Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Microbial Modulation of Host Apoptosis and Pyroptosis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192809 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-280-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Internal medicine --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Infectious disease is the result of an interactive relationship between a microbial pathogen and its host. In this interaction both the host and the pathogen attempt to manipulate each other using a complex network to maximize their respective survival probabilities. Programmed host cell death is a direct outcome of host-pathogen interaction and may benefit host or pathogen depending on microbial pathogenesis. Apoptosis and pyroptosis are two common programmed cell death types induced by various microbial infections. Apoptosis is non-inflammatory programmed cell death and can be triggered through intrinsic or extrinsic pathways and with or without the contribution of mitochondria. Pyroptosis is an inflammatory cell death and is typically triggered by caspase-1 after its activation by various inflammasomes. However, some non-canonical caspase-1-independent proinflammatory cell death phenomena have been reported. Microbial pathogens are able to modulate host apoptosis and pyroptosis through different triggers and pathways. The promotion and inhibition of host apoptosis and pyroptosis vary and depend on the microbe types, virulence, and phenotypes. For example, virulent pathogens and attenuated vaccine strains may use different pathways to modulate host cell death. Specific microbial genes may be responsible for the modulation of host cell death. Different host cells, including macrophages, dendritic cells, and T cells, can undergo apoptosis and pyroptosis after microbial infections. The pathways of host apoptosis and pyroptosis induced by different microbes may also differ. Different methods can be used to study the interaction between microbes and host cell death system. The articles included in this E-book report the cutting edge findings in the areas of microbial modulation of host apoptosis, pyroptosis and inflammasome.

Marine Anti-inflammatory Agents

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039215720 / 9783039215737 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-573-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Acute inflammation is a highly regulated process, and its dysregulation can lead to the development of a chronic inflammatory state which is believed to play a main role in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including cancer. In recent years, the need to find new anti-inflammatory molecules has raised the scientific community´s interest for marine natural products. In this regard, the marine environment represents a source for isolating a wealth of bioactive compounds. In this Special Issue, the reported products have been obtained from microalgae, sea cucumber, octopus, squid, red alga-derived fungus, cnidarians, hard-shelled mussel, and sponges.

Keywords

THP-1 macrophages --- anti-inflammatory --- TLR4 --- NF-?B --- MAPK --- SPR analysis --- glycolipids --- MGDG --- skin --- inflammation --- epidermal hyperplasia --- microalgae --- Isochrysis galbana --- Frondanol --- Cucumaria frondosa --- DSS colitis --- colon inflammation --- zoantharia --- Tropical Eastern Pacific --- Zoanthus pulchellus --- zoanthamine --- inflammation --- fucoxanthin --- inflammation --- epidermal hyperplasia --- UVB --- photoprotection --- 6-bromoindole --- Geodia barretti --- anti-inflammatory activity --- dendritic cells --- T cell differentiation --- poor blood circulation --- Ecklonia cava --- phlorotannins --- pyrogallol-phloroglucinol-6,6-bieckol --- functional ingredients --- endothelial cell death --- vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration --- inflammation --- anti-inflammatory --- bioactive molecules --- microalgae --- polysaccharides --- carotenoids --- polyunsaturated fatty acids --- fucoxanthin --- ultraviolet B --- denervation --- seafood waste --- polyunsaturated fatty acid --- NO inhibition --- fish oil --- marine nutraceuticals --- fish oil --- omega-3 --- eicosapentaenoic acid --- docosahexaenoic acid --- inflammation --- eicosanoid --- cytokine --- surgery --- critical illness --- parenteral nutrition --- signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) --- matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) --- interleukin (IL) --- lipopolysaccharide (LPS) --- acute sickness behavior --- acute lung injury (ALI) --- prostaglandins --- clavulones --- punaglandins --- thromboxane --- inflammation --- marine vertebrates --- marine invertebrates --- diatoms --- macroalgae --- fucoxanthin --- rosmarinic acid --- NRLP3 --- inflammasome --- anti-oxidative --- anti-inflammatory --- photo-protection --- UVB

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search