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Dogmas of Superficiality (Book chapter)

Book title: Chinese Historical Thinking

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ISBN: 9783847104971 Year: Pages: 19 DOI: 10.14220/9783737004978 Language: English
Publisher: National Taiwan University Press, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht V&R Unipress Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615574
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 11:01:53
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The article critically analyzes the characterization of Asian traditions as&#xD;'humanism' as presented in the writings by three Chinese historians.

Virtues for the People

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ISBN: 9789058678584 Year: DOI: 10.11116/VP_PLU Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102275
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-01 12:31:57
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Plutarch of Chaeronea was by no means an armchair philosopher. He believed in the necessity for a philosopher to affect the lives of his fellow citizens. That urge inspired many of his writings to meet what he considered people's true needs. Although these writings on practical ethics illustrate in various ways Plutarch's authorial talents and raise many challenging questions (regarding their overall structure, content, purpose, and underlying philosophical and social presuppositions), they have attracted only limited scholarly attention.Virtues for the People’s collected essays deal with these questions from different perspectives and throw a new light upon this multifaceted domain of Plutarch's thinking and writing. Special points of interest are the concept of ‘popular philosophy' itself and its implications, its dependence on a more theoretical philosophical background, and the importance of moral progress, the therapy of wickedness, and the common experiences of everyday life.

Essays on Plato’s Epistemology

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ISBN: 9789462700598 Year: DOI: 10.11116/EPE_AMP Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102262
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-01 12:31:58
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Through a careful survey of several significant Platonic texts, mainly focussing on the nature of knowledge, Essays on Plato’s Epistemology offers the reader a fresh and promising approach to Plato’s philosophy as a whole. From the very earliest reception of Plato’s philosophy, there has been a conflict between a dogmatic and a sceptical interpretation of his work and thought. Moreover, the two sides are often associated, respectively, with a metaphysical and an anti-metaphysical approach. This book, continuing a line of thought that is nowadays strongly present in the secondary literature, maintains that a third way of thinking is required. Against the widespread view that an anti-dogmatic philosophy must go together with an anti-metaphysical stance, Trabattoni shows that for Plato, on the contrary, a sober and reasonable assessment of both the powers and limits of human reason relies on a proper metaphysical outlook.

Chinese Historical Thinking

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789863501145 9783847004974 9783737004978 9783847104971 Year: DOI: 10.14220/9783737004978 Language: English
Publisher: National Taiwan University Press, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht V&R Unipress Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615574
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-12 11:02:07
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The book presents Chinese historical thinking by four articles. It is covered the ancient origin and the development to modernity and is commented by seven international experts. Presentation and comments find ›second thought‹ by three other international scholars, and at the end the whole discussion find an answer by the authors of the first presentations. The complex structure of argumentation documents not only various ideas and interpretations of Chinese historical thinking, but represent the possibilities and problems of intercultural comparison at the same time.

Mythodologies: Methods in Medieval Studies, Chaucer, and Book History

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ISBN: 9781947447561 9781947447578 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0202.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:31
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Mythodologies challenges the implied methodology in contemporary studies in the humanities. We claim, at times, that we gather facts or what we will call evidence, and from that form hypotheses and conclusions. Of course, we recognize that the sum total of evidence for any argument is beyond comprehension; therefore, we construct, and we claim, preliminary hypotheses, perhaps to organize the chaos of evidence, or perhaps simply to find it; we might then see (we claim) whether that evidence challenges our tentative hypotheses. Ideally, we could work this way. Yet the history of scholarship and our own practices suggest we do nothing of the kind. Rather, we work the way we teach our composition students to write: choose or construct a thesis, then invent the evidence to support it. This book has three parts, examining such methods and pseudo-methods of invention in medieval studies, bibliography, and editing. Part One, “Noster Chaucer,” looks at examples in Chaucer studies, such as the notion that Chaucer wrote iambic pentameter, and the definition of a canon in Chaucer. “Our” Chaucer has, it seems, little to do with Chaucer himself, and in constructing this entity, Chaucerians are engaged largely in self-validation of their own tradition. Part Two, “Bibliography and Book History,” consists of three studies in the field of bibliography: the recent rise in studies of annotations; the implications of presumably neutral terminology in editing, a case-study in cataloguing. Part Three, “Cacophonies: A Bibliographical Rondo,” is a series of brief studies extending these critiques to other areas in the humanities. It seems not to matter what we talk about: meter, book history, the sex life of bonobos. In all of these discussions, we see the persistence of error, the intractability of uncritical assumptions, and the dominance of authority over evidence.

