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Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138905337 Year: Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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Medicine; Japan

Keywords

medicine --- japan

Japan’s Failed Revolution: Koizumi and the Politics of Economic Reform

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ISBN: 9781925021042 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459944 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:37
License: ANU Press

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Japan’s Failed Revolution: Koizumi and the Politics of Economic Reform asks why, despite all the high expectations, the Japanese public’s desire for economic reform, and leadership of a majority coalition in a parliamentary democracy, the reformer Prime Minister Koizumi has not achieved the economic reforms expected of him since he surprisingly attained power over a year ago. To unravel this ‘puzzle’, Aurelia George Mulgan eschews the simplicities of both cultural and rational choice explanations and systematically tests the propositions in the comparative literature on ‘failed reform’. The result is one of the best books ever written about contemporary Japanese politics. It explains how, despite British-style parliamentary institutions, Japan’s very ‘un-Westminster’ traditional policymaking process involving the ruling party and the bureaucracy’s structure and linkage has stymied and will probably continue to stymie even a sincere and active Prime Minister’s best reform intentions. This book should be read by all political scientists, journalists, economists, and students interested in contemporary Japan. Ellis S. Krauss&#xD;&#xD;Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies&#xD;&#xD;University of California, San Diego.&#xD;&#xD;The author takes a scalpel to dissect Japan’s dysfunctional political system. She shows with wonderful clarity and depth of knowledge why the Koizumi reforms are not succeeding, and why revolutionary political change is needed as a precondition for economic recovery. The book should be required reading for anyone involved with contemporary Japan.&#xD;&#xD;J.A.A. Stockwin&#xD;&#xD;University of Oxford.

Keywords

political studies --- japan

The Tools of Owatatsumi: Japan's Ocean Surveillance and Coastal Defence Capabilities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925022261 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515942 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:19
License: ANU Press

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Japan is quintessentially by geography a maritime country. Maritime surveillance capabilities – underwater, shore-based and airborne – are critical to its national defence posture. This book describes and assesses these capabilities, with particular respect to the underwater segment, about which there is little strategic analysis in publicly available literature.

Keywords

surveillance --- asia --- maritime --- japan

The science of population and birth control in post-war Japan (Book chapter)

Book title: Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

Author:
ISBN: 9781138905337 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 085926
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:00
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This essay examines the entanglement between population science and population governance immediately after World War II. It analyzes debates on&#xD;population and birth control research that contributed to the state-endorsed&#xD;birth control campaign. Drawing on the existing works on the campaign as well&#xD;as coproduction theory proposed in science and technology studies (STS), this&#xD;essay depicts how the Japanese state’s post-war birth control policy was&#xD;coproduced with a particular kind of population science that insisted on&#xD;the necessity of birth control for Japan’s post-war reconstruction.

Keywords

birth control --- japan

Under the Shadow of the Rising Sun

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Book Series: Jewish Identities in Post-Modern Society ISBN: 9781618115225 9781644690246 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102907
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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Even before Japan joined Nazi Germany in the Axis Alliance, its leaders clarified to the Nazi regime that the attitude of the Japanese government and people to the Jews was totally different than that of the official German position and that it had no intention of taking measures against the Jews that could be seen as racially motivated. During World War II some 40,000 Jews found themselves under Japanese occupation in Manchuria, China and countries of South East Asia. Virtually all of them survived the war, unlike their brethren in Europe. This book traces the evolution of Japan's policy towards the Jews from the beginning of the 20th century, the existence of anti-Semitism in Japan, and why Japan ignored repeated Nazi demands to become involved in the "final solution."

