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Tyneside Neighbourhoods : Deprivation, social life and social behaviour in one British city

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ISBN: 9782821876095 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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This book presents the results offive years of comparative ethnographic fieldwork in two different neighbourhoods of the same British city, Newcastle upon Tyne. The neighbourhoods are only a few kilometres apart, yet whilst one is relatively affluent, the other is amongst the most economically deprived in the UK. Tyneside Neighbourhoods uses multiple research methods to explore social relationships and social behaviour, attempting to understand whether the experience of deprivation fosters social solidarity or undermines it. The book is distinctive in its development of novel quantitative methods for ethnography: systematic social observation, economic games, household surveys, crime statistics and field experiments. Daniel Nettle analyses these findings in the context of the cultural, psychological and economic consequences of economic deprivation, and of the ethical difficulties involved in representing a deprived community. In doing so the book sheds light on one of the main issues of our time: the roles of culture and socioeconomic factors in determining patterns of human social behaviour. Tyneside Neighbourhoods is a must read for scholars, students, individual readers, charities and government departments seeking insight into the social consequences of deprivation and inequality in the West.

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England --- Tyneside --- inequalities --- economics

Les inégalités culturelles. Qu’en pensent les Français ?

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ISBN: 9782111399181 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
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Les Français sont partagés à propos de la réalité des inégalités culturelles dans notre pays : plus de la moitié d’entre eux considèrent qu’elles sont fortes et presque autant estiment qu’elles ont plutôt augmenté au cours des trente dernières années (14% pensent qu’elles ont fortement augmenté et 34% pensent qu’elles ont un peu augmenté). Ce jugement, qui peut sembler sévère, est en réalité à l’image de celui que les Français portent sur les autres domaines de la vie sociale : leur regard sur l’importance des inégalités de revenus ou sur les discriminations, sur l’école et sur la société en général n’est, en effet, pas plus clément. Les Français expriment également un niveau élevé d’attentes en matière de réduction des inégalités culturelles : la très grande majorité d’entre eux partagent l’idée que les pouvoirs publics doivent favoriser l’accès à l’art et à la culture, plus de la moitié (55%) se prononçant même pour une politique plus ambitieuse dans ce domaine. Cette forte attente à l’égard des pouvoirs publics en matière d’accès à la culture fait écho à celle qui s’exprime également avec force, à l’égard de l’État, sur le terrain économique. Les deux ont d’ailleurs tendance à aller de pair. Plus portées que les hommes à dénoncer les inégalités culturelles, les femmes sont également plus nombreuses à réclamer un renforcement de la politique de démocratisation, notamment quand elles appartiennent aux milieux favorisés. C’est le cas également des personnes qui se situent à gauche (et plus encore à l’extrême gauche) de l’échiquier politique, de celles ayant subi souvent des discriminations et de celles qui appartiennent aux professions intermédiaires. Les jeunes, en revanche, apparaissent en retrait sur la question de la démocratisation.

A multi-factor approach to understanding socio-economic segregation in European capital cities (Book chapter)

Book title: Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781138794931 9781315758879 9781317637486 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615159
Subject: Geography --- Economics --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-19 11:01:18
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Growing inequalities in Europe, even in the most egalitarian countries, are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competive- ness of European cities. Surprisingly, though, there is a lack of systematic and representative research on the spatial dimension of rising inequalities. This gap is filled by our book project Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West, with empirical evidence from Amsterdam, Athens, Budapest, London, Madrid, Milan, Oslo, Prague, Riga, Stockholm, Tallinn, Vienna and Vilnius. This introductory chapter outlines the background to this interna- tional comparative research and introduces a multi-factor approach to studying socio-economic segregation. The chapter focuses on four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regime and the housing system. Based on these factors, we propose a hypothetical ranking of segregation levels in the thirteen case study cities. As the conclusions of this book show, the hypothetical ranking and the actual ranking of cities by segregation levels only match partly; the explanation for this can be sought in context-specific factors which will be discussed in-depth in each of the case study chapters.

