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Democratizing Innovation

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ISBN: 9780262002745 9780262720472 Year: Pages: 216 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:37
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The process of user-centered innovation: how it can benefit both users and manufacturers and how its emergence will bring changes in business models and in public policy.Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can develop their own new products and services. These innovating users—both individuals and firms—often freely share their innovations with others, creating user-innovation communities and a rich intellectual commons. In Democratizing Innovation, Eric von Hippel looks closely at this emerging system of user-centered innovation. He explains why and when users find it profitable to develop new products and services for themselves, and why it often pays users to reveal their innovations freely for the use of all.The trend toward democratized innovation can be seen in software and information products—most notably in the free and open-source software movement—but also in physical products. Von Hippel's many examples of user innovation in action range from surgical equipment to surfboards to software security features. He shows that product and service development is concentrated among "lead users," who are ahead on marketplace trends and whose innovations are often commercially attractive.Von Hippel argues that manufacturers should redesign their innovation processes and that they should systematically seek out innovations developed by users. He points to businesses—the custom semiconductor industry is one example—that have learned to assist user-innovators by providing them with toolkits for developing new products. User innovation has a positive impact on social welfare, and von Hippel proposes that government policies, including R&D subsidies and tax credits, should be realigned to eliminate biases against it. The goal of a democratized user-centered innovation system, says von Hippel, is well worth striving for. An electronic version of this book is available under a Creative Commons license.

Keywords

Innovation --- entrepeneurs

Strategien biotechnischer Innovation. Analysen, Konzepte und empirische Befunde

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ISBN: 9783937816340 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.63 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:23

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Over the past decade, efforts been have intensified to establish a viable location for modern biotechnologies in the Hamburg region. The growing intensity of Hamburg's biotechnological support can be seen as a reflection on the drastic slump of newly founded biotechnology companies that took place in previous years. Numerous companies disappeared from the scene after a short period of time despite good concepts and good technologies. Against this background the lecture series "Strategies of Biotechnological Innovation" was held in the winter semester 2004/2005 at the Research Center for Biotechnology, Society and Environment (BIOGUM) of the University of Hamburg. Its aim was to examine the possibilities, problems and limitations of innovation management from different perspectives. The texts of this volume are based on lectures given by the contributors in the context of this lecture series.

Le consommateur au cœur de l’innovation

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ISBN: 9782271062802 9782271077967 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-18 15:01:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage pose le problème essentiel de la conception de produits et services interactifs innovants - téléphones portables, stylos “ intelligents ”…- adaptés à l’usage des consommateurs. Ceux-ci, bien souvent, sont choisis pour cible des marchés mais n’interviennent pas en amont. À la fois pour des raisons de concurrence - il s’agit pour les industriels de réduire le délai de la mise sur le marché depuis la première idée - et des raisons d’adéquation aux besoins des utilisateurs, il est imp...

Chapter: 'Introducing the U.S. Cyberlearning Community' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 3 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_82 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 16:55:08
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The term “Cyberlearning” is used in the United States to describe a community of researchers, largely funded by the US National Science Foundation, who are exploring the integration of computer science research with learning sciences research. The Cyberlearning community is parallel to the EC-TEL community and the purpose of this poster is to foster mutual engagement between the communities. The paper describes the origin of the term, the conception of the field, the kinds of research being conducted, and some of the exemplary projects. The paper will also introduce the Center for Innovative Research in Cyberlearning (CIRCL), which is the hub of the knowledge network (research community) for cyberlearning and hosts a useful collection of resources.

