  typhoon disaster evaluation  simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers  cloud model  Maclaurin symmetric mean  multicriteria decisionmaking  neutrosophy  DSmT  decisionmaking algorithms  robotic dexterous hands  grasping configurations  grasp type  generalized group  neutrosophic triplet set  neutrosophic triplet group  group  neutrosophic cubic set  neutrosophic cubic graphs  applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs  singlevalued neutrosophic multisets  medical diagnosis  probabilistic rough sets over two universes  threeway decisions  similarity measures  neutrosophic cubic set  decisionmaking  soft sets  support soft sets  interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets  sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs)  analytic network process  interdependency of criteria  TOPSIS  neutrosophic set  2inglevalued neutrosophic set  Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)  integrated weight  maximizing deviation  multiattribute decisionmaking (MADM)  neutrosophic triplet set (NTS)  partial metric spaces (PMS)  fixed point theory (FPT)  neutrosophic triplet  quasi neutrosophic triplet loop  quasi neutrosophic triplet group  BEalgebra  CIalgebra  fuzzy time series  forecasting  twofactor fuzzy logical relationship  multivalued neutrosophic set  Hamming distance  neutrosophic set  prioritized operator  Muirhead mean  multicriteria decisionmaking  aggregation operators  dual aggregation operators  neutrosophic triplet group (NTG)  NTsubgroup  homomorphism theorem  weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group  neutrosophic rough set  MGNRS  dual domains  inclusion relation  decisionmaking  neutromonomorphism  neutroepimorphism  neutroautomorphism  fundamental neutrohomomorphism theorem  first neutroisomorphism theorem  and second neutroisomorphism theorem  linear and nonlinear neutrosophic number  deneutrosophication methods  neutrosophic set  bipolar fuzzy set  neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set  neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator  similarity measure  algorithm  multiple attribute decision making problem  neutrosophic duplets  semigroup  neutrosophic triplet groups  neutrosophic set  fault diagnosis  normal distribution  defuzzification  simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator  (commutative) ideal  generalized neutrosophic set  generalized neutrosophic ideal  commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal  linguistic neutrosophic sets  multicriteria group decisionmaking  power aggregation operator  extended TOPSIS method  probabilistic singlevalued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set  multiattribute decision making  aggregation operator  quasigroup  loop  BCIalgebra  BolMoufang  quasi neutrosophic loops  Fenyves identities  Gmetric  neutrosophic Gmetric  neutrosophic sets  clustering  neutrosophic big data  neutrosophic logic  aggregation operator  complement  intersection  membership  neutrosophic soft set  NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator  NCPMM operator  MADM  MM operator  Neutrosophic cubic sets  PA operator  interval neutrosophic sets  Bonferroni mean  power operator  multiattribute decision making (MADM)  multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM)  2tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs)  TODIM model  2TLNNs TODIM method  construction project  MCGDM problems  triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs)  VIKOR model  TFNNs VIKOR method  potential evaluation  emerging technology commercialization  Qlinguistic neutrosophic variable set  vector similarity measure  cosine measure  Dice measure  Jaccard measure  decision making  inclusion relation  neutrosophic rough set  multiattribute group decisionmaking (MAGDM)  multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS)  two universes  single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number  multicriteria group decision making  possibility degree  power aggregation operators  LAsemihypergroups  neutrosophic triplet set  neutrohomomorphism  algorithm  decision making  expert set  generalized neutrosophic set  neutrosophic sets  Qneutrosophic  soft sets  simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs)  interval number  dependent degree  multicriteria group decisionmaking (MCGDM)  computability  oracle Turing machines  neutrosophic sets  neutrosophic logic  recursive enumerability  oracle computation  criterion functions  neutrosophic computation  neutrosophic logic  quantum computation  computation  logic
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Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (,
generalized aggregation operators  interval neutrosophic set (INS)  multiattribute decision making (MADM)  Choquet integral  fuzzy measure  clustering algorithm  neutrosophic association rule  data mining  neutrosophic sets  big data  analytic hierarchy process (AHP)  SWOT analysis  multicriteria decisionmaking (MCDM) techniques  neutrosophic set theory  neutrosophic clustering  image segmentation  neutrosophic cmeans clustering  region growing  dermoscopy  skin cancer  neutosophic extended triplet subgroups  neutrosophic triplet cosets  neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups  neutrosophic triplet quotient groups  shopping mall  photovoltaic plan  decisionmaking trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL)  intervalvalued neutrosophic set  extended ELECTRE III  symmetry  single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS)  neutrosophic multiset (NM)  single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM)  