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Italian Jewry in the Early Modern Era: Essays in Intellectual History

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ISBN: 9781618112088 Year: Pages: 300 Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-16 17:44:21
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Between the years 1550 and 1650, Italy's Jewish intellectuals created a unique and enduring synthesis of the great literary and philosophical heritage of the Andalusian Jews and the Renaissance`s renewal of perspective. While remaining faithful to the beliefs, behaviors, and language of their tradition, Italian Jews proved themselves open to a rapidly evolving world of great richness. The crisis of Aristotelianism (which progressively touched upon all fields of knowledge), religious fractures and unrest, the scientific revolution, and the new perception of reality expressed through a transformation of the visual arts: these are some of the changes experienced by Italian Jews which they were affected by in their own particular way. This book explores the complex relations between Jews and the world that surrounded them during a critical period of European civilization. The relations were rich, problematic, and in some cases strained, alternating between opposition and dialogue, osmosis and distinction.

Keywords

Jews --- Italian jews --- literature

Katholische Juden? - Eine Ethnografie zu den Xuetes auf Mallorca

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ISBN: 9783863952129 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:54
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This ethnography focuses on the descendants of Majorca´s forcedly baptized Jews, the so called Xuetes. Well into the 20th century these catholic Majorcans were marginalized and persecuted as Jews by the majority population. So far the history of the Xuetes was understood as a „past that doesn`t want to go by“, cast as an apology for church and state. This book sheds light on a present where some Xuetes still feel „neither fish nor fowl“. For the first time, Xuetes and Non-Xuetes themselves hold the floor. The result is not a „faith triumphant“ as is the title of a contemporary account on the collective forced baptism but a story of coping with trauma. Theoretical approaches to trauma, taboo, memory and identity facilitate a detailed presentation of identity formation with all its toil, zest and pursuit of knowledge.

Keywords

Xuetes --- Majorca --- Jews

Synagogen in Göttingen - Aufbrüche und Abbrüche jüdischen Lebens

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ISBN: 9783863952990 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-05 11:01:16
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The book "Synagogues in Göttingen: departures and ceasing of Jewish life," deals with the 700-year history of Jewish life in Göttingen and the various synagogues that have been existing since the beginning of the 14th Century. This is the 2nd, revised and expanded edition.

Keywords

synagogues --- Göttingen --- Jews

Jews and Christians in Medieval Europe

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Religion in Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503565166 9782503565590 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.108025 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:48
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The name of Bernhard Blumenkranz is well known to all those who study the history of European Jews in the Middle Ages and in particular the history of Jewish-Christian relations. Blumenkranz was born in Vienna in 1913; he left for Switzerland during the war and obtained a doctorate at the University of Basel on the portrayal of Jews in the works of Augustine. He subsequently moved to France where his numerous publications revived and renovated the field of Jewish studies. The international group of scholars who wrote the fifteen essays in this volume, beyond paying homage to Blumenkranz’s work, trace the trajectories of various lines of inquiry that he initiated: Christian theology of Judaism, problems of conversion and proselytism, geography and topography of Medieval Jewish communities, the representation of Jews in Christian art. These essays provide both an assessment of Blumenkranz’s intellectual legacy and a snapshot of the evolution of the field over the last sixty years.&#xD;&#xD;print Share/Save/Bookmark&#xD;The name of Bernhard Blumenkranz is well known to all those who study the history of European Jews in the Middle Ages and in particular the history of Jewish-Christian relations. Blumenkranz was born in Vienna in 1913; he left for Switzerland during the war and obtained a doctorate at the University of Basel on the portrayal of Jews in the works of Augustine. He subsequently moved to France where his numerous publications revived and renovated the field of Jewish studies. The international group of scholars who wrote the fifteen essays in this volume, beyond paying homage to Blumenkranz’s work, trace the trajectories of various lines of inquiry that he initiated: Christian theology of Judaism, problems of conversion and proselytism, geography and topography of Medieval Jewish communities, the representation of Jews in Christian art. These essays provide both an assessment of Blumenkranz’s intellectual legacy and a snapshot of the evolution of the field over the last sixty years.

Keywords

jews --- medieval europe --- christians

Jews in Early Christian Law: Byzantium and the Latin West, 6th-11th Centuries

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Jews in Early Christian Law: Byzantium and the Latin West, 6th-11th Centuries ISBN: 9782503550527 Year: Pages: 380 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-13 11:02:08
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What is the place of Jews in medieval Christian societies? in the ninetheenth and early twentieth centuries, this question was largely confined to Jewish scholars, and the academic debates where inseparable from the upheavels of the lives of contemporary European Jews.

