Search results: Found 8

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Les Alpes occidentales romaines : Développement urbain et exploitation des ressources ‎des régions de montagne‎ (Gaule Narbonnaise, Italie, provinces alpines)‎

Author:
ISBN: 9782957155705 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.110 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Vues à travers le filtre des auteurs antiques, les Alpes ont une image associée au caractère hostile et répulsif de la montagne. Cette image qui tient du topos littéraire relève pourtant d’une réalité propre aux régions de montagne : la difficulté d’accès et de franchissement, liée au relief et aux conditions climatiques. La principale caractéristique de la montagne est en effet de juxtaposer des zones basses (les vallées) et des reliefs plus ou moins abrupts et élevés. Pour l’époque romaine, cette juxtaposition a été traduite en termes d’opposition entre des zones basses romanisées, et des montagnes occupées par des populations indigènes peu civilisées. Pour cette raison, les Alpes sont d’abord perçues comme des espaces à franchir, où s’arrêter ne présente aucun intérêt, et qui peuvent même être dangereux. La présente enquête s’est orientée dans deux directions distinctes. La première concerne l’urbanisation et, de façon plus générale, les modes d’occupation des Alpes occidentales durant la période romaine. Le développement de villes et d’agglomérations et l’émergence d’un réseau parfois dense d’établissements ruraux témoignent d’évolutions majeures dans l’occupation des régions alpines. Le second axe de la recherche concerne les ressources elles-mêmes, au centre des activités économiques des populations alpines. Devant la rareté des données archéologiques, l'auteur recourt au paléoenvironnement pour rendre leur place à deux activités caractéristiques des économies de montagne, le pastoralisme et l’exploitation des mines.

An Anthropology of Landscape

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911307433 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781911307433 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-08 11:01:21
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

An Anthropology of Landscape tells the fascinating story of a heathland landscape in south-west England and the way different individuals and groups engage with it. Based on a long-term anthropological study, the book emphasises four individual themes: embodied identities, the landscape as a sensuous material form that is acted upon and in turn acts on people, the landscape as contested, and its relation to emotion. The landscape is discussed in relation to these themes as both ‘taskscape’ and ‘leisurescape’, and from the perspective of different user groups. First, those who manage the landscape and use it for work: conservationists, environmentalists, archaeologists, the Royal Marines, and quarrying interests. Second, those who use it in their leisure time: cyclists and horse riders, model aircraft flyers, walkers, people who fish there, and artists who are inspired by it. The book makes an innovative contribution to landscape studies and will appeal to all those interested in nature conservation, historic preservation, the politics of nature, the politics of identity, and an anthropology of Britain.

Political Landscapes of Capital Cities

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781607324683 9781607324690 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University Press of Colorado Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102229
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:37
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"[Political Landscapes of Capital Cities] is a welcome contribution to the study of the spatialization of society and suggests paths that anthropologists can take to analyze political space in urban and non-urban settings alike." —Anthropology Review Database "[O]utstanding contributions of an interdisciplinary group of authors trained in different methodologies. . . . offer[s] both scholarly and popular audiences wide-ranging perspectives in exploring, imagining, perceiving and experiencing capital cities." —Journal of Urban Cultural Studies

Capability Brown, Royal Gardener

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781912482252 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.22599/CapabilityBrown Language: English
Publisher: White Rose University Press
Subject: Archaeology --- Architecture --- Sports Science --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-12-22 00:12:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Lancelot “Capability” Brown was one of the most influential landscape designers of the eighteenth-century at a time when Britain was changing radically from an agrarian to an industrial and colonial nation, whilst Europe was periodically convulsed by war and revolution. The extent and nature of his influence are, however, fiercely debated. Brown worked at hundreds of important sites across England and his name became synonymous with the “English Garden” style which was copied across Northern Europe and entranced Catherine the Great, who remodelled her landscapes in St Petersburg to reflect the new style. He was fêted in his time, and recognised by the Crown, but Brown’s style was readily copied over his later life and particularly after his death. Arguably, this ubiquity led to the denigration of his achievements and even his character, particularly by the agents of the Picturesque. The lack of any personal primary material from Brown - forcing scholars to rely on his landscapes, contracts and bank accounts - has hindered attempts to provide a rounded and credible account of the man and his works. However, by exploring his team of associates and his role as Royal Gardener, new light can be thrown on the man, his landscapes and his landscape legacy. Bringing together a number of perspectives from across Northern Europe, Capability Brown, Royal Gardener explores the lasting international impact of Brown. With Brown’s position as Royal Gardener at its heart, this book explores for the first time his business methods, working methods and European influence. It assesses how, crucially, Brown’s work practices placed him within the world of nurserymen and landscape designers, and how his business practices and long term relationships with draughtsmen and designers allowed him to manage a huge number of projects and a substantial financial turnover. This, in turn, allowed him to work in a way that promoted and advanced his style of landscape. Edited by Professor Jonathan Finch (University of York) and Dr Jan Woudstra (University of Sheffield), and with a varied range of engaging contributors drawn internationally from archaeology, art history, history and landscape architecture, Capability Brown, Royal Gardener weaves together strands from across a broad range of disciplinary interests. It makes an important contribution to the scholarly discussion of Brown’s work, the work of his collaborators, and legacy in the UK and across Northern Europe. Relevant to students and academics at all levels, this volume throws new light on Capability Brown and his impact on the business of place-making in Northern Europe.

