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Chapter 4 Improving the estate (Book chapter)

Book title: Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830

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Book Series: Studies in Historical Geography ISBN: 9781409456025 9781315579078 Year: Pages: 32 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:09
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Women like Jane Ashley, Amabel Hume-Campbell,&#xD;Anna Maria Agar, Sarah Dawes and Mary Cotterel were all involved in pushing&#xD;through parliamentary enclosure awards, while Elizabeth Prowse introduced&#xD;wide-ranging agricultural improvements after the informal enclosure of the open&#xD;fields at Wicken. The contributions of these women and others like them to a&#xD;bundle of related practices – including parliamentary enclosure and agricultural&#xD;improvement, but also non-agricultural sources of estate income – are discussed&#xD;in this chapter.

Keywords

women --- estate --- income

Spanish Economic Growth, 1850–2015

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9783319580418 9783319580425 Year: Pages: 383 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58042-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:43:20
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This text offers a comprehensive and nuanced view of the economic development of Spain since 1850. It provides a new set of historical GDP estimates for Spain from the demand and supply sides, and presents a reconstruction of production and expenditure series for the century prior to the introduction of modern national accounts. The author splices available national accounts sets over the period 1958–2015 through interpolation, as an alternative to conventional retropolation. The resulting national accounts series are linked to the historical estimates providing yearly series for GDP and its components since 1850. On the basis of new population estimates, the author derives GDP per head, decomposed into labour productivity and the amount of work per person, and placed into international perspective.With theoretical reasoning and historiographical implications, Prados de la Escosura provides a useful methodological reference work for anyone interested in national accounting.

Keywords

economics --- productivity --- consumption --- value --- income --- expenditure

Bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen und Solidarisches Bürgergeld - mehr als sozialutopische Konzepte/

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Book Series: Edition HWWI ISBN: 9783937816470 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HWWI.1.69 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21

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Thomas Straubhaar and Ingrid Hohenleitner outline the model of an unconditionally granted basic income. According to the authors, it can also be financed by Germany. They see the basic income as an opportunity to sustainably restructure the state budget and make the welfare state financially viable again for future generations. They show that new jobs of up to 1.17 million full-time jobs could be created, particularly in the low-wage sector. Michael Opielka sees the Althaus model as "a kind of combination wage for all". Part of the national income would be distributed to all. With a "mixture of pragmatism and idealism", the Solidarity Citizen's Income creates on the one hand a "real" labour market, but at the same time makes part-time work worthwhile and provides secure voluntary commitment and educational phases. With the Solidarity Citizen Income, wage differentiation in the lower income bracket no longer leads to poverty. The Solidarity Citizen Income of Dieter Althaus would be an important step on the way to more social solidarity, more subsidiarity and more (social) justice. Michael Schramm comes to this conclusion. In addition, the system of social security would be placed on an economically viable footing and the labour market and entrepreneurial forces would be stimulated.

Studies in the History of Tax Law, Volume 6

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Book Series: Studies in the History of Tax Law ISBN: 9781849464802 9781782253204 9781782253198 9781782253198 Year: Pages: 568 Language: English
Publisher: Hart Publishers Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095723
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-17 11:01:06
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These are the papers from the 2012 Cambridge Tax Law History Conference revised and reviewed for publication. The papers include new studies of: income tax law rewrite projects 1914–1956; law and administration in capital allowances 1878– 1950; the 'full amount' in income tax legislation; Sir Josiah Stamp and double income tax; early German income tax treaties and laws concerned with double tax avoidance (1869–1908); the policy of the medicine stamp duty; 'Danegeld' – from Danish tribute to English land tax; religion and charity, a historical perspective; 'Plaintive Glitterati'; a collision of accounting and law, dividends from pre-1914 profits in Australia; the history and development of the taxation profession in the UK and Australia; an inquiry into Dutch to British Colonial Malacca 1824–1839; the taxation history of China; taxing bachelors in America: 1895–1939; Dutch Tax reform under Napoleon; and the last decade of estate duty.