Keywords

innovation --- learning --- technology

Responsible Innovation and Responsible Research and Innovation (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781784715939 9781784715946 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.4337/9781784715946 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-11 16:48:25
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This chapter describes the evolution of Responsible Innovation (RI) and Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) as two significant discourses emerging over the last decade. RI is a discourse with strong academic roots. Anchored in a future-oriented notion of responsibility, it envisions the integration and embedding of capacities for anticipation, reflexivity, inclusive deliberation and responsiveness in and around the processes of innovation and techno-visionary science aimed at this. RRI emerged in contrast as a policy discourse from the European Commission’s Science in Society programme. While its early formulation shared much with the discourse of RI, over time it has become more instrumentally and prosaically framed around a package of five ‘EC RRI’ keys – gender, ethics, public engagement, open access and science education. After analysing and critiquing the main features of these discourses we consider their translation into policy and practice, before concluding with research gaps for future study.

Fraktale Doppel-Boom-Zyklen und Querschnittstechnologien: Theorie, Empirie und Politikimplikationen am Beispiel der Nanotechnologie

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ISBN: 9783731504368 Year: Pages: XIX, 229 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000049667 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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In a majority of knowledge-intensive technologies, empirical studies show characteristic double boom patterns of research activities. After an initial increase of efforts, research activities drop, only to rise again after a certain period. As a reason for this interim weakening the literature presumes a temporary disillusionment among economic actors. The present work questions this assumption. Instead, it is argued that a general purpose technology is replacing its techno-economic predecessor.

The Science of Materials: from Materials Discovered by Chance to Customized Materials

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ISBN: 9782722603387 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-20 10:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Throughout the ages, humans have applied knowledge and know-how to master materials. They have gone from materials encountered by chance available in their environment to customized materials designed to meet multi-criteria specifications. Today, owing particularly to digital modelling on different scales, we are able to design high-performance materials, combining various classes of materials, in controlled geometries and dimensions. These innovation strategies – architectured or bio-inspire...

Innovation et tradition de la Renaissance aux Lumières

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ISBN: 9782878542455 9782878548587 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-05 14:25:06
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Le mot ""Renaissance"" est une source intarissable de malentendus. Il suggère, tout à la fois, une ère nouvelle et le rétablissement d'une situation antérieure, la métamorphose et le retour du même. De là découlent des ambiguïtés que rien ne souligne mieux que les multiples façons dont l'époque qui a reçu ce nom réagit à l'idée même de la nouveauté. On serait tenté de croire qu'elle lui fit bon accueil. Il semble qu'il n'en fut rien. Placée par une longue et prestigieuse historiographie sous le...

Enjeux du jeu de mots. Perspectives linguistiques et littéraires

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Book Series: The Dynamics of Wordplay ISBN: 9783110408348 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 315 DOI: 10.1515/9783110408348 Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 12:38:13
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In conjunction with the first volume of the series, this collection of essays analyzes techniques and basic traditions of wordplay in various communicative situations and offers new perspectives on the dynamics of wordplay as an interface phenomenon.

5 The Systems Approach to Innovation Management (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Companions in Business, Management and Accounting ISBN: 9781138244719 9781138607491 9780429467172 Year: Pages: 19 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-05 11:21:15
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The environment in which a company or organization operates today can be characterized&#xD;by accelerating change, the globalization of markets, the emergence of new technologies and&#xD;competitors, new regulatory requirements and ever more demanding users and citizens. In this&#xD;environment, the ability to innovate becomes a key success factor for most organizations. They&#xD;seek to continuously create and realize value by introducing new or changed products, services,&#xD;processes, models, methods, etc.&#xD;The reasons for an organization to innovate are many and can include to increase revenues,&#xD;growth and profitability, reduce costs and waste, increase the satisfaction of users, customers and&#xD;citizens, motivate employees and attract partners, collaborators and funding, and so on. Engaging&#xD;in innovation activities is thus a way for an organization to be future focused and effectively&#xD;deliver on its overall objectives to secure prosperity and longer-term relevance and survival.&#xD;The ability to innovate and to make it a core organizational capability is increasingly becoming&#xD;the most important differentiator and dominant success factor of organizations. Failing to&#xD;capture new opportunities and to respond to innovation challenges may consequently lead to&#xD;stagnation, irrelevance and ultimately to the demise of the organization.

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