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L'agriculture en famille

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9782759811922 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-1192-2 Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-19 16:49:39
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family farm – south countries – inheritance - Transformation

Filhos de Adão, filhas de Eva : A visão do mundo camponesa no Alto Minho

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ISBN: 9791036516276 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.1709 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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O rio Lima corre em direcção ao poente, da província espanhola de Orense para a costa Atlântica, que encontra na cidade de Viana do Castelo, capital do distrito ao qual ambas as margens do rio pertencem. Na margem sul, estão situadas duas pequenas vilas, Ponte de Lima e Ponte da Barca, nomes que referem as pontes que atravessam o rio nos locais de encontro entre a estrada que o bordeja e as principais vias antigas que, no sentido sul-norte, ligam Braga (capital eclesiástica e económica do Minho) com o rio Minho, na fronteira mais setentrional do país. Paço de S. Miguel e Couto de S. Fins, cujos residentes são os protagonistas deste estudo, são duas freguesias ribeirinhas do pequeno concelho de Ponte da Barca, que se situa a cerca de quarenta quilómetros do mar.

Keywords

kinship --- property --- wedding --- sex roles --- inheritance --- Portugal

¿Legado de deuda? A vueltas con la Pandectística

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788415454410 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 158 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-26 11:15:26
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Objeto de esta investigación que engloba Derecho romano, Ciencia jurídica alemana del siglo XIX, y Derecho civil actual, es el denominado “legatum debiti”. Disposición testamentaria en virtud de la cual el “de cuius” atribuye a su acreedor una cosa o cantidad en consideración de una deuda que con él tenía. Este trabajo pone de manifiesto que la construcción dogmática del "legatum debiti" tiene su fundamento en el Derecho romano; si bien no en las fuentes clásicas y justinianeas, sino en la elaboración que de éstas hizo la doctrina pandectística. Las razones que justificarían el recurso a esta figura jurídica por parte del testador: fines lícitos (introducir algún cambio en la relación obligatoria que se traducía en una ventaja para el acreedor; purificación de la obligación que se debía a condición o término; sustitución de la acción honoraria por acción civil; renuncia implícita a una excepción, o exigibilidad inmediata o en lugar más conveniente para el acreedor). Fines ilícitos (favorecer a través del testamento a alguien que, de otro modo, no habría podido heredar-vulneración leyes caducarías y Falcidia-). Se analizan, asimismo, los tratados de Pandectas, tanto de autores pertenecientes a la primera generación de alumnos de Savigny, como de otros pertenecientes a la ciencia jurídica alemana de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Se concluye aludiendo a la inexistencia en el BGB de alusión alguna al "legado de deuda" pese a su influencia pandectística.

Besitzwechsel und sozialer Wandel

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ISBN: 9783205795650 Year: Pages: 378 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_482143 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 117
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:30
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This book deals with the changing patterns of transmission of land and houses in a pre-industrial rural community of Southern Bohemia. By linking different sources, such as land registers and a family reconstitution, the study focuses on both the demographic and the economic factors that influenced peasant transmission strategies as well as on the consequences of changing transmission patterns for access to land-ownership.

Evolutionary Theory: Fringe or Central to Psychological Science

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199204 Year: Pages: 62 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-920-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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The computational theory of mind, which views the brain as an information processor that operates on cognitive representations, is central to modern cognitive psychology and is the dominant perspective from which brain function is conceptualized and studied. Evolutionary Psychology (EP) is the application of evolutionary theory to understanding human behaviour and cognition. Unlike other core Psychology topic areas (such as Personality, Learning or Developmental Psychology), however, EP is not defined by the subset of psychological phenomena it seeks to describe and understand. It is instead defined by a specific meta-theoretical perspective, from which it seeks to (potentially) explain all psychological phenomena. The central question posed by this volume is whether this over-arching nature provides an opportunity for evolutionary approaches to offer an alternative meta-theoretical perspective to the information processing / representational view of brain function and behavior.

