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The Economic Consequences of the Gulf War

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ISBN: 9780203992104 9780415052955 9781138968226 9781134939657 9781134939640 9781134939602 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203992104 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:09
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The Iran-Iraq War were one of the longest and most devastating uninterrupted wars amongst modern nation states. It produced neither victor nor vanquished and left the regimes in both countries basically intact. However, it is clear that the domestic, regional and international repercussions of the war mean that 'going back' is not an option. Iraq owes too much to regain the lead it formerly held in economic performance and development levels. What then does reconstruction mean? In this book, Kamran Mofid counteracts the scant analysis to date of the economic consequences of the Gulf War by analysing its impact on both economies in terms of oil production, exports, foreign exchange earnings, non-defence foreign trade and agricultural performance. In the final section, Mofid brings together the component parts of the economic cost of the war to assign a dollar value to the devastation.

Keywords

arms --- imports --- iran --- iraq --- defence --- burden --- oil --- exports --- world's --- hypocrisy

Fouilles à Marseille : Objets quotidiens médiévaux et modernes

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782491788056 DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.3443 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les objets du quotidien, devenus mobilier archéologique du fait de leur enfouissement dans les couches sédimentaires ou de leur insertion dans des maçonneries, font partie intégrante des données que les archéologues utilisent pour la compréhension d’un site archéologique. Ajoutés les uns aux autres et au fil du temps, ces objets de la vie quotidienne forment des masses parfois imposantes à récolter pendant le chantier, à gérer et à traiter pour les conserver dignement et à étudier. Mais ils témoignent d’une façon particulièrement concrète de la façon dont les Marseillais ont vécu tout au long du Moyen Âge et de l’époque moderne. On trouvera dans cet ouvrage une étude la plus large possible de catégories variées de ces objets du quotidien. En premier lieu la céramique, retrouvée en contexte « de consommation », renseignant sur les approvisionnements d’une ville portuaire et sur les usages quotidiens de ceux qui y vivaient. Au côté des monnaies, peu nombreuses, des pipes ou du mobilier en verre, qui témoigne d’une évolution des goûts de la table, les objets métalliques et en matière dure animale sont autant de traces d’une matérialité de la vie quotidienne qui vient égayer des vestiges archéologiques parfois un peu arides tant ils ont été détruits au fil des siècles. Cet ouvrage vient ainsi compléter le premier volume paru sur Marseille médiévale et moderne (BiAMA 7), qui avait présenté le cadre général de la cité et le détail des fouilles récentes portant sur ces périodes. Le spécialiste, comme le grand public, y trouvera largement la matière d’une connaissance renouvelée sur ce sujet.

Global Wine Markets, 1961 to 2009: A statistical compendium

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780987073013 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.1017/UPO9780987073013 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-14 08:53:05
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Until very recently, most grape-based wine was consumed close to where it was produced, and mostly that was in Europe. Barely one-tenth of the world’s wine production was exported prior to the 1970s, even counting intra-European trade. The latest wave of globalization has changed that forever. Now more than one-third of all wine consumed globally is produced in another country, and Europe’s dominance of global wine trade has been greatly diminished by the surge of exports from ‘New World’ producers. New consumers also have come onto the scene as incomes have grown, eating habits have changed and tastes have broadened. Asia in particular is emerging as a new and rapidly growing wine market – and in China that is stimulating the development of local, modern production capability that, in volume terms, already rivals that of Argentina, Australia and South Africa. This latest edition of global wine statistics therefore not only updates data to 2009 and revises past data, but also expands on earlier editions in a number of ways. For example, we now separately identify an extra eight Asian countries or customs areas (Hong Kong, India, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand) in addition to China and Japan. We also include more than 50 new tables to cover such items as excise and import taxes, per capita expenditure on wine, the share of domestic sales in off-trade, the shares of the largest firms in national markets and globally, and the most powerful wine brands globally. Given the growing interest in the health aspects of alcohol consumption, we now express it per adult as well as per capita. Perhaps the most significant addition to this latest version is a new section that provides estimates of the volume, value and hence unit value of wine production, consumption, exports and imports for four catagories: sparkling wines, and non-premium, commercial-premium and super-premium still wines.

Global wine markets, 1860 to 2016

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781925261660 Year: DOI: 10.20851/global-wine-markets Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-12 11:01:57
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Until recently, most grape-based wine was consumed close to where it was produced, and mostly that was in Europe. Now more than two-fifths of all wine consumed globally is produced in another country, including in the Southern Hemisphere, the USA and Asia. This latest edition of global wine statistics not only updates data to 2016 but also adds another century of data. The motivation to assemble those historical data was to enable comparisons between the current and the previous globalization waves. This unique database reveals that, even though Europe’s vineyards were devastated by vine diseases and the pest phylloxera from the 1860s, most ‘New World’ countries remained net importers of wine until late in the nineteenth century. Some of the world’s leading wine economists and historians have contributed to and drawn on this database to examine the development of national wine market developments before, during and in between the two waves of globalization. Their initial analyses cover all key wine-producing and -consuming countries using a common methodology to explain long-term trends and cycles in national wine production, consumption, and trade.

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