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Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534839 9781911534822 9781911534839 9781911534846 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.16997/book25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Through algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI), objects and digital services now demonstrate new skills they did not have before, right up to replacing human activity through pre-programming or by making their own decisions. As part of the internet of things, AI applications are already widely used today, for example in language processing, image recognition and the tracking and processing of data.

This policy brief illustrates the potential negative and positive impacts of AI and reviews related policy strategies adopted by the UK, US, EU, as well as Canada and China. Based on an ethical approach that considers the role of AI from a democratic perspective and considering the public interest, the authors make policy recommendations that help to strengthen the positive impact of AI and to mitigate its negative consequences."

The Future Internet: Future Internet Assembly 2012: From Promises to Reality

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 9783642302404 9783642302411 Year: Volume: 7281 Pages: 243 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-30241-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Irrespective of whether we use economic or societal metrics, the Internet is one of the most important technical infrastructures in existence today. It will serve as a catalyst for much of our innovation and prosperity in the future. A competitive Europe will require Internet connectivity and services beyond the capabilities offered by current technologies. Future Internet research is therefore a must. The Future Internet Assembly (FIA) is a successful and unique bi-annual conference that brings together participants of over 150 projects from several distinct but interrelated areas in the EU Framework Programme 7. The 20 full papers included in this volume were selected from 40 submissions, and are preceded by a vision paper describing the FIA Roadmap. The papers have been organized into topical sections on the foundations of Future Internet, the applications of Future Internet, Smart Cities, and Future Internet infrastructures.

Real-Time Embedded Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038975090 / 9783038975106 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-510-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-10 12:20:27
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Real-time and networked embedded systems are important bidirectional bridges between the physical and the information worlds. Embedded intelligence is increasingly pervading industry, infrastructure, and public and private spaces, being identified as an emerging societal and economic “neural system” that supports both societal changes and economic growth. As cost/performance improves, objects connected in everyday life increasingly rely on embedded intelligence in an ever-growing array of application fields, specialized technologies, and engineering disciplines.While this process gradually builds the IoT, it exposes a series of specific non-trivial timing and other extra-functional requirements and system properties that are less common in other computing areas. The ten articles in this book propose solutions to the specific open problems of cyber–physical and real-time embedded systems applicable to both traditional application domains, such as industrial automation and control, energy management, automotive, aerospace and defense systems, as well as emerging domains, such as medical devices, household appliances, mobile multimedia, gaming, and entertainment systems.]

Middleware Solutions for Wireless Internet of Things

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210367 / 9783039210374 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-037-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The proliferation of powerful but cheap devices, together with the availability of a plethora of wireless technologies, has pushed for the spread of the Wireless Internet of Things (WIoT), which is typically much more heterogeneous, dynamic, and general-purpose if compared with the traditional IoT. The WIoT is characterized by the dynamic interaction of traditional infrastructure-side devices, e.g., sensors and actuators, provided by municipalities in Smart City infrastructures, and other portable and more opportunistic ones, such as mobile smartphones, opportunistically integrated to dynamically extend and enhance the WIoT environment. A key enabler of this vision is the advancement of software and middleware technologies in various mobile-related sectors, ranging from the effective synergic management of wireless communications to mobility/adaptivity support in operating systems and differentiated integration and management of devices with heterogeneous capabilities in middleware, from horizontal support to crowdsourcing in different application domains to dynamic offloading to cloud resources, only to mention a few. The book presents state-of-the-art contributions in the articulated WIoT area by providing novel insights about the development and adoption of middleware solutions to enable the WIoT vision in a wide spectrum of heterogeneous scenarios, ranging from industrial environments to educational devices. The presented solutions provide readers with differentiated point of views, by demonstrating how the WIoT vision can be applied to several aspects of our daily life in a pervasive manner.

Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks for Smart Cities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038974239 / 9783038974246 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-424-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 11:43:26
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Our lives are being transformed by the interplay between mobile networks, wireless communications, and artificial intelligence. This transformation is an outcome of the emerging Internet of Things (IoT) concept and advancements in computer architecture that translate into high computing power, high-performance processing, and huge memory capacities. In addition to the IoT, cyber-physical systems aim for the seamless integration of physical systems with computing and communication resources. Furthermore, in urban areas, the integration of “software-defined sensor networks” and “sensing as a service” concepts with legacy WSN-based systems is leading to the transformation of conventional city services towards smart cities. Smart energy, smart driving, smart homes, smart living, smart governance, and smart health are just a few services that smart cities can offer. This book focuses on novel solutions for wireless sensor and actuator networks in smart cities. This Special Issue invites academic and industry researchers in computer science and engineering, electrical engineering, and communication engineering, as well as ICT industry engineers and practitioners, to contribute original articles in all aspects of wireless sensor networks and actuator systems for smart cities.

