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¿Legado de deuda? A vueltas con la Pandectística

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788415454410 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 158 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-26 11:15:26
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Abstract

Objeto de esta investigación que engloba Derecho romano, Ciencia jurídica alemana del siglo XIX, y Derecho civil actual, es el denominado “legatum debiti”. Disposición testamentaria en virtud de la cual el “de cuius” atribuye a su acreedor una cosa o cantidad en consideración de una deuda que con él tenía. Este trabajo pone de manifiesto que la construcción dogmática del "legatum debiti" tiene su fundamento en el Derecho romano; si bien no en las fuentes clásicas y justinianeas, sino en la elaboración que de éstas hizo la doctrina pandectística. Las razones que justificarían el recurso a esta figura jurídica por parte del testador: fines lícitos (introducir algún cambio en la relación obligatoria que se traducía en una ventaja para el acreedor; purificación de la obligación que se debía a condición o término; sustitución de la acción honoraria por acción civil; renuncia implícita a una excepción, o exigibilidad inmediata o en lugar más conveniente para el acreedor). Fines ilícitos (favorecer a través del testamento a alguien que, de otro modo, no habría podido heredar-vulneración leyes caducarías y Falcidia-). Se analizan, asimismo, los tratados de Pandectas, tanto de autores pertenecientes a la primera generación de alumnos de Savigny, como de otros pertenecientes a la ciencia jurídica alemana de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Se concluye aludiendo a la inexistencia en el BGB de alusión alguna al "legado de deuda" pese a su influencia pandectística.

Causes and Consequences of Species Diversity in Forest Ecosystems

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ISBN: 9783039213092 / 9783039213108 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-310-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

What are the causes and consequences of species diversity in forested ecosystems, and how is this species diversity being affected by rapid environmental and climatic change, movement of invertebrate and vertebrate herbivores into new biogeographic regions, and expanding human populations and associated shifts in land-use patterns? In this book, we explore these questions for assemblages of forest trees, shrubs, and understory herbs at spatial scales ranging from small plots to large forest dynamics plots, at temporal scales ranging from seasons to centuries, in both temperate and tropical regions, and across rural-to-urban gradients in land use.

Keywords

Ericaceae --- variation partitioning --- climate --- species-area relationship --- mid-domain effect --- spatial patterns --- individual species-area relationship --- tropical evergreen mixed forest --- competition and facilitation --- Vietnam --- microarthropod --- diversity --- seasonal variations --- stand development --- biodiversity --- climate --- human footprint --- productivity --- topography --- USDA Forest Service --- herbaceous layer --- excess nitrogen --- canopy structure --- temperate forests --- Fagus sylvatica --- Pinus sylvestris --- Picea abies --- Pseudotsuga menziesii --- forest management --- tree species diversity --- forest conversion --- gamma diversity --- landscape scale --- Biodiversity Exploratories --- climate change --- temperature --- precipitation --- Hubbard Brook --- elevational shifts --- mountains --- species diversity --- structural complexity --- legacies --- wind damage --- uprooting --- trunk breakage --- understory plant communities --- natural disturbance-based silviculture --- forest management --- species conservation --- northern hardwood forests --- abundance --- Bray-Curtis --- codispersion analysis --- Smithsonian ForestGEO --- Shannon diversity --- Simpson diversity --- spatial analysis --- species richness --- windthrow --- tornado --- tree species --- disturbance severity --- tree regeneration --- salvaging --- salvage logging --- succession --- Climatic change --- species diversity --- potential habitats --- China --- Maxent --- Salicaceae --- herbaceous perennial species --- household respondents --- questionnaire survey --- species richness --- woody species --- temperate forests --- species richness --- assemblage lineage diversity --- phylogenetic diversity --- evolutionary diversity --- United States --- trees --- TILD

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