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Landlock

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ISBN: 9781760462505 9781760462512 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.22459/L.09.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
License: ANU Press

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Landlock: Paralysing Dispute over Minerals on Adivasi Land in India explores the ways in which political controversy over a bauxite mining and refining project on constitutionally protected tribal lands in Andhra Pradesh descended into a state of paralysis where no productive outcome was possible. Long-running support for Adivasi (or tribal) land rights motivated a wide range of actors to block the project’s implementation by recourse to India’s dispersed institutional landscape, while project proponents proved adept in proposing workarounds to prevent its outright cancellation. In the ensuing deadlock, the project was unable to move towards completion, while marginalised Adivasi groups were equally unable to repossess their land. Such a ‘landlock’ is argued to be characteristic of India’s wider inability to deal with conflicts over land matters, despite the crucial importance of land for smallholder livelihoods and various economic processes in an intensely growth-focused country. The result has been frequent yet grindingly slow processes of contestation in which powerful business and state interests are, at times, halted in their tracks, but mostly seem able to slowly exhaust local resistance in their pursuit of large-scale projects that produce no benefits for the rural poor.

Australian Native Title Anthropology

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ISBN: 9781760461874 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.22459/ANTA.05.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:54
License: ANU Press

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"The Australian Federal Native Title Act 1993 marked a revolution in the recognition of the rights of Australia’s Indigenous peoples. The legislation established a means whereby Indigenous Australians could make application to the Federal Court for the recognition of their rights to traditional country. The fiction that Australia was terra nullius (or ‘void country’), which had prevailed since European settlement, was overturned. The ensuing legal cases, mediated resolutions and agreements made within the terms of the Native Title Act quickly proved the importance of having sound, scholarly and well-researched anthropology conducted with claimants so that the fundamentals of the claims made could be properly established. In turn, this meant that those opposing the claims would also benefit from anthropological expertise. This is a book about the practical aspects of anthropology that are relevant to the exercise of the discipline within the native title context. The engagement of anthropology with legal process, determined by federal legislation, raises significant practical as well as ethical issues that are explored in this book. It will be of interest to all involved in the native title process, including anthropologists and other researchers, lawyers and judges, as well as those who manage the claim process. It will also be relevant to all who seek to explore the role of anthropology in relation to Indigenous rights, legislation and the state."

L'Or Blanc : Petits et grands planteurs face au « boom » de l’hévéaculture (Viêt Nam-Cambodge)

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ISBN: 9782355960123 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.148 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les hauts-plateaux méridionaux du Viêt Nam et du Cambodge connaissent depuis le milieu des années 2000 une forte augmentation des superficies plantées en hévéa. Les booms de l’hévéaculture diffèrent significativement de part et d’autre de la frontière, mais ils sont également étroitement liés dans le contexte d’une intégration régionale des filières et des territoires qui se renforce. Cette transformation est impulsée par le jeu des marchés globalisés et de puissants acteurs étrangers tels que la Chine et la Malaisie, mais les gouvernements nationaux jouent également un rôle important en matière d’accès et d’usage des terres agricoles. L’or blanc et les nouveaux eldorados ne sont pas qu’un enjeu économique ; sont également en jeu les influences et les rapports de force entre les pays de la sous-région du Grand Mékong, à l’image des importantes transactions foncières transnationales. Pour mieux comprendre la transition agraire actuelle impulsée par le boom de l’hévéa, les auteurs de cet ouvrage ont tenu à revenir sur l’histoire, l’époque de la colonisation européenne et les expériences socialistes. L’ouvrage analyse également la capacité des populations locales à résister aux pressions des nouveaux arrivants et la compétition que représentent les plantations d’hévéa de grande taille mécanisées.