Beyond Waters: Archaeology and Environmental History of the Amazonian Inland

Author:
Book Series: GOTARC series A ISBN: 9789185245666 9789185245607 Year: Pages: 129 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_632432 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: University of Gothenburg - Department of Historical Studies Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 616179
Subject: Archaeology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-21 11:01:41
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book is one of the outcomes of the project Cultivated Wilderness: Socio-economic development and environmental change in pre-Columbian Amazonia (http://www.cultivated-wilderness.org/). The project has particularly focused on the previously relatively unknown prehistory of the Amazonian hinterland. Our work has revealed that pre-Columbian settlements in the Santarém region in the State of Pará, Brazilian Amazonas, were not (as formerly often assumed) limited to the vicinities of permanent water courses, such as rivers and lakes. On the contrary, the majority of region’s archaeological sites are found in an upland area known as the Belterra Plateau, situated south of the present city of Santarém. Series of radiocarbon and luminescence dates link these sites to an expansion of human settlement occurring during the period A.D. 1300–1500. The period appears to have been associated with major transformations of the prehistoric societies, significant population growth and the development of new types of water management and agriculture. The workshop Beyond Waters: Archaeology and Environmental History of the Amazonian Inland formed part of the IX Sesquiannual Conference of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America (SALSA), held in Gothenburg, Sweden in June 2014. The presenters and participants at the workshop included members of the Cultivated Wilderness-project, as well as partners and colleagues from several countries in Latin America and Europe. The contributions of the present volume span a wide range of subjects and fields, including archaeology, soil science, landscape archaeology, paleobotany, stylistic studies, historical information and digital mediation, which gives the book a broad thematic scope.

Central Places and Un-Central Landscapes. Political Economies and Natural Resources in the Longue Durée

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976783 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-679-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Modern developments of Fourier analysis during the 20th century have explored generalizations of Fourier and Fourier–Plancherel formula for non-commutative harmonic analysis, applied to locally-compact, non-Abelian groups. In parallel, the theory of coherent states and wavelets has been generalized over Lie groups. One should add the developments, over the last 30 years, of the applications of harmonic analysis to the description of the fascinating world of aperiodic structures in condensed matter physics. The notions of model sets, introduced by Y. Meyer, and of almost periodic functions, have revealed themselves to be extremely fruitful in this domain of natural sciences.

Keywords

Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- site location --- resource procurement --- metals trade --- political economy --- connectivity --- central places --- central flow theory --- nodal points --- central place --- social networks --- landscape archaeology --- settlement location --- interaction --- hunting --- eschatia --- bird hunting --- landscape archaeology --- Populonia --- settlement organization --- supply basin --- central place --- hilltop fortresses --- liminal landscape --- connectivity --- viewshed analysis --- sacred areas --- South-Eastern Provence --- Marseille --- Arles --- centrality --- gateways --- ancient port cities --- trading mechanisms --- political economy --- Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- water --- materiality --- new materialisms --- entanglements --- assemblages --- networks --- central place theory --- Byzantine bath-houses --- medieval Crete --- Byzantine settlements of eastern Crete --- urban culture of Byzantium --- church architecture --- Secular Byzantine architecture --- Byzantine Mochlos --- Timacum Minus --- Moesia Superior --- central place theory --- centrality --- Roman urbanism --- settlement status --- Roman mining --- Cypriot archaeology --- Mediterranean archaeology --- landscape archaeology --- central places --- sacred space --- political power --- economy --- religion --- ideology --- ancient sanctuaries --- byzantine and medieval Peloponnese --- byzantine and medieval port towns --- central place theory --- networks --- economy --- trade links --- Cyprus --- Roman archaeology --- Roman imperialism --- island and coastal archaeology --- identity --- urbanism --- central place theory --- connectivity --- maritime cultural landscapes --- Cyprus --- landscape archaeology --- surface survey --- river valley --- settlement organisation --- aridity --- marginality --- landscape archaeology --- Marmarica (NW-Egypt) --- Hauran (Syria/Jordan) --- Graeco-Roman period --- spatial scales in networks --- network relationship qualities --- interaction --- resource management

Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean between the Future and the Past

