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Forest Insects and Pathogens in a Changing Environment: Ecology, Monitoring & Genetics (IUFRO Joint Meeting of WP7.03.05 & 7.03.10)

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ISBN: 9783039215119 / 9783039215126 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-512-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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After the successful conclusion of the Joint Meeting of IUFRO’s 7.03.05 & 7.03.10 working parties and given the exciting and novel studies that have been presented in the framework of this meeting, we decided to present some of these studies in the current Special Issue of Forests. To make this issue more appealing and interesting to everyone in the field of Forest Protection, studies that cover a wide range of topics were selected, ranging from ecology and phylogeography to forest management and protection. More importantly, as these studies refer to pests and pathogens from different parts of the world, it is expected that the knowledge gained can be further used in the protection of natural environment worldwide.

Tropical Forest Ecology and Management for the Anthropocene

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ISBN: 9783039219643 / 9783039219650 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-965-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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This Special Issue looks forward as well as backward to best analyze the forest conservation challenges of the Caribbean. This is made possible by 75 years of research and applications by the United States Department of Agriculture, International Institute of Tropical Forestry (the Institute) of Puerto Rico. It transforms Holocene-based scientific paradigms of the tropics into Anthropocene applications and outlooks of wilderness, managed forests, and urban environments. This volume showcases how the focus of the Institute’s programs is evolving to support sustainable tropical forest conservation despite uncertain conditions. The manuscripts showcased here highlight the importance of shared stewardship and a long-term, hands-on approach to conservation, research programs, and novel organizations intended to meet contemporary conservation challenges. Policies relevant to the Anthropocene, as well as the use of experiments to anticipate future responses of tropical forests to global warming, are reexamined in these pages. Urban topics include how cities can co-produce new knowledge to spark sustainable and resilient transformations. Long-term results and research applications of topics such as soil biota, migratory birds, tropical vegetation, substrate chemistry, and the tropical carbon cycle are also described in the volume. Moreover, the question of how to best use land on a tropical island is addressed. This volume is intended to be of interest to all actors involved in long-term sustainable forest management and research in light of the historical lessons and future directions that may come out of a better understanding of tropical cities and forests in the Anthropocene epoch.

Keywords

Anthropocene --- Forest Service --- vision --- contemporary conservation --- biomass --- allometry --- volume expansion factors --- soil organic carbon --- tropical forest area --- forest inventory data --- novel forests --- tree plantations --- secondary forests --- mature forests --- dry tropical forests --- humid tropical forests --- tropical deforestation --- annual cycle --- carry over effects --- climate change --- Guánica --- Nearctic-Neotropical --- novel forests --- stoichiometry of leaf litter --- nitrogen fixing trees --- naturalized species --- C/N --- C/P --- and N/P ratios --- Puerto Rico --- Caribbean --- element concentration in leaf litter --- succession --- species dominance --- tropical forests --- invertebrates --- microbiota --- soil biota --- litter --- wood --- latitude --- elevation --- disturbance --- gradients --- tropical karst --- element concentration --- N/P ratios --- Ca/Al relationship --- ?13C --- ?15N --- knowledge co-production --- idiom of co-production --- knowledge infrastructures --- knowledge systems --- knowledge systems analysis --- cities --- land use governance --- Anthropocene --- disturbance --- hurricane --- succession --- long-term --- basal area --- species composition --- trees --- tropical --- Luquillo Experimental Forest --- Caribbean --- land use planning --- tropical agriculture --- tropical forests --- geospatial analyses --- n/a --- landscape conservation --- network governance --- strategic teams --- communications --- leadership --- adaptive management --- tropical forest --- Anthropocene --- U.S. Forest Service Planning Rule --- El Yunque National Forest --- Luquillo Experimental Forest --- introduced species --- leaf C and N densities --- novel forests --- photosynthetic nitrogen use-efficiency --- leaf mass per area --- Tropical Forestry Research --- Long-Term Ecological Research --- Tropical Forest Management --- Tropical Forest Conservation --- Luquillo Experimental Forest --- tropical --- experiments --- manipulations --- large-scale --- Puerto Rico --- Caribbean --- conservation --- American tropics --- long-term ecological research --- tropical forest management --- Anthropocene --- Puerto Rico

Remote Sensing of Precipitation: Volume 1

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ISBN: 9783039212859 / 9783039212866 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-286-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Precipitation is a well-recognized pillar in global water and energy balances. An accurate and timely understanding of its characteristics at the global, regional, and local scales is indispensable for a clearer understanding of the mechanisms underlying the Earth’s atmosphere–ocean complex system. Precipitation is one of the elements that is documented to be greatly affected by climate change. In its various forms, precipitation comprises a primary source of freshwater, which is vital for the sustainability of almost all human activities. Its socio-economic significance is fundamental in managing this natural resource effectively, in applications ranging from irrigation to industrial and household usage. Remote sensing of precipitation is pursued through a broad spectrum of continuously enriched and upgraded instrumentation, embracing sensors which can be ground-based (e.g., weather radars), satellite-borne (e.g., passive or active space-borne sensors), underwater (e.g., hydrophones), aerial, or ship-borne.

