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Interacting with Presence. HCI and the Sense of Presence in Computer-mediated Environments

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ISBN: 9783110409697 9783110427318 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.2478/9783110409697 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:43:59
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The experience of using and interacting with the newest Virtual Reality and computing technologies is profoundly affected by the extent to which we feel ourselves to be really ‘present’ in computer-generated and -mediated augmented worlds. This feeling of 'Presence’, of “being inside the mediated world”, is key to understanding developments in applications such as interactive entertainment, gaming, psychotherapy, education, scientific visualisation, sports training and rehabilitation, and many more.This edited volume, featuring contributions from internationally renowned scholars, provides a comprehensive introduction to and overview of the topic of mediated presence - or ‘tele-presence’ - and of the emerging field of presence research. It is intended for researchers and graduate students in human-computer interaction, cognitive science, psychology, cyberpsychology and computer science, as well as for experienced professionals from the ICT industry.The editors are all well-known professional researchers in the field: Professor Giuseppe Riva from the Catholic University of Milan, Italy; Professor John Waterworth from Umeå University, Sweden; Dianne Murray, an HCI Consultant and editor of the journal “Interacting with Computers”.

Understanding Social Signals: How Do We Recognize the Intentions of Others?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198450 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-845-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Powerful and economic sensors such as high definition cameras and corresponding recognition software have become readily available, e.g. for face and motion recognition. However, designing user interfaces for robots, phones and computers that facilitate a seamless, intuitive, and apparently effortless communication as between humans is still highly challenging. This has shifted the focus from developing ever faster and higher resolution sensors to interpreting available sensor data for understanding social signals and recognising users' intentions. Psychologists, Ethnologists, Linguists and Sociologists have investigated social behaviour in human-human interaction. But their findings are rarely applied in the human-robot interaction domain. Instead, robot designers tend to rely on either proof-of-concept or machine learning based methods. In proving the concept, developers effectively demonstrate that users are able to adapt to robots deployed in the public space. Typically, an initial period of collecting human-robot interaction data is used for identifying frequently occurring problems. These are then addressed by adjusting the interaction policies on the basis of the collected data. However, the updated policies are strongly biased by the initial design of the robot and might not reflect natural, spontaneous user behaviour. In the machine learning approach, learning algorithms are used for finding a mapping between the sensor data space and a hypothesised or estimated set of intentions. However, this brute-force approach ignores the possibility that some signals or modalities are superfluous or even disruptive in intention recognition. Furthermore, this method is very sensitive to peculiarities of the training data. In sum, both methods cannot reliably support natural interaction as they crucially depend on an accurate model of human intention recognition. Therefore, approaches to social robotics from engineers and computer scientists urgently have to be informed by studies of intention recognition in natural human-human communication. Combining the investigation of natural human behaviour and the design of computer and robot interfaces can significantly improve the usability of modern technology. For example, robots will be easier to use by a broad public if they can interpret the social signals that users spontaneously produce for conveying their intentions anyway. By correctly identifying and even anticipating the user's intention, the user will perceive that the system truly understands her/his needs. Vice versa, if a robot produces socially appropriate signals, it will be easier for its users to understand the robot's intentions. Furthermore, studying natural behaviour as a basis for controlling robots and other devices results in greater robustness, responsiveness and approachability. Thus, we welcome submissions that (a) investigate how relevant social signals can be identified in human behaviour, (b) investigate the meaning of social signals in a specific context or task, (c) identify the minimal set of intentions for describing a context or task, (d) demonstrate how insights from the analysis of social behaviour can improve a robot's capabilities, or (e) demonstrate how a robot can make itself more understandable to the user by producing more human-like social signals.

Palavras em imagens

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ISBN: 9782821855779 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-04 12:22:44
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Por muito tempo a Antropologia adotou um modelo linguístico e simbólico da cultura. Alguns autores chegaram a tomá-lacomo um conjunto de textos a serem lidos e interpretados, outros viram-na como conjunto de símbolos a serem decodificados. Aqui seguimos uma direção diversa, explorando o entrelaçamento entre imagem e palavra na produção da própria vida social, de corpos e memórias. Este volume dá seguimento a uma colaboração entre pesquisadores franceses e brasileiros que resultou anteriormen...

Appartenances multiples, opinion plurielle

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ISBN: 9782757402092 9782757414033 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Septentrion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 14:25:19
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Un acteur qui exprime des jugements contradictoires est considéré comme incohérent. L'ouvrage propose un modèle sociologique de l'opinion plurielle qui montre au contraire la cohérence relationnelle de ces jugements divergents. Il combine de manière nouvelle les paradigmes classiques de la multi-appartenance et de l'interactionnisme symbolique. L'idée de signature relationnelle d'une opinion suggère que, en situation d'incertitude, les jugements n'appartiennent plus à l'acteur mais aux relati...