cosine measure  multiple attribute decisionmaking  LNGPBM operator  LNGWPBM operator  Linguistic neutrosophic sets  generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator  multiple attribute group decisionmaking (MAGDM)  pseudoBCI algebra  hesitant fuzzy set  neutrosophic set  filter  action learning  school administrator  SVM  neutrosophic classification  neutrosophic set  soft set  totally dependentneutrosophic set  totally dependentneutrosophic soft set  generalized De Morgan algebra  complex neutrosophic set  complex neutrosophic graph  fuzzy graph  matrix representation  neutrosophic triplet groups  semigroup  semineutrosophic triplets  classical group of neutrosophic triplets  Ssemigroup of neutrosophic triplets  pseudo primitive elements  neutrosophic sets (NSs)  interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs)  exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers  interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator  multiple attribute decision making (MADM)  typhoon disaster evaluation  simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers  cloud model  Maclaurin symmetric mean  multicriteria decisionmaking  neutrosophy  DSmT  decisionmaking algorithms  robotic dexterous hands  grasping configurations  grasp type  generalized group  neutrosophic triplet set  neutrosophic triplet group  group  neutrosophic cubic set  neutrosophic cubic graphs  applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs  singlevalued neutrosophic multisets  medical diagnosis  probabilistic rough sets over two universes  threeway decisions  similarity measures  neutrosophic cubic set  decisionmaking  soft sets  support soft sets  interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets  sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs)  analytic network process  interdependency of criteria  TOPSIS  neutrosophic set  2inglevalued neutrosophic set  Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)  integrated weight  maximizing deviation  multiattribute decisionmaking (MADM)  neutrosophic triplet set (NTS)  partial metric spaces (PMS)  fixed point theory (FPT)  neutrosophic triplet  quasi neutrosophic triplet loop  quasi neutrosophic triplet group  BEalgebra  CIalgebra  fuzzy time series  forecasting  twofactor fuzzy logical relationship  multivalued neutrosophic set  Hamming distance  neutrosophic set  prioritized operator  Muirhead mean  multicriteria decisionmaking  aggregation operators  dual aggregation operators  neutrosophic triplet group (NTG)  NTsubgroup  homomorphism theorem  weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group  neutrosophic rough set  MGNRS  dual domains  inclusion relation  decisionmaking  neutromonomorphism  neutroepimorphism  neutroautomorphism  fundamental neutrohomomorphism theorem  first neutroisomorphism theorem  and second neutroisomorphism theorem  linear and nonlinear neutrosophic number  deneutrosophication methods  neutrosophic set  bipolar fuzzy set  neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set  neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator  similarity measure  algorithm  multiple attribute decision making problem  neutrosophic duplets  semigroup  neutrosophic triplet groups  neutrosophic set  fault diagnosis  normal distribution  defuzzification  simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator  (commutative) ideal  generalized neutrosophic set  generalized neutrosophic ideal  commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal  linguistic neutrosophic sets  multicriteria group decisionmaking  power aggregation operator  extended TOPSIS method  probabilistic singlevalued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set  multiattribute decision making  aggregation operator  quasigroup  loop  BCIalgebra  BolMoufang  quasi neutrosophic loops  Fenyves identities  Gmetric  neutrosophic Gmetric  neutrosophic sets  clustering  neutrosophic big data  neutrosophic logic  aggregation operator  complement  intersection  membership  neutrosophic soft set  NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator  NCPMM operator  MADM  MM operator  Neutrosophic cubic sets  PA operator  interval neutrosophic sets  Bonferroni mean  power operator  multiattribute decision making (MADM)  multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM)  2tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs)  TODIM model  2TLNNs TODIM method  construction project  MCGDM problems  triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs)  VIKOR model  TFNNs VIKOR method  potential evaluation  emerging technology commercialization  Qlinguistic neutrosophic variable set  vector similarity measure  cosine measure  Dice measure  Jaccard measure  decision making  inclusion relation  neutrosophic rough set  multiattribute group decisionmaking (MAGDM)  multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS)  two universes  single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number  multicriteria group decision making  possibility degree  power aggregation operators  LAsemihypergroups  neutrosophic triplet set  neutrohomomorphism  algorithm  decision making  expert set  generalized neutrosophic set  neutrosophic sets  Qneutrosophic  soft sets  simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs)  interval number  dependent degree  multicriteria group decisionmaking (MCGDM)  computability  oracle Turing machines  neutrosophic sets  neutrosophic logic  recursive enumerability  oracle computation  criterion functions  neutrosophic computation  neutrosophic logic  quantum computation  computation  logic  n/a
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