Keywords

History --- Jewish Studies --- Japan

Pacific Exposures

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760462543 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.22459/PE.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Arts in general --- Medicine (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
License: ANU Press

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"Photography has been a key means by which Australians have sought to define their relationships with Japan. From the fascination with all things Japanese in the late nineteenth century, through the era of ‘White Australia’, the bitter enmity of the Pacific War, the path to reconciliation in the post-war period and the culturally complicated bilateralism of today, Australians have used their cameras to express a divided sense of conflict and kinship with a country that has by turns fascinated and infuriated. The remarkable photographs collected and discussed here for the first time shed new light on the history of Australia’s engagement with its most important regional partner. Pacific Exposures argues that photographs tell an important story of cultural production, response and reaction—not only about how Australians have pictured Japan over the decades, but how they see their own place in the Asia-Pacific.&#xD;‘Pacific Exposures presents the first study of the photographic exchanges between Australia and Japan—its photographers, personalities, motivations, anxieties and tensions—based on a diverse range of archival materials, interviews, and well-chosen photographs.’&#xD;— Dr Luke Gartlan, University of St Andrews&#xD;‘[Pacific Exposures] will become a key text on Australia’s interactions with Japan, and the way that photographs can inform cross-cultural relations through their production, consumption and circulation.’&#xD;— Prof. Kate Darian-Smith, University of Tasmania"&#xD;

Keywords

Photography --- History --- Japan --- Australia

Consuming Life in Post-Bubble Japan

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462980631 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462980631 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:01:44
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The bursting of the economic bubble in the 1990s shook the very foundation of the post-war economic 'miracle' and marked the beginning of a gradual shift in the environmental consciousness of the Japanese. Yet, it by no means removed consumption from the pivotal position it occupied within Japanese society. Consuming Life in Post-Bubble Japan argues that consumption in Japan today is no longer simply a component of everyday economic activities, but rather a reflection of a society guided by the 'logic of late capitalism'. The volume pins down the contradictory nature of the setting in which consuming occurs in Japan today: the veneration of material comfort and convenience on the one hand, and the new rhetoric of recycling and energy conservation on the other. Theoretical insights developed as part of an art-historical enquiry, such as notions of socially engaged art and its critique, offer a new paradigm for investigating this dilemma. By combining case studies analysing the production and consumption of contemporary art with ethnographic material related to ordinary commodities and shopping, this volume provides a novel, transdisciplinary approach to exploring how a 'society of consumers' operates in post-bubble Japan and how contemporary life is a 'consuming project'.

Keywords

consumption --- recycling --- art --- commodification --- japan

Media and New Religions in Japan

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Book Series: Routledge Research in religion, media and culture ISBN: 9780415659123 9780415659123 9780203075036 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:30
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Japanese "new religions"shinshūkyō have used various media forms for&#xD;training, communicating with members, presenting their messages, reinforcing or protecting &#xD;the image of the leader and potentially attracting converts. In this book, the complex and dual &#xD;relationship between the media and new religions is investigated by looking at the tensions &#xD;groups face between the need for visibility and the risks of facing attacks and &#xD;criticism through the media. Indeed, media and new technologies have been extensively &#xD;used by religious groups not only to spread their messages and to try to reach a wider audience, &#xD;but also to promote themselves as a highly modern and up-to-date form of religion appropriate for a &#xD;modern technological age. In the 1980s and early 1990s, some movements, such as Agonshū, Kōfuku no &#xD;Kagaku and Aum Shinrikyō, came into prominence especially via the use of media (initially pub- &#xD;lications, but also ritual broadcasts, advertising campaigns and public media events). This created &#xD;new modes of ritual engagement and new ways of inter- actions between leaders and members. The aim &#xD;of this book is to develop and illustrate particular key issues in the wider new religions and &#xD;media nexus by using specific movements as examples. In particular, the analysis of the inter- &#xD;action between media and new religions will focus primarily on three case studies &#xD;predominantly during the first period of development of the groups.&#xD;

Keywords

Japan --- religion --- 1945 --- mass media

The Disaster of the Third Princess

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Book Series: Asian Studies Series Monograph ISBN: 9781921536670 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459077 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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These seven essays by the most recent English translator of The Tale of Genji emphasize three major interpretive issues. What is the place of the hero (Hikaru Genji) in the work? What story gives the narrative underlying continuity and form? And how does the closing section of the tale (especially the ten “Uji chapters”) relate to what precedes it? Written over a period of nine years, the essays suggest fresh, thought-provoking perspectives on Japan’s greatest literary classic.

Power and Pork

Author:
ISBN: 9781920942335 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459451 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:27:01
License: ANU Press

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Politics and government; Economic policy; Japan

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