Adoption et adaptation

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ISBN: 9782859447625 9791035100063 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-26 09:33:12
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Réalisés dans le cadre de la cinquième rencontre de l'École doctorale d'archéologie portant sur le thème « Adoption et adaptation », les neufs articles de ce volume illustrent la pluralité et la complexité de ce sujet à forte résonnance actuelle. La culture matérielle du Moyen-Orient, de l'Europe occidentale et de la Mésoamérique, depuis le Néolithique jusqu'au début de l'époque moderne est ici au centre des observations, exprimant aussi bien les formes d'adaptation à un environnement que les...

Les quotatifs en interaction en anglais contemporain

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ISBN: 9782878546033 9782878549645 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 16:18:13
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage propose une exploration, en synchronie, du paradigme des quotatifs en anglais oral, suite à l’avènement dans ce groupe fonctionnel de deux nouvelles formes, GO et BE LIKE, désormais utilisées depuis plusieurs décennies pour l’introduction du discours direct. À partir d’un corpus de données originales, cet ouvrage examine les différentes fonctions pragmatiques, interactionnelles et discursives des quotatifs afin de mettre au jour certains facteurs de distribution de ces marqueurs e...

4 Workshop-Didaktik for Cooperation in a Contingent World (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch4 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"Based on the idea that contingency frames people’s view of the world, the&#xD;text examines how cooperation is still possible. It is argued that cooperation is a human&#xD;constant (Tomsello), as well as a skill and craft to be unfolded again (Sennett).&#xD;In order to facilitate teaching and learning processes focussing on the emergence&#xD;of cooperation, a “Workshop Didactic” is developed. Such a didactic is particularly&#xD;powerful in enabling people to deal with the challenges of unforeseen situations."&#xD;

2 Defining the Term Samhandling (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch2 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"In this chapter we will demonstrate that samhandling has a different&#xD;qualitative meaning from other similar concepts. The term “samhandling” is used&#xD;by many organizations, researchers and textbook authors without clarifying the&#xD;rationale for its use (Torgersen & Steiro, 2009). The word samhandling is built on&#xD;a distinct cultural foundation. Therefore, we think it is necessary to describe Norwegian&#xD;culture briefly, to enable the reader to understand the basis of samhandling.&#xD;The chapter presents a definition of samhandling that was originally presented by&#xD;Torgersen & Steiro (2009). Samhandling is distinguished from cooperation/teamwork&#xD;by three core attributes which we can call the identity of samhandling: focus&#xD;on complementarity, exchange and utilization of the participants’ various skills,&#xD;experiences, backgrounds and cultures, and coordination of these factors in efforts&#xD;towards a common goal in a work situation or meeting. Samhandling has a higher&#xD;relative ambition level than the corresponding processes covered by the expressions&#xD;“collaboration”, “cooperation” and “coordination”. Increased complexity and&#xD;relations between stakeholders call for a focus on complementary handling in action,&#xD;that is, samhandling. The following competencies were identified in order for&#xD;good samhandling to occur: trust, assurance, well-being, belonging, clarity, time&#xD;and tolerance."&#xD;

Multisensory Human-Food Interaction

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455188 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-518-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Our food experiences can be significantly influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic multisensory information. Therefore, it is crucial to understand and apply the principles that govern the systematic connections that exist between the senses in the context of Human-Food Interaction (HFI). In our Research Topic, namely Multisensory Human-Food Interaction (MHFI), several studies that consider such connections in the context of HFI are presented. We also have contributions that focus on multisensory technologies that can be used to share and reproduce specific HFIs. This eBook, which resulted from the Research Topic, presents some of the most recent developments in the field of MHFI. In particular, it consists of two main sections and corresponding articles. The eBook begins with the Editorial, which provides an overview of MHFI. Then, it includes six articles that relate to principles in MHFI and three on technologies in MHFI. We hope that the different contributions featured here will support future developments in MHFI research.

Schizophrenia: A Consequence of Gene-Environment Interactions?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195312 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-531-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:06
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Schizophrenia is a multi-factorial disease characterized by a high heritability and environmental risk factors (e.g. stress and cannabis use). In recent years, an increasing number of researchers worldwide have started investigating the ‘two-hit hypothesis’ of schizophrenia predicting that genetic and environmental risk factors interactively cause the development of the disorder. This work is starting to produce valuable new animal models and reveal novel insights into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Eventually, it might help advance studies of the molecular pathways involved in this mental disorder and propose more specific molecular medicine. However, the complexity of this multi-factorial line of research has also caused difficulties in data interpretation and comparison. Our research topic is intended to cover past and current directions in research dedicated to the understanding and measurement of gene-environment interactions (GxE) in schizophrenia, the neurobiological and behavioural consequences of such interactions as well as the challenges and limitations one encounters when working on complex aetiological systems.

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