Growing Apart: Religious Reflection on the Rise of Economic Inequality

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038425779 / 9783038425786 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-578-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Religion --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-24 10:37:32
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Many people are increasingly concerned about economic inequality within their own nations, or between wealthy nations and poor ones. But is today's vast economic inequality best addressed by appeals to ethics, by altering social structures such as taxes and laws, or some combination of the two approaches? This volume brings together leading scholars from across the disciplines who believe today's extreme economic inequality threatens human flourishing and who are determined to address it using their own disciplinary tools. The broadly interdisciplinary volume incorporates contributions from fields as varied as theology, philosophy, economics, education, social work, sociology and law. Our work together illustrates how incorporating a variety of perspectives in a conversation enriches religious and ethical reflection on a significant social ill, and how quantitative and secular fields can help offer practical solutions to contemporary ethical problems.

Unpaid Work and the Economy

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Book Series: Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy ISBN: 9780203987285 9780415296946 9780415407069 9781134433551 9781134433544 9781134433506 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203987285 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:04
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In economics, the voluntary sector is surprisingly understudied. In order to fully understand economics, unpaid and voluntary work needs to be taken into account and afforded the same status as paid activities. This book constitutes a rigorous economic analysis with special emphasis on gender issues and covers every conceivable angle of unpaid work and all its ramifications for the modern economy. The unified vision offered by this group of leading contributors ensures this book is a work of excellent quality. There is every chance it will become a seminal study on unpaid work and as such will provide a useful reference for students and academics involved in gender studies, econometrics, and consumption studies.

Tax Systems and Tax Reforms in New EU Member States

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy ISBN: 9780203023075 9780415349888 9780415654333 9781134270736 9781134270729 9781134270682 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203023075 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:10
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Building on the work carried out in the 2004 Routledge book, Tax Systems and Tax Reforms in Europe, an international team of contributors now turn their attention to the new EU member states. The book compares conditions in the new and potential EU Member states to those in the long-standing EU countries. Topics covered include: * A Comparative View of Taxation in the EU and in New Members * Tax Policy in EU New Members * Tax Policy in New Members under the Stability Pact * Tax Administration and the Black Economy. As well as investigating countries such as the Czech Republic, Estonia and the Baltics, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, this outstanding book contains a foreword by Vito Tanzi and will be a valuable resource for postgraduates and professionals in the fields of economics, politics, finance and European studies.

Macroeconomic Policies and Poverty

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy ISBN: 9780203005804 9780415700719 9780415649827 9781135994587 9781135994570 9781135994532 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203005804 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:19
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In this volume, world-renowned contributors, including Martin Ravallion, Michael Kremer and Robert Townsend, deal with the institutional characteristics of poverty resulting from the time pattern of aid, the nature of financial systems and the political economy of budgetary decisions. Going beyond the traditional literature on poverty, this original book deals with themes of broad interest to both scholars and policymakers in a clear yet technically sophisticated manner. Departing from conventional methods employed in poverty studies, these innovative essays enquire into the institutional characteristics of poverty, and using current case studies, they examine the crucial idea that periods of crises seriously affect poverty.

A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic and Human Development

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631587935 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.3726/b13871 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:28
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This book contributes to the empirical literature on economic and human development from five different perspectives: the first chapter provides a new statistical test for bimodality of densities with an application to income data. The second chapter analyzes the worlds cross-country distribution of income and challenges the so called Twin Peaks-claim. The third chapter focuses on the world income distribution and resulting implications for poverty reduction, pro-poor growth and the evolution of global inequality. The fourth chapter estimates the welfare effects of recently negotiated Economic Partnership Agreements between the EU and African countries. Finally, the fifth chapter investigates whether democracy leads to higher levels of health and education.

Equity, Growth, and Community: What the Nation Can Learn from America's Metro Areas

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780520284418 9780520960046 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.6 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:13
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In the last several years, much has been written about growing economic challenges, increasing income inequality, and political polarization in the United States. Addressing these new realities in America’s metropolitan regions, this book argues that a few lessons are emerging: first, inequity is bad for economic growth; second, bringing together the concerns of equity and growth requires concerted local action; and third, the fundamental building block for doing this is the creation of diverse and dynamic epistemic (or knowledge) communities, which help to overcome political polarization and to address the challenges of economic restructuring and social divides.

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