Istället för äktenskap

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ISBN: 9789188661517 9789188661432 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.12 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:01:03
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"The 20th century is sometimes said to be the century of the family farm. Although the countryside changed fundamentally, the farming family - consisting of husband, wife and children - is often seen as intact. However, all farms were not driven by families of the traditional type. One alternative was that two or more of the children took over the farm together, continued to live in the same household and remained unmarried. But how common were such sibling farms? How did they work and what were the motives behind the siblings' choice to live together? Based on household analyzes, government reports and interviews, historian Martin Dackling in Instead of marriage sketches the history of the sibling farms. He shows that they were neither unusual nor remains of an older peasant society. From the beginning of the 19th century, it became increasingly common for brothers and sisters to take over the farm together and in the 1930s and 1940s sibling farms were a common feature of Swedish countryside. However, after 1950 they became increasingly unusual. The book discusses why the sibling farms arose and Dackling points to cultural, social and economic explanations. An important circumstance was also that most of the siblings remained unmarried. Love relations were not missing, but marriage was difficult to combine with siblings living in the same household. Love relations and sibling relations were in a complicated correlation with each other, and on many farms, living with siblings became an alternative to marriage. "

What Is a Family?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780520974135 9780520316089 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.77 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-20 11:21:03
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What is a family? The essays gathered here explore disparate family histories in early modern Japan, attending variously to the samurai elite, agrarian villagers, urban merchants, communities of outcastes, and the circles surrounding priests, artists, and scholars. They draw on diverse sources—from population registers and legal documents to personal letters and diaries, from genealogies and necrologies to popular fiction and drama. And while some examine collective practices (the adoption of heirs, the veneration of ancestors), others look intimately at individual actors (a runaway daughter, a murderous wife). What unites these stories is the political and social order of the Tokugawa shogunate (1603-1868), which structured all lives. Families navigated its constraints differently, but the circumstances that made one household unlike another were framed, then as now, by prevailing laws, norms, and controls on resources. Those constraints led the majority to form stem families, the focus of this volume. The essays nonetheless depart from essentialist and nationalist narratives to emphasize that family formation was a dynamic process mediated by particular pressures.

Mechanisms of Mitotic Chromosome Segregation

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ISBN: 9783038424031 9783038424024 Year: Pages: VIII, 332 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-10 09:52:09
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This book describes current knowledge about the mechanisms by which cells segregate their already duplicated chromosomes in preparation for cell division. Experts in the field treat several important aspects of this subject: (1) the history of research on mitotic mechanisms, to serve as a background; (2) assembly of the mitotic spindle; (3) Kinetochore assembly and function; (4) the mechanisms of chromosome congression to the metaphase plate; (5) the spindle assembly checkpoint; (6) mechanisms to avoid and correct erroneous chromosome attachments to the spindle; (7) a molecular perspective on spindle assembly in land plants; (8) chromosome segregation in anaphase A; (9) spindle elongation in anaphase B; and (10) the consequences of errors in chromosome segregation. Each chapter provides the reader with a comprehensive and accurate picture of current research in a form that is both readable and authoritative. The volume is suitable for scholars in this and related fields and for teaching at an advanced level.

Rules of the House

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ISBN: 9789176350607 9789176350638 9789176350614 9789176350621 Year: Pages: 189 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.60 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Gender Studies --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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Rules of the House examines the transformation of the Korean family during and after Japanese colonial rule. Through in-depth reading of civil litigation records, the book shows how the Japanese colonial legal system transformed Korean families from the traditional patrilineal family system into small, patriarchal households. The new domestic pattern proved remarkably durable, forming the basis of postcolonial family life. Women feature prominently in the book. Increasingly marginalized by patriarchy, women embodied the fault line between one family system as it receded and the other as it expanded under the auspices of Japanese colonial law. As a consequence, women’s rights to family property, inheritance, divorce, and adoption of heirs were frequently challenged by family members. Far from being quiet victims, these women brought their cases to the colonial courts and won a surprising number of cases. The book highlights how legal discourse about women’s rights in colonial civil courts articulated the transformation of the family.

Transnationalism and Genealogy

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ISBN: 9783039219087 / 9783039219094 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-909-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Transnationalism and genealogy is an emerging subfield of genealogy which intersects with other fields. The last two to three decades have witnessed a significant growth in this subfield, especially in the areas of transnationalism and family arrangements, transnational marriage, transnational adoption, transnational parenting, and transnational care for elderly parents. However, large gaps remain, especially with regard to the impact of transnationalism on lineage. In filling some lacunas in the current literature, Transnationalism and Genealogy represents an initial attempt to frame the relationship between transnationalism and genealogy. The articles included in this book cover various aspects of transnationalism and genealogy from historical periods until the present, with perspectives from anthropology, sociology, history, and African studies. The topics stretch from transnationalism and the emancipation of black kinship to the transformation of a Chinese immigrant family from traditional to transnational as well as the impact of this transformation on its family relations and lineage, a family history of transnational migration across four nation/city states in four generations, the role of social media platforms (Facebook in particular) in facilitating transnational care chains in the Trinidadian diasporic community, and a comparison between Chinese immigrants in the United States and Singapore in transnational parenting. The introductory essay offers a laconic assessment of the subfield of transnationalism and genealogy.

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