Nicholas of Cusa and the Kairos of Modernity: Cassirer, Gadamer, Blumenberg

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ISBN: 9780615840550 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0045.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:43
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In this far-reaching essay, historian Michael Edward Moore examines modernity as an historical epoch following the end of the medieval period — and as a “messianic concept of time.” In the early twentieth century, a debate over the meaning and origins of modernity unfolded among the philosophers Ernst Cassirer, Hans-Georg Gadamer and Hans Blumenberg. These thinkers tried to resolve the puzzle of the fifteenth-century master Nicholas of Cusa. Was Cusanus the last great medieval thinker, his ideas a summa of medieval tradition? Or was he a mysterious epochal figure, seated at one end of the bridge leading to modern thought? Nicholas of Cusa lived during a time of historical and existential crisis, or kairos, when medieval governments and cherished sources of unity were shaken. Likewise, the debate over his significance took place during a later phase of crisis for Europe, in the decades before and after the Second World War, when the collapse of European civilization was witnessed. Moore argues that modernity, so intently examined as an historical and spiritual problem, has significance for our contemporary sense of crisis.

Essays in Anarchism and Religion: Volume 1

Authors: ---
Book Series: Stockholm Studies in Comparative Religion ISBN: 9789176350430 9789176350409 9789176350416 9789176350423 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.16993/bak Language: English
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-10 11:01:56
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"Anarchism and religion have historically had an uneasy relationship. Indeed, representatives of both sides have regularly insisted on the fundamental incompatibility of anarchist and religious ideas and practices. Yet, ever since the emergence of anarchism as an intellectual and political movement, a considerable number of religious anarchists have insisted that their religious tradition necessarily implies an anarchist political stance. Their stories are finally gaining increasing public and scholarly attention. Reflecting both a rise of interest in anarchist ideas and activism on the one hand, and the revival of religious ideas and movements in the political sphere on the other, this book examines a range of examples of overlaps and contestations between the two from a diverse range of academic perspectives.&#xD;The first pioneering volume of Essays in Anarchism & Religion comprises eight essays from leading international scholars on topics ranging from the anarchism of the historical Jesus to Zen Buddhism and the philosophies of Max Stirner and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.&#xD;In a world where political ideas increasingly matter once more, and religion is an increasingly visible aspect of global political life, these essays offer scholarly analysis of overlooked activists, ideas and movements, and as such reveal the possibility of a powerful critique of contemporary global society.&#xD;This book series is being funded via a crowdfunding campaign. For more information, or to make a donation for the next volume, please visit the funding page. This scheme ensures that the content will remain fully open access. https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/essays-in-anarchism-and-religion/#/"

Essays in Anarchism and Religion

Authors: ---
Book Series: Stockholm Studies in Comparative Religion ISBN: 9789176350720 9789176350751 9789176350737 9789176350744 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.16993/bas Language: English
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:10
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"Anarchism and religion have historically had an uneasy relationship. Indeed, representatives of both sides have regularly insisted on the fundamental incompatibility of anarchist and religious ideas and practices. Yet, ever since the emergence of anarchism as an intellectual and political movement, a considerable number of religious anarchists have insisted that their religious tradition necessarily implies an anarchist political stance.&#xD;Reflecting both a rise of interest in anarchist ideas and activism on the one hand, and the revival of religious ideas and movements in the political sphere on the other, this multi-volume collection examines congruities and contestations between the two from a diverse range of academic perspectives.&#xD;The second volume of Essays in Anarchism & Religion includes essays covering themes such as Yiddish radicalism, Byzantine theology, First Peter, William Blake, the role of violence in anarchism and in Christian anarchism, Spanish anarchist-themed film, and the Occult features of anarchism.&#xD;In a world where political ideas increasingly matter once more, and religion is an increasingly visible aspect of global political life, these essays offer scholarly analysis of overlooked activists, ideas and movements, and as such reveal the possibility of a powerful critique of contemporary global society."&#xD;

The Clarion of Syria

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ISBN: 9780520971158 9780520299436 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.67 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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When “The Clarion of Syria” was penned, between September 1860 and April 1861, its anonymous author—identified only as “a patriot”—had just witnessed his homeland undergo unprecedented violence in what many today consider Lebanon’s first civil war. Butrus al-Bustani, the author, wrote a series of pamphlets to his fellow Syrians that became a key text of the nineteenth-century literary revival movement known as the Nahda. They addressed an array of universally resonant and locally relevant themes that render the pamphlets pertinent beyond their immediate context. With a style oscillating between Paulinian sermon and Socratic dialogue, the author ponders the meaning of civil war in relation to religion, politics, morality, society, and civilization. Above all, the text was an anti-sectarian clarion call to build a cohesive and “civilized” Syrian society in place of what the author considered a community gripped by the most pernicious of conflicts, violent fanaticism and factionalism. Rereading the pamphlets in the context of today’s political violence in war-torn Syria and elsewhere in the Arab world helps us gain a critical and historical perspective on (anti-)sectarianism, conflict resolution, Western interventionism, and national reconciliation. This translation thereby makes an important historical document accessible for the first time to an English audience.&#xD;

L’historiographie tardo-antique et la transmission des savoirs

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110409239 9783110406931 9783110409314 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.1515/9783110409239 Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:06

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This volume focuses on the role played by historiography in the selection, processing and transmission of knowledge in Late Antiquity. In particular, the transmission of documents (civil and ecclesiastical, authentic and apocryphal) is studied, the impact of differences in genre, as well as how historical, anthropological, ethnographic, astronomical, and medical notions are reshaped in new cultural traditions.

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