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Rhetorics of Nordic democracy

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522222282 9789522227867 9789522227850 Year: Pages: 297 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.17 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- History --- Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:48
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"Democracy is today a concept that is overwhelmingly positively evaluated almost everywhere. A lot has been written about socio-economic and cultural backgrounds of democratic regimes as well as their institutional settings. By contrast, not much is known about the political manoeuvres and speech acts by which 'democracy' has been tied to particular regions and cultures in concrete historical situations. This book discusses a series of efforts to rhetorically produce a particular Nordic version of democracy. It shows that the rhetorical figure 'Nordic democracy' was a product of the age of totalitarianism and the Cold War. It explores the ways in which 'Nordic democracy' was used, mainly by the social democrats, to provide the welfare politics with cultural and historical legitimacy and foundations. Thus, it also acknowledges the ideological and geopolitical context in which the 'Nordic welfare state' was conceptualised and canonised.

The contributors of the book are specialists on Nordic politics and history, who share a particular interest in political rhetoric and conceptual history.
"

Eigentum und Geschlecht

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ISBN: 9783205787518 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_453610 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4236
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:38
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This book examines the financial circumstances of Jewish men and women in Vienna from the turn of the century to 1938, focusing on gender as a social category. The central issue is the extent to which the amount and, above all, the category of assets were structured according to gender. Furthermore, the gender specifics of financial withdrawals by the National Socialists and restitution and compensation payments after 1945 shall be examined. Three subject areas will be carefully covered for the period before 1938, in which structured relevance is accorded to the category of gender. These are economic activity, which includes gainful employment and entrepreneurial activity, inheritance practices, and marriage as an influential financial factor. 

The study is based on a sample of 788 individuals (337 women, 451 men), who were affected by National Socialist proprietary measures, i.e. looting policy, in 1938. The sample was drawn for a study by the Austrian Historical Commission. It includes the assets of these 788 people on April 27, 1938 as they were recorded in the so-called assets declaration with which all people defined as Jewish had to declare their property to the authorities. The sample, which has been entered into a database, includes further data on restitution and compensation. This paper will evaluate the data in terms of gender for the first time.

Moreover, the financial situation of 78 of the 788 individuals (Sample II) and their familial environment, in particular their parents and siblings, are researched through further sources including inheritance files, wills, marriage contracts, and commercial and land registers. One of the objectives is to investigate the origin of the assets declared in 1938. 

Based on the selection of individuals, which was dependent upon the existence of a minimum asset level, there are no significant differences between the asset volume of men and women from the sample. Nevertheless, the study points out that the composition of the assets, which means the occurrence and scope of different categories of assets, was determined by gender specific factors. Inheritance practices and segregated access to asset acquisition, particularly in economic activity, are identified as reasons for this. Gender specifics in real estate and business as well as asset transfers between generations and married couples are elaborated upon in detail. Dowries not only influenced the financial situation of the wife or widow and her husband, but also presented essential financial resources for companies. The possibility of economic activity and thereby acquisition of assets is of particular importance; this possibility is primarily decided in the family, as is shown in the individual case histories. Although gender specific differences can hardly be verified in National Socialist asset withdrawal, they can be documented in the National Socialists' approach to mixed couples. The restitution results are influenced by several factors; among these are also the claimed asset categories. In a comparative evaluation of men and women, the restitution results reflect the success of the respective asset categories.

The Emergence of Ukraine

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781894865395 Year: Pages: 473 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_588020 Language: English
Publisher: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 46
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-08 11:01:11
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This book is a collection of essays by prominent historians from Austria, Germany, Ukraine, Poland and Russia, who undertook a thorough and detailed study of one as yet inadequately researched aspect of the First World War--the occupation of Ukraine by the Central Powers in 1918. The book provides a new and fresh perspective on the historical context of Ukraine’s struggle for independence following the First World War.

Muslims in Interwar Europe: A Transcultural Historical Perspective

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Muslim Minorities ISBN: 9789004301979 9789004287839 Year: Volume: 17 Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1163/9789004301979 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 336608
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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Muslims in Interwar Europe provides a comprehensive overview of the history of Muslims in interwar Europe. Based on personal and official archives, memoirs, press writings and correspondences, the contributors analyse the multiple aspects of the global Muslim religious, political and intellectual affiliations in interwar Europe. They argue that Muslims in interwar Europe were neither simply visitors nor colonial victims, but that they constituted a group of engaged actors in the European and international space. Contributors are Ali Al Tuma, Egdūnas Račius, Gerdien Jonker, Klaas Stutje, Naomi Davidson, Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld, Umar Ryad, Zaur Gasimov and Wiebke Bachmann.

Anton Kuh

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ISBN: 9783835331891 Year: Pages: 577 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 540
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-28 11:21:04

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Walter Schübler’s biography paints a portrait of the extravagant bon vivant Anton Kuh with all his facets: the militant publicist, whose polemical squibs provided a running commentary to happenings in Vienna and Berlin, the alert chronicler of the 1910s, 20s and 30s, the avowed leftist, who risked his neck in conflicts with the Nazis, the oppositionist, who enjoyed teasing Karl Kraus, the bohemian, who took every chance to provoke, even when this was programmatically tactless, the neurasthenic with a self-destructive lifestyle, the phenomenal impromptu speaker, whose thoughts ran hot and whose audience responded with thunderous applause. The first biography of this »speech-actor« reconstructs the main body of Kuh’s work – the impromptu speeches – and calls into question all of the rumors that are still circulating about this assumed »local hero«.

Über die Produktion von Tönen

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ISBN: 9783205208020 Year: Pages: 309 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 548
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-03 11:21:11
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The present study examines the diverse forms of music-making in Austria between 1918 and 193 within the context of work and non-work. In a period where practices of work (i.e. professional work) were renegotiated, these forms of music-making and how they were valued constituted a contested field. By analysing life writings of music-makers, the relevant contemporary differentiations are made clear.

Ideologies and National Identities

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ISBN: 9789639241824 9786155053856 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Twentieth-century Southeastern Europe endured three, separate decades of international and civil war, and was marred in forced migration and wrenching systematic changes. This book is the result of a year-long project by the Open Society Institute to examine and reappraise this tumultuous century. A cohort of young scholars with backgrounds in history, anthropology, political science, and comparative literature were brought together for this undertaking. The studies invite attention to fasci...

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