Sensors and Actuators in Smart Cities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038428732 9783038428749 Year: Pages: VI, 186 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-04 16:51:47
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Cities across the globe are installing sensors and actuators to become more sustainable, safe, efficient, and greener, with the hope of improving urban life. This book examines how sensors and actuators enable smart cities to provide critical services from road traffic management and disaster preparedness to key infrastructure, e.g., healthcare, and public safety. It presents a systems engineering perspective of the foundations and principles that span the various challenges and opportunities of developing smart cities. In addition, the studies presented in this book give the state of the art, system design, use cases, simulation, and real-life deployments or testbeds. The comprehensiveness of this book pose it as a reference for researchers and practitioners working on building the future smart cities and applications.

Open-Source Electronics Platforms

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ISBN: 9783038979722 / 9783038979739 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-973-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Open-source electronics are becoming very popular, and are integrated with our daily educational and developmental activities. At present, the use open-source electronics for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has become a global trend. Off-the-shelf embedded electronics such as Arduino- and Raspberry-compatible modules have been widely used for various applications, from do-it-yourself (DIY) to industrial projects. In addition to the growth of open-source software platforms, open-source electronics play an important role in narrowing the gap between prototyping and product development. Indeed, the technological and social impacts of open-source electronics in teaching, research, and innovation have been widely recognized.

Keywords

human-computer interface (HCI) --- electrooculogram (EOG) --- electromyogram (EMG) --- modified sliding window algorithm --- piecewise linear approximation (PLA) --- support vector regression --- eye tracking --- blockchain --- ontology --- context --- cyber-physical systems --- robotics --- interaction --- coalition --- individual management of livestock --- momentum data sensing --- remote sensing platform --- sensor networks --- technology convergence --- industry 4.0 --- distributed measurement systems --- automation networks --- node-RED --- cloud computing --- OPC UA --- hardware trojan taxonomy --- thermal imaging --- side channel analysis --- infrared --- FPGA --- Internet of Things --- wireless sensor networks --- Cloud of Things --- virtual sensor --- sensor detection --- smart cities --- Internet of Things --- Raspberry Pi --- BeagleBoard --- Arduino --- Internet of Things --- open hardware --- smart farming --- teaching robotics --- science teaching --- STEM --- robotic tool --- Python --- Raspberry Pi --- PiCamera --- vision system --- service learning --- robotics --- open platform --- automated vehicle --- EPICS --- open-source platform --- visual algorithms --- digital signal controllers --- embedded systems education --- dsPIC --- Java --- smart converter --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- photovoltaic (PV) system --- Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) --- Digital Signal Processor (DSP) --- interleaved --- DC/DC converter --- distributed energy resource --- n/a

Enabling Things to Talk

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783642404023 9783642404030 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-40403-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Transportation --- Business and Management --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Biotechnology --- Manufactures --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 16:18:02
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The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging network superstructure that will connect physical resources and actual users. It will support an ecosystem of smart applications and services bringing hyper-connectivity to our society by using augmented and rich interfaces. Whereas in the beginning IoT referred to the advent of barcodes and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), which helped to automate inventory, tracking and basic identification, today IoT is characterized by a dynamic trend toward connecting smart sensors, objects, devices, data and applications. The next step will be “cognitive IoT,” facilitating object and data re-use across application domains and leveraging hyper-connectivity, interoperability solutions and semantically enriched information distribution.The Architectural Reference Model (ARM), presented in this book by the members of the IoT-A project team driving this harmonization effort, makes it possible to connect vertically closed systems, architectures and application areas so as to create open interoperable systems and integrated environments and platforms. It constitutes a foundation from which software companies can capitalize on the benefits of developing consumer-oriented platforms including hardware, software and services.The material is structured in two parts. Part A introduces the general concepts developed for and applied in the ARM. It is aimed at end users who want to use IoT technologies, managers interested in understanding the opportunities generated by these novel technologies, and system architects who are interested in an overview of the underlying basic models. It also includes several case studies to illustrate how the ARM has been used in real-life scenarios. Part B then addresses the topic at a more detailed technical level and is targeted at readers with a more scientific or technical background. It provides in-depth guidance on the ARM, including a detailed description of a process for generating concrete architectures, as well as reference manuals with guidelines on how to use the various models and perspectives presented to create a concrete architecture. Furthermore, best practices and tips on how system engineers can use the ARM to develop specific IoT architectures for dedicated IoT solutions are illustrated and exemplified in reverse mapping exercises of existing standards and platforms.

Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services: Methods, Models, Approaches, Techniques, Algorithms, and Tools

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Computer Communication Networks and Telecommunications ISBN: 9783319904146 9783319904153 Year: Volume: 10768 Pages: 401 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90415-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: European Commission; Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:36:56
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This open access book was prepared as a Final Publication of the COST Action IC1304 “Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services (ACROSS)”. The book contains 14 chapters and constitutes a show-case of the main outcome of the Action in line with its scientific goals. It will serve as a valuable reference for undergraduate and post-graduate students, educators, faculty members, researchers, engineers, and research strategists working in this field.The explosive growth of the Internet has fundamentally changed the global society. The emergence of concepts like SOA, SaaS, PaaS, IaaS, NaaS, and Cloud Computing in general has catalyzed the migration from the information-oriented Internet into an Internet of Services (IoS). This has opened up virtually unbounded possibilities for the creation of new and innovative services that facilitate business processes and improve the quality of life. However, this also calls for new approaches to ensuring the quality and reliability of these services. The objective of this book is, by applying a systematic approach, to assess the state-of-the-art and consolidate the main research results achieved in this area.

Modelling and Analysis of Sustainability Related Issues in New Era

Author:
ISBN: 9783039210244 / 9783039210251 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-025-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The purpose of this Special Issue is to investigate topics related to sustainability issues in the new era, especially in Industry 4.0 or other new manufacturing environments. Under Industry 4.0, there have been great changes with respect to production processes, production planning and control, quality assurance, internal control, cost determination, and other management issues. Moreover, it is expected that Industry 4.0 can create positive sustainability impacts along the whole value chain. There are three pillars of sustainability, including environmental sustainability, economic sustainability, and social sustainability. This Special Issue collects 15 sustainability-related papers from various industries that use various methods or models, such as mathematical programming, activity-based costing (ABC), material flow cost accounting, fuel consumption model, artificial intelligence (AI)-based fusion model, multi-attribute decision model (MADM), and so on. These papers are related to carbon emissions, carbon tax, Industry 4.0, economic sustainability, corporate social responsibility (CSR), etc. The research objects come from China, Taiwan, Thailand, Oman, Cyprus, Germany, Austria, and Portugal. Although the research presented in this Special Issue is not exhaustive, this Special Issue provides abundant, significant research related to environmental, economic, and social sustainability. Nevertheless, there still are many research topics that require our attention to solve problems of sustainability.

Keywords

carbon tax policy --- return policy --- carbon reduction --- e-commerce platform --- carbon emissions --- cap & trade --- green production --- footwear industry --- activity-based costing (ABC) --- activity-based costing (ABC) --- industry 4.0 --- integrated mathematical programming --- product-mix decision --- theory of constraints (TOC) --- carbon tax --- small and medium enterprises --- OEE --- OECD --- manufacturing sustainability --- time study --- Industry 4.0 --- material handling systems --- agent-based control architecture --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Industry 4.0 --- tire industry --- carbon emission --- carbon tax --- mathematical programming --- sustainability --- sustainability performance --- corporate social responsibility (CSR) --- internal control --- multi-attribute decision model (MADM) --- decision making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- DANP (DEMATEL based ANP) --- VIKOR --- fuel consumption --- sustainability --- active suspension --- PID controller --- white noise --- colored noise --- long- and short-term --- greenhouse gas --- LS-ARIMAXi-ECM model --- sustainability --- economic growth --- exogenous variables --- CO2 emissions --- family business --- succession plan --- corporate characteristics --- family capital --- niche inheritance --- multi-attribute decision model (MADM) --- social sustainability --- artificial intelligence --- corporate social responsibility --- decision making --- firm value --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Industry 4.0 --- aluminum-alloy wheel industry --- mathematical programming --- Activity-Based Standard Costing (ABSC) --- Manufacturing Execution System (MES) --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) --- Industry 4.0 --- industrial internet of things --- digital transformation --- digital platforms --- qualitative-empirical study --- small and medium-sized enterprises --- sustainable development --- energy efficiency --- electrical appliances --- life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) --- multi-attribute value theory (MAVT) --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGAII --- sustainability --- ISO14051 --- material flow cost accounting --- n/a

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