Keywords

GPM --- IMERG --- satellite precipitation adjustment --- numerical weather prediction --- heavy precipitation --- flood-inducing storm --- complex terrain --- precipitation --- geostationary microwave sensors --- polar systems --- synoptic weather types --- drop size distribution (DSD) --- microstructure of rain --- disdrometer --- radar reflectivity–rain rate relationship --- CHIRPS --- CMORPH --- TMPA --- MSWEP --- statistical evaluation --- VIC model --- hydrological simulation --- precipitation --- satellite --- GPM --- TRMM --- CFSR --- PERSIANN --- MSWEP --- streamflow simulation --- lumped models --- Peninsular Spain --- GPM IMERG v5 --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- precipitation --- evaluation --- Huaihe River basin --- precipitation --- radar --- radiometer --- T-Matrix --- microwave scattering --- quantitative precipitation estimates --- validation --- PERSIANN-CCS --- meteorological radar --- satellite rainfall estimates --- satellite precipitation retrieval --- neural networks --- GPM --- GMI --- remote sensing --- hurricane Harvey --- GPM satellite --- IMERG --- tropical storm rainfall --- gridded radar precipitation --- precipitation --- satellites --- climate models --- regional climate models --- X-band radar --- dual-polarization --- precipitation --- complex terrain --- runoff simulations --- snowfall detection --- snow water path retrieval --- supercooled droplets detection --- GPM Microwave Imager --- Satellite Precipitation Estimates --- GPM --- TRMM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- TMPA --- CMORPH --- assessment --- Pakistan --- heavy rainfall prediction --- satellite radiance --- data assimilation --- RMAPS --- harmonie model --- radar data assimilation --- pre-processing --- mesoscale precipitation patterns --- GNSS meteorology --- GPS --- Zenith Tropospheric Delay --- precipitable water vapor --- SEID --- single frequency GNSS --- Precise Point Positioning --- low-cost receivers --- goGPS --- GPM --- IMERG --- TRMM --- precipitation --- Cyprus --- satellite precipitation product --- Tianshan Mountains --- GPM --- TRMM --- CMORPH --- heavy precipitation --- rainfall retrieval techniques --- forecast model --- Red–Thai Binh River Basin --- TMPA 3B42V7 --- TMPA 3B42RT --- rainfall --- bias correction --- linear-scaling approach --- climatology --- topography --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- CloudSat --- CMIP --- high latitude --- mineral dust --- wet deposition --- cloud scavenging --- dust washout process --- Saharan dust transportation --- precipitation rate --- precipitating hydrometeor --- hydrometeor classification --- cloud radar --- Ka-band --- thunderstorm --- thundercloud --- vertical air velocity --- terminal velocity --- Milešovka observatory --- rain gauges --- radar --- quality indexes --- satellite rainfall retrievals --- validation --- surface rain intensity --- kriging with external drift --- PEMW --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- downscaling --- tropical cyclone --- rain rate --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- radiometer --- retrieval algorithm --- GPM --- DPR --- validation network --- volume matching --- reflectivity --- rainfall rate --- TRMM-era TMPA --- GPM-era IMERG --- satellite rainfall estimate --- Mainland China --- satellite precipitation --- Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) --- IMERG --- TRMM-TMPA --- Ensemble Precipitation (EP) algorithm --- topographical and seasonal evaluation --- daily rainfall estimations --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- rain gauges --- Amazon Basin --- regional rainfall regimes --- regional rainfall sub-regimes --- TRMM 3B42 V7 --- CMORPH_CRT --- PERSIANN_CDR --- GR models --- hydrological simulation --- Red River Basin --- satellite precipitation --- Tibetan Plateau --- GPM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- precipitation --- weather --- radar --- GPM --- RADOLAN --- QPE --- TRMM --- TMPA --- 3B42 --- validation --- rainfall --- telemetric rain gauge --- Lai Nullah --- Pakistan --- XPOL radar --- GPM/IMERG --- WRF-Hydro --- CHAOS --- hydrometeorology --- flash flood --- Mandra --- typhoon --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- Southern China --- precipitation --- satellite remote sensing --- error analysis --- triple collocation --- precipitation --- TRMM --- GPM --- IMERG --- weather radar --- precipitable water vapor --- precipitation retrieval --- rain rate --- QPE

Remote Sensing of Precipitation: Volume 2

Author:
ISBN: 9783039212873 / 9783039212880 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-288-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

Precipitation is a well-recognized pillar in global water and energy balances. An accurate and timely understanding of its characteristics at the global, regional, and local scales is indispensable for a clearer understanding of the mechanisms underlying the Earth’s atmosphere–ocean complex system. Precipitation is one of the elements that is documented to be greatly affected by climate change. In its various forms, precipitation comprises a primary source of freshwater, which is vital for the sustainability of almost all human activities. Its socio-economic significance is fundamental in managing this natural resource effectively, in applications ranging from irrigation to industrial and household usage. Remote sensing of precipitation is pursued through a broad spectrum of continuously enriched and upgraded instrumentation, embracing sensors which can be ground-based (e.g., weather radars), satellite-borne (e.g., passive or active space-borne sensors), underwater (e.g., hydrophones), aerial, or ship-borne.