Les enjeux de la nouvelle réforme foncière au Vietnam

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ISBN: 9782355960178 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.285 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En 2014, les questions foncières constituent au Vietnam le premier sujet de saisine des juridictions étatiques. Entre expropriations abusives, opacités des attributions foncières et ententes avec le secteur privé, de vives contestations se sont élevées autour des modalités de gestion de la terre par les autorités publiques. C'est dans ce contexte qu'une nouvelle réforme foncière entre en vigueur en juillet 2014. Cette loi vise à créer les conditions d'une conciliation entre plusieurs objectifs qui peuvent apparaître a priori contradictoires : apaiser les tensions liées à la terre, tout en intensifiant l'exploitation de la ressource foncière afin d'atteindre l'objectif d'industrialisation du pays à l’horizon 2020, tel que proclamé par le Parti communiste vietnamien. Pour autant, le véritable enjeu de la nouvelle loi foncière se situe dans les relations entre le pouvoir central et les pouvoirs locaux. En effet, c’est la question de l'autonomie des provinces qui est en jeu dans le cadre de la nouvelle réforme. Outil privilégié de l’appareil central de l'État en vue d'assurer un développement rapide et compétitif du territoire, l'exploitation des ressources foncières constitue également un moyen d'action de choix pour les provinces. Toutefois, dans un contexte constitutionnel de réaffirmation du principe de centralisme démocratique, quelle peut-être la marge de liberté laissée aux provinces par le pouvoir central ?

The climate change regulatory framework and indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa: Human rights implications

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ISBN: 9781920538521 Year: Pages: 341 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:56:53
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Employing a human rights approach, this book analyses the adequacy of climate change regulatory frameworks at international, regional and national levels to protect indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa. It demonstrates that without appropriate legal protection, climate change and the implementation of its response measures can adversely affect a range of their human rights. The book explores how the African human rights system may effectively address the protection of indigenous peoples' lands in the context of adverse effects of climate change in Africa.Table of ContentsForewordAcknowledgmentsDedicationList of abbreviationsTable of casesList of instruments1. IntroductionBackground1.1 Intersecting terms? Indigenous peoples, forest-dependent peoples and local populations1.2 Overlapping issues? Climate change, environment, forests and indigenous peoples’ lands1.3 Intersecting governance: Defining a climate change regulatory frameworkMethodology2.1 A human rights framework as a tool of analysis2.2 A human rights framework as a prescriptive tool2.3 Case studies for analysisLimitationsSynopsis2. Human rights and climate change: Conceptual frameworkIntroductionClimate change: An environmental or human rights concern?2.1 Climate change as an environmental concern2.2. Climate change as a human rights concernHuman rights as a conceptual framework: Which approach and what features?3.1 Human rights and schools of thought3.2 Core human rights principlesConclusion3. The notion of indigenous peoples’ land rights and adverse effects of climate change in AfricaIntroductionThe nature of indigenous peoples’ land rights2.1 Land use as an emblem of cultural and environmental integrity2.2 Indigenous peoples’ land tenure: Essential features2.3 Concept of parallel useCause and effect of climate change as threat to land-tenure and use3.1 Cause of climate change as a threat3.2 Climate change as a threat3.3 Effects of climate response as a threatConclusion4. The international climate change regulatory framework in relation to indigenous peoples’ landsIntroductionRegulatory frameworks on the responses to climate change2.1 The international adaptation regulatory framework2.2 The international regulatory framework and mitigationSubordinating notions in the international climate regulatory framework3.1 Notion of ‘sovereignty’3.2 Notion of ‘country-driven’3.3 Deference to ‘national legislation’Conclusion5. National climate change regulatory frameworks in relation to indigenous peoples’ lands: Case studies of Tanzania, Zambia and NigeriaIntroductionSignificance of a domestic regulatory frameworkDomestic climate change regulatory response of adaptation3.1 Implications of inadequate reflection of land tenure and use in adaptation processNational climate change regulatory response of REDD+ as a mitigation measure4.1 REDD+ readiness in selected states of Africa in relation to indigenous peoples’ landsConclusion6. The inadequacy of the national climate change regulatory framework in relation to indigenous peoples’ lands: A human rights framework as a regional responseIntroductionLegal basis for the application of a regionalhuman rights frameworkAssessing national regulatory frameworks in the context of a regional human rights framework3.1 Incompatibility of national climate regulatory framework with obligations of states3.2 Threat to a range of rightsThe regional climate change regulatory framework and potential for human rights4.1 Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change4.2 African Ministerial Conference on the Environment4.3 Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) Programme4.4 African Union Commission4.5 New Partnership for African Development4.6 Pan-African Parliament4.7 Peace and Security CouncilPotentials in regional human rights mechanisms with focus on the Commission5.1 Promotional functions5.2 Protective mandate5.3 Interpretive functions5.4 Assembly-entrusted tasksConclusion7. Conclusion and the way forwardConclusionThe way forward2.1 International level2.2 National level2.3 Regional levelBibliographyIndex

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