Inequality and rising levels of socio-economic segregation: Lessons from a pan-European comparative study (Book chapter)

Book title: Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781138794931 9781315758879 9781317637486 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615159
Subject: Geography --- Economics --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:14
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The Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West project investigates changing levels of socio-economic segregation in 13 major European cities: Amsterdam, Budapest, Vienna, Stockholm, Oslo, London, Vilnius, Tallinn, Prague, Madrid, Milan, Athens and Riga. The two main conclusions of this major study are that the levels of socio-economic segregation in European cities are still relatively modest compared to some other parts of the world but that the spatial gap between poor and rich is widening in all capital cities across Europe. Segregation levels in the East of Europe started at a lower level compared to the West of Europe, but the East is quickly catching up, although there are large dif- ferences between cities. Four central factors were found to play a major role in the changing urban landscape in Europe: welfare and housing regimes, globalisation and economic restructuring, rising economic inequality and historical development paths. Where state intervention in Europe has long countered segregation, (neo) liberal transformations in welfare states, under the influence of globalisation, have caused an increase in inequality. As a result, the levels of socio-economic segrega- tion are moving upwards. If this trend were to continue, Europe would be at risk of slipping into the epoch of growing inequalities and segregation where the rich and the poor will live separate lives in separate parts of their cities, which could seriously harm the social stability of our future cities.

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781315758879 9781317637486 9781138794931 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315758879 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615159
Subject: Geography --- Economics --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:50

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Growing inequalities in Europe are a major challenge threatening the sustainability of urban communities and the competiveness of European cities. While the levels of socio-economic segregation in European cities are still modest compared to some parts of the world, the poor are increasingly concentrating spatially within capital cities across Europe. An overlooked area of research, this book offers a systematic and representative account of the spatial dimension of rising inequalities in Europe. This book provides rigorous comparative evidence on socio-economic segregation from 13 European cities. Cities include Amsterdam, Athens, Budapest, London, Milan, Madrid, Oslo, Prague, Riga, Stockholm, Tallinn, Vienna and Vilnius. Comparing 2001 and 2011, this multi-factor approach links segregation to four underlying universal structural factors: social inequalities, global city status, welfare regimes and housing systems. Hypothetical segregation levels derived from those factors are compared to actual segregation levels in all cities. Each chapter provides an in-depth and context sensitive discussion of the unique features shaping inequalities and segregation in the case study cities.&#xD;&#xD;The main conclusion of the book is that the spatial gap between the poor and the rich is widening in capital cities across Europe, which threatens to harm the social stability of European cities. This book will be a key reference on increasing segregation and will provide valuable insights to students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the spatial dimension of social inequality in European cities.&#xD;&#xD; &#xD;&#xD; &#xD;&#xD;A PDF version of the introduction and conclusion are available Open Access at www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Ageing, Diversity and Equality

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in Sociology ISBN: 9780415786690 9781315226835 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100744
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
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Current understandings of ageing and diversity are impoverished in three main ways. Firstly, with regards to thinking about what inequalities operate in later life there has been an excessive preoccupation with economic resources. On the other hand, less attention has been paid to cultural norms and values, other resources, wider social processes, political participation and community engagement. Secondly, in terms of thinking about the ‘who’ of inequality, this has so far been limited to a very narrow range of minority populations. Finally, when considering the ‘how’ of inequality, social gerontology’s theoretical analyses remain under-developed. The overall effect of these issues is that social gerontology remains deeply embedded in normative assumptions which serve to exclude a wide range of older people.This book aims to challenge and provoke the above described normativity and offer an alternative approach which highlights the heterogeneity and diversity of ageing.