Keywords

GPM --- IMERG --- satellite precipitation adjustment --- numerical weather prediction --- heavy precipitation --- flood-inducing storm --- complex terrain --- precipitation --- geostationary microwave sensors --- polar systems --- synoptic weather types --- drop size distribution (DSD) --- microstructure of rain --- disdrometer --- radar reflectivity–rain rate relationship --- CHIRPS --- CMORPH --- TMPA --- MSWEP --- statistical evaluation --- VIC model --- hydrological simulation --- precipitation --- satellite --- GPM --- TRMM --- CFSR --- PERSIANN --- MSWEP --- streamflow simulation --- lumped models --- Peninsular Spain --- GPM IMERG v5 --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- precipitation --- evaluation --- Huaihe River basin --- precipitation --- radar --- radiometer --- T-Matrix --- microwave scattering --- quantitative precipitation estimates --- validation --- PERSIANN-CCS --- meteorological radar --- satellite rainfall estimates --- satellite precipitation retrieval --- neural networks --- GPM --- GMI --- remote sensing --- hurricane Harvey --- GPM satellite --- IMERG --- tropical storm rainfall --- gridded radar precipitation --- precipitation --- satellites --- climate models --- regional climate models --- X-band radar --- dual-polarization --- precipitation --- complex terrain --- runoff simulations --- snowfall detection --- snow water path retrieval --- supercooled droplets detection --- GPM Microwave Imager --- Satellite Precipitation Estimates --- GPM --- TRMM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- TMPA --- CMORPH --- assessment --- Pakistan --- heavy rainfall prediction --- satellite radiance --- data assimilation --- RMAPS --- harmonie model --- radar data assimilation --- pre-processing --- mesoscale precipitation patterns --- GNSS meteorology --- GPS --- Zenith Tropospheric Delay --- precipitable water vapor --- SEID --- single frequency GNSS --- Precise Point Positioning --- low-cost receivers --- goGPS --- GPM --- IMERG --- TRMM --- precipitation --- Cyprus --- satellite precipitation product --- Tianshan Mountains --- GPM --- TRMM --- CMORPH --- heavy precipitation --- rainfall retrieval techniques --- forecast model --- Red–Thai Binh River Basin --- TMPA 3B42V7 --- TMPA 3B42RT --- rainfall --- bias correction --- linear-scaling approach --- climatology --- topography --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- CloudSat --- CMIP --- high latitude --- mineral dust --- wet deposition --- cloud scavenging --- dust washout process --- Saharan dust transportation --- precipitation rate --- precipitating hydrometeor --- hydrometeor classification --- cloud radar --- Ka-band --- thunderstorm --- thundercloud --- vertical air velocity --- terminal velocity --- Milešovka observatory --- rain gauges --- radar --- quality indexes --- satellite rainfall retrievals --- validation --- surface rain intensity --- kriging with external drift --- PEMW --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- downscaling --- tropical cyclone --- rain rate --- precipitation --- remote sensing --- radiometer --- retrieval algorithm --- GPM --- DPR --- validation network --- volume matching --- reflectivity --- rainfall rate --- TRMM-era TMPA --- GPM-era IMERG --- satellite rainfall estimate --- Mainland China --- satellite precipitation --- Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) --- IMERG --- TRMM-TMPA --- Ensemble Precipitation (EP) algorithm --- topographical and seasonal evaluation --- daily rainfall estimations --- TRMM 3B42 v7 --- rain gauges --- Amazon Basin --- regional rainfall regimes --- regional rainfall sub-regimes --- TRMM 3B42 V7 --- CMORPH_CRT --- PERSIANN_CDR --- GR models --- hydrological simulation --- Red River Basin --- satellite precipitation --- Tibetan Plateau --- GPM --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- precipitation --- weather --- radar --- GPM --- RADOLAN --- QPE --- TRMM --- TMPA --- 3B42 --- validation --- rainfall --- telemetric rain gauge --- Lai Nullah --- Pakistan --- XPOL radar --- GPM/IMERG --- WRF-Hydro --- CHAOS --- hydrometeorology --- flash flood --- Mandra --- typhoon --- IMERG --- GSMaP --- Southern China --- precipitation --- satellite remote sensing --- error analysis --- triple collocation --- precipitation --- TRMM --- GPM --- IMERG --- weather radar --- precipitable water vapor --- precipitation retrieval --- rain rate --- QPE

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eng (4)


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2019 (4)