Keywords

christian law --- jews --- law --- history

Der Berliner „jüdische Salon“ um 1800. Emanzipation in der Debatte

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Book Series: Europäisch-jüdische Studien – Beiträge ISSN: 2192-9602 ISBN: 9783110271744 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 609 DOI: 10.1515/9783110271744 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This volume, which draws on new sources, presents the Jewish salons of Berlin around 1800 as a lively and at the same time fragile network of communication. The salon society of 1794/95, the book`s year of focus, reveals a culture of sociality in which highly diverse venues could become ´salons` and it puts the salons` guests and hostesses (back) in the limelight. Selected profiles of the correspondence, which sometimes lasted for decades and has now been reconstructed, allow an examinationof possible interactions between salons and the contemporary discourse on emancipatory issues.

This Cannot Happen Here: Integration and Jewish Resistance in the Netherlands, 1940-1945

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ISBN: 9789089645838 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617737 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-05 11:01:16
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In this book Ben Braber answers the question how the integration of Jews into Dutch society influenced Jewish resistance during the German occupation of the Netherlands in the second world war. This study highlights the social position of Jews and their group characteristics, but also reviews other factors that determined what forms Jewish resistance took such as personal character and individual circumstance.This is the first comprehensive study of this subject in the English language of Jewish resistance in the Netherlands. It offers a new perspective on Jews during the Holocaust and counters the prejudice about Jews failing to resist persecution.&#xD;&#xD;This book is also relevant for today's multi-ethnical society. It is a case study about the hampered integration of a minority, in particular how people in this group react when they are forcefully segregated and persecuted, while thinking "this cannot happen here".

The Legal status of ḏimmī-s in the Islamic West

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782503548548 9782503548890 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.6.09070802050003050408050408 Language: English|French|Spanish;
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:52
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The first monograph devoted to the legal status of religious minorities status accorded to dimmī-s ( Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations. The studies brought together in this volume provide an important contribution to the history of ḏimmī-s in the medieval dār al-islām, and more generally to the legal history of religious minorities in medieval societies. The central question addressed is the legal status accorded to ḏimmī-s (Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The scholars whose work is brought together in these pages have dealt with a rich and complex variety of legal sources. Many of the texts are from the Mālikī legal tradition; they include fiqh, fatwā-s, ḥisba manuals. These texts function as the building blocks of the legal framework in which jurists and rulers of Maghrebi and Peninsular societies worked. The very richness and complexity of these texts, as well as the variety of responses that they solicited, refute the textbook idea of a monolithic ḏimmī system, supposedly based on the Pact of ‘Umar, applied throughout the Muslim world. In fact when one looks closely at the early legal texts or chronicles from both the Mashreq and the Maghreb, there is little evidence for a standard, uniform ḏimmī system, but rather a wide variety of local adaptations. The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations.

The Long Journey of Gracia Mendes

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ISBN: 9789639241787 9786155053795 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The historical biography of a true Jewish heroine in her day, Gracia Mendes. Born in 1510 in Portugal, the book details this woman's extraordinary personality until her death in 1569 in Constantinople (today's Istanbul). Her life exemplified a perseverance by the Jewish culture to survive and triumph even in the worst of conditions. As a young girl, Gracia secretly married successful Jewish spice trader, Francisco Mendes. But at age 27 she became a widow, yet she went on to raise her children...

Die Forstliche Fakultät der Universität Göttingen im Nationalsozialismus - Eine Erinnerung an ihre ehemaligen jüdischen Angehörigen

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ISBN: 9783863951979 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:48
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Schauplatz der Ereignisse und Entwicklungen, die in diesem Band im Mittelpunkt stehen, ist Hann. Münden. Dort wurde 1868 eine Preußische Forstakademie gegründet, aus der 1939 die Forstliche Fakultät der Universität Göttingen hervorging. Bereits kurz nach dem Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs entfachten nationalsozialistisch gesinnte Studenten eine Pogromstimmung gegen den jüdischen Professor für Mykologie, Richard Falck, und das von ihm geleitete Institut. Die vorliegende Untersuchung dokumentiert die rassistischen Angriffe, denen Falck und seine Mitarbeiter seit 1920 in Münden ausgesetzt waren. Sie schildert, wie die Preußische Staatsregierung auf das Geschehen reagierte, welche Positionen das Professorenkollegium bezog und wie sich die Fakultät nach dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs zu diesen Vorgängen stellte. Als Rahmenbedingungen werden die hochschulpolitischen ‚Verfassungskämpfe‘ in Münden zu Beginn der 1920er Jahre und die beständige Sorge um den Erhalt der Forsthochschule in den Blick genommen. Außerdem wird gefragt, welche Rolle die Forstliche Hochschule bzw. die spätere Forstliche Fakultät der Universität Göttingen im „Dritten Reich“ gespielt hat und wodurch anschließend die „Entnazifizierung“ gekennzeichnet war. Der Untersuchungszeitraum (1920-1950 mit Vor- und Nachlaufzeiten) weist eine Reihe von Zäsuren und Wendepunkten auf, die, soweit möglich, für eine Analyse von Brüchen bzw. Kontinuitäten in den Forschungsaktivitäten der wissenschaftlichen Institute herangezogen werden. Diese Studie ist zugleich ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Universität Göttingen im Nationalsozialismus.

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