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039217748 / 9783039217755 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-775-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Landscapes have long been viewed as ‘multifunctional’, integrating ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical, and aesthetic dimensions. Landscape science and public awareness in Europe have been progressing in leaps and bounds. The challenges involved in landscape-related issues and fields, however, are multiple and refer to landscape stewardship and protection, as well as to the development of comprehensive theoretical and methodological approaches, in tandem with public sensitization and participatory governance and in coordination with appropriate top-down planning and policy instruments. Landscape-scale approaches are fundamental to the understanding of past and present cultural evolution, and are now considered to be an appropriate spatial framework for the analysis of sustainability. Methods and tools of landscape analysis and intervention have also gone a long way since their early development in Europe and the United States. Although significant progress has been made, there remain many issues which are understudied or not investigated at all—at least in a Mediterranean context. This Special Issue addresses the application of landscape theory and practice in the Eastern Mediterranean and mainly, but not exclusively, reports on the outcomes of an international conference held in Jordan, in December 2015, with the title “Landscapes of Eastern Mediterranean: Challenges, Opportunities, Prospects and Accomplishments”. The focus of this Special Issue, landscapes of the Eastern Mediterranean region, thus constitutes a timely area of research interest, not only because these landscapes have so far been understudied, but also as a rich site of strikingly variegated, long-standing multicultural human–environmental interactions. These interactions, resting on and taking shape through millennia of continuity in tradition, have been striving to adapt to technological advances, while currently juggling with manifold and multilayered socioeconomic and climate–environmental crises.

Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations for Archaeological and Heritage Research

Author:
ISBN: 9783039211937 9783039211944 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-194-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book collects 15 papers written by renowned scholars from across the globe that showcase the forefront research in Earth observation (EO), remote sensing (RS), and geoscientific ground investigations to study archaeological records and cultural heritage.Archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, remote sensing, and archaeometry experts share their methodologies relying on a wealth of techniques and data including, but not limited to: very high resolution satellite images from optical and radar space-borne sensors, air-borne surveys, geographic information systems (GIS), archaeological fieldwork, and historical maps.A couple of the contributions highlight the value of noninvasive and nondestructive laboratory analyses (e.g., neutron diffraction) to reconstruct ancient manufacturing technologies, and of geological ground investigations to corroborate hypotheses of historical events that shaped cultural landscapes.Case studies encompass famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites (e.g., the Nasca Lines in Peru), remote and yet-to-discover archaeological areas in tropical forests in central America, European countries, south Asian changing landscapes, and environments which are arid nowadays but were probably full of woody vegetation in the past.Finally, the reader can learn about the state-of-the-art of education initiatives to train site managers in the use of space technologies in support of their activities, and can understand the legal aspects involved in the application of EO and RS to address current challenges of African heritage preservation.

Keywords

analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- archaeology --- predictive model --- tumuli --- remote sensing --- multi-criteria --- Saharan Morocco --- airborne laser scanning --- orthophotographs --- archaeological survey --- field reconnaissance --- Arran --- national archaeological mapping programme --- synthetic aperture radar --- subsurface imaging --- microwave penetration --- archaeology --- arid environments --- remote sensing --- Oman --- e-learning --- Earth observation --- education --- capacity development --- cultural and natural heritage --- UNESCO --- photogrammetry --- RPAS --- UAV --- Peru --- geoglyph Pista --- mapping --- drones --- remote sensing --- free satellite imagery --- GoogleEarth --- Bing Maps --- archaeological fieldwork --- arid environments --- basalt desert --- landscape accessibility --- Harra --- Jordan --- archaeological landscapes --- settlements --- historical maps --- Survey of India --- Archaeological Survey of India --- heritage --- colonial studies --- remote sensing --- historical landscapes --- landscape archaeology --- settlements --- colonial studies --- river morphology --- Indus --- floods --- remote sensing --- satellite --- Sentinel-2 --- surface survey --- Roman archaeology --- Sumerian pottery --- neutron techniques --- neutron diffraction --- chemometric analysis --- Mega El Niño --- pampa of Nazca --- Cuenca Pisco --- Rio Grande de Nazca --- grain-size --- volcaniclastic layer --- stratigraphy --- petrography --- Lidar --- GIS --- Mesoamerica --- Archaeology --- Caves --- Landscape --- Ritual --- Visualization --- Maya --- Belize --- Sacred --- automated detection --- OBIA --- LiDAR --- Difference Map --- field monument --- Burial Mound --- Motte-and-Bailey castle --- Ridge and Furrow --- space law --- disaster and conservation management --- Geographic Information System (GIS) --- international boundaries --- Africa --- Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission --- satellite imagery --- Boundary Demarcation --- international law --- relict boundaries --- Earth Observation --- remote sensing --- optical --- SAR --- drone --- airborne LiDAR --- GIS --- OBIA --- neutron diffraction --- archaeological prospection --- pattern recognition --- archaeometry --- geological mapping

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by