Making work more equal

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781526125972 Year: Pages: 368 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-01 11:01:04
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This book is inspired by, and dedicated to, Jill Rubery. Jill is a major figure in international debates on inequalities in work and employment. Her intellectual contributions are renowned for both their critical questioning of mainstream theoretical approaches, whether in economics, management, industrial relations or comparative systems, and their attention to real-world empirical detail. Jill’s intellectual roots are with the influential Cambridge economics group researching labour market segmentation in the late 1970s and 1980s during a period when Keynesian economic thought was being eclipsed by neoclassical economics modelling. The research was inter-disciplinary, grounded in data (mostly involving case studies of firms) and driven by an ambitious intellectual agenda that developed theory while also illuminating practical matters of relevance to policy-makers and practitioners.

O futuro do trabalho em debate: Simulação da Conferência Internacional do Trabalho na Universidade de Coimbra

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Book Series: Documentos ISBN: 9789892614953 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1496-0 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
License: Coimbra University Press

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Respondendo ao desafio lançado pelo Diretor-Geral da Organização Internacional do Trabalhado (OIT) de debater “O Futuro do Trabalho” no quadro da preparação do centenário da OIT (em 2019), este livro reúne os principais contributos resultantes da primeira Simulação da Conferência Internacional do Trabalho em ambiente universitário europeu. Além dos discursos institucionais (das entidades organizadoras, dos convidados institucionais e dos representantes dos parceiros sociais), o livro detalha os conteúdos das sessões de trabalho em que os 300 delegados (estudantes da Universidade de Coimbra) estiveram envolvidos ao longo de meses. O corolário dos debates sobre o futuro do trabalho, repartidos por 4 comités – (i) A macro regulação económica do emprego. Do pleno emprego

Institutional determinants of social inequality

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197859 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-785-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 17:04:57
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Understanding the factors that create and maintain social inequalities is a core question in social psychology. Research has so far mainly focused on the role of individual stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. However, there is growing evidence that, beyond the “biased” acts of prejudiced individuals, structural factors related to the very functioning of institutions and organizations can play a role in the reproduction of social inequalities. Indeed, in industrialized countries, society is structured in a way that reflects the perspective of, is organized by, and benefits the dominant groups. In this Research Topic, we propose to bring together researchers who study how institutional ideologies and practices promote norms, rules and opportunities that favor dominant groups and disadvantage dominated groups. This question can be tackled by work investigating how institutional practices (e.g., grading, tracking, recruitment, …) and ideologies (e.g., meritocracy, individualism, protestant work ethic, …) shape the psychological experience of (dis)advantaged people. Moreover, another interesting venue is represented by work investigating how the institutional practices and ideologies are enacted by the agents (e.g., teachers, recruiters, leaders, …). Taking the perspective of agents allows to investigate how institutional functioning constrains the actual opportunities they provide to (dis)advantaged individuals. This could also highlight how institutional ideologies and practices are incorporated by agents, thus revealing mechanisms of change vs. perpetuation of the institutional functioning.

Reducing Oral Health Disparities: What Can We Learn from Social; Environmental and Cultural Factors?

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453719 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-371-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Oral health disparities are profound worldwide, and they affect the quality of life of individuals of all age groups. Disparities in oral health are seen in racial and ethnic minorities, at different socioeconomic levels and due to differences in environment and cultural factors. Several determinants of oral health have been identified at the population, community, family and individual levels. These determinants represent a complex interplay of the social, biological, cultural and economic factors that in turn affect the oral health behaviors, environmental exposures, health care utilization. To date, biological factors related to oral diseases have received much attention in oral health research; whilst social and cultural determinants have just started to receive recognition for their role in oral disease development and progression. This research highlights that interventions designed to reduce disparities should adopt a multi-level approach in order to identify the modifiable mechanisms and target all determinants of oral health disparities. In this Research Topic, we will focus on the role of social, environmental and cultural factors in the development and progression of oral diseases, their role in oral health disparities and interventions focusing on these factors to improve oral